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In JoVE (2)
- High-frequency High-resolution Echocardiography: First Evidence on Non-invasive Repeated Measure of Myocardial Strain, Contractility, and Mitral Regurgitation in the Ischemia-reperfused Murine Heart
- Dual-mode Imaging of Cutaneous Tissue Oxygenation and Vascular Function
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Surya C. Gnyawali in JoVE
High-frequency High-resolution Echocardiography: First Evidence on Non-invasive Repeated Measure of Myocardial Strain, Contractility, and Mitral Regurgitation in the Ischemia-reperfused Murine Heart
Surya C. Gnyawali1,2, Sashwati Roy1,2, Jason Driggs1,2, Savita Khanna1,2, Thomas Ryan2,3, Chandan K. Sen2
1Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, 2Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, 3Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University
High frequency Doppler ultrasound is a novel technology for assessing regional myocardial function. This work presents first evidence demonstrating applicability of this versatile imaging platform for the repeated measure of myocardial strain, dp/dt, and mitral regurgitation in the ischemia-reperfused (IR) murine heart.
Dual-mode Imaging of Cutaneous Tissue Oxygenation and Vascular Function
Ronald X. Xu1, Kun Huang2, Ruogu Qin1, Jiwei Huang1, Jeff S. Xu1, Liya Ding2, Urmila S. Gnyawali3, Gayle M. Gordillo3, Surya C. Gnyawali3,4, Chandan K. Sen3
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, 2Department of Biomedical Informatics, The Ohio State University, 3Comprehensive Wound Center, The Ohio State University, 4Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University
A dual-mode imaging system was developed for non-contact assessment of cutaneous tissue oxygenation and vascular function.
Other articles by Surya C. Gnyawali on PubMed
Journal of Biomedical Optics. May-Jun, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16822080
Selective photothermal interaction using dye enhancement has proven to be effective in minimizing surrounding tissue damage and delivering energy to target tissue. During laser irradiation, the process of photon absorption and thermal energy diffusion in the target tissue and its surrounding tissue are crucial. Such information allows the selection of proper operating parameters such as dye concentrations, laser power, and exposure time for optimal therapeutic effect. Combining the Monte Carlo method for energy absorption and the finite difference method for heat diffusion, the temperature distributions in target tissue and surrounding tissue in dye enhanced laser photothermal interaction are obtained. Different tissue configurations and dye enhancement are used in the simulation, and different incident beam sizes are also used to determine optimum beam sizes for various tissue configurations. Our results show that the algorithm developed in this study could predict the thermal outcome of laser irradiation. Our simulation indicates that with appropriate absorption enhancement of the target tissue, the temperature in the target tissue and in the surrounding tissue can be effectively controlled. This method can be used for optimization of lesion treatment using laser photothermal interactions. It may also provide guidance for laser immunotherapy in cancer treatment, since the immunological responses are believed to be related to tissue temperature changes.
Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing. Feb, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17891430
Tissue surface temperature distribution on the treatment site can serve as an indicator for the effectiveness of a photothermal therapy. In this study, both infrared thermography and theoretical simulation were used to determine the surface temperature distribution during laser irradiation of both gel phantom and animal tumors. Selective photothermal interaction was attempted by using intratumoral indocyanine green enhancement and irradiation via a near-infrared laser. An immunoadjuvant was also used to enhance immunological responses during tumor treatment. Monte Carlo method for tissue absorption of light and finite difference method for heat diffusion in tissue were used to simulate the temperature distribution during the selective laser photothermal interaction. An infrared camera was used to capture the thermal images during the laser treatment and the surface temperature was determined. Our findings show that the theoretical and experimental results are in good agreement and that the surface temperature of irradiated tissue can be controlled with appropriate dye and adjuvant enhancement. These results can be used to control the laser tumor treatment parameters and to optimize the treatment outcome. More importantly, when used with immunotherapy as a precursor of immunological responses, the selective photothermal treatment can be guided by the tissue temperature profiles both in the tumor and on the surface.
Journal of Biomedical Optics. Jul-Aug, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19021360
Temperature distribution is a crucial factor in determining the outcome of laser phototherapy in cancer treatment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an ideal method for 3-D noninvasive temperature measurement. A 7.1-T MRI was used to determine laser-induced high thermal gradient temperature distribution of target tissue with high spatial resolution. Using a proton density phase shift method, thermal mapping is validated for in vivo thermal measurement with light-absorbing enhancement dye. Tissue-simulating phantom gels, biological tissues, and tumor-bearing animals were used in the experiments. An 805-nm laser was used to irradiate the samples, with laser power in the range of 1 to 3 W. A clear temperature distribution matrix within the target and surrounding tissue was obtained with a specially developed processing algorithm. The temperature mapping showed that the selective laser photothermal effect could result in temperature elevation in a range of 10 to 45 degrees C. The temperature resolution of the measurement was about 0.37 degrees C with 0.4-mm spatial resolution. The results of this study provide in vivo thermal information and future reference for optimizing laser dosage and dye concentration in cancer treatment.
Remodeling of the Ischemia-reperfused Murine Heart: 11.7-T Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Contrast-enhanced Infarct Patches and Transmurality
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling. Aug, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19450139
Our laboratory has published the first evidence obtained from fast low-angle-shot cine magnetic resonance imaging (11.7 T) studies demonstrating secondary myocyte death after ischemia/reperfusion (IR) of the murine heart. This work provides the first evidence from 11.7-T magnet-assisted pixel-level analysis of the post-IR murine myocardial infarct patches. Changes in function of the remodeling heart were examined in tandem. IR compromised cardiac function and induced LV hypertrophy. During recovery, the IR-induced increase in LV mass was partly offset. IR-induced wall thinning was noted in the anterior aspect of LV and at the diametrically opposite end. Infarct size was observed to be largest on post-IR days 3 and 7. With time (day 28), however, the infarct size was significantly reduced. IR-induced absolute signal-intensity enhancement was highest on post-IR days 3 and 7. As a function of post-IR time, signal-intensity enhancement was attenuated. The threshold of hyperenhanced tissue resulted in delineation of contours that identified necrotic (bona fide infarct) and reversibly injured infarct patches. The study of infarct transmurality indicated that whereas the permanently injured tissue volume remained unchanged, part of the reversibly injured infarct patch recovered in 4 weeks after IR. The approach validated in the current study is powerful in noninvasively monitoring remodeling of the post-IR beating murine myocardium.