# Cluster Sampling Method

JoVE Core
Statistik
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JoVE Core Statistik
Cluster Sampling Method
##### Vorheriges Video1.11: Random Sampling Method

Cluster sampling is a widely used sampling method for marketing research where the population is large and geographically dispersed.

For example, researchers want to know the career choice of high school students in a city. This would involve surveying students from every school in the city, which is a time-consuming and expensive process. Even a randomly selected sample would not be an adequate representation of this large and diverse population.

Using cluster sampling, researchers divide the schools into different clusters and then randomly select some of the clusters to form the sample. Now, every student from those selected clusters is interviewed.

Thus, the researchers narrowed down the large population into several smaller clusters and randomly selected some of the clusters for the experiment.

Unlike cluster sampling, in stratified sampling, only a few individuals from each stratum are chosen. Also, in stratified sampling, each stratum is a homogeneous group, while in cluster sampling, the clusters are heterogeneous groups of individuals.

Although this method is easier and cost-effective, samples drawn from cluster sampling are more prone to bias and high sampling error.

## Cluster Sampling Method

Appropriate sampling methods ensure that samples are drawn without bias and accurately represent the population. Because measuring the entire population in a study is not practical, researchers use samples to represent the population of interest.

To choose a cluster sample, divide the population into clusters (groups) and then randomly select some of the clusters. All the members from these clusters are in the cluster sample. For example, if you randomly sample four departments from your college population, the four departments make up the cluster sample. Divide your college faculty by department. The departments are the clusters. Number each department, and then choose four different numbers using simple random sampling. All members of the four departments with those numbers are the cluster sample.

The cluster sampling method is cost-effective and saves time. For example, to study the rural communities, the state is divided into clusters. Now, instead of visiting all the locations, a random cluster is picked and studied, saving both money and time. However, cluster samples contain more sampling errors as they might not fully represent the entire population.

This text is adapted from Openstax, Introductory Statistics, Section 1.2 Data, Sampling, and Variation in Data and Sampling