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10.9: Mohr's Circle for Moments of Inertia

JoVE Core
Mechanical Engineering

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Mohr's Circle for Moments of Inertia

10.9: Mohr's Circle for Moments of Inertia

Mohr's circle is a graphical method to determine an area's principal moments of inertia by plotting the moments and product of inertia on a rectangular coordinate system.

Figure 1

The center of Mohr's circle is obtained by averaging the moments of inertia about the x and y-axis. Its radius is determined from the moments and products of inertia.

Equation 1

The intersection points between this circle and the horizontal axis gives the value of  the principal moments of inertia. The product of inertia is zero at these points.

Consider point B on the circumference of Mohr's circle. The line connecting this point to the center forms an angle with the axis of the positive moment of inertia. This angle is twice the angle between the x-coordinate axis and the major principal axis. The minor principal axis for the area is perpendicular to the major principal axis.

As all physical parameters remain unchanged regardless of orientation of the coordinate system, the same graphical representation can be used for calculation of the principal moments of area and the principal axes for rotated coordinates.

Suggested Reading


Keywords: Mohr's Circle Moments Of Inertia Principal Moments Of Inertia Product Of Inertia Principal Axes Coordinate System Graphical Method Area Physical Parameters Orientation

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