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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
Articles by Katharina Cziupka in JoVE
Colon Ascendens Stent Peritonitis (CASP) - a Standardized Model for Polymicrobial Abdominal Sepsis
Tobias Traeger*, Pia Koerner*, Wolfram Kessler, Katharina Cziupka, Stephan Diedrich, Alexandra Busemann, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Stefan Maier
Department of Surgery, University of Greifswald
The Colon Ascendens Stent Peritonitis (CASP) is a highly standardized model for polymicrobial abdominal sepsis in rodents. This article describes the surgical procedure of CASP. The CASP model and its variants allow the systematic investigation of various problems concerning the subject of sepsis.
Other articles by Katharina Cziupka on PubMed
European Cytokine Network. Apr-Jun, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15319167
The peptide hormone prolactin (PRL) is produced by specialized cells in the anterior pituitary gland and in a number of sites outside the pituitary. Its biological actions consist of various roles in reproduction, lactation, and of a number of homeostatic biological activities that also include immune functions. Elevated serum PRL concentrations often correlate with abnormalities in immune responses. To determine the influence of PRL on human immune cells, human whole blood cultures were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), supplemented with various concentrations of human recombinant PRL. We found that PRL, at concentrations achievable during pregnancy, anesthesia and medication, significantly amplified interleukin (IL)-12 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) synthesis in LPS-stimulated cultures, in a dose-dependent manner. Conversely, synthesis of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 only increased significantly at very high concentrations of supplemented PRL. PRL alone was not able to induce any measurable secretion of TNF-alpha, IL-10, or IL-12 in non-stimulated, whole blood cultures. However, we demonstrated that PRL, by itself or in combination with LPS, causes an increase in the binding activity of the transcription factors nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) and interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), which are known to promote TNF-alpha and IL-12 secretion. These data suggest that PRL promotes pro-inflammatory immune responses via NFkappaB and IRF-1, which may affect pathophysiological processes in physiological hyperprolactinemic states.
Infection and Immunity. Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18765730
CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) and its two ligands, CCL17 and CCL22, are critically involved in different immune processes. In models of lipopolysaccharide-induced shock, CCR4-deficient (CCR4(-/-)) mice showed improved survival rates associated with attenuated proinflammatory cytokine release. Using CCR4(-/-) mice with a C57BL/6 background, this study describes for the first time the role of CCR4 in a murine model of polymicrobial abdominal sepsis, the colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP). CASP-induced sepsis led to a massive downregulation of CCR4 in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues, whereas the expression of CCL17 and CCL22 was independent of the presence of CCR4. After CASP, CCR4(-/-) animals showed a strongly enhanced bacterial clearance in several organs but not in the peritoneal lavage fluid and the blood. In addition, significantly reduced levels of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines were measured in organ supernatants as well as in the sera of CCR4(-/-) mice. CCR4 deficiency consequently resulted in an attenuated severity of systemic sepsis and a strongly improved survival rate after CASP or CASP with intervention. Thus, our data provide clear evidence that CCR4 plays a strictly detrimental role in the course of polymicrobial sepsis.
Selective Depletion of Alveolar Macrophages in Polymicrobial Sepsis Increases Lung Injury, Bacterial Load and Mortality but Does Not Affect Cytokine Release
Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases. 2009 | Pubmed ID: 18832804
Resident tissue macrophages exert important functions during severe systemic infection and contribute to changes in local as well as systemic immune responses. Alveolar macrophages (AM) play a crucial role in airway diseases and in the defense against microorganisms invading the body via the bronchopulmonary tract. It has been postulated that AM are involved in the development of acute local disorders as a consequence of extrapulmonary stimuli like pancreatitis, peritonitis, or trauma.
Implantation of Alloplastic Material Increases Survival of Mice Subsequently Exposed to Polymicrobial Sepsis
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft Für Chirurgie. Feb, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19172290
Major surgery can modulate the immune system and by this the clinical course of following complications. Effects of minor surgical treatments on the immune system and septic complications are poorly understood.
Unexpected Findings on Laparoscopy for Suspected Acute Appendicitis: a Pro for Laparoscopic Appendectomy As the Standard Procedure for Acute Appendicitis
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft Für Chirurgie. Nov, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19924435
Evaluation of the feasibility, cost-effectiveness, time of surgery, morbidities, and other/additional findings during laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis.
Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand (TRAIL) Improves the Innate Immune Response and Enhances Survival in Murine Polymicrobial Sepsis
Critical Care Medicine. Nov, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20657274
To investigate the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in postoperative polymicrobial abdominal sepsis.Sepsis is the leading cause of death among critically ill surgical patients. TRAIL is commonly known as an apoptosis-inducing agent in cancer cells. It also plays an important role in the regulation of inflammatory reactions. The role of TRAIL in polymicrobial sepsis is still unclear.