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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Sophie Imbeault in JoVE
חלבון לוקליזציה ב 3D תרבות גזע עצביים נייד: מתודולוגיה ויזואליזציה היברידי
Sophie Imbeault*1, Nicolas Valenzuela*2, Stephen Fai2, Steffany A.L. Bennett1
1Neural Regeneration Laboratory and Ottawa Institute of Systems Biology, Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ottawa, 2Carleton Immersive Media Studio, Azrieli School of Architecture and Urbanism, Carleton University
כאן אנו מתארים כיצד לייצר, להתרחב, immunolabel תאים בהיפוקמפוס לאחר הלידה אבי עצביים (NPCs) בתרבות (3D) תלת ממדי. בשלב הבא, תוך שימוש בטכנולוגיות הדמיה היברידית, אנו מדגימים כיצד תמונות דיגיטליות של cryosections immunolabelled יכול לשמש כדי לשחזר ולמפות את המיקום המרחבי של תאים immunopositive ברחבי neurosphere 3D כולו.
Other articles by Sophie Imbeault on PubMed
Platelet Activating Factor-induced Apoptosis is Inhibited by Ectopic Expression of the Platelet Activating Factor G-protein Coupled Receptor
Journal of Neurochemistry. Sep, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12354298
The pro-inflammatory lipid mediator platelet activating factor (PAF: 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) accumulates in ischemia, epilepsy, and human immunodeficiency virus-1-associated dementia and is implicated in neuronal loss. The present study was undertaken to establish a role for its G-protein coupled receptor in regulating neurotoxicity. PC12 cells do not express PAF receptor mRNA as demonstrated by northern analysis and RT-PCR. In the absence of the G-protein coupled receptor, PAF (0.1-1 micro m) triggered chromatin condensation, DNA strand breaks, oligonucleosomal fragmentation, and nuclear disintegration characteristic of apoptosis. Lyso-PAF (0.001-1 micro m), the immediate metabolite of PAF, did not elicit apoptotic death. Concentrations of PAF or lyso-PAF that exceeded critical micelle concentration had physicochemical effects on plasma membrane resulting in necrosis. Apoptosis but not necrosis was inhibited by the PAF antagonist BN52021 (1-100 micro m) but not CV3988 (0.2-20 micro m). Ectopic PAF receptor expression protected PC12 transfectants from ligand-induced apoptosis. PAF receptor-mediated protection was inhibited by CV3988 (1 micro m). These data provide empirical evidence that: (i) PAF can initiate apoptosis independently of its G-protein coupled receptor; (ii) PAF signaling initiated by its G-protein coupled receptor is cytoprotective to PC12 cells; (iii) the pro- and anti-apoptotic effects of PAF on PC12 cells can be pharmacologically distinguished using two different PAF antagonists.
Induction of the Nrf2-driven Antioxidant Response Confers Neuroprotection During Mitochondrial Stress in Vivo
The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Jun, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15840590
NF-E2 related factor (Nrf2) controls a pleiotropic cellular defense, where multiple antioxidant/detoxification pathways are up-regulated in unison. Although small molecule inducers of Nrf2 activity have been reported to protect neurons in vitro, whether similar pathways can be accessed in vivo is not known. We have investigated whether in vivo toxicity of the mitochondrial complex II inhibitor 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) can be attenuated by constitutive and inducible Nrf2 activity. The absence of Nrf2 function in Nrf2(-/-) mice resulted in 3-NP hypersensitivity that became apparent with time and increasing dose, causing motor deficits and striatal lesions on a more rapid time scale than identically treated Nrf2(+/+) and Nrf2(+/-) controls. Striatal succinate dehydrogenase activity, the target of 3-NP, was inhibited to the same extent in all genotypes by a single acute dose of 3-NP, suggesting that brain concentrations of 3-NP were similar. Dietary supplementation with the Nrf2 inducer tert-butylhydroquinone attenuated 3-NP toxicity in Nrf2(+/-) mice, but not Nrf2(-/-), confirming the Nrf2-specific action of the inducer in vivo. Increased Nrf2 activity alone was sufficient to protect animals from 3-NP toxicity because intrastriatal adenovirus-mediated Nrf2 overexpression significantly reduced lesion size compared with green fluorescent protein overexpressing controls. In cultured astrocytes, 3-NP was found to increase Nrf2 activity leading to antioxidant response element-dependent gene expression providing a potential mechanism for the increased sensitivity of Nrf2(-/-) animals to 3-NP toxicity in vivo. We conclude that Nrf2 may underlie a feedback system limiting oxidative load during chronic metabolic stress.
The Extracellular Matrix Controls Gap Junction Protein Expression and Function in Postnatal Hippocampal Neural Progenitor Cells
BMC Neuroscience. 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19236721
Gap junction protein and extracellular matrix signalling systems act in concert to influence developmental specification of neural stem and progenitor cells. It is not known how these two signalling systems interact. Here, we examined the role of ECM components in regulating connexin expression and function in postnatal hippocampal progenitor cells.