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In JoVE (2)
- המבדק האדם In-Vivo למדידה רקמות ספציפיות של מגשרים nociceptive ו דלקתיות
- קביעת חום סף כאב מכני של העור מודלק בבני אדם
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Martha Tingle in JoVE
המבדק האדם In-Vivo למדידה רקמות ספציפיות של מגשרים nociceptive ו דלקתיות
Martin S Angst1, Martha Tingle1, Martin Schmelz2,3, Brendan Carvalho1, David C Yeomans1
1Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, 2Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Mannheim, 3Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Heidelberg
טכניקה מוצג אוסף ב-vivo של דגימות נוזל interstitial מאתרים רקמות רלוונטי (העור כאן, מוסת בניסוי) למדידת ביוכימיקלים מתווך כאב ודלקת.
קביעת חום סף כאב מכני של העור מודלק בבני אדם
Martin S Angst, Martha Tingle, Nicholas G Phillips, Brendan Carvalho
Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine
אלגוריתמים להערכת סף הכאב חום מכני בעור מודלק בניסוי של נבדקי המחקר האנושי מוצגים. שתי בדיקות פרדיגמות כאב באופן עצמאי לבחון עיבוד nociceptive ידי שני הגדולים היקפי סיב עצב שמשדר כאב אוכלוסיות, כלומר לא myelinated סיבי C ו-A קטן myelinated דלתא סיבים.
Other articles by Martha Tingle on PubMed
The Site of Action of Epidural Fentanyl Infusions in the Presence of Local Anesthetics: a Minimum Local Analgesic Concentration Infusion Study in Nulliparous Labor
Anesthesia and Analgesia. Nov, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14570662
We have previously demonstrated that continuous epidural infusions of fentanyl without local anesthetics elicit analgesia by a systemic mechanism. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that, in the presence of epidural bupivacaine, continuous infusions of epidural fentanyl elicit analgesia by a spinal mechanism. Forty-eight nulliparous women in active labor participated in this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. Women received lumbar epidural analgesia with 20-30 mL bupivacaine 0.125% until pain free. Subjects were then randomized to either IV or epidural (EPI) fentanyl infusion groups. Each infusion delivered fentanyl 30 microg/h. All women received an epidural infusion of bupivacaine at a rate of 20 mL/h, the concentration of which was determined by the response of the previous woman in the same group to the analgesic regimen used. Unlike previous studies that assessed the minimum local analgesic concentration (MLAC) for bolus administration at the initiation of analgesia, this study assessed MLAC(infusion) for the maintenance of analgesia throughout the first stage of labor. MLAC(infusion) was determined using the up-down sequential analysis described by Dixon and Massey. The MLAC(infusion) of epidural bupivacaine was 0.063% (95% confidence interval, 0.058-0.068) and 0.019% (95% confidence interval, 0.000-0.038) in the IV and EPI groups respectively. A continuous infusion of fentanyl was more than three times as potent when administered by the epidural than by the IV route. This marked increase in potency for the epidural route is highly suggestive for a predominantly spinal mechanism of action for infused epidural fentanyl under the conditions of this study. IMPLICATIONS: This study determined the median effective concentration for epidural infusions of bupivacaine during labor analgesia. Coadministered epidural fentanyl infusions were more than three times more potent than IV fentanyl infusions, suggesting a predominantly spinal mechanism of opioid action under these study conditions.
No Evidence for the Development of Acute Tolerance to Analgesic, Respiratory Depressant and Sedative Opioid Effects in Humans
Pain. Mar, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19135798
It is widely accepted that chronic opioid therapy is associated with the development of pharmacological tolerance. More controversial is the question as to whether acute opioid administration can result in "acute tolerance." The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study in thirty-six healthy human volunteers was to examine whether a 3-h intravenous infusion delivering two different but clinically relevant doses of the mu-opioid receptor agonist remifentanil would result in tolerance to analgesic, respiratory depressant and/or sedative opioid effects. The blood remifentanil concentration versus opioid effect relationship was determined before and after the 3-h infusion. Tolerance was inferred if the potency of remifentanil was significantly lower after the 3-h infusion. Opioid analgesia was assessed with the aid of the cold pressor test and models of electrical and heat pain. Respiratory depression was assessed by measuring arterial pCO2 and minute ventilation. Subjective sedation scores were assessed on a visual analogue scale. Mixed effects modeling was used to relate the steady-state blood remifentanil concentration to each pharmacodynamic assessment. Neither dose of remifentanil produced detectable tolerance to any of the measured opioid effects following a 3-h infusion. The study was adequately powered to detect a decrease in potency of 5-24% for analgesia, 20-48% for respiratory depression, and 32% for sedative effects. These results suggest that short-term administration of clinically useful doses of remifentanil is not associated with the development of significant tolerance to analgesic, respiratory depressant, or sedative opioid effects.
Opioid Pharmacogenomics Using a Twin Study Paradigm: Methods and Procedures for Determining Familial Aggregation and Heritability
Twin Research and Human Genetics : the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20874462
Opioids are the cornerstone medication for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. However, analgesic opioid requirements and the propensity to suffer from aversive opioid effects, including fatal respiratory depression and addiction, vary widely among patients. The factors underlying the substantial response variance remain largely unknown and need clarification for using opioids more effectively in appropriately selected patients. This ongoing study takes advantage of the twin paradigm to estimate the genetic and environmental contributions to inter-individual differences in opioid responses. Evidence of significant heritability will justify more detailed and extensive genomic studies. The enrollment target is 80 monozygotic and 45 dizygotic twin pairs who undergo a target-controlled infusion of the opioid alfentanil and saline placebo in sequential but randomized order. In a laboratory-type setting, well-defined pharmacodynamic endpoints are measured to quantify pain sensitivity, analgesic opioid effects, and aversive opioid effects including respiratory depression, sedation and reinforcing affective responses. First results obtained in 159 participants provide evidence for the feasibility and utility of this interventional study paradigm to estimate familial aggregation and heritability components of relevant drug effects. Areas highlighted in this report include recruitment strategies, required infrastructure and personnel, selection of relevant outcome measures, drug infusion algorithm minimizing pharmacokinetic variability, and considerations for optimizing data quality and quantity without hampering feasibility. Applying the twin paradigm to complex and potentially harmful studies comprehensively characterizing pharmacological response profiles is without much precedent. Methods and first results including heritability estimates for heat and cold pain sensitivity should be of interest to investigators considering similar studies.