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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The immunophenotype of mast cells and its utility in the diagnostic work-up of systemic mastocytosis.
J. Leukoc. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2014
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SM comprises a heterogeneous group of disorders, characterized by an abnormal accumulation of clonal MCs in 1 or more tissues, frequently involving the skin and BM. Despite the fact that most adult patients (>90%) carry the same genetic lesion (D816V KIT mutation), the disease presents with multiple variants with very distinct clinical and biologic features, a diverse prognosis, and different therapeutic requirements. Recent advances in the standardization of the study of BM MC by MFC allowed reproducible identification and characterization of normal/reactive MCs and their precursors, as well as the establishment of the normal MC maturational profiles. Analysis of large groups of patients versus normal/reactive samples has highlighted the existence of aberrant MC phenotypes in SM, which are essential for the diagnosis of the disease. In turn, 3 clearly distinct and altered maturation-associated immunophenotypic profiles have been reported recently in SM, which provide criteria for the distinction between ISM patients with MC-restricted and multilineage KIT mutation; thus, immunphenotyping also contributes to prognostic stratification of ISM, particularly when analysis of the KIT mutation on highly purified BM cells is not routinely available in the diagnostic work-up of the disease.
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Flow cytometry in mastocytosis: utility as a diagnostic and prognostic tool.
Immunol Allergy Clin North Am
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2014
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This article presents information for the identification and characterization of mast cells from bone marrow and other tissues using multiparametric flow cytometry. In addition, it provides guidelines for the application of this technique in the subclassification of systemic mastocytosis and assessment of the long-term prognosis of patients individually.
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Nonaggressive systemic mastocytosis (SM) without skin lesions associated with insect-induced anaphylaxis shows unique features versus other indolent SM.
J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2013
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Indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM) without skin lesions (ISMs(-)) shows a higher prevalence in males, lower serum baseline tryptase levels, and KIT mutation more frequently restricted to bone marrow (BM) mast cells (MCs) than ISM with skin lesions (ISMs(+)). Interestingly, in almost one-half of ISMs(-) patients, MC-mediator release episodes are triggered exclusively by insects.
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CD30 expression by bone marrow mast cells from different diagnostic variants of systemic mastocytosis.
Histopathology
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2013
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CD30 expression by bone marrow (BM) mast cells (MC) has been reported recently in systemic mastocytosis (SM) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential diagnostic and prognostic value of CD30 expression in SM as assessed by multiparameter flow cytometry.
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Gene expression profile of highly purified bone marrow mast cells in systemic mastocytosis.
J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2013
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Despite the fact that a great majority (>90%) of patients with systemic mastocytosis (SM) carry a common genetic lesion, the D816V KIT mutation, little is known regarding the molecular and biological pathways underlying the clinical heterogeneity of the disease.
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Serum tryptase monitoring in indolent systemic mastocytosis: association with disease features and patient outcome.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Serum baseline tryptase (sBT) is a minor diagnostic criterion for systemic mastocytosis (SM) of undetermined prognostic impact. We monitored sBT levels in indolent SM (ISM) patients and investigated its utility for predicting disease behaviour and outcome.
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Dermoscopic features of skin lesions in patients with mastocytosis.
Arch Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2011
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To evaluate dermoscopic features in a group of 127 patients with mastocytosis in the skin and to investigate the relationship between different dermoscopic patterns and other clinical and biological characteristics of the disease.
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Evaluation of the WHO criteria for the classification of patients with mastocytosis.
Mod. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2011
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Diagnosis and classification of mastocytosis is currently based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Here, we evaluate the utility of the WHO criteria for the diagnosis and classification of a large series of mastocytosis patients (n=133), and propose a new algorithm that could be routinely applied for refined diagnosis and classification of the disease. Our results confirm the utility of the WHO criteria and provide evidence for the need of additional information for (1) a more precise diagnosis of mastocytosis, (2) specific identification of new forms of the disease, (3) the differential diagnosis between cutaneous mastocytosis vs systemic mastocytosis, and (4) improved distinction between indolent systemic mastocytosis and aggressive systemic mastocytosis. Based on our results, a new algorithm is proposed for a better diagnostic definition and prognostic classification of mastocytosis, as confirmed prospectively in an independent validation series of 117 mastocytosis patients.
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Immunophenotyping in systemic mastocytosis diagnosis: CD25 positive alone is more informative than the CD25 and/or CD2 WHO criterion.
Mod. Pathol.
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Aberrant expression of CD2 and/or CD25 by bone marrow, peripheral blood or other extracutaneous tissue mast cells is currently used as a minor World Health Organization diagnostic criterion for systemic mastocytosis. However, the diagnostic utility of CD2 versus CD25 expression by mast cells has not been prospectively evaluated in a large series of systemic mastocytosis. Here we evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of CD2 versus CD25 expression in the diagnosis of systemic mastocytosis. Mast cells from a total of 886 bone marrow and 153 other non-bone marrow extracutaneous tissue samples were analysed by multiparameter flow cytometry following the guidelines of the Spanish Network on Mastocytosis at two different laboratories. The CD25+ and/or CD2+ bone marrow mast cells World Health Organization criterion showed an overall sensitivity of 100% with 99.0% specificity for the diagnosis of systemic mastocytosis whereas CD25 expression alone presented a similar sensitivity (100%) with a slightly higher specificity (99.2%). Inclusion of CD2 did not improve the sensitivity of the test and it decreased its specificity. In tissues other than bone marrow, the mast cell phenotypic criterion revealed to be less sensitive. In summary, CD2 expression does not contribute to improve the diagnosis of systemic mastocytosis when compared with aberrant CD25 expression alone, which supports the need to update and replace the minor World Health Organization CD25+ and/or CD2+ mast cell phenotypic diagnostic criterion by a major criterion based exclusively on CD25 expression.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.