To study the quality of life, treatment outcomes, and satisfaction in patients who have undergone cataract surgery Methods: This comparative case series study was conducted at the Ophthalmology Service of the Bettina Ferro de Souza University Hospital, Belém, Pará, Brazil. Totally, 60 patients with cataract were included; 50% underwent conventional extracapsular cataract extraction (ECEE) and 50% underwent cataract extraction by phacoemulsification (PHACO). Patients were interviewed using the Visual Function 14 (VF-14) questionnaire to determine the quality of life before and 30 days after surgery. The results of ophthalmological examination were recorded in the patients' files and were available throughout this study. One-way ANOVA, Tukey's post-hoc comparison, and the sign test were used for statistical analyses.
Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN) is a form of uveitis that can potentially lead to blindness. In Brazil and other parts of South America, diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis is an important cause of posterior uveitis in children and healthy young adults. If diagnosed and treated in early stage, allows a resolution of symptoms with improvement of visual acuity. If the disease progresses to the late stage, can result in significant visual loss. In this study, through a literature review, we describe the main characteristics of this disease, including the following aspects: history, etiology, physiopathology, clinical features, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the visual loss due to dengue fever using retinal and cortical electrophysiology and retinal imaging. The participants were three female patients with low visual acuity after dengue fever. They were evaluated by routine ophthalmological investigations, transient pattern electroretinogram (tPERG), transient pattern visual evoked cortical potential (tPVECP), and retinal optical coherence tomography (retinal OCT). tPERG and tPVECP amplitude (microV) and implicit time (ms) were the parameters evaluated using OCT retinal thickness (microm) and reflectivity. All patients presented low visual acuity and scotomata with or without changes in the oculus fundus. tPERG from two patients showed decreased amplitude or absence of the main components; it was not possible to record a reliable response in the third patient due to excessive blinking. tPVECP at 0.5 cpd was normal in all three patients, while at 2 cpd the main components were absent in one patient and normal in the other two patients. OCT image was abnormal in two patients, one of them with high reflectance areas and another with decreased retinal thickness (the third patient was not studied with this technique).The dengue fever can lead to visual impairment detectable by ophthalmological exams such as angiography, retinography, and OCT imaging, as well as retinal and cortical electrophysiology. Dengue maculopathy which could be caused by vascular alterations and/or aberrant immune response after infection may result in temporary or permanent visual losses.
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