Translate this page to:
In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Hann Low in JoVE
Cholesterol Efflux Assay
Hann Low, Anh Hoang, Dmitri Sviridov
Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
The cholesterol assay is designed to quantitate the rate of cholesterol efflux from cultured cells and the capacity of plasma acceptors to accept cholesterol released from cells. The assay consists of labelling cells with cholesterol, equilibration of cholesterol among intracellular pools and release of cholesterol to an extracellular acceptor.
Other articles by Hann Low on PubMed
Global Functional Knockdown of ATP Binding Cassette Transporter A1 Stimulates Development of Atherosclerosis in ApoE K/O Mice
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21839726
ABCA1 is a key element of cellular cholesterol homeostasis. ApoE K/O mice fed with high-fat diet were infused with anti-ABCA1 antibody or control IgM. Infusion of anti-ABCA1 antibody led to 72% increase in the area of atherosclerotic plaque in aorta. After 16 weeks on high-fat diet plasma level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was reduced in control group, but was unchanged in mice infused with anti-ABCA1 antibody. Total plasma cholesterol level was elevated while the capacity of plasma to support cholesterol efflux ex vivo was reduced after 16 weeks on high-fat diet; the effects were similar in the two groups. We conclude that functional blocking of ABCA1-dependent cholesterol efflux stimulates development of atherosclerosis in apoE K/O mice independently from HDL-C levels.
European Heart Journal. Mar, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 21498847
Objectives Infusion of reconstituted HDL (rHDL) leads to changes in HDL metabolism as well as to an increased capacity of plasma to support cholesterol efflux providing an opportunity to investigate mechanisms linking cholesterol efflux to changes in plasma HDL. Methods and results Patient plasmas after infusion of rHDL were tested ex vivo for their capacity to stimulate cholesterol efflux. Reconstituted HDL enhanced mobilization of cholesterol from tissues in vivo as shown by rising HDL cholesterol concentrations over the infusion period. Infusion of rHDL in vivo led to increased cholesterol efflux ex vivo; surprisingly, removing apoB-containing lipoproteins while preserving all HDL subfractions eliminated this increase. Infusion of rHDL led to the remodelling of plasma HDL; however, the capacity of plasma to support cholesterol efflux did not correlate with changes in the concentrations of any of HDL subfractions. Unmodified rHDL accounted for only a proportion of the increment in cholesterol efflux capacity. Furthermore, studies using HeLa and BHK cells overexpressing ABCA1, ABCG1, and SR-B1 showed that the contribution of these cellular mediators of cholesterol efflux to the enhanced capacity of plasma for the efflux was minimal. Conclusion Enhanced cholesterol efflux from tissues requires the presence of apoB-containing lipoproteins and may involve enhanced flow of cholesterol through multiple components of the reverse cholesterol transport pathway rather than being determined by a specific HDL subfraction.