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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Abnormal calcium re-uptake in myocardium sarcoplasmic reticulum in rabbits with heart failure and the influencing factors].
Sheng Li Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the abnormal calcium re-uptake function of myocardium sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in rabbits with heart failure, as well as potential mechanisms. Heart failure model was established in rabbits through aortic insufficiency and constriction of abdominal aorta. The SR Ca(2+) re-uptake function was measured with a calcium imaging device. The activity of myocardium SR calcium adenodine triphosphatase 2a (SERCA2a) was measured by inorganic phosphate. The protein expressions of SERCA2a, CaMKII, PKA, PP1?, phospholamban (PLB), PLB-Ser(16) and PLB-Thr(17) were evaluated by Western blot. The activities of PKA and CaMKII were detected by ?-(32)P substrate incorporation. The results showed that, compared with the sham operation group, the heart failure group exhibited reduced Ca(2+) re-uptake amount (P < 0.01) and the expression and activity of SERCA2a (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), decreased expression of PLB and its phosphorylation status in sites of Ser(16) and Thr(17) (P < 0.05), increased expressions and activities of PKA and CaMKII (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and increased expression of PP1? (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the abnormal Ca(2+) re-uptake function in heart failure is related with reduced expression and activities of SERCA2a, as well as reduced expression of PLB and its phosphorylation status. Both PLB-Ser(16) and -Thr(17) may be involved in the regulation of myocardium SR calcium pump activity in heart failure.
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The impact of various platelet indices as prognostic markers of septic shock.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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Platelet indices, including mean platelet volume (MPV), are readily available blood tests, although their prognostic value in patients with septic shock has not been fully explored. Current evidence has found contradictory results. This study aims to explore the behavior of platelet indices in septic shock and their clinical prognostic value.
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[Reproduction of acute lung injury model induced by paraquat in piglet].
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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To reproduce acute lung injury (ALI) model induced by paraquat (PQ) in piglet.
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DABCO-mediated isocyanide-based multicomponent reaction: synthesis of highly substituted cyclopentenes.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2014
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Highly substituted cyclopentenes can be accessed rapidly from isocyanides, aldehydes and malononitrile or ethyl cyanoacetate (AB2C2) using DABCO as a catalyst under solvent-free conditions at 40 °C within 30 min.
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Variations in mitochondrial tRNA(Thr) gene may not be associated with coronary heart disease.
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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Abstract Mutations in mitochondrial tRNAThr gene were recently reported to be associated with coronary heart disease. These mutations, such as T15889C, G15927A, G15930A and A15951G, were claimed to be pathogenic. To examine whether these mutations contributed to the genetic susceptibility to coronary heart disease, we analyzed the conservation index of these mutations between different species. In particular, reports concerning the role of the G15927A mutation was the most controversial. Therefore, based on the previous and this study, we conducted that mutations in mitochondrial tRNAThr gene may not be associated with coronary heart disease.
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Effects of Xin-Ji-Er-Kang formula on 2K1C-induced hypertension and cardiovascular remodeling in rats.
J Ethnopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2014
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Xin-Ji-Er-Kang (XJEK), a Chinese herbal formula, is effective against hypertension induced coronary heart disease, viral myocarditis and toxic myocarditis. In this study, the effect of XJEK on cardiovascular system was investigated. To test the hypothesis that Xin-Ji-Er-Kang (XJEK) has an anti-hypertensive effect mediated through attenuation of cardiac remodeling, and amelioration of vascular endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress.
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[Change of platelet parameters in septic shock patients].
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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To observe the changes in platelet parameters including platelet volume distribution width (PDW), platelet crit (PCT) and platelet large cell ratio (PLCR) in patients with septic shock, and to approach its predictive effect on prognosis to obtain the indexes predicting the prognosis quickly and conveniently.
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The ulnar palmar perforator flap: anatomical study and clinical application.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Defects sustained at the little finger and the ulnar aspect of the hand are common and pedicled perforator flaps have unique advantages in resurfacing it. The purpose of this study is to reappraise the anatomy of the septocutaneous perforator in the postero-medial aspect of the hand and present our clinical experience in using perforator flaps based on it.
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The protective role of antifreeze protein 3 on the structure and function of mature mouse oocytes in vitrification.
