Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, “Filippo Del Ponte” Hospital, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy
Gynecological surgery has gone through a radical evolution during recent years, due to technological improvements and a significant shift towards a minimally invasive approach. In the current scenario, both oncological and non-oncological conditions can be managed by endoscopic surgery, which has important advantages over classic open surgery including reduced hospital stay and post-operative pain, faster recovery, and better cosmetic results.
To date, laparoscopic and robotic surgery represent the gold standard management for several procedures, including myomectomy, adnexal surgery, hysterectomy, treatment of endometriosis, endometrial and ovarian cancers. In addition, hysteroscopy gained a key role for the evaluation of vaginal cavity, cervical canal, uterine cavity and tubal ostia and for the treatment of intracavitary diseases, such as polyps, submucous myomas, uterine septa/subsepta, T-shaped uterus, intrauterine adhesions, Asherman’s syndrome, and early diagnosis of endometrial cancer through targeted biopsies.
The development of augmented reality devices may further improve the feasibility and implementation of minimally invasive surgery in gynecology, allowing physicians to incorporate data visualization during surgical procedures in order to improve accuracy and safety, and to enhance surgical training. Considering all these factors, the purpose of the Collection is to offer a comprehensive overview of minimally invasive surgical techniques in gynecology, including laparoscopy, hysteroscopy and robotic surgery.