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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (12)
- Annals of Biomedical Engineering
- Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban = Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
- Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
- Nucleic Acids Research
- Chinese Medical Journal
- Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
- Natural Product Research
- PloS One
- Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
- Stem Cells and Development
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Articles by Wei Yuan in JoVE
Gebruik van de Mens Perivasculaire stamcellen voor botregeneratie
Aaron W. James*1, Janette N. Zara*2, Mirko Corselli2, Michael Chiang1, Wei Yuan2, Virginia Nguyen1, Asal Askarinam1, Raghav Goyal1, Ronald K. Siu3, Victoria Scott1, Min Lee3, Kang Ting1, Bruno Péault2,4, Chia Soo2
1Dental and Craniofacial Research Institute and Section of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, UCLA, 2UCLA and Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Orthopaedic Hospital Research Center, UCLA, 3Department of Bioengineering, UCLA, 4Center for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh
Menselijke perivasculaire stamcellen (PSC's) zijn een nieuwe stamcel klasse voor het skelet weefselregeneratie vergelijkbaar met mesenchymale stamcellen (MSC's). PSC's kunnen worden geïsoleerd door FACS (fluorescentie geactiveerde cel sortering) uit vetweefsel verkregen tijdens standaard liposuctie procedures, dan gecombineerd met een osteoinductief steiger om botvorming te bereiken
Other articles by Wei Yuan on PubMed
Effect of Surface Charge of Immortalized Mouse Cerebral Endothelial Cell Monolayer on Transport of Charged Solutes
Annals of Biomedical Engineering. Apr, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20087768
Charge carried by the surface glycocalyx layer (SGL) of the cerebral endothelium has been shown to significantly modulate the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to charged solutes in vivo. The cultured monolayer of bEnd3, an immortalized mouse cerebral endothelial cell line, is becoming a popular in vitro BBB model due to its easy growth and maintenance of many BBB characteristics over repeated passages. To test whether the SGL of bEnd3 monolayer carries similar charge as that in the intact BBB and quantify this charge, which can be characterized by the SGL thickness (L(f)) and charge density (C(mf)), we measured the solute permeability of bEnd3 monolayer to neutral solutes and to solutes with similar size but opposite charges: negatively charged alpha-lactalbumin (-11) and positively charged ribonuclease (+3). Combining the measured permeability data with a transport model across the cell monolayer, we predicted the L(f) and the C(mf) of bEnd3 monolayer, which is approximately 160 nm and approximately 25 mEq/L, respectively. We also investigated whether orosomucoid, a plasma glycoprotein modulating the charge of the intact BBB, alters the charge of bEnd3 monolayer. We found that 1 mg/mL orosomucoid would increase SGL charge density of bEnd3 monolayer to approximately 2-fold of its control value.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban = Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20957022
To evaluate the safety of oral cabamazepine during breast milk feeding. The carbamazepine concentration in breast milk of one epilepsy maternal patient was assayed by high performance liquid chromatography, and the literature was reviewed to find the nursing evidence in the use of cabamazepine. The carbamazepine concentration in breast milk ranged from 0.34-0.86 mg/L. The neonate daily dose intake was estimated ranging from 0.34 mg to 0.86 mg through breast-feeding in theory. The literature showed that carbamazepine was generally considered safe for use during breast feeding; however, adverse effects should be monitored as recommended. It is better to avoid feeding at high concentration level to minimize the harm of carbamazepine to the baby.
[MicroRNA Differential Expression Profile in Nephroblastoma Cell Line Versus Normal Embryonic Kidney Cell Line]
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20979833
To explore the microRNA (miRNA) differential expression profile between nephroblastoma cell line G401 and normal embryonic kidney cell line CCC-HEK-1 so as to provide rationales for the role of miRNA in the pathogenesis of nephroblastoma.
Nucleic Acids Research. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21459845
Chromosomal DNA replication requires the spatial and temporal coordination of the activities of several complexes that constitute the replisome. A previously uncharacterized protein, encoded by TK1252 in the archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis, was shown to stably interact with the archaeal GINS complex in vivo, a central component of the archaeal replisome. Here, we document that this protein (TK1252p) is a processive, single-strand DNA-specific exonuclease that degrades DNA in the 5' → 3' direction. TK1252p binds specifically to the GINS15 subunit of T. kodakaraensis GINS complex and this interaction stimulates the exonuclease activity in vitro. This novel archaeal nuclease, designated GINS-associated nuclease (GAN), also forms a complex in vivo with the euryarchaeal-specific DNA polymerase D. Roles for GAN in replisome assembly and DNA replication are discussed.
A Follow-up Study of Women with a History of Severe Preeclampsia: Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome and Preeclampsia
Chinese Medical Journal. Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21518575
Women with a history of preeclampsia have twice the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and there is a graded relationship between the severity of preeclampsia and the risk of cardiac disease. Moreover, metabolic scores are associated with developing preeclampsia. However, since there are no diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome during pregnancy and pregnant women undergo metabolic changes, it is difficult to elucidate the relationship between preeclampsia and metabolic syndrome. We carried out a cross-sectional study to investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and preeclampsia among women with a history of severe preeclampsia shortly after an indexed pregnancy.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21624331
This study was to investigate the association of Bisphenol A and unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.
Natural Product Research. Oct, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21707249
Seventeen flavonoids including one new compound were isolated from Texas bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis), the state flower of Texas. Their structures were determined by extensive nuclear magnetic resonance and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analyses. High-performance liquid chromatography analytic method for simultaneous determination of the 17 compounds was established and validated. Eleven isolated flavonoids were first evaluated for their free radical scavenging activity using α,α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl scavenging assay and they showed activity with EC(50) 48.6-172.5 µg mL(-1).
