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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
miR-200a Overexpression in Advanced Ovarian Carcinomas as a Prognostic Indicator.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2014
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miR-200a expression is frequently altered in numerous cancers. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of microRNA-200a in advanced ovarian carcinomas.
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[Clinical Efficacy of Decitabine Combined with Modified CAG Regimen for Relapsed-Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia with AML1-ETO(+)].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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This study was aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of relapsed-refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with AML1-ETO(+), and its therapeutic efficacy and side effects when decitabine combined with modified CAG regimen was used. Clinical data of 5 cases of AML with AML1-ETO(+) from January 2013 to Agust 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The analyzed data included age, sex, initial symptoms, peripheral blood and bone marrow characteristics. Meanwhile, the therapeutic effecacy and side effects of decitabine combined with modified CAG regimen were evaluated. The 5 patients were with median age of 35 (17-43) years. Among these 5 patients, 2 patients were relapsed and other 3 patients were relapsed-refractory patients, their median white blood cell count was 12.55 (7.8-66.55) ×10(9)/L, median platelets count was 44 (20-72) ×10(9)/L, median hemoglobin level was 110 (77-128) g/L, median lactate dehydrogenase level was 312.9 U/L (123.6-877.8) at the initial diagnosis. The results showed that after decitabine combined with modified CAG regimen was administered, 4 patients achieved complete remission, 1 patient did not achieve remission, the overall remission rate was 80% (4/5). The main side effects of this regimen was myelosupp-ression, these were no new lung infection and other serious complications, one case without complete remission treated with FLAG once again died of heart failure when being mobilized for transplantation. It is concluded that according to preliminary results of decitabine combined with modified CAG regimen for relapsed and refractory AML patients with AML1-ETO(+) displays higher remission rate and lower side effects, which worthy to further explore for clinal application.
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[Polychlorinated biphenyls in house dust at an e-waste site and urban site in the Pearl River Delta, southern China: sources and human exposure and health risks].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in house dust from an e-waste site and urban site in the Pearl River Delta, southern China. The PCB concentrