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Mapping Regional Homogeneity and Functional Connectivity of the Visual Cortex in Resting-State fMRI

Xin Huang*1, Yan Tong*1, Chen-Xing Qi1, Yang-Tao Xu1, Han-Dong Dan1, Qin-Qin Deng1, Yin Shen1
* These authors contributed equally

Abstract

A combined regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity (FC) method, a type of noninvasive functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) method, has been used to evaluate synchronous neuronal activity changes in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The purpose of this study is to describe our method for analysis of intra- and interregional synchronizations of changes in neuronal activity in RP patients. The advantages of the combined ReHo and FC method are that it is both noninvasive and sufficiently sensitive to investigate changes in cerebral synchronous neuronal activity changes in vivo. Here, 16 RP patients and 14 healthy controls closely matched in age, sex, and education underwent resting-state fMRI scans. Two sample t-tests were conducted to compare ReHo and FC across groups. Our results showed that visual network disconnection and reorganization of the retino-thalamocortical pathway and dorsal visual stream occurred in the RP patients. Here, we describe the details of this method, its use, and the impact of its key parameters in a step-by-step manner.

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