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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (10)
- The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
- Biophysical Journal
- The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
- The Journal of Physiology
- The Journal of Physiology
- Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991)
- Nature Neuroscience
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Articles by Shigeyoshi Fujisawa in JoVE
कृन्तकों व्यवहार में बड़े पैमाने पर चल सिलिकॉन जांच से न्यूरॉन्स की रिकॉर्डिंग
Marie Vandecasteele1,2, S. M.1, Sébastien Royer1,3, Mariano Belluscio1, Antal Berényi1, Kamran Diba1,4, Shigeyoshi Fujisawa1, Andres Grosmark1, Dun Mao1, Kenji Mizuseki1, Jagdish Patel1, Eran Stark1, David Sullivan1, Brendon Watson1, György Buzsáki1
1Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of New Jersey, 2Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology, Collège de France, 3Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howards Hughes Medical Institute, 4Deptartment of Psychology, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee
हम कई एकल इकाइयों की रिकॉर्डिंग में बड़े पैमाने पर और जांच के साथ सिलिकॉन कृन्तकों व्यवहार में स्थानीय क्षेत्र के संभावित के लिए विधियों का वर्णन. ड्राइव निर्माण, जांच ड्राइव और जांच आरोपण की प्रक्रिया के लिए लगाव आसान प्रतिकृति के लिए पर्याप्त विवरण में सचित्र हैं.
Other articles by Shigeyoshi Fujisawa on PubMed
Neuroreport. Oct, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12395131
The purpose of this report is to introduce the potential of synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence (SRXRF) spectroscopy, by describing the application of this method to mapping and quantification of metallic elements in neurons from brain tissues affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, clear images of Fe, Zn and Ca within certain single neurons were obtained. There was a high degree of correlation between Zn and Ca in the groups of cells with lower and relatively higher levels of Ca. These results demonstrate that further investigation with larger numbers of neurons using SRXRF spectroscopy may contribute to advancing the knowledge of the mechanisms of metal-induced cell degeneration in human brain tissues, including those affected by AD.
The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience. Aug, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12944501
The Ca2+ influx controlled by intracellular Ca2+ stores, called store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOC), occurs in various eukaryotic cells, but whether CNS neurons are endowed with SOC capability and how they may operate have been contentious issues. Using Ca2+ imaging, we present evidence for the presence of SOC in cultured hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Depletion of internal Ca2+ stores by thapsigargin caused intracellular Ca2+ elevation, which was prevented by SOC channel inhibitors 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB), SKF96365, and La3+. Interestingly, these inhibitors also accelerated the decay of NMDA-induced Ca2+ transients without affecting their peak amplitude. In addition, SOC channel inhibitors attenuated tetanus-induced dendritic Ca2+ accumulation and long-term potentiation at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in hippocampal slice preparations. These data suggest a novel link between ionotropic receptor-activated SOC and neuroplasticity.
Biophysical Journal. Mar, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 14990508
Oscillatory activity and its nonlinear dynamics are of fundamental importance for information processing in the central nervous system. Here we show that in aperiodic oscillations, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, enhances the accuracy of action potentials in terms of spike reliability and temporal precision. Cultured hippocampal neurons displayed irregular oscillations of membrane potential in response to sinusoidal 20-Hz somatic current injection, yielding wobbly orbits in the phase space, i.e., a strange attractor. Brief application of BDNF suppressed this unpredictable dynamics and stabilized membrane potential fluctuations, leading to rhythmical firing. Even in complex oscillations induced by external stimuli of 40 Hz (gamma) on a 5-Hz (theta) carrier, BDNF-treated neurons generated more precisely timed spikes, i.e., phase-locked firing, coupled with theta-phase precession. These phenomena were sensitive to K252a, an inhibitor of tyrosine receptor kinases and appeared attributable to BDNF-evoked Na(+) current. The data are the first indication of pharmacological control of endogenous chaos. BDNF diminishes the ambiguity of spike time jitter and thereby might assure neural encoding, such as spike timing-dependent synaptic plasticity.
The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience. Aug, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15317847
Aberrant sprouting and synaptic reorganization of the mossy fiber (MF) axons are commonly found in the hippocampus of temporal lobe epilepsy patients and result in the formation of excitatory feedback loops in the dentate gyrus, a putative cellular basis for recurrent epileptic seizures. Using ex vivo hippocampal cultures, we show that prolonged hyperactivity induces MF sprouting and the resultant network reorganizations and that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is necessary and sufficient to evoke these pathogenic plasticities. Hyperexcitation induced an upregulation of BDNF protein expression in the MF pathway, an effect mediated by L-type Ca2+ channels. The neurotrophin receptor tyrosine kinase (Trk)B inhibitor K252a or function-blocking anti-BDNF antibody prevented hyperactivity-induced MF sprouting. Even under blockade of neural activity, local application of BDNF to the hilus, but not other subregions, was capable of initiating MF axonal remodeling, eventually leading to dentate hyperexcitability. Transfecting granule cells with dominant-negative TrkB prevented axonal branching. Thus, excessive activation of L-type Ca2+ channels causes granule cells to express BDNF, and extracellularly released BDNF stimulates TrkB receptors present on the hilar segment of the MFs to induce axonal branching, which may establish hyperexcitable dentate circuits.
Chronometric Readout from a Memory Trace: Gamma-frequency Field Stimulation Recruits Timed Recurrent Activity in the Rat CA3 Network
The Journal of Physiology. Nov, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15375190
Synchronous population activity is prevalent in neurones of the central nervous system and experimentally captured as oscillatory electric fields, the frequency of which can represent the state of the neural circuit, e.g. theta (approximately 5 Hz) and gamma (approximately 40 Hz). Such field oscillations, however, are not merely a result of coherent neuronal activity. They may also play active roles in information processing in the brain. In this study, we observed that, in cultured hippocampal slices, CA3 pyramidal cells responded to single-pulse stimuli with monosynaptic and polysynaptic potentials and firing spikes which occurred after variable latencies. The variability of the spike latencies was greatly reduced in the presence of weak electric field oscillations, especially the oscillation in the gamma-band frequency range, that per se induced only small fluctuations in the subthreshold membrane potential, and this effect was inhibited by blockade of NMDA receptor activity. Furthermore, the latency of the firing spikes changed if the stimulus was applied at a different phase of the imposed gamma oscillations. These results may suggest that the background field oscillations serve as an extracellular time reference and assure accurate and stable decoding of a memory trace present in cortical feedback networks.
Dynamic Synapses As Archives of Synaptic History: State-dependent Redistribution of Synaptic Efficacy in the Rat Hippocampal CA1
The Journal of Physiology. Jul, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15845579
Plastic modifications of synaptic strength are putative mechanisms underlying information processing in the brain, including memory storage, signal integration and filtering. Here we describe a dynamic interplay between short-term and long-term synaptic plasticity. At rat hippocampal CA1 synapses, induction of both long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) was accompanied by changes in the profile of short-term plasticity, termed redistribution of synaptic efficacy (RSE). RSE was presynaptically expressed and associated in part with a persistent alteration in hyperpolarization-activated I(h) channel activity. Already potentiated synapses were still capable of showing RSE in response to additional LTP-triggering stimulation. Strikingly, RSE took place even after reversal of LTP or LTD, that is, the same synapse can display different levels of short-term plasticity without changing synaptic efficacy for the initial spike in burst presynaptic firing, thereby modulating spike transmission in a firing rate-dependent manner. Thus, the history of long-term synaptic plasticity is registered in the form of short-term plasticity, and RSE extends the information storage capacity of a synapse and adds another dimension of functional complexity to neuronal operations.
Single Neurons Can Induce Phase Transitions of Cortical Recurrent Networks with Multiple Internal States
Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). May, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16093564
Fluctuations of membrane potential of cortical neurons, referred to here as internal states, are essential for brain function, but little is known about how these internal states emerge and are maintained, or what determines transitions between these states. We performed intracellular recordings from hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells ex vivo and found that neurons display multiple and hierarchical internal states, which are linked to cholinergic activity and are characterized by several power law structures in membrane potential dynamics. Multiple recordings from adjacent neurons revealed that the internal states were coherent between neurons, indicating that the internal state of any given cell in a local network could represent the network activity state. Repeated stimulation of single neurons led over time to transitions to different internal states in both the stimulated neuron and neighboring neurons. Thus, single-cell activation is sufficient to shift the state of the entire local network. As the states shift to more active levels, theta- and gamma-frequency components developed in the form of subthreshold oscillations. State transitions were associated with changes in membrane conductance but were not accompanied by a change in reversal potential. These data suggest that the recurrent network organizes the internal states of individual neurons into synchronization through network activity with balanced excitation and inhibition, and that this organization is discrete, heterogeneous and dynamic in nature. Thus, neuronal states reflect the 'phase' of an active network, a novel demonstration of the dynamics and flexibility of cortical microcircuitry.
Nature Neuroscience. Jul, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18516033
Although short-term plasticity is believed to play a fundamental role in cortical computation, empirical evidence bearing on its role during behavior is scarce. Here we looked for the signature of short-term plasticity in the fine-timescale spiking relationships of a simultaneously recorded population of physiologically identified pyramidal cells and interneurons, in the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat, in a working memory task. On broader timescales, sequentially organized and transiently active neurons reliably differentiated between different trajectories of the rat in the maze. On finer timescales, putative monosynaptic interactions reflected short-term plasticity in their dynamic and predictable modulation across various aspects of the task, beyond a statistical accounting for the effect of the neurons' co-varying firing rates. Seeking potential mechanisms for such effects, we found evidence for both firing pattern-dependent facilitation and depression, as well as for a supralinear effect of presynaptic coincidence on the firing of postsynaptic targets.
Neuron. Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19038224
Although it has been tacitly assumed that the hippocampus exerts an influence on neocortical networks, the mechanisms of this process are not well understood. We examined whether and how hippocampal theta oscillations affect neocortical assembly patterns by recording populations of single cells and transient gamma oscillations in multiple cortical regions, including the somatosensory area and prefrontal cortex in behaving rats and mice. Laminar analysis of neocortical gamma bursts revealed multiple gamma oscillators of varying frequency and location, which were spatially confined and synchronized local groups of neurons. A significant fraction of putative pyramidal cells and interneurons as well as localized gamma oscillations in all recorded neocortical areas were phase biased by the hippocampal theta rhythm. We hypothesize that temporal coordination of neocortical gamma oscillators by hippocampal theta is a mechanism by which information contained in spatially widespread neocortical assemblies can be synchronously transferred to the associative networks of the hippocampus.
Neuron. Oct, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21982376
Network oscillations support transient communication across brain structures. We show here, in rats, that task-related neuronal activity in the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC), the hippocampus, and the ventral tegmental area (VTA), regions critical for working memory, is coordinated by a 4 Hz oscillation. A prominent increase of power and coherence of the 4 Hz oscillation in the PFC and the VTA and its phase modulation of gamma power in both structures was present in the working memory part of the task. Subsets of both PFC and hippocampal neurons predicted the turn choices of the rat. The goal-predicting PFC pyramidal neurons were more strongly phase locked to both 4 Hz and hippocampal theta oscillations than nonpredicting cells. The 4 Hz and theta oscillations were phase coupled and jointly modulated both gamma waves and neuronal spikes in the PFC, the VTA, and the hippocampus. Thus, multiplexed timing mechanisms in the PFC-VTA-hippocampus axis may support processing of information, including working memory.