Translate this page to:
In JoVE (2)
- Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Endothelial Cells for Treatment of Hindlimb Ischemia
- Murine Model of Hindlimb Ischemia
Other Publications (9)
Articles by Hiroshi Niiyama in JoVE
Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Endothelial Cells for Treatment of Hindlimb Ischemia
Ngan F. Huang1, Hiroshi Niiyama1, Abhijit De2, Sanjiv S. Gambhir2, John P. Cooke1
1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University, 2Department of Radiology, Stanford University
The surgical procedure for delivery of embryonic stem cell-derived endothelial cells to the ischemic hindlimb is demonstrated, with non-invasive tracking by bioluminescence imaging.
Murine Model of Hindlimb Ischemia
Hiroshi Niiyama1, Ngan F. Huang1, Mark D. Rollins2, John P. Cooke1
1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University, 2Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Francisco
The surgical procedure for induction of unilateral hindlimb ischemia is demonstrated, with confirmation of ischemia by laser Doppler perfusion imaging.
Other articles by Hiroshi Niiyama on PubMed
Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1alpha/vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Pathway for Adventitial Vasa Vasorum Formation in Hypertensive Rat Aorta
Hypertension. Jan, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11799077
The roles of adventitial vasa vasorum have been highlighted in vascular wall homeostasis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor in physiological and pathophysiological conditions. However, little is known regarding the changes in adventitial vasa vasorum and the mechanism of the formation in hypertensive arteries. Accordingly, endothelial cell proliferation, adventitial vasa vasorum count, and expression of VEGF signaling axis proteins were examined in the ascending aorta of hypertensive Wistar rats that underwent suprarenal aortic constriction. Hypertension not only induced medial and adventitial thickening but also significantly increased adventitial vasa vasorum count by day 28. Preceding the medial thickening, BrdU(+)-proliferative endothelial cells were observed in the adventitia but not in the media and intima after day 3; they peaked at day 7 and remained modestly increased at day 28. The BrdU(+) endothelial cells showed induction of Ets-1, a transcription factor mediating angiogenic response of VEGF. Furthermore, concomitant expression of VEGF and a hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF-1alpha) was observed in the outer layers of medial smooth muscle cells at day 3 and extended to the middle layers of medial smooth muscle cells at day 7, returning to lower levels by day 28. In conclusion, adventitial vasa vasorum formation was induced by hypertension through the HIF-1alpha/VEGF/Ets-1 pathway during hypertensive remodeling.
Hypertension. Feb, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11882589
We have shown that adventitial vasa vasorum (AVV) formation is enhanced in hypertensive rat aorta to compensate hypoxia in the thickened media and that hypercholesterolemia impairs angiogenesis in rat ischemic hindlimb. Thus, we examined the effects of coexistence of hypercholesterolemia and hypertension on AVV formation. In Wistar rats, hypercholesterolemia was established by high-cholesterol diet from Day -14 (HC rats), and hypertension was induced by a suprarenal aortic constriction at Day 0 (HT rats). At Day 28, we studied AVV density, adventitial area, and medial thickness in the ascending aorta of control (standard diet+sham operation), HC, HT, and HC+HT rats (n=5/group). In HC rats, although the adventitial area was modestly increased, the AVV density and medial thickness were unchanged versus controls. In addition to medial thickening, marked enlargement of the adventitial area accompanied by increased AVV density was observed in HT rats, compared with controls. HC+HT rats showed lower AVV density, despite larger adventitial area, than HT rats, whereas the medial thickness was similar in HT and HC+HT rats. Immunohistostaining revealed hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha expression in the media only in HC+HT rats but not in the other 3 groups, suggesting persistent medial hypoxia in HC+HT rats. In conclusion, it is suggested that coexistence of hypercholesterolemia and hypertension impairs AVV formation, resulting in insufficient compensation for hypoxia in the thickened media. Our findings provide an insight into the mechanism of the aggravation of arteriosclerosis when both hypercholesterolemia and hypertension are present.
