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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
Articles by Melikhan Tanyeri in JoVE
A Microfluidic-based Hydrodynamic Trap for Single Particles
Eric M. Johnson-Chavarria1, Melikhan Tanyeri2, Charles M. Schroeder1,2
1Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
In this article, we present a microfluidic-based method for particle confinement based on hydrodynamic flow. We demonstrate stable particle trapping at a fluid stagnation point using a feedback control mechanism, thereby enabling confinement and micromanipulation of arbitrary particles in an integrated microdevice.
Other articles by Melikhan Tanyeri on PubMed
Optics Letters. Sep, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17767294
Lasing from spherical microdroplets ejected into a liquid medium with a lower refractive index is observed in a microchannel. A microfabricated device that combines droplet production and excitation/detection has been utilized. Droplets of 50 microm diameter containing a fluorescent dye were first detected and then excited through multimode fibers after their production at a T-junction. Images show intense lasing emission around the droplet rim. Spectra from the droplets exhibit morphology-dependent resonances that are redshifted relative to the bulk fluorescence emission from the dyes. The dependence of resonant peak intensities on the pump beam power is nonlinear.
Sensor Letters. Apr, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 20628533
Detection of single bacterial cells through optical resonances has been demonstrated in microdroplets. The setup enables high throughput non-specific detection of single E. Coli cells without any labeling. The cells inside the microdroplet have a direct effect on the morphology dependent resonances that are supported by Rhodamine 6G fluorescence; modification of the resonances arises from changes due to scattering and changes in the local refractive index. The change in the optical resonance spectrum can be observed at low concentrations where each microdroplet contains no more than one cell.
Applied Physics Letters. May, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20585593
Trapping and manipulation of microscale and nanoscale particles is demonstrated using the sole action of hydrodynamic forces. We developed an automated particle trap based on a stagnation point flow generated in a microfluidic device. The hydrodynamic trap enables confinement and manipulation of single particles in low viscosity (1-10 cP) aqueous solution. Using this method, we trapped microscale and nanoscale particles (100 nm-15 mum) for long time scales (minutes to hours). We demonstrate particle confinement to within 1 mum of the trap center, corresponding to a trap stiffness of approximately 10(-5)-10(-4) pNnm.
Lab on a Chip. May, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21479293
We report an integrated microfluidic device for fine-scale manipulation and confinement of micro- and nanoscale particles in free-solution. Using this device, single particles are trapped in a stagnation point flow at the junction of two intersecting microchannels. The hydrodynamic trap is based on active flow control at a fluid stagnation point using an integrated on-chip valve in a monolithic PDMS-based microfluidic device. In this work, we characterize device design parameters enabling precise control of stagnation point position for efficient trap performance. The microfluidic-based hydrodynamic trap facilitates particle trapping using the sole action of fluid flow and provides a viable alternative to existing confinement and manipulation techniques based on electric, optical, magnetic or acoustic force fields. Overall, the hydrodynamic trap enables non-contact confinement of fluorescent and non-fluorescent particles for extended times and provides a new platform for fundamental studies in biology, biotechnology and materials science.
Lab on a Chip. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21512691
Multiplexed diagnostic testing has the potential to dramatically improve the quality of healthcare. Simultaneous measurement of health indicators and/or disease markers reduces turnaround time and analysis cost and speeds up the decision making process for diagnosis and treatment. At present, however, most diagnostic tests only provide information on a single indicator or marker. Development of efficient diagnostic tests capable of parallel screening of infectious disease markers could significantly advance clinical and diagnostic testing in both developed and developing parts of the world. Here, we report the multiplexed detection of nucleic acids as disease markers within discrete wells of a microfluidic chip using molecular beacons and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). Using a 4 × 4 array of 200 pL wells, we screened for the presence of four target single stranded oligonucleotides encoding for conserved regions of the genomes of four common viruses: human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), human papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis A (Hep A) and Hepatitis B (Hep B). Target oligonucleotides are accurately detected and discriminated against alternative oligonucleotides with different sequences. This combinatorial chip represents a versatile platform for the development of clinical diagnostic tests for simultaneous screening, detection and monitoring of a wide range of biological markers of disease and health using minimal sample size.
Lab on a Chip. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22030805
We developed a microfluidic analogue of the classic Wheatstone bridge circuit for automated, real-time sampling of solutions in a flow-through device format. We demonstrate precise control of flow rate and flow direction in the "bridge" microchannel using an on-chip membrane valve, which functions as an integrated "variable resistor". We implement an automated feedback control mechanism in order to dynamically adjust valve opening, thereby manipulating the pressure drop across the bridge and precisely controlling fluid flow in the bridge channel. At a critical valve opening, the flow in the bridge channel can be completely stopped by balancing the flow resistances in the Wheatstone bridge device, which facilitates rapid, on-demand fluid sampling in the bridge channel. In this article, we present the underlying mechanism for device operation and report key design parameters that determine device performance. Overall, the microfluidic Wheatstone bridge represents a new and versatile method for on-chip flow control and sample manipulation.