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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (7)
Articles by Amos Danielli in JoVE
Rapid Homogeneous Detection of Biological Assays Using Magnetic Modulation Biosensing System
Amos Danielli1,2, Noga Porat3, Marcelo Ehrlich4, Ady Arie1
1Department of Physical Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, 3Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois, 4Department of Cell Research and Immunology, Tel Aviv University
Magnetic modulation biosensing system is utilized to rapidly, sensitively and simply detect biological assays, such as DNA molecules and proteins.
Other articles by Amos Danielli on PubMed
Optics Express. Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19582017
A sensitive and rapid method for detecting fluorescent dyes at low concentrations in homogenous solution is experimentally demonstrated. Fluorescent-labeled DNA probes are detected by attaching magnetic beads and applying alternating magnetic field gradient. This condenses the fluorescent probes into a small detection volume and eliminates the scattering noise from solution by synchronous detection. For DNA probes concentration of 1 x 10(-13) M the detection signal was 3.3 times higher than the noise, thereby implying detection sensitivity of 3 x 10(-14) M.
Rapid Homogenous Detection of the Ibaraki Virus NS3 CDNA at Picomolar Concentrations by Magnetic Modulation
Biosensors & Bioelectronics. Dec, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19775882
Magnetic modulation biosensing (MMB) system is experimentally demonstrated for rapid and homogeneous detection of the Ibaraki virus NS3 cDNA. A novel fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based probe discriminates the target DNA from the control. When detection is made, the FRET-based probe is cleaved using Taq-polymerase activity and fluorescent light is produced. The biotinylated probes are attached to streptavidin-coupled superparamagnetic beads and are maneuvered into oscillatory motion by applying an alternating magnetic field gradient through two electromagnetic poles. The beads are condensed into the detection area and their movement in and out the orthogonal laser beam produces a periodic fluorescent signal that is demodulated using synchronous detection. 1.9pM of the Ibaraki virus NS3 cDNA was detected in homogeneous solution within 18min without separation or washing steps.
Magnetic Modulation Biosensing for Rapid and Homogeneous Detection of Biological Targets at Low Concentrations
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. Jan, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20214612
This paper reviews the development of a magnetic modulation biosensing (MMB) system for rapid, simple and sensitive detection of biological targets in homogeneous solution at low concentrations. It relies on condensation and modulation of the fluorescent-labeled probes attached to magnetic beads using an alternating magnetic field gradient. Condensation of the beads from the entire volume increases the signal while modulation separates the signal from the background noise of the non-magnetized solution. We first discuss the motivation and challenges in specific DNA sequences detection as well as current approaches to overcome some of these challenges. We then present the MMB system, DNA detection schemes and magnetic beads manipulation in solution. Rapid detection at sub-picomolar concentrations of fluorescent-labeled probes as well as of coding sequences of the non-structural Ibaraki virus protein 3 (NS3) complementary DNA (cDNA) without any washing or separation step is also reviewed. Finally, we show preliminary results of protein detection using a 'sandwich'-based assay.
Applied Physics Letters. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21079726
Picosecond absorption relaxation-central to many disciplines-is typically measured by ultrafast (femtosecond or picosecond) pump-probe techniques, which however are restricted to optically thin and weakly scattering materials or require artificial sample preparation. Here, we developed a reflection-mode relaxation photoacoustic microscope based on a nanosecond laser and measured picosecond absorption relaxation times. The relaxation times of oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin molecules, both possessing extremely low fluorescence quantum yields, were measured at 576 nm. The added advantages in dispersion susceptibility, laser-wavelength availability, reflection sensing, and expense foster the study of natural-including strongly scattering and nonfluorescent-materials.
Optics Letters. Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21368977
Recently, we developed a reflection-mode relaxation photoacoustic microscope, based on saturation intensity, to measure picosecond relaxation times using a nanosecond laser. Here, using the different relaxation times of oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin molecules, both possessing extremely low fluorescence quantum yields, the oxygen saturation was quantified in vivo with single-wavelength photoacoustic microscopy. All previous functional photoacoustic microscopy measurements required imaging with multiple-laser-wavelength measurements to quantify oxygen saturation. Eliminating the need for multiwavelength measurements removes the influence of spectral properties on oxygenation calculations and improves the portability and cost-effectiveness of functional or molecular photoacoustic microscopy.
Real-time Four-dimensional Optical-resolution Photoacoustic Microscopy with Au Nanoparticle-assisted Subdiffraction-limit Resolution
Optics Letters. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21479008
Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) offers label-free, optical absorption contrast. A high-speed, high-resolution PAM system in an inverted microscope configuration with a laser pulse repetition rate of 100,000 Hz and a stationary ultrasonic transducer was built. Four-dimensional in vivo imaging of microcirculation in mouse skin was achieved at 18 three-dimensional volumes per second with repeated two-dimensional (2D) raster scans of 100 by 50 points. The corresponding 2D B-scan (50 A-lines) frame rate was 1800 Hz, and the one-dimensional A-scan rate was 90,000 Hz. The lateral resolution is 0.23 ± 0.03 μm for Au nanowire imaging, which is 2.0 times below the diffraction limit.
Journal of Biomedical Optics. Oct, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22029342
pH is a tightly regulated indicator of metabolic activity. In mammalian systems, an imbalance of pH regulation may result from or result in serious illness. In this paper, we report photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) of a commercially available pH-sensitive fluorescent dye (SNARF-5F carboxylic acid) in tissue phantoms. We demonstrated that PAM is capable of pH imaging in absolute values at tissue depths of up to 2.0 mm, greater than possible with other forms of optical microscopy.