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16.1: Moments and Product of Inertia

JoVE Core
Mechanical Engineering

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Moments and Product of Inertia

16.1: Moments and Product of Inertia

The calculation of the moment of inertia for a differential element within a rigid body involves multiplying the element's mass by the square of the minimum distance from any one of the three-coordinate axes to the said element. This is a process that can be extended to cover the entire mass of the body by simply integrating the expression, thereby ascertaining the body's moment of inertia.

Equation 1

The same process can be applied to determine the moment of inertia in relation to the other two axes. It is important to note that the moment of inertia is invariably a positive quantity.

Furthermore, there is also a product of inertia related to a differential element and a pair of perpendicular planes. This is defined as the multiplication of the element's mass by the perpendicular distance from the plane to the element. By integrating this across the body's entire mass, one can calculate the body's product of inertia.

Equation 2

A similar analysis can be done for the remaining two planes. Unlike the moment of inertia, the product of inertia can either be positive, negative, or zero.

For bodies where the mass distribution is symmetric about one or both orthogonal planes, the product of inertia about such planes will always be zero. This symmetry plays a crucial role in determining the product of inertia. Overall, these calculations provide insights into the dynamic properties of a rigid body, underlining the importance of understanding the concepts of moment of inertia and product of inertia.

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