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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Sangmi Jun in JoVE
Correlative Microscopy for 3D Structural Analysis of Dynamic Interactions
Sangmi Jun1, Gongpu Zhao1, Jiying Ning1, Gregory A. Gibson2, Simon C. Watkins2, Peijun Zhang1
1Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 2Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
We describe a correlative microscopy method that combines high-speed 3D live-cell fluorescent light microscopy and high-resolution cryo-electron tomography. We demonstrate the capability of the correlative method by imaging dynamic, small HIV-1 particles interacting with host HeLa cells.
Other articles by Sangmi Jun on PubMed
Biochemistry. Sep, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16981726
We describe a scheme for tagging an alanine-based peptide with a Cu(II) and a nitroxide to measure unfolding transitions. The enhancement in longitudinal relaxation rate of the nitroxide due to the presence of Cu(II) was measured at physiological temperatures by pulsed electron spin resonance (ESR). The change in relaxation rate provided the average interspin distance between the Cu(II) and the nitroxide. Control experiments on a proline-based peptide verify the robustness of the method. The change in interspin distances with temperature for the alanine-based peptide is in accord with the change in helicity measured by circular dichroism. The data provide an opportunity to examine the unfolding process in polyalanine peptides. The distance in the folded state is in concordance with molecular dynamics. However, the ESR experiment measures an average distance of 17 A in the unfolded state, whereas molecular dynamics indicates a distance of 42 A if the unfolded geometry was a polyproline type II helix. Therefore, ESR demonstrates that the unfolded state of this alanine-based peptide is not an ideal extended polyproline type II helix.
Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17427167
The Second Cu(II)-binding Site in a Proton-rich Environment Interferes with the Aggregation of Amyloid-beta(1-40) into Amyloid Fibrils
Biochemistry. Nov, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19824649
The overall morphology and Cu(II) ion coordination for the aggregated amyloid-beta(1-40) [Abeta(1-40)] in N-ethylmorpholine (NEM) buffer are affected by Cu(II) ion concentration. This effect is investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) spectroscopy. At lower than equimolar concentrations of Cu(II) ions, fibrillar aggregates of Abeta(1-40) are observed. At these concentrations of Cu(II), the monomeric and fibrillar Abeta(1-40) ESEEM data indicate that the Cu(II) ion is coordinated by histidine residues. For aggregated Abeta(1-40) at a Cu(II):Abeta molar ratio of 2:1, TEM and AFM images show both linear fibrils and granular amorphous aggregates. The ESEEM spectra show that the multi-histidine coordination for Cu(II) ion partially breaks up and becomes exposed to water or exchangeable protons of the peptide at a higher Cu(II) concentration. Since the continuous-wave electron spin resonance results also suggest two copper-binding sites in Abeta(1-40), the proton ESEEM peak may arise from the second copper-binding site, which may be significantly involved in the formation of granular amorphous aggregates. Thioflavin T fluorescence and circular dichroism experiments also show that Cu(II) inhibits the formation of fibrils and induces a nonfibrillar beta-sheet conformation. Therefore, we propose that Abeta(1-40) has a second copper-binding site in a proton-rich environment and the second binding Cu(II) ion interferes with a conformational transition into amyloid fibrils, inducing the formation of granular amorphous aggregates.
Structure (London, England : 1993). Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22078557
Cryo-electron tomography (cryoET) allows 3D visualization of cellular structures at molecular resolution in a close-to-native state and therefore has the potential to help elucidate early events of HIV-1 infection in host cells. However, structural details of infecting HIV-1 have not been observed, due to technological challenges in working with rare and dynamic HIV-1 particles in human cells. Here, we report structural analysis of HIV-1 and host-cell interactions by means of a correlative high-speed 3D live-cell-imaging and cryoET method. Using this method, we showed under near-native conditions that intact hyperstable mutant HIV-1 cores are released into the cytoplasm of host cells. We further obtained direct evidence to suggest that a hyperstable mutant capsid, E45A, showed delayed capsid disassembly compared to the wild-type capsid. Together, these results demonstrate the advantages of our correlative live-cell and cryoET approach for imaging dynamic processes, such as viral infection.