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Chapter 29

Biodiversity and Conservation

What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity describes the variety of living things at multiple organizational levels: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. Species diversity…
Threats to Biodiversity
There have been five major extinction events throughout geological history, resulting in the elimination of biodiversity, followed by a rebound of…
Biodiversity and Human Values
Human civilization relies on biodiversity in many ways. Sudden changes in species biodiversity result in environmental changes that can modify…
What is Conservation Biology?
Conservation biology is a scientific field that focuses on the preservation of biodiversity in order to protect ecosystems while meeting the needs of…
Sustainable Development
As the human population continues to grow and use resources, we must be mindful of our planet’s natural limits. Sustainable development…
Conservation of Small Populations
Small population sizes put a species at extreme risk of extinction due to a lack of variation, and a consequent decrease in adaptability. This…
What is Weather?
Weather refers to the current state of atmospheric conditions at a specific time and place. Weather is temporary and is influenced by the…
What is Climate?
Climate refers to the prevailing weather conditions in a specific area over an extended period. As the saying goes, “Climate is what you…
Global Climate Change
Throughout its ~4.5 billion year history, the Earth has experienced periods of warming and cooling. However, the current drastic increase in global…
Continuous Instream Monitoring of Nutrients and Sediment in Agricultural Watersheds
Pollutant concentrations and loads in watersheds vary considerably with time and space. Accurate and timely information on the magnitude of…
Design and Use of a Full Flow Sampling System (FFS) for the Quantification of Methane Emissions
The use of natural gas continues to grow with increased discovery and production of unconventional shale resources. At the same time, the natural gas…
Semi-High Throughput Screening for Potential Drought-tolerance in Lettuce (<em>Lactuca sativa</em>) Germplasm Collections
This protocol describes a method by which a large collection of the leafy green vegetable lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) germplasm was screened for…
Surface Renewal: An Advanced Micrometeorological Method for Measuring and Processing Field-Scale Energy Flux Density Data
Advanced micrometeorological methods have become increasingly important in soil, crop, and environmental sciences. For many scientists without…
Chemical Analysis of Water-accommodated Fractions of Crude Oil Spills Using TIMS-FT-ICR MS
Multiple chemical processes control how crude oil is incorporated into seawater and also the chemical reactions that occur overtime. Studying this…
Collection and Extraction of Occupational Air Samples for Analysis of Fungal DNA
Traditional methods of identifying fungal exposures in occupational environments, such as culture and microscopy-based approaches, have several…
A Comparative Analysis of Recombinant Protein Expression in Different Biofactories: Bacteria, Insect Cells and Plant Systems
Plant-based systems are considered a valuable platform for the production of recombinant proteins as a result of their well-documented potential for…
Exploring the Root Microbiome: Extracting Bacterial Community Data from the Soil, Rhizosphere, and Root Endosphere
The intimate interaction between plant host and associated microorganisms is crucial in determining plant fitness, and can foster improved tolerance…

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