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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with severely reduced left ventricular systolic function: a single-center experience.
Clin Res Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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Current guidelines consider severe systolic left ventricular dysfunction [ejection fraction (EF) ?20 %; left ventricular dysfunction (LVD)] a contraindication for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TAVI in this extreme risk subset of patients.
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In vivo monitoring of sorafenib therapy effects on experimental prostate carcinomas using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and macromolecular contrast media.
Cancer Imaging
PUBLISHED: 12-31-2013
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Purpose: To investigate dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with macromolecular contrast media (MMCM) to monitor the effects of the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib on subcutaneous prostate carcinomas in rats with immunohistochemical validation. Materials and methods: Copenhagen rats, implanted with prostate carcinoma allografts, were randomized to the treatment group (n = 8) or the control group (n = 8). DCE-MRI with albumin-(Gd-DTPA)35 was performed at baseline and after 1 week using a clinical 3-Tesla system. The treatment group received sorafenib, 10 mg/kg body weight daily. Kinetic analysis yielded quantitative parameters of tumor endothelial permeability-surface area product (PS; ml/100 ml/min) and fractional blood volume (Vb, %). Tumors were harvested on day 7 for immunohistochemical analysis. Results: In sorafenib-treated tumors, PS (0.62 ± 0.20 vs 0.08 ± 0.09 ml/100 ml/min; P < 0.01) and Vb (5.1 ± 1.0 vs 0.56 ± 0.48%; P < 0.01) decreased significantly from day 0 to day 7. PS showed a highly significant inverse correlation with tumor cell apoptosis (TUNEL; r = -0.85, P < 0.001). Good, significant correlations of PS were also observed with tumor cell proliferation (Ki-67; r = 0.67, P < 0.01) and tumor vascularity (RECA-1; r = 0.72, P < 0.01). MRI-assayed fractional blood volume Vb showed a highly significant correlation with tumor vascularity (RECA-1; r = 0.87, P < 0.001) and tumor cell proliferation (Ki-67; r = 0.82, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Results of DCE-MRI with MMCM demonstrated good, significant correlations with the immunohistochemically assessed antiangiogenic, antiproliferative, and proapoptotic effects of a 1-week, daily treatment course of sorafenib on experimental prostate carcinoma allografts.
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Stem Cell-Like Side Populations in Esophageal Cancer: A Source of Chemotherapy Resistance and Metastases.
Stem Cells Dev.
PUBLISHED: 11-13-2013
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Dye-effluxing side population (SP) cells can be resistant to chemotherapy and are thought to resemble cancer stem cells. We characterized the relevance of the SP subpopulation in esophageal cancer cell lines and their relation to chemotherapy resistance and metastasis. The SP subpopulation was detected using Hoechst 33342 staining in five esophageal cancer cell lines OE19, OE21, OE33, PT1590, and LN1590. CTx-resistant cell lines were developed after long-term exposure to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin and validated by analysis of resistance markers, thymidylate synthase and ERCC1. While neither LN1590 nor PT1590 had detectable SP cells, OE19, OE21, and OE33?cells were found to contain varying levels of SP cells. With increasing duration of 5-FU or cisplatin therapy, the SP subpopulation substantially emerged in PT1590 and LN1590. OE19-SP cells displayed significant higher tumorigenicity than OE19- non-SP (NSP) cells after subcutaneous tumor cell injection in vivo. SP cells isolated from OE19 and OE19/5-FUres were subsequently analyzed by an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) polymerase chain reaction array. Interestingly, the SP fraction of OE19/5-FUres showed a dramatic upregulation of EMT-related genes compared to the SP fraction of OE19. Our results provide evidence that (1) the proportion of SP cells is different in esophageal cancer, (2) SP cells exhibit stem cell properties and are associated to chemotherapy resistance, and (3) long-term CTx selects for SP cells with an upregulated EMT gene profile, which might be the source of systemic disease relapse. Further investigations are necessary to ideally target these EMT-associated SP cells in esophageal cancer.
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Impact of cyclosporine versus tacrolimus on the incidence of de novo malignancy following liver transplantation: a single center experience with 609 patients.
Transpl. Int.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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De novo malignancies are a major cause of late death after liver transplantation. Aim of the present study was to determine whether use of cyclosporine versus tacrolimus affects long-term tumor incidence considering potential confounders. De novo malignancies in 609 liver transplant recipients at Munich Transplant Centre between 1985 and 2007 were registered. In 1996, the standard immunosuppressive regimen was changed from cyclosporine to tacrolimus. Different effects of those drugs on long-term tumor incidence were analyzed in multivariate analysis. During 3765 patient years of follow-up (median 4.78 years), 87 de novo malignancies occurred in 71 patients (mean age 47.5 ± 13.3 years, mean time after liver transplantation 5.7 ± 3.7 years). The cumulative incidence of de novo malignancies was 34.7% for all tumor entities after 15 years as compared to 8.9% for a nontransplanted population. The most frequent tumors observed were nonmelanoma skin cancers (44.83%). Moreover, post-transplant lymphoid disease, oropharyngeal cancer (n = 6, 6.9%), upper gastrointestinal tract cancer (n = 4, 4.6%), lung cancer (n = 4, 4.6%), gynecological malignancies (n = 4, 4.6%), and kidney cancer (n = 3, 3.45%) were detected. Multivariate analysis revealed recipient age [hazards ratio (HR) 1.06], male gender (HR 1.73), and tacrolimus-based immunosuppression (HR 2.06) as significant risk factors. Based on those results, a tacrolimus-based immunosuppression should be discussed especially in older male patients. Whether reducing tacrolimus target levels may reduce the risk for de novo malignancies has yet to be determined in prospective trials.
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Regorafenib effects on human colon carcinoma xenografts monitored by dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography with immunohistochemical validation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To investigate dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography for monitoring the effects of regorafenib on experimental colon carcinomas in rats by quantitative assessments of tumor microcirculation parameters with immunohistochemical validation.
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Selective targeting of genetically engineered mesenchymal stem cells to tumor stroma microenvironments using tissue-specific suicide gene expression suppresses growth of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Ann. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2011
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The use of engineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as therapeutic vehicles for the treatment of experimental pancreatic and breast cancer has been previously demonstrated. The potential application of MSCs for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been controversial. The general approach uses engineered MSCs to target different aspects of tumor biology, including angiogenesis or the fibroblast-like stromal compartment, through the use of tissue-specific expression of therapeutic transgenes. The aim of the present study was (1) to evaluate the effect of exogenously added MSCs on the growth of HCC and (2) the establishment of an MSC-based suicide gene therapy for experimental HCC.
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Intraaortic balloon counterpulsation in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock: design and rationale of the Intraaortic Balloon Pump in Cardiogenic Shock II (IABP-SHOCK II) trial.
Am. Heart J.
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In current guidelines, intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) is considered a class 1 indication in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. However, evidence is mainly based on retrospective or prospective registries with a lack of randomized clinical trials. Therefore, IABP is currently only used in 20% to 40% of cardiogenic shock cases. The hypothesis of this trial is that IABP in addition to early revascularization by either percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting will improve clinical outcome of patients in cardiogenic shock.
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Mesenchymal stem cell-based tumor-targeted gene therapy in gastrointestinal cancer.
Stem Cells Dev.
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Mesenchymal stem (or stromal) cells (MSCs) are nonhematopoietic progenitor cells that can be obtained from bone marrow aspirates or adipose tissue, expanded and genetically modified in vitro, and then used for cancer therapeutic strategies in vivo. Here, we review available data regarding the application of MSC-based tumor-targeted therapy in gastrointestinal cancer, provide an overview of the general history of MSC-based gene therapy in cancer research, and discuss potential problems associated with the utility of MSC-based therapy such as biosafety, immunoprivilege, transfection methods, and distribution in the host.
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Perfusion MRI for monitoring the effect of sorafenib on experimental prostate carcinoma: a validation study.
AJR Am J Roentgenol
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The purpose of this study was to investigate with immunohistochemical validation whether dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI with small-molecule contrast medium is useful for monitoring the effects of the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib on prostate carcinomas in rats.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.