Chapter 6

## Probability Distributions

Probability is the likelihood of an event occurring. The term event is defined as a collection of results of a procedure. An event is a simple event…

A random variable is a single numerical value that indicates the outcome of a procedure. The concept of random variables is fundamental to the…

A probability histogram is a visual representation of a probability distribution. Similar a typical histogram, the probability histogram consists of…

Unusual results are those that have a very low chance of occurring. Unusual results can be identified using probabilities and the range rule of…

A binomial distribution is a probability distribution for a procedure with a fixed number of trials, where each trial can have only two outcomes.
The…

A Poisson probability distribution is a discrete probability distribution. It gives the probability of a number of events occurring in a fixed…

The normal, a continuous distribution, is the most important of all the distributions. Its graph is a bell-shaped symmetrical curve, which is…

z scores are the standardized values obtained after converting a normal distribution into a standard normal distribution. A z score is measured in…

We demonstrate a method for the synthesis of cyclic polymers and a protocol for characterizing their diffusive motion in a melt state at the single…

Rare Event Detection Using Error-corrected DNA and RNA Sequencing

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Conventional next-generation sequencing techniques (NGS) have allowed for immense genomic characterization for over a decade. Specifically, NGS has…

Expedited Radiation Biodosimetry by Automated Dicentric Chromosome Identification (ADCI) and Dose Estimation

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Biological radiation dose can be estimated from dicentric chromosome frequencies in metaphase cells. Performing these cytogenetic dicentric…