Cryobiology
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Several studies have reported the oocyte damage in mice during vitrification; however, little has been known about the protective role that antifreeze protein 3 (Afp3) plays on their cellular structure and function during vitrification. In order to observe the extracellular cryo-protective role of Afp3, four groups were divided randomly. The observations were made for changes in cytoskeleton, expression of the related genes before and after vitrification, and also for changes in the in vitro developmental potential of oocytes. The outcomes were as follows: (i) microtubules, actin filaments and chromosomal integrity were more intact in the vitrification group supplemented with additional Afp3 compared to the vitrification group. In the fresh control group and the group with additional cryoprotectant containing ethylene glycol (EG), dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) and sucrose, the organelles were more intact than the other two vitrification groups. (ii) Real-time PCR analysis revealed that the relative quantification of mitotic arrest deficient 2 (Mad2) and centromere protein E (Cenp-e) were significantly higher in the vitrification group with additional Afp3, the fresh control group and the one group with additional cryoprotectant, in comparison to the vitrification group. On the contrary, the expression of cold inducible RNA-binding protein (Cirbp) and kinesin-5 motor protein (Eg5) were up-regulated in the vitrification group compared to the remaining groups. (iii) The fertilization rate and the recovery rate in the fresh control group and the group with additional cryoprotectant were higher than the other two vitrification groups; furthermore, the recovery rate and the fertilization rate in the vitrification group with Afp3 were higher than the vitrification group. However, the blastocyst formation rate in all the four groups showed no statistical significance. In conclusion, Afp3 plays a positive role in the structure and function of mice oocytes in vitrification.
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Three-component cascade annulation of ?-ketothioamides promoted by CF3CH2OH: a regioselective synthesis of tetrasubstituted thiophenes.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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A rapid and highly efficient method for the regioselective synthesis of thiophene derivatives has been developed by annulation of ?-ketothioamides with arylglyoxals and 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione in CF3CH2OH within 15 min. The present synthesis has several desirable features, such as high regioselectivity, a concise one-pot protocol, short reaction time, and easy purification. This methodology provides an alternative approach for easy access to tetrasubstituted thiophenes via a one-pot cascade reaction without other additives.
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Down-regulation of GRIM-19 is associated with STAT3 overexpression in breast carcinomas.
Hum. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2013
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To evaluate the association of gene associated with retinoic-interferon-induced mortality 19 (GRIM-19) with clinicopathologic features as well as its target gene signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in patients with breast cancer, GRIM-19 and STAT3 expression was measured immunohistochemically in 108 breast samples and by Western blotting in 20 breast cancer tissues and corresponding nontumorous tissues. Expression of GRIM-19 was severely depressed in the carcinomas relative to matched nontumorous tissues (P < .001), and STAT3 was overexpressed in breast cancer tissues (P < .001), conclusions supported by Western blot analysis. Nonexpression of GRIM-19 was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (P < .001), advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage (P = .02), and triple-negative phenotype (P = .03). Furthermore, down-regulation of GRIM-19 correlated with STAT3 overexpression (r = 0.56; P < .001). Thus, GRIM-19 is suppressed in primary breast carcinomas, with a corresponding increase in STAT3 activity.
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[Clinical research of early intervention of modified shuyu pill in vascular cognitive impairment no dementia].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2013
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To observe early intervention effects of Modified Shuyu Pill (MSP) on vascular cognitive impairment no dementia (VCIND).
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cDNA cloning of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase from crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and expression of the active region as myofibril-bound serine proteinase inhibitor in Escherichia coli.
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2013
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Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) (EC 5.3.1.9) can act as a myofibril-bound serine proteinase (MBSP) inhibitor (MBSPI) in fish. In order to better understand the biological information of the GPI and its functional domain for inhibiting MBSP, the cDNA of GPI was cloned from crucian carp (Carassius carassius) with RT-PCR, nested-PCR and 3-RACE. The result of sequencing showed that the GPI cDNA had an open reading frame of 1662bp encoding 553 amino acid residues. After constructing and comparing the three-dimensional structures of GPI and MBSP, the middle fragment of crucian carp GPI (GPI-M) was predicted as a functional domain for inhibiting MBSP. Then the crucian carp GPI-M gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed that the recombinant GPI-M (rGPI-M) with molecular mass of approximately 21kDa in the form of inclusion bodies. The rGPI-M was obtained at an electrophoresis level purity of approximately 95% after denaturation and dialysis renaturation.
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Effects of traditional Chinese medicine Xin-Ji-Er-Kang formula on 2K1C hypertensive rats: role of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2013
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XinJiErKang (XJEK), a Chinese herbal formula, is identified as an effective preparation to treat coronary heart disease and myocarditis. The aim of the study is to investigate the anti-hypertensive effects of XJEK by oral administration and also to find out whether the drug has any role in oxidative stress and vascular endothelial function.
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Nuclear localization of lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) and its role in regulating LIM domain only 2 (Lmo2) gene.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2011
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LIM domain only protein 2 (Lmo2) is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in the development of T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). A previous report established a link between Lmo2 expression and the nuclear presence of oncogenic Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase. The oncogenic JAK2 kinase phosphorylates histone H3 on Tyr 41 that leads to the relief of Lmo2 promoter repression and subsequent gene expression. Similar to JAK2, constitutive activation of lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) has been implicated in lymphoid malignancies. However, it is not known whether oncogenic Lck regulates Lmo2 expression through a similar mechanism. We show here that Lmo2 expression is significantly elevated in T cell leukemia LSTRA overexpressing active Lck kinase and in HEK 293 cells expressing oncogenic Y505FLck kinase. Nuclear localization of active Lck kinase was confirmed in both Lck-transformed cells by subcellular fractionation and immunofluorescence microscopy. More importantly, in contrast to oncogenic JAK2, oncogenic Lck kinase does not result in significant increase in histone H3 phosphorylation on Tyr 41. Instead, chromatin immunoprecipitation experiment shows that oncogenic Y505FLck kinase binds to the Lmo2 promoter in vivo. This result raises the possibility that oncogenic Lck may activate Lmo2 promoter through direct interaction.
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[Therapeutic effects of bone marrow transplantation on ovarian injury in mice].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2011
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To evaluate the therapeutic effects of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) on ovarian injury induced by chemotherapy in mice.
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Hysteroscopic transcervical resection. A straightforward method corrects bleeding related to cesarean section scar defects.
Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2011
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Cesarean section defect had been found to be one of the causes of prolonged bleeding in women with previous cesarean delivery. Lins hysteroscopy (TCR)-metroplasty method had focused on 4 predisposed anatomical defects, which ensured correction of the cesarean section defect. With this simple procedure, the patients had greatly improved their quality of life, as well as discomfort.
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Nuclear localization of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-E2 (PDC-E2), a mitochondrial enzyme, and its role in signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5)-dependent gene transcription.
Cell. Signal.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2011
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STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) proteins play a critical role in cellular response to a wide variety of cytokines and growth factors by regulating specific nuclear genes. STAT-dependent gene transcription can be finely tuned through the association with co-factors in the nucleus. We showed previously that STAT5 (including 5a and 5b) specifically interacts with a mitochondrial enzyme PDC-E2 (E2 subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex) in both leukemic T cells and cytokine-stimulated cells. However, the functional significance of this novel association remains largely unknown. Here we report that PDC-E2 may function as a co-activator in STAT5-dependent nuclear gene expression. Subcellular fractionation analysis revealed that a substantial amount of PDC-E2 was constitutively present in the nucleus of BaF3, an interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent cell line. IL-3-induced tyrosine-phosphorylated STAT5 associated with nuclear PDC-E2 in co-immunoprecipitation analysis. These findings were confirmed by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy showing constant nuclear localization of PDC-E2 and its co-localization with STAT5 after IL-3 stimulation. Similar to mitochondrial PDC-E2, nuclear PDC-E2 was lipoylated and associated with PDC-E1. Overexpression of PDC-E2 in BaF3 cells augmented IL-3-induced STAT5 activity as measured by reporter assay with consensus STAT5-binding sites. Consistent with the reporter data, PDC-E2 overexpression in BaF3 cells led to elevated mRNA levels of endogenous SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3) gene, a known STAT5 target. We further identified two functional STAT5-binding sites in the SOCS3 gene promoter important for its IL-3-inducibility. The observation that both cis-acting elements were essential to detect the stimulatory effect by PDC-E2 strongly supports the role of PDC-E2 in up-regulating the transactivating ability of STAT5. All together, our results reveal a novel function of PDC-E2 in the nucleus. It also raises the possibility of nuclear-mitochondrial crosstalk through the interaction between STAT5 and PDC-E2.
