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In JoVE (1)

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Articles by Verginia Cuzon Carlson in JoVE

 JoVE Neuroscience

Vibrodissociation of Neurons from Rodent Brain Slices to Study Synaptic Transmission and Image Presynaptic Terminals

1Section on Synaptic Pharmacology/Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2Department of Electronics Engineering, Ewha Womans University, 3Section on Transmitter Signaling/Laboratory of Molecular Physiology, National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism


JoVE 2752

This report demonstrates a technique for mechanical isolation of individual viable neurons retaining attached presynaptic boutons. Vibrodissociated neurons have the advantages of rapid production, excellent pharmacological control and improved space-clamp without influence from neighboring cells. This method can be used for imaging of synaptic elements and patch-clamp recording.

Other articles by Verginia Cuzon Carlson on PubMed

Striatal Involvement in Human Alcoholism and Alcohol Consumption, and Withdrawal in Animal Models

Different regions of the striatum may have distinct roles in acute intoxication, alcohol seeking, dependence, and withdrawal.

Synaptic and Morphological Neuroadaptations in the Putamen Associated with Long-term, Relapsing Alcohol Drinking in Primates

Alcoholism and alcohol use disorders are characterized by several months to decades of heavy and problematic drinking, interspersed with periods of abstinence and relapse to heavy drinking. This alcohol-drinking phenotype was modeled using macaque monkeys to explore neuronal adaptations in the striatum, a brain region controlling habitual behaviors. Prolonged drinking with repeated abstinence narrowed the variability in daily intake, increased the amount of ethanol consumed in bouts, and led to higher blood ethanol concentrations more than twice the legal intoxication limit. After the final abstinence period of this extensive drinking protocol, we found a selective increase in dendritic spine density and enhanced glutamatergic transmission in the putamen, but not in the caudate nucleus. Intrinsic excitability of medium-sized spiny neurons was also enhanced in the putamen of alcohol-drinking monkeys in comparison with non-drinkers, and GABAeric transmission was selectively suppressed in the putamen of heavy drinkers. These morphological and physiological changes indicate a shift in the balance of inhibitory/excitatory transmission that biases the circuit toward an enduring increase in synaptic activation of putamen output as a consequence of prolonged heavy drinking/relapse. The resultant potential for increased putamen activation may underlie an alcohol-drinking phenotype of regulated drinking and sustained intoxication.

Subsets of Spiny Striosomal Striatal Neurons Revealed in the Gad1-GFP BAC Transgenic Mouse

OBJECTIVE: To characterize GFP-expressing cells in the striatum of Cb6-Tg(Gad1-EGFP)G42Zjh/J mice, in which the Gad1 (also referred to as GAD67) promoter drives GFP expression (Gad1-GFP mouse). BACKGROUND: GFP-expressing cells of the GAD1-GFP mouse have been described to be a population of parvalbumin-positive basket interneurons residing in the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum. However, the cells in the dorsal striatum of these mice have not been characterized. METHODS: Using a combination of immunohistochemistry, electrophysiology, DiI labeling, and retrograde tracing, we investigated the phenotypes of GFP-expressing cells in the GAD1-GFP mice. RESULTS: A small number of striatal neurons express GFP in these mice. In the mature striatum, these cells are preferentially located in the lateral striatum with a strong expression in the lateral striatal streak. The GAD1-GFP positive neurons are distinct from the standard fast-spiking and low-threshold-spiking GAD-67 expressing striatal interneurons and appear to be a subset of medium spiny neurons. These neurons are generally colocalized with striosomal markers such as dynorphin, mu-opioid receptors, as well as CB1 and calretinin-immunopositive fibers. Striatal Gad1-GFP neurons can be separated into two groups based on the shape of the somata and patterns of action potential firing. Retrograde labeling indicated that a proportion of these cells are projection neurons. CONCLUSIONS: The examination of GAD1-GFP cells in these mice revealed 2 subpopulations of ventral striosomal striatal medium spiny neurons, based on morphology, patch-matrix segregation and membrane properties.

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