Articles by Jenna R. Taft in JoVE
Deposition of Porous Sorbents on Fabric Supports Brandy J. Johnson1, Brian J. Melde1, Martin H. Moore1, Jenna R. Taft2 1Center for Bio/Molecular Science & Engineering, Naval Research Laboratory, 2Department of Chemistry, University of Vermont This report details a microwave-initiated approach for deposition of porphyrin functionalized porous organosilicate sorbents on a cotton fabric and demonstrates reduction in 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES) transport through the fabric resulting from this treatment.
Other articles by Jenna R. Taft on PubMed
Improving Sorbents for Glycerol Capture in Biodiesel Refinement Materials (Basel, Switzerland). | Pubmed ID: 28773042 Biodiesel is produced by transesterification of animal fat, vegetable oil, or waste cooking oil with alcohol. After production costs, the economic viability of biodiesel is dependent on what steps are necessary to remove impurities following synthesis and the effectiveness of quality control analysis. Solid-phase extraction offers a potentially advantageous approach in biodiesel processing applications. Nanoporous scaffolds were investigated for adsorption of glycerol, a side product of biodiesel synthesis that is detrimental to engine combustion when present. Materials were synthesized with varying pore wall composition, including ethane and diethylbenzene bridging groups, and sulfonated to promote hydrogen bonding interactions with glycerol. Materials bearing sulfonate groups throughout the scaffold walls as well as those post-synthetically grafted onto the surfaces show notably superior performance for uptake of glycerol. The sorbents are effective when used in biodiesel mixtures, removing greater than 90% of glycerol from a biodiesel preparation.
Extraction of Perchlorate Using Porous Organosilicate Materials Materials (Basel, Switzerland). | Pubmed ID: 28809217 Sorbent materials were developed utilizing two morphological structures, comprising either hexagonally packed pores (HX) or a disordered pore arrangement (CF). The sorbents were functionalized with combinations of two types of alkylammonium groups. When capture of perchlorate by the sorbents was compared, widely varying performance was noted as a result of differing morphology and/or functional group loading. A material providing improved selectivity for perchlorate over perrhenate was synthesized with a CF material using -trimethoxysilylpropyl-,,-trimethylammonium chloride. Materials were applied in batch and column formats. Binding isotherms followed the behavior expected for a system in which univalent ligands of varying affinity compete for immobilized sites. Performance of the sorbents was also compared to that of commercial Purolite materials.