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Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 interacts with oncogenic lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2011
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Lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) plays a key role in T cell signal transduction and is tightly regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. Lck can function as an oncoprotein when overexpressed or constantly activated by mutations. Our previous studies showed that Lck-induced cellular transformation could be suppressed by enforced expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1), a SOCS family member involved in the negative feedback control of cytokine signaling. We observed attenuated Lck kinase activity in SOCS1-expressing cells, suggesting an important role of SOCS in regulating Lck functions. It remains largely unknown whether and how SOCS proteins interact with the oncogenic Lck kinase. Here, we report that among four SOCS family proteins, SOCS1, SOCS2, SOCS3 and CIS (cytokine-inducible SH2 domain containing protein), SOCS1 has the highest affinity in binding to the oncogenic Lck kinase. We identified the positive regulatory phosphotyrosine 394 residue in the kinase domain as the key interacting determinant in Lck. Additionally, the Lck kinase domain alone is sufficient to bind SOCS1. While the SH2 domain in SOCS1 is important in its association with the oncogenic Lck kinase, other functional domains may also contribute to overall binding affinity. These findings provide important mechanistic insights into the role of SOCS proteins as tumor suppressors in cells transformed by oncogenic protein tyrosine kinases.
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Mitochondrial translocation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) in leukemic T cells and cytokine-stimulated cells.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2010
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Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) were first identified as key signaling molecules in response to cytokines. Constitutive STAT activation also has been widely implicated in oncogenesis. We analyzed STAT5-associated proteins in a leukemic T cell line LSTRA, which exhibits constitutive tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of STAT5. A cellular protein was found to specifically interact with STAT5 in LSTRA cells by co-immunoprecipitation. Sequencing analysis and subsequent immunoblotting confirmed the identity of this STAT5-associated protein as the E2 component of mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC-E2). Consistent with this interaction, both subcellular fractionation and immunofluorescence microscopy revealed mitochondrial localization of STAT5 in LSTRA cells. Mitochondrial localization of tyrosine-phosphorylated STAT5 also occurred in cytokine-stimulated cells. A time course experiment further demonstrated the transient kinetics of STAT5 mitochondrial translocation after cytokine stimulation. In contrast, cytokine-induced STAT1 and STAT3 activation did not result in their translocation into mitochondria. Furthermore, we showed that mitochondrial STAT5 bound to the D-loop regulatory region of mitochondrial DNA in vitro. It suggests a potential role of STAT5 in regulating the mitochondrial genome. Proliferative metabolism toward aerobic glycolysis is well known in cancer cells as the Warburg effect and is also observed in cytokine-stimulated cells. Our novel findings of cytokine-induced STAT5 translocation into mitochondria and its link to oncogenesis provide important insights into the underlying mechanisms of this characteristic metabolic shift.
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Distribution of the number of false discoveries in large-scale family-based association testing with application to the association between PTPN1 and hypertension and obesity.
Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2010
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We present a model-free approach to the study of the number of false discoveries for large-scale simultaneous family-based association tests (FBATs) in which the set of discoveries is decided by applying a threshold to the test statistics. When the association between a set of markers in a candidate gene and a group of phenotypes is studied by a class of FBATs, we indicate that a joint null hypothesis distribution for these statistics can be obtained by the fundamental statistical method of conditioning on sufficient statistics for the null hypothesis. Based on the joint null distribution of these statistics, we can obtain the distribution of the number of false discoveries for the set of discoveries defined by a threshold; the size of this set is referred to as its tail count. Simulation studies are presented to demonstrate that the conditional, not the unconditional, distribution of the tail count is appropriate for the study of false discoveries. The usefulness of this approach is illustrated by re-examining the association between PTPN1 and a group of blood-pressure-related phenotypes reported by Olivier et al. (Hum Mol Genet 13:1885-1892, 2004); our results refine and reinforce this association.
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Enforced SOCS1 and SOCS3 expression attenuates Lck-mediated cellular transformation.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2010
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Lck is an Src family protein tyrosine kinase with predominant T cell expression. Aberrant expression or activation of Lck kinase has been reported in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid malignancies. We showed previously that the signal transduction pathway involving Janus kinase (JAK) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) is constitutively activated and contributes to Lck-mediated oncogenesis. Under normal physiological conditions, active STAT proteins induce the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family proteins to inhibit further JAK/STAT signaling. It is not fully understood whether and how SOCS-mediated negative feedback control is dysregulated in Lck-transformed cells. Here we report that two SOCS family members, SOCS1 and SOCS3, are not expressed in Lck-transformed LSTRA leukemia. While SOCS1 gene is silenced by DNA hypermethylation, loss of SOCS3 expression is through a mechanism independent of epigenetic silencing by DNA methylation. Furthermore, ectopic expression of SOCS1 or SOCS3 leads to reduced cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in Lck-transformed cells. This is consistent with the attenuation of Lck kinase activity by exogenous SOCS1 or SOCS3 expression. Downstream STAT5 activity is also inhibited as shown by reduced STAT5 tyrosine phosphorylation and in vitro DNA binding. All together, our data highlight the importance of silencing multiple SOCS genes in tumorigenesis and support the roles of SOCS1 and SOCS3 as tumor suppressors toward oncogenic Lck kinase.
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The prognostic significance of WWOX expression in patients with breast cancer and its association with the basal-like phenotype.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2010
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The basal-like phenotype has been found to be an independent poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) expression with the basal-like subtype and clinicopathological parameters and to determine the prognostic significance of WWOX expression in patients with breast cancer.
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Phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase is overexpressed in human papillary thyroid carcinomas and associates with lymph node metastasis.
Cancer Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2010
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To evaluate the associations of phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (p-JNK) expression with clinicopathological features in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma, p-JNK expression were immunohistochemically measured in 121 thyroid samples. p-JNK was overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinomas with respect to matched nontumorous tissues (P=0.000), which was supported by western blot analysis. Increased p-JNK expression was significantly associated with the presence of lymph node metastases (P=0.001) and advanced TNM stages (P=0.02). Furthermore, p-JNK expression was positively correlated with osteopontin (OPN) expression (r=0.58, P<0.001). Activation of p-JNK may play a role in the carcinogenesis and lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, and may be a molecular target for therapeutic intervention.
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Primary breast carcinoma: association of mammographic calcifications with osteopontin expression.
Radiology
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2009
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To evaluate the osteopontin (OPN) protein expression levels in breast carcinomas to determine if they correlate with mammographic appearances such as calcifications.
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The mammographic correlations with Basal-like phenotype of invasive breast cancer.
Acad Radiol
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2009
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Mammography contributes to the improvement of breast carcinoma survival through early detection and treatment of breast lesions. The basal-like phenotype has been found to be an independent poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the mammographic correlates of the basal-like phenotype of invasive breast cancer, and to more precisely predict patient outcome and those individuals who will be responsive to a specific therapeutic regimen.
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Elevated expression of phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase in basal-like and "triple-negative" breast cancers.
Hum. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2009
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Basal-like carcinomas and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2/neu) overexpression carcinomas are the subgroups of breast cancers that have the most aggressive clinical behavior. Phosphorylation/activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase is characterized as a stress-activated protein kinase, which regulates apoptosis after cellular stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase expression with phenotypes and clinicopathologic parameters of breast cancer. Phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase was immunohistochemically measured in a cohort of 160 patients with invasive breast cancer treated with therapeutic surgery followed by anthracycline or docetaxel-based chemotherapy. These results were further correlated with the phenotypes and clinicopathologic characteristics of breast cancers. Increased phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase expression was significantly associated with lack of estrogen receptor expression (P < .0001), positivity for cytokeratins 5/6 (P = .029), epidermal growth factor receptor (P = .035), basal-like phenotype (P = .015), and "triple-negative" phenotype (P = .01). Furthermore, the positive expression of phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase was positively correlated with p-glycoprotein (r = 0.54, P < .0001) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 1(r = 0.38, P < .0001) but not with lung resistance protein (r = -0.02, P = .78). Our results indicate that the activation of phosphorylated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase may play a role in the carcinogenesis of basal-like and triple-negative breast carcinoma.
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A prolonged buried fish bone mimicking Ludwig angina.
Am J Otolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2009
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Most migrated foreign bodies in the neck were removed immediately in patients with persistent symptoms. It is a rare condition that a fish bone was buried for a prolonged time in the tongue with little discomfort. We report a unique case of an ingested fish bone lodged in the tongue for 16 months until infection ensued. Ludwig angina was considered first because the patient had fever, odynophagia, swelling of the tongue, and mouth floor. The fish bone buried in the tongue was incidentally found on the computed tomography scan and successfully removed by surgical exploration. Although dental infection is the most common underlying cause in Ludwig angina, embedded foreign body should be considered as one of the pathogenesis. On the other hand, computed tomography scan can be useful in identifying extraluminal migration of fish bones in the neck.
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Cryopreserved ovarian tissues can maintain a long-term function after heterotopic autotransplantation in rat.
Reproduction
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2009
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The functional longevity of cryopreserved ovarian grafts is one of the most challenging questions regarding ovarian transplantation at present. This study used a rat ovarian grafting model to investigate whether ovarian tissues from adult rats, which had been cryopreserved by vitrification and followed by heterotopic transplantation, could establish long-term hormone secretion and follicle development. Fresh and cryopreserved ovarian tissues were autologously transplanted under the kidney capsule. One-third of the animals in each group (sham-operated, fresh autografts, cryopreserved autografts, or castrated) were killed 5, 8, or 10 months after transplantation. Vaginal cytology, serum estradiol (E(2)), progesterone, and the morphology of the reproductive tract were used to assess ovarian function. Both fresh and cryopreserved ovarian grafts survived well in all the animal models with comparable proportion of follicles at each stage of folliculogenesis at all three time points. The serum E(2) and progesterone concentrations in the groups with fresh or cryopreserved grafts remained comparable with those in sham-operated controls at all investigated time points. However, a loss of grafts and primordial follicles following heterotopic transplantation was noted. In conclusion, the heterotopic autotransplantation of vitrified ovarian tissues from adult rat without vascular anastomosis can maintain long-term ovarian function and exert endocrine function in target organs, in spite of the reduction in follicle pool.
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Developmental competence and chromosomal aneuploidy of preimplantation embryos derived from rabbit oocytes grown in ovarian mesometrial grafts.
Fertil. Steril.
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2009
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The quality of oocytes derived from rabbit ovarian grafts after cryopreservation and mesometrial autotransplantation was assessed according to the capacity to develop into offspring and the incidence of chromosome abnormalities of blastocyst embryos after fertilization. Ovarian cryopreservation and mesometrial transplantation do not affect the chromosome complement of blastocysts derived from oocytes grown in ovarian grafts, and oocytes retrieved from mesometrial grafts produce live offspring after fertilization.
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New phenotypes generated by the G57R mutation of BUD23 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Yeast
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BUD23 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes for a class I methyltransferase, and deletion of the gene results in slow growth and random budding phenotypes. Herein, two BUD23 mutants defective in methyltransferase activity were generated to investigate whether the phenotypes of the null mutant might be correlated with a loss in enzymatic activity. Expression at the physiological level of both D77A and G57R mutants was able to rescue the phenotypes of the bud23-null mutant. The result implied that the methyltransferase activity of the protein was not necessary for supporting normal growth and bud site selection of the cells. High-level expression of Bud23 (G57R), but not Bud23 or Bud23 (D77A), in BUD23 deletion cells failed to complement these phenotypes. However, just like Bud23, Bud23 (G57R) was localized in a DAPI-poor region in the nucleus. Distinct behaviour in Bud23 (G57R) could not be originated from a mislocalization of the protein. Over-expression of Bud23 (G57R) in null cells also produced changes in actin organization and additional septin mutant-like phenotypes. Therefore, the absence of Bud23, Bud23 (G57R) at a high level might affect the cell division of yeast cells through an as yet unidentified mechanism.
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Hand hygiene among patients: attitudes, perceptions, and willingness to participate.
Am J Infect Control
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Patient participation has been proven to increase hand hygiene compliance of health care workers. The objective of the study is to better understand patients attitudes and perceptions toward hand hygiene, and to identify patients with the highest motivation to participate in hand hygiene.
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Engagement of T-cell antigen receptor and CD4/CD8 co-receptors induces prolonged STAT activation through autocrine/paracrine stimulation in human primary T cells.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
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Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins are key signaling molecules in response to cytokines and in regulating T cell biology. However, there are contradicting reports on whether STAT is involved in T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling. To better define the role of STAT in TCR signaling, we activated the CD4/CD8-associated Lck kinase by co-crosslinking TCR and CD4/CD8 co-receptors in human peripheral blood T cells. Sequential STAT1, STAT3 and STAT5 activation was observed 1 h after TCR stimulation suggesting that STAT proteins are not the immediate targets in the TCR complex. We further identified interferon-? as the key cytokine in STAT1 activation upon TCR engagement. In contrast to transient STAT activation in cytokine response, this autocrine/paracrine-induced STAT activation was sustained. It correlated with the absence of two suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins, SOCS3 and cytokine-inducible SH2 containing protein that are negative feedback regulators of STAT signaling. Moreover, enforced expression of SOCS3 inhibited tyrosine phosphorylation of zeta-associated protein kinase of 70 kD in TCR-stimulated human Jurkat T cells. This is the first report demonstrating delayed and prolonged STAT activation coordinated with the loss of SOCS expression in human primary T cells after co-crosslinking of TCR and CD4/CD8 co-receptors.
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Palmprint and face multi-modal biometric recognition based on SDA-GSVD and its kernelization.
Sensors (Basel)
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When extracting discriminative features from multimodal data, current methods rarely concern themselves with the data distribution. In this paper, we present an assumption that is consistent with the viewpoint of discrimination, that is, a persons overall biometric data should be regarded as one class in the input space, and his different biometric data can form different Gaussians distributions, i.e., different subclasses. Hence, we propose a novel multimodal feature extraction and recognition approach based on subclass discriminant analysis (SDA). Specifically, one persons different bio-data are treated as different subclasses of one class, and a transformed space is calculated, where the difference among subclasses belonging to different persons is maximized, and the difference within each subclass is minimized. Then, the obtained multimodal features are used for classification. Two solutions are presented to overcome the singularity problem encountered in calculation, which are using PCA preprocessing, and employing the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD) technique, respectively. Further, we provide nonlinear extensions of SDA based multimodal feature extraction, that is, the feature fusion based on KPCA-SDA and KSDA-GSVD. In KPCA-SDA, we first apply Kernel PCA on each single modal before performing SDA. While in KSDA-GSVD, we directly perform Kernel SDA to fuse multimodal data by applying GSVD to avoid the singular problem. For simplicity two typical types of biometric data are considered in this paper, i.e., palmprint data and face data. Compared with several representative multimodal biometrics recognition methods, experimental results show that our approaches outperform related multimodal recognition methods and KSDA-GSVD achieves the best recognition performance.
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Effect of biochar amendment on the bioavailability of pesticide chlorantraniliprole in soil to earthworm.
Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
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To evaluate the effect of biochar amendment on the bioavailability of chlorantraniliprole (CAP) in soils with different physico-chemical properties, the uptake of CAP from various soils by earthworms was studied. It was observed that the biochar amendment of the soils affected the sorption of CAP, but the magnitude of the sorption enhancement by biochar amendment among the soils was varied, presumably due to the attenuation of the sorptivity of the biochar when amended in the soil. The amendment with biochars leads to a decrease in the bioavailability of CAP in the soils to earthworms, and more prominent for biochar BC850 amendment. In the soil with a CAP concentration of 10 mg kg(-1), the residue of CAP in the earthworm tissues was found to be 9.65 mg kg(-1), in comparison with that the CAP residue was 4.05 mg kg(-1) in BC450 amended soil and 0.59 mg kg(-1) in BC850, respectively. The degree of bioavailability reduction by same level of biochar amendment was different among soils with different properties. The results demonstrate that the properties of soils are important to performance of biochar in soil.
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Expression of gene associated with retinoid-interferon-induced mortality-19 in preimplantation embryo of mice.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
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To study the expression of gene associated with retinoid-interferon-induced mortality-19(GRIM-19) in preimplantation embryo of mice and explore its role in embryonic development.
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[Impact of biochar amendment on the sorption and dissipation of chlorantraniliprole in soils].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
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The effects of biochar amendment on sorption and dissipation of chlorantraniliprole (CAP) in 5 different agricultural soils were studied. Red gum wood (Eucalyptus spp.) derived biochar was amended into a black soil, a yellow soil, a red soil, a purplish soil, and a fluvo-aquic soil at the rate of 0.5% (by weight). The sorption and dissipation behaviors of CAP in soils with and without biochar amendment were measured by batch equilibration technique and dissipation kinetic experiment, respectively. The objective was to investigate the impact of biochar application on the environmental fate of pesticides in agricultural soils with different physical-chemical properties, and evaluate the potential ecological impacts of field application of biochar materials. The results showed that biochar application in soils could enhance the sorption of CAP, but the magnitudes were varied among soils with different properties. Amendment of 0.5% (by weight) biochar in the black soil, which have high content of organic matter (4.59%), resulted in an increase of sorption coefficient (K(d)) by 2.17%; while for the fluvo-aquic soil with organic matter content of 1.16%, amendment of biochar at the same level led to an increase of 139.13%. The sorption capacity of biochar was partially suppressed when biochar was mixed with soils. The calculated K(Fbiochar) of biochar after mixed in the black soil, yellow soil, red soil, purplish soil, and fluvo-aquic soil were decreased by 96.94%, 90.6%, 91.31%, 68.26%, and 34.59%, respectively, compared to that of the original biochar. The half-lives of CAP in black soil, yellow soil, red soil, purplish soil, and fluvo-aquic soil were 115.52, 133.30, 154.03, 144.41 and 169.06 d, respectively. In soils amended with biochar, the corresponding half-lives of CAP were extended by 20.39, 35.76, 38.51, 79.19, and 119.75 d, respectively. Similar to the effects of biochar on CAP sorption, in soil with higher content of organic matter, the retardation of CAP dissipation by amending biochar was smaller than that in soil with lower content of organic matter. Our results suggested that application of biochar in soils could enhance the sorption and sequestration of CAP, and retard its soil dissipation, but the magnitudes depended on the organic matter content of the soils.
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[Effects of ulinastatin on myocardial injury induced by acute paraquat poisoning].
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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To investigate the effects of ulinastatin (UTI) on myocardial injury induced by acute paraquat poisoning.
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An essential role for the DNA breakage-repair protein Ku80 in programmed DNA rearrangements in Tetrahymena thermophila.
Mol. Biol. Cell
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Programmed DNA rearrangements are important processes present in many organisms. In the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena thermophila, DNA rearrangements occur during the sexual conjugation process and lead to the deletion of thousands of specific DNA segments and fragmentation of the chromosomes. In this study, we found that the Ku80 homologue, a conserved component of the nonhomologous end-joining process of DNA repair, was essential for these two processes. During conjugation, TKU80 was highly expressed and localized to the new macronucleus, where DNA rearrangements occur. Homokaryon TKU80-knockout mutants are unable to complete conjugation and produce progeny and are arrested at the two-micronuclei/two-macronuclei stage. Analysis of their DNA revealed failure to complete DNA deletion. However, the DNA-cutting step appeared to have occurred, as evidenced by the presence of circularized excised DNA. Moreover, chromosome breakage or de novo telomere addition was affected. The mutant appears to accumulate free DNA ends detectable by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assays that led to the degradation of most DNA in the developing macronucleus. These findings suggest that Tku80p may serve an end-protective role after DNA cleavage has occurred. Unexpectedly, the large heterochromatin structures that normally associate with DNA rearrangements failed to form without TKU80. Together the results suggest multiple roles for Tku80p and indicate that a Ku-dependent DNA-repair pathway is involved in programmed DNA rearrangements in Tetrahymena.
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Aberrant expression of WWOX protein in epithelial ovarian cancer: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study.
Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
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Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most frequent cause of death from gynecologic cancer. The WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene is located at 16q23.3-24.1, a region that spans the second most common human fragile site, FRA16D. Abnormalities affecting WWOX at the genomic and/or expression level(s) have been reported in numerous neoplasias and cancer-derived cell lines. The goal of the study was to evaluate WWOX protein expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma tissues to determine whether they correlated with clincopathologic parameters. We performed WWOX expression analyses by means of immunohistochemistry on 112 epithelial ovarian carcinoma tissues, and ovarian carcinoma-derived SKOV3, 3AO cells. The basic significant level was fixed at P<0.05. Loss of WWOX expression was observed in 32 (28.6%) of 112 ovarian carcinoma samples and was positively correlated with negative estrogen receptor (ER) (P<0.001) and negative progesterone receptor (PR) (P=0.001). A statistically significant correlation was observed between the lack of WWOX expression and the advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages (P=0.02). Furthermore, negative WWOX staining was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (P=0.013), whereas no significant differences were found between WWOX and HER-2/neu staining (P=0.79). WWOX protein expression was moderately detectable in SKOV3 cells but not in 3AO cells. Our results indicate that loss of WWOX expression in epithelial ovarian carcinomas correlates with negative ER, negative PR, advanced FIGO stages, and lymph node metastases.
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