# Design of Transmission Shafts

JoVE Central
Mechanical Engineering
Se requiere una suscripción a JoVE para ver este contenido.  Inicie sesión o comience su prueba gratuita.
JoVE Central Mechanical Engineering
Design of Transmission Shafts

### Siguiente video19.7: Stress Concentrations in Circular Shafts

The design specifications required for a transmission shaft are the power transmitted by the shaft and its rotation speed.

Based on these specifications, the material and cross-sectional dimensions of the shaft are chosen by ensuring that the maximum shearing stress allowed by the material remains within the elastic limit while transmitting the required power at the specified speed.

Now, the power associated with a system depends on the torque applied. Rearranging the terms, the torque applied to the shaft can be calculated. This equation accounts for both power requirements and rotational frequency of the shaft.

The calculated torque and the maximum allowable stress are then applied in the elastic torsion formula to determine the minimum allowable value for the shaft radius.

For a solid circular shaft, this ratio of the polar moment of inertia to the radius of the shaft varies as the cube of the shaft radius. Substituting it gives the minimum required value for the shaft radius.

For a hollow cylinder, the minimum allowed value of the outer radius of the shaft is calculated.

## Design of Transmission Shafts

The design of a transmission shaft is governed by two primary specifications: the power it transmits and its rotational speed. These parameters guide the selection of the shaft's material and cross-sectional dimensions, ensuring that the material's maximum shearing stress remains within the elastic limit while transmitting the desired power at the given speed. The system's power is intrinsically linked to the applied torque. The torque applied to the shaft can be calculated by reconfiguring the terms.

This calculation considers both the power requirements and the shaft's rotational speed. Once the torque and maximum allowable stress are calculated, they are incorporated into the elastic torsion formula. This process yields the minimum permissible value for the shaft radius. In the case of a solid circular shaft, the ratio of the polar moment of inertia to the shaft radius varies as the cube of the shaft radius. The minimum required value for the shaft radius is computed by substituting this value.

For a hollow cylinder shaft, the computations render the minimum permissible value for the outer radius of the shaft. As a result, the design process for a transmission shaft is a careful balance of power, speed, stress limits, and physical dimensions.