JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Development of a steady-state FRET-based assay to identify inhibitors of the Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction.
Protein Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
One of the strategies proposed for the chemoprevention of degenerative diseases and cancer involves upregulation of antioxidant and free radical detoxification gene products by increasing the intracellular concentration of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). This can be achieved by disrupting the interaction between Nrf2 and Kelch-like ECH associated protein 1 (Keap1), a substrate adaptor protein for a Cul3-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. Here, we describe the development of a high-throughput fluorescence (or Förster) resonance energy transfer assay for the identification of inhibitors of the Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction (PPI). The basis of this assay is the binding of a YFP-conjugated Keap1 Kelch binding domain to a CFP-conjugated Nrf2-derived 16-mer peptide containing a highly conserved "ETGE" motif. The competition aspect of the assay was validated using unlabeled Nrf2-derived 7-mer and 16-mer peptides and has potential as a screening tool for small molecule inhibitors of the PPI. We discuss the development of this assay in the context of other methods used to evaluate this PPI.
Related JoVE Video
Investigation of the protein alkylation sites of the STAT3:STAT3 inhibitor Stattic by mass spectrometry.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
STAT3 (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription factor 3) is constitutively active in a wide range of human tumours. Stattic is one of the first non-peptidic small molecules reported to inhibit formation of the STAT3:STAT3 protein dimer complex. A mass spectrometry method has been developed to investigate the binding of Stattic to the un-phosphorylated STAT3?tc (U-STAT3) protein. Alkylation of four cysteine residues has been observed with possible reaction at a fifth which could account for the mechanism of action.
Related JoVE Video
Observation of unphosphorylated STAT3 core protein binding to target dsDNA by PEMSA and X-ray crystallography.
FEBS Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The STAT3 transcription factor plays a central role in a wide range of cancer types where it is over-expressed. Previously, phosphorylation of this protein was thought to be a prerequisite for direct binding to DNA. However, we have now shown complete binding of a purified unphosphorylated STAT3 (uSTAT3) core directly to M67 DNA, the high affinity STAT3 target DNA sequence, by a protein electrophoretic mobility shift assay (PEMSA). Binding to M67 DNA was inhibited by addition of increasing concentrations of a phosphotyrosyl peptide. X-ray crystallography demonstrates one mode of binding that is similar to that known for the STAT3 core phosphorylated at Y705.
Related JoVE Video
A novel small-molecule inhibitor of IL-6 signalling.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A small library of pyrrolidinesulphonylaryl molecules has been synthesized via an efficient 4-step route, and members evaluated for their ability to inhibit IL-6 signalling. One molecule (6a) was found to have promising activity against IL-6/STAT3 signalling at the low micromolar level, and to selectively inhibit phosphorylation of STAT3 (but not STAT1) in IL-6 stimulated MDA-MB-231 breast cancer and HeLa cell lines. It was also selectively cytostatic in MDA-MB-231 (STAT3-dependent) versus A4 (STAT3-null) cells suggesting STAT3-specific inhibitory properties.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.