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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in HIV-negative patients: a prospective study with focus on immunosuppressive drugs and markers of immune impairment.
Scand. J. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is emerging in HIV-negative patients, for whom the prognosis is significantly worse than in HIV-infected patients and risk factors are poorly characterized. We performed an observational, multi-centre, prospective study of 56 consecutive cases of documented PCP in HIV-negative patients, and found that: (1) the main underlying conditions were haematological malignancies (43%), solid tumours (25%), inflammatory diseases (20%), and solid organ transplantation (7%); (2) most patients (80%) had received prolonged corticosteroids, with a mean daily dose of 47.3 ± 32.8 mg equivalent prednisone when PCP was diagnosed, and a mean cumulative dose of 5807 ± 5048 mg over the last 12 months; and (3) the median CD4 cell count was 0.12 × 10?/l (range 0.0-1.42), with a median CD4/CD8 ratio of 1.32 (0.0-6.4). These findings may be used to better target PCP prophylaxis according to the level of risk and contribute to decrease the burden of PCP in HIV-negative patients.
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Breakthrough invasive mould infections in patients treated with caspofungin.
J. Infect.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2011
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To describe and estimate the rate of breakthrough invasive mould diseases (IMD) in patients receiving caspofungin.
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Breakthrough Hormographiella aspergillata infections arising in neutropenic patients treated empirically with caspofungin.
J. Clin. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2010
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Hormographiella aspergillata, a filamentous basidiomycete, has rarely been involved in human infections. We describe 2 febrile neutropenic patients who developed a severe pulmonary infection due to H. aspergillata while receiving empirical caspofungin therapy for presumed fungal pneumonia. After introduction of liposomal amphotericin B, one patient, who had neutrophil recovery, presented a favorable outcome, while the other, who remained neutropenic throughout the course of infection, died. Resistant fungi, including basidiomycetes, may emerge during empirical treatment with caspofungin in febrile neutropenic patients. A rapid switch to any other potent antifungal should be rapidly considered in case of failure of caspofungin in this setting.
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In vivo biofilm composition of Aspergillus fumigatus.
Cell. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 11-04-2009
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The in vivo composition of the mycelial extracellular matrix (ECM) of Aspergillus fumigatus during host invasion is reported here for the first time. A new galactosaminogalactan and the galactomannan were the major polysaccharides of the in vivo ECM. The composition of the ECM in vivo varied with the aspergillosis pathologies.
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Fungal rhinosinusitis: a categorization and definitional schema addressing current controversies.
Laryngoscope
PUBLISHED: 06-23-2009
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Fungal (rhino-) sinusitis encompasses a wide spectrum of immune and pathological responses, including invasive, chronic, granulomatous, and allergic disease. However, consensus on terminology, pathogenesis, and optimal management is lacking. The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology convened a working group to attempt consensus on terminology and disease classification.
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Relationships between free living amoebae and Exophiala dermatitidis: a preliminary study.
Med. Mycol.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2009
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Free living amoebae can play a role as reservoirs for pathogens isolated from hospital water. We have investigated the potential interactions between two protozoa (Acanthamoeba castellanii and Hartmanella vermiformis) that may be recovered from hospital water tips and Exophiala dermatitidis, a black yeast often recovered from water sources. We showed that the presence of trophozoites or supernatants of culture of H. vermiformis increased fungal growth, whereas the same phenomenon was observed only with the supernatant of A. castellanii cultures. These preliminary results highlight the fact that the recovering of free-living amoebae in hospital water taps could lead to the development of fungal nosocomial pathogens.
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Genotype of 88 Toxoplasma gondii isolates associated with toxoplasmosis in immunocompromised patients and correlation with clinical findings.
J. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-07-2009
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We report the genotyping analysis of Toxoplasma gondii isolates in samples collected from 88 immunocompromised patients, along with clinical and epidemiological data. Most of these samples were collected in France during the current decade by the Toxoplasma Biological Resource Center. Lack of specific anti-Toxoplasma treatment, pulmonary toxoplasmosis, and involvement of multiple organs were the 3 main risk factors associated with death for this patient group. Genotyping results with 6 microsatellite markers showed that type II isolates were predominant among patients who acquired toxoplasmic infection in Europe. Non-type II isolates included 13 different genotypes and were mainly collected from patients who acquired toxoplasmosis outside Europe. Type III was the second most common genotype recovered from patients, whereas type I was rare in our population. Three nonarchetypal genotypes were repeatedly recovered from different patients who acquired the infection in sub-Saharan Africa (genotypes Africa 1 and Africa 2) and in the French West Indies (genotype Caribbean 1). The distribution of genotypes (type II vs. non-type II) was not significantly different when patients were stratified by underlying cause of immunosuppression, site of infection, or outcome. We conclude that in immunocompromised patients, host factors are much more involved than parasite factors in patients resistance or susceptibility to toxoplasmosis.
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Impact of yeast-bacteria coinfection on the detection of Candida sp. in an automated blood culture system.
Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.
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Invasive candidiasis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. It is now well known that an early diagnosis contributes to the patients outcome. Blood cultures, which are the first-line test in case of bloodstream infection suspicion, can be carried out using fungus-selective medium (containing antibiotics) or standard microorganism medium allowing both bacterial and fungal growth. Some patients can suffer from polymicrobial sepsis involving bacteria and yeasts, so we decided to investigate in blood cultures the influence of the presence of bacteria on fungal development. Simulated blood cultures were performed using Candida albicans or C. glabrata coincubated with Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus at different concentrations. The results showed that, in a standard microorganism medium, bacterial growth could hide the fungal development. Thus, in patients at risk of invasive candidiasis, the use of a specific fungal medium could improve the diagnosis and allow an earlier efficient antifungal treatment.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.