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In JoVE (1)
- Enhancement of Apoptotic and Autophagic Induction by a Novel Synthetic C-1 Analogue of 7-deoxypancratistatin in Human Breast Adenocarcinoma and Neuroblastoma Cells with Tamoxifen
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Siyaram Pandey in JoVE
Enhancement of Apoptotic and Autophagic Induction by a Novel Synthetic C-1 Analogue of 7-deoxypancratistatin in Human Breast Adenocarcinoma and Neuroblastoma Cells with Tamoxifen
Dennis Ma1, Jonathan Collins2, Tomas Hudlicky2, Siyaram Pandey1
1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Windsor, 2Chemistry Department and Centre for Biotechnology, Brock University
We have synthesized a novel analogue of pancratistatin with comparable anti-cancer activity as native pancratistatin; interestingly, combinatory treatment with tamoxifen yielded a drastic enhancement in apoptotic and autophagic induction by mitochondrial targeting with minimal effect on noncancerous fibroblasts. Thus, JCTH-4 in combination with tamoxifen could provide a safe anti-cancer therapy.
Other articles by Siyaram Pandey on PubMed
Molecular Mechanisms of Glutamate Neurotoxicity in Mixed Cultures of NT2-derived Neurons and Astrocytes: Protective Effects of Coenzyme Q10
Journal of Neuroscience Research. Jun, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12774309
Although glutamate excitotoxicity has long been implicated in neuronal cell death associated with a variety of neurological disorders, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are not yet fully understood. In part, this is due to the lack of relevant experimental cell systems recapitulating the in vivo neuronal environment, mainly neuronal-glial interactions. To explore these mechanisms, we have analyzed the cytotoxic effects of glutamate on mixed cultures of NT2/N neurons and NT2/A astrocytes derived from human NT2/D1 cells. In these cultures, the neurons were resistant to glutamate alone (up to 2 mM for 24-48 hr), but they responded to a simultaneous exposure to 0.5 mM glutamate and 6 hr of hypoxia. Neuronal cell death occurred during subsequent periods of reoxygenation (>30% within 24 hr). This was associated with a marked decrease of intracellular ATP, a significant increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and downregulation of glutamate uptake by astrocytes. Thus, under energy failure and high levels of ROS production, only the neurons from these mixed cultures succumbed to glutamate neurotoxicity; the astrocytic cells remained unaffected by the treatment. Taken together, our data suggested that glutamate excitotoxicity might be due to the energy failure and oxidative stress affecting the properties of the NMDA glutamate receptors and causing impairment of glutamate transporters. Cells pretreated for 72 hr with 10 microg/ml of coenzyme Q(10) (functions both as a ROS scavenger and co-factor of mitochondrial electron transport), were protected, suggesting a useful role for coenzyme Q(10) in treatments of neurological diseases associated with glutamate excitotoxicity. A model of the complex interactions between neurons and astrocytes in regulating glutamate metabolism is presented.