Other Publications (1)
Articles by Corinne A. Pittman in JoVE
Measuring Deformability and Red Cell Heterogeneity in Blood by Ektacytometry Nermi L. Parrow*1, Pierre-Christian Violet*2, Hongbin Tu2, James Nichols3, Corinne A. Pittman4, Courtney Fitzhugh4, Robert E. Fleming1,5, Narla Mohandas6, John F. Tisdale3, Mark Levine2 1Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 2Molecular and Clinical Nutrition Section, Digestive Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 3Molecular and Clinical Hematology Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 4Sickle Cell Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, 5Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 6Red Cell Physiology Laboratory, New York Blood Center Here we present techniques to measure red cell deformability and cellular heterogeneity by ektacytometry. These techniques are applicable to general investigations of red cell deformability and specific investigations of blood diseases characterized by the presence of both rigid and deformable red cells in circulation, such as sickle cell anemia.
Other articles by Corinne A. Pittman on PubMed
Measurements of Red Cell Deformability and Hydration Reflect HbF and HbA2 in Blood from Patients with Sickle Cell Anemia Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases. | Pubmed ID: 28472705 Decreased erythrocyte deformability, as measured by ektacytometry, may be associated with disease severity in sickle cell anemia (SCA). Heterogeneous populations of rigid and deformable cells in SCA blood result in distortions of diffraction pattern measurements that correlate with the concentration of hemoglobin S (HbS) and the percentage of irreversibly sickled cells. We hypothesize that red cell heterogeneity, as well as deformability, will also be influenced by the concentration of alternative hemoglobins such as fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and the adult variant, HbA2. To test this hypothesis, we investigate the relationship between diffraction pattern distortion, osmotic gradient ektacytometry parameters, and the hemoglobin composition of SCA blood. We observe a correlation between the extent of diffraction pattern distortions and percentage of HbF and HbA2. Osmotic gradient ektacytometry data indicate that minimum elongation in the hypotonic region is positively correlated with HbF, as is the osmolality at which it occurs. The osmolality at both minimum and maximum elongation is inversely correlated with HbS and HbA2. These data suggest that HbF may effectively improve surface-to-volume ratio and osmotic fragility in SCA erythrocytes. HbA2 may be relatively ineffective in improving these characteristics or cellular hydration at the levels found in this patient cohort.