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Biology

Preparação de 2-dGuo-Tratada Culturas Organ Thymus

doi: 10.3791/906 Published: August 28, 2008

ERRATUM NOTICE

Summary

Este vídeo demonstra a dissecção e remoção do timo fetal, bem como o preparo de culturas ex vivo de 2-dGuo tratados com timo.

Abstract

No timo, CD4 + timócitos imaturos 8 expressar rearranjadas aleatoriamente receptor de células T α-e b-corrente genes submetidos a eventos de seleção positiva e negativa com base em sua capacidade de reconhecer complexo de histocompatibilidade self-peptide/major (MHC) moléculas expressas por tímica células do estroma. Análise in vivo do papel das células do estroma tímico durante a seleção intratímicas é dificultada pela complexidade celular do microambiente do timo no timo steady-state de adultos, e pela falta de estratégias apropriadas visando manipular a expressão gênica do timo, em especial compartimentos estromal. Nós mostramos que o microambiente tímico pode ser facilmente manipulados in vitro através do uso de culturas de órgãos reaggregate timo, que permitem a preparação de três lobos-dimensional definido timo de células do estroma e linfóide. Embora outros sistemas in vitro suporte a alguns aspectos do desenvolvimento de células T, reaggregate cultura órgão timo continua sendo o único sistema in vitro capaz de suportar MHC classe I e II eficiente mediada por eventos de seleção timócito, e assim pode ser usado como uma ferramenta eficaz para estudar a regulação celular e molecular da seleção positiva e negativa no timo.

Protocol

Visite Protocolos Springer para obter mais informações sobre a preparação da ex vivo culturas órgão timo.

Erratum

Formal Correction: Erratum: Preparation of 2-dGuo-Treated Thymus Organ Cultures
Posted by JoVE Editors on 04/01/2012. Citeable Link.

A correction was made to: Preparation of 2-dGuo-Treated Thymus Organ Cultures. A revised abstract was republished due to a publisher error. The abstract was corrected to:

In the thymus, interactions between developing T-cell precursors and stromal cells that include cortical and medullary epithelial cells are known to play a key role in the development of a functionally competent T-cell pool. However, the complexity of T-cell development in the thymus in vivo can limit analysis of individual cellular components and particular stages of development. In vitro culture systems provide a readily accessible means to study multiple complex cellular processes. Thymus organ culture systems represent a widely used approach to study intrathymic development of T-cells under defined conditions in vitro. Here we describe a system in which mouse embryonic thymus lobes can be depleted of endogenous haemopoeitic elements by prior organ culture in 2-deoxyguanosine, a compound that is selectively toxic to haemopoeitic cells. As well as providing a readily accessible source of thymic stromal cells to investigate the role of thymic microenvironments in the development and selection of T-cells, this technique also underpins further experimental approaches that include the reconstitution of alymphoid thymus lobes in vitro with defined haemopoietic elements, the transplantation of alymphoid thymuses into recipient mice, and the formation of reaggregate thymus organ cultures. (This article is based on work first reported Methods in Molecular Biology 2007, Vol. 380 pages 185-196).

from

In the thymus, immature CD4+8+ thymocytes expressing randomly rearranged T-cell receptor α- and b-chain genes undergo positive and negative selection events based on their ability to recognize self-peptide/major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules expressed by thymic stromal cells. In vivo analysis of the role of thymic stromal cells during intrathymic selection is made difficult by the cellular complexity of the thymic microenvironment in the steady-state adult thymus, and by the lack of appropriate targeting strategies to manipulate gene expression in particular thymic stromal compartments. We have shown that the thymic microenvironment can be readily manipulated in vitro through the use of reaggregate thymus organ cultures, which allow the preparation of three-dimensional thymus lobes from defined stromal and lymphoid cells. Although other in vitro systems support some aspects of T-cell development, reaggregate thymus organ culture remains the only in vitro system able to support efficient MHC class I and II-mediated thymocyte selection events, and so can be used as an effective tool to study the cellular and molecular regulation of positive and negative selection in the thymus.

Preparação de 2-dGuo-Tratada Culturas Organ Thymus
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Cite this Article

Jenkinson, W., Jenkinson, E., Anderson, G. Preparation of 2-dGuo-Treated Thymus Organ Cultures. J. Vis. Exp. (18), e906, doi:10.3791/906 (2008).More

Jenkinson, W., Jenkinson, E., Anderson, G. Preparation of 2-dGuo-Treated Thymus Organ Cultures. J. Vis. Exp. (18), e906, doi:10.3791/906 (2008).

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