Novel Aptamer-nanoparticle Bioconjugates Enhances Delivery of Anticancer Drug to MUC1-positive Cancer Cells in Vitro
PloS One. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21912664
MUC1 protein is an attractive target for anticancer drug delivery owing to its overexpression in most adenocarcinomas. In this study, a reported MUC1 protein aptamer is exploited as the targeting agent of a nanoparticle-based drug delivery system. Paclitaxel (PTX) loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic-acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles were formulated by an emulsion/evaporation method, and MUC1 aptamers (Apt) were conjugated to the particle surface through a DNA spacer. The aptamer conjugated nanoparticles (Apt-NPs) are about 225.3 nm in size with a stable in vitro drug release profile. Using MCF-7 breast cancer cell as a MUC1-overexpressing model, the MUC1 aptamer increased the uptake of nanoparticles into the target cells as measured by flow cytometry. Moreover, the PTX loaded Apt-NPs enhanced in vitro drug delivery and cytotoxicity to MUC1(+) cancer cells, as compared with non-targeted nanoparticles that lack the MUC1 aptamer (P<0.01). The behavior of this novel aptamer-nanoparticle bioconjugates suggests that MUC1 aptamers may have application potential in targeted drug delivery towards MUC1-overexpressing tumors.
Nature. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21921910
We report genome sequences of 17 inbred strains of laboratory mice and identify almost ten times more variants than previously known. We use these genomes to explore the phylogenetic history of the laboratory mouse and to examine the functional consequences of allele-specific variation on transcript abundance, revealing that at least 12% of transcripts show a significant tissue-specific expression bias. By identifying candidate functional variants at 718 quantitative trait loci we show that the molecular nature of functional variants and their position relative to genes vary according to the effect size of the locus. These sequences provide a starting point for a new era in the functional analysis of a key model organism.
Evaluation of Host Inflammatory Responses of β-tricalcium Phosphate Bioceramics Caused by Calcium Pyrophosphate Impurity Using a Subcutaneous Model
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21948342
Implantation of synthetic materials into body elicits inflammatory host responses that limit medical device integration and biological performance. Since the effective use of biomaterials in vivo requires good biocompatibility and bio-functionality, it is vital that we assess the inflammatory reactions provoked by various implanted biomaterials. In chemical precipitation of β-tricalcium phosphate [β-Ca₃(PO₄)₂, β-TCP], the impurity of calcium pyrophosphate (Ca₂P₂O₇, CPP) will easily appear if the preparation conditions are not well controlled. To test the influences of CCP-impurity on the biocompatibility of the material, four groups of β-TCP ceramic samples doped with 0.5-10 wt % of CCP impurity, and pure β-TCP and CCP samples were fabricated and implanted in rat subcutaneous site for one, two, and four weeks. The host tissue responses to the ceramics were evaluated by histomorphometric analysis, and the results were compared with pure β-TCPbioceramics. The results show that the CPP impurity can elicit and stimulate the inflammatory responses at the tissue/implant interface. Moreover, with the increase of CPP doping amount, the inflammation increases apparently. However, the pure β-TCP bioceramics only present slight post-implantation inflammatory responses. The influence of the CPP doping on the inflammatory responses is mainly related to a microparticles release because of an insufficient sintering of β-TCP by CPP doping. The microparticle release could be at the origin of local inflammation and cell/tissue damages. Therefore, to obtain perfect biocompatibility and high quality β-TCP bioceramics, it is important to avoid and control the CPP impurity in the preparation of β-TCP powders and bioceramics.
Phytochemistry. Mar, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22178115
Twenty-four acylated polyhydroxyoleanene saponins were isolated from the seeds of Aesculus glabra. Sixteen of them, namely aesculiosides G1-G16 (1-16), were determined as compounds by spectroscopic and chemical analysis. The structural features of all 24 saponins are: (1) arabinofuranosyl units affixed to C-3 of the glucuronopyranosyl unit in the trisaccharide chain; (2) no 24-OH substitution; (3) C-2 sugar moiety substitution of the 3-O-glucuronopyranosyl unit is either glucopyranosyl or galactopyranosyl. The features of these isolated saponin structures provide more evidence for chemical taxonomy within the genus Aesculus. The cytotoxicity of the aesculiosides (1-16) were tested against A549 and PC-3 cancer cell lines with GI₅₀ from 5.4 to >25 μM.
Additive Effects of Sonic Hedgehog and Nell-1 Signaling in Osteogenic Versus Adipogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Stem Cells and Development. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22264144
A theoretical inverse relationship exists between osteogenic (bone forming) and adipogenic (fat forming) mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation. This inverse relationship in theory partially underlies the clinical entity of osteoporosis, in which marrow MSCs have a preference for adipose differentiation that increases with age. Two pro-osteogenic cytokines have been recently studied that each also possesses antiadipogenic properties: Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) and NELL-1 proteins. In the present study, we assayed the potential additive effects of the biologically active N-terminus of SHH (SHH-N) and NELL-1 protein on osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of human primary adipose-derived stromal cell (hASCs). We observed that both recombinant SHH-N and NELL-1 protein significantly enhanced osteogenic differentiation and reduced adipose differentiation across all markers examined (alkaline phosphatase, Alizarin red and Oil red O staining, and osteogenic gene expression). Moreover, SHH-N and NELL-1 directed signaling produced additive effects on the pro-osteogenic and antiadipogenic differentiation of hASCs. NELL-1 treatment increased Hedgehog signaling pathway expression; coapplication of the Smoothened antagonist Cyclopamine reversed the pro-osteogenic effect of NELL-1. In summary, Hedgehog and Nell-1 signaling exert additive effects on the pro-osteogenic and antiadipogenic differentiation of ASCs. These studies suggest that the combination cytokines SHH-N+NELL-1 may represent a viable future technique for inducing the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs.