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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Virological failure and HIV-1 drug resistance mutations among naive and antiretroviral pre-treated patients entering the ESTHER program of Calmette Hospital in Cambodia.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2014
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In resource limited settings, patients entering an antiretroviral therapy (ART) program comprise ART naive and ART pre-treated patients who may show differential virological outcomes.
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Causes and determinants of mortality in HIV-infected adults with tuberculosis: an analysis from the CAMELIA ANRS 1295-CIPRA KH001 randomized trial.
Clin. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2014
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Shortening the interval between antituberculosis treatment onset and initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mortality in severely immunocompromised human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with tuberculosis. A better understanding of causes and determinants of death may lead to new strategies to further enhance survival.
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Earlier versus later start of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults with tuberculosis.
N. Engl. J. Med.
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2011
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Tuberculosis remains an important cause of death among patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Robust data are lacking with regard to the timing for the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in relation to the start of antituberculosis therapy.
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High efficacy of lopinavir/r-based second-line antiretroviral treatment after 24 months of follow up at ESTHER/Calmette Hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
J Int AIDS Soc
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2011
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The number of patients on second-line highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens is increasing in resource-limited settings. We describe the outcomes after 24 months for patients on LPV/r-based second-line regimens followed up by the ESTHER programme in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
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Short communication: three years follow-up of first-line antiretroviral therapy in cambodia: negative impact of prior antiretroviral treatment.
AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2011
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There are few long-term data on ART-experienced patients in resource-limited settings. We performed a cross-sectional study of HIV-infected patients included in the ESTHER program in Calmette hospital, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, after 36 ± 3 months of cART. Therapeutic, clinical, and immunovirological outcomes were compared between patients who stated they were ART-naive (naive group), dual nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (two-NRTI group), or fixed-dose combination of stavudine/lamivudine/nevirapine experienced (three-drug group) at entry to the program. A logistic regression model was used to evaluate the factors associated with virological failure (PCR HIV > 250 copies/ml). Among the 256 patients included in the analysis, 148 (58%) were ART naive while 50 (20%) had previously received two NRTIs and 58 (22%) three drugs. At entry to the program, all the patients received two NRTIs and one nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI). At evaluation, 46 patients (18%) were switched to a protease inhibitor-based regimen (9%, 32%, and 29% of the naive, two-NRTI, and three-drug groups; p < 0.0001). The median CD4 cell count increase was 180/?l overall (IQR: 96-276) and was higher in ART-naive than ART-experienced patients. In the intent-to-treat analysis, virological success was achieved in 83.5%, 67%, and 69% of the naive, two-NRTI, and three-drug groups, respectively (p = 0.002). Factors associated with virological failure were suboptimal previous ART exposure and WHO immunological failure criteria. The long-term efficacy of first-line cART is maintained in Cambodia. In ART-experienced patients, viral load monitoring needs to be available to establish early virological failure and preserve the potency of second line regimens.
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Risk Factors for Hepatitis C Transmission in HIV Patients, Hepacam Study, ANRS 12267 Cambodia.
AIDS Behav
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In 2009, we conducted a case-control study to explore the routes of HCV transmission in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in Cambodia. Cases were HCV/HIV co-infected patients (who tested RT-PCR positive for HCV-RNA or had confirmed presence of HCV antibodies) (n = 44). Controls were HIV mono-infected patients, with no HCV antibodies (n = 160). They were recruited among the PLHIV presenting at one national reference centre of HIV/AIDS. Multivariate analysis showed that factors associated with the co-infection were the age older than 50 years (OR 5.4, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.5-19.6), the exposure to multiple parenteral infusions before the year 2000 (OR 3.4, 95 % CI 1.5-7.6), to surgery (OR 2.6, 95 % CI 1.2-5.7) and to fibroscopy (OR 2.4, 95 % CI 1.0-5.7). These results show the need to implement HCV screening in PLHIV, to support the implementation of national infection control guidelines, and to reinforce public awareness on the risks linked to parenteral medications.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.