Articles by Yeri J. Song in JoVE
Three-dimensional Tissue Engineered Aligned Astrocyte Networks to Recapitulate Developmental Mechanisms and Facilitate Nervous System Regeneration Kritika S. Katiyar*1,2,3, Carla C. Winter*1,2,4, Wisberty J. Gordián-Vélez1,2,4, John C. O'Donnell1,2, Yeri J. Song1,5, Nicole S. Hernandez1,5, Laura A. Struzyna1,2,4, D. Kacy Cullen1,2,5 1Center for Brain Injury & Repair, Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 2Center for Neurotrauma, Neurodegeneration & Restoration, Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3School of Biomedical Engineering, Drexel University, 4Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, 5Neuroscience Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania We showcase the development of self-assembled, three-dimensional bundles of longitudinally aligned astrocytic somata and processes within a novel biomaterial encasement. These engineered "living scaffolds", exhibiting micron-scale diameter yet extending centimeters in length, may serve as test-beds to study neurodevelopmental mechanisms or facilitate neuroregeneration by directing neuronal migration and/or axonal pathfinding.
Other articles by Yeri J. Song on PubMed
Transplantable Living Scaffolds Comprised of Micro-tissue Engineered Aligned Astrocyte Networks to Facilitate Central Nervous System Regeneration Acta Biomaterialia. Jul, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27090594 Neurotrauma, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease may result in widespread loss of neural cells as well as the complex interconnectivity necessary for proper central nervous system function, generally resulting in permanent functional deficits. Potential regenerative strategies involve the recruitment of endogenous neural stem cells and/or directed axonal regeneration through the use of tissue engineered "living scaffolds" built to mimic features of three-dimensional (3-D) in vivo migratory or guidance pathways. Accordingly, we devised a novel biomaterial encasement scheme using tubular hydrogel-collagen micro-columns that facilitated the self-assembly of seeded astrocytes into 3-D living scaffolds consisting of long, cable-like aligned astrocytic networks. Here, robust astrocyte alignment was achieved within a micro-column inner diameter (ID) of 180μm or 300-350μm but not 1.0mm, suggesting that radius of curvature dictated the extent of alignment. Moreover, within small ID micro-columns, >70% of the astrocytes assumed a bi-polar morphology, versus ∼10% in larger micro-columns or planar surfaces. Cell-cell interactions also influenced the aligned architecture, as extensive astrocyte-collagen contraction was achieved at high (9-12×10(5)cells/mL) but not lower (2-6×10(5)cells/mL) seeding densities. This high density micro-column seeding led to the formation of ultra-dense 3-D "bundles" of aligned bi-polar astrocytes within collagen measuring up to 150μm in diameter yet extending to a remarkable length of over 2.5cm. Importantly, co-seeded neurons extended neurites directly along the aligned astrocytic bundles, demonstrating permissive cues for neurite extension. These transplantable cable-like astrocytic networks structurally mimic the glial tube that guides neuronal progenitor migration in vivo along the rostral migratory stream, and therefore may be useful to guide progenitor cells to repopulate sites of widespread neurodegeneration.