Little is known about the genetic associations with Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) risk in non-Caucasian populations, in which BCC is rare, as in Korea. We here conducted a pilot genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 12 patients and 48 standard controls.
Sometimes the surgeon who contemplates a coronal incision for craniofacial surgery, such as fronto-orbital advancement, faces a situation in which closure by primary suture becomes impossible because of acute cranial volume expansion. To avoid such a situation, the authors invented V-Y advancement flap method. This flap was found to be highly effective in 6 craniofacial patients who were treated between March 2007 and March 2008. The method consists of an incision line that starts from the highest spot on the ear and proceeds in the direction of the hairline at 45 degrees, and then runs up to the vertex in a sawtooth manner. This line is used when acute cranial volume expansion is expected after surgery. Another incision line is symmetrically drawn on the opposite side of the head. These 2 lines are conjoined at the vertex. The lengths of the 2 sides of a single sawtooth are both about 2 to 3 cm. When the scalp of an expanded cranium is closed, some V-shaped scalp margins under normal tension can simply be sutured using a traditional V-V advancement flap. However, the others under increased tension need to be in a Y-shaped pattern. During the follow-up period (6 months on average), application of this V-Y advancement flap method led to good functional and aesthetic outcomes in all 6 cases. The authors attribute these results to scalp closure using a mixture of V-V and V-Y flaps.
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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.