Hypertension. Mar, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12624002
Recently, we have shown that in rats with a suprarenal abdominal aortic constriction (AC), pressure overload induces early perivascular fibro-inflammatory changes (transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta induction and fibroblast proliferation) within the first week after AC and then causes the development of cardiac remodeling (myocyte hypertrophy and reactive myocardial fibrosis) associated with diastolic dysfunction. Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 is implicated in the recruitment of leukocytes, especially macrophages, in various inflammatory situations. Thus, we sought to investigate the causal relation of ICAM-1 to macrophage recruitment and cardiac remodeling in AC rats. In AC rats, immunoreactive ICAM-1 was observed transiently on endothelial cells of the intramyocardial coronary arterioles after day 1, with a peak at day 3, returning to baseline by day 7. Also, ED1+ macrophage accumulation was found in the area adjacent to the arteries expressing ICAM-1. Chronic treatment with an anti-ICAM-1 neutralizing antibody, but not with control IgG, remarkably reduced the accumulations of macrophages and proliferative fibroblasts and inhibited the upregulation of TGF-beta expression. Furthermore, the neutralizing antibody significantly prevented myocardial fibrosis without affecting arterial pressure and left ventricular and myocyte hypertrophy. In conclusion, ICAM-1 expression was induced by pressure overload in the intramyocardial arterioles, and triggered perivascular macrophage accumulation. In pressure-overloaded hearts, a crucial role in ICAM-1-mediated macrophage accumulation was suggested in the development of myocardial fibrosis, through TGF-beta induction and fibroblast activation.
Rho-kinase Inhibition Reduces Neointima Formation After Vascular Injury by Enhancing Bax Expression and Apoptosis
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology. Dec, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14871028
Recently, we have shown that a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y27632 (R-(+)-trans-N-(4-pyridyl)-4-(1-aminoethyl)-cyclohexanecarboxamide), prevents neointima formation after vascular injury associated with increased terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nickend labeling (TUNEL)+ smooth muscle cells. Because the mechanism of the action of Y27632 remains unclear, we investigated the expression changes in Bcl family proteins, apoptosis regulators of smooth muscle cells, in the rat carotid artery after balloon injury (BI). Y27632 (BI + Y group) or saline (BI group) was administered peritoneally from Day 1 to Day 14 after BI. Y27632 markedly prevented neointima formation at Day 14. In the BI group, TUNEL+ smooth muscle cells were transiently increased in the neointima, but not in the media, with a peak at Day 7, returning to a lower level by Day 14. Y27632 significantly increased TUNEL+ smooth muscle cells at Days 7 and 14. Smooth muscle cell apoptosis was confirmed by electron microscopic examination. At Day 14, although proapoptotic Bax was slightly, but not significantly, increased in the BI group, it was significantly upregulated in the BI + Y group. Antiapoptotic Bcl-xL was upregulated in the BI group, and the upregulated Bcl-xL was not affected by Y27632. These findings indicate that Rho-kinase inhibition induces neointimal smooth muscle cell apoptosis through Bax upregulation, resulting in reduced neointima formation.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Aug, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15358037
We sought to investigate the role of endogenous monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in ischemia-induced neovascularization.
Repeated Gene Transfer of Naked Prostacyclin Synthase Plasmid into Skeletal Muscles Attenuates Monocrotaline-induced Pulmonary Hypertension and Prolongs Survival in Rats
Human Gene Therapy. Dec, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15684702
A safer, less invasive method for repeated transgene administration is desirable for clinical application of gene therapy targeting chronic diseases, including pulmonary hypertension (PH). Thus, effects of prostaglandin I2 (prostacyclin) synthase (PGIS) gene transfer by the naked DNA method into skeletal muscle were investigated in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PH rats. A single injection of rat PGIS cDNA-encoding plasmid into thigh muscle 3 days after bupivacaine pretreatment transiently increased muscle PGIS protein expression and muscle and serum levels of a stable prostacyclin metabolite (6-keto-prostaglandin F1). The muscle 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 level peaked on day 2 but was still elevated on day 7; prostacyclin selectively increased lung cyclic AMP levels as compared with liver and kidney. MCT induced a marked rise in right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure, pulmonary arterial wall thickening, and RV hypertrophy. Repeated PGIS gene transfer every week lowered RV systolic pressure and ameliorated RV and pulmonary artery remodeling in MCT-induced PH rats. Furthermore, repeated PGIS gene transfer significantly improved the survival rate of MCT-induced PH rats. In conclusion, repeated PGIS gene transfer into skeletal muscle not only attenuated the development of PH and cardiovascular remodeling but also improved the prognosis for MCT-induced PH rats. This study may provide insight into a new treatment strategy for PH.
Embryonic Stem Cell-derived Endothelial Cells Engraft into the Ischemic Hindlimb and Restore Perfusion
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. May, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20167654
We examined the effect of delivery modality on the survival, localization, and functional effects of exogenously administered embryonic stem cells (ESCs) or endothelial cells derived from them (ESC-ECs) in the ischemic hindlimb.
Longest Survivor of Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect: Well-developed Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries Demonstrated by Multidetector Computed Tomography
Circulation. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22064959