### 7.4: Confidence Coefficient

The confidence coefficient is also known as the confidence level or degree of confidence. It is the percent expression for the probability, 1-*α*, that the confidence interval contains the true population parameter assuming that the confidence interval is obtained after sufficient unbiased sampling; for example, if the CL = 90%, then in 90 out of 100 samples the interval estimate will enclose the true population parameter. Here α is the area under the curve, distributed equally under both the tails of the curve. Further, this area indicates the levels of statistical significance. Mathematically, *α *+ CL = 1.

The confidence coefficient is essential for the interpretation of the confidence interval. Three commonly used confidence coefficients are 0.90, 0.95, and 0.99. For these three confidence coefficients, the value of *α *is 0.1, 0.05, and 0.01, respectively. These coefficients can also be expressed as a percentage – 90%, 95%, and 99%, respectively.

For example, using a confidence level of 95%, where *α* is 0.05, a researcher can confidently say that 95% of all of the calculated confidence intervals will contain the true population parameter value.

*This text is adapted from* *Openstax, Introductory Statistics, Section 8, Confidence Interval*