1.15: Overview of Advanced Functional Groups
Functional groups are groups of atoms with specific chemical properties that occur within organic molecules and are sometimes denoted as “R”. Functional groups can “functionalize” a compound by enabling it to adopt different physical and chemical properties.
Types of Advanced Functional Groups
The table below summarizes some of the major functional groups in organic chemistry.
|Class of Organic Compounds||Skeletal Structures of Compounds with Functional Groups in Red||Names of Compounds|
|Acid or acyl chloride||Acetyl chloride|
|Carboxylic acid||Ethanoic acid (Acetic acid)|
|Phosphate||Methyl dihydrogen phosphate|
This text is adapted from Openstax, Chemistry 2e, Section 20.2: Alcohols and Ethers and Section 20.3: Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acids, and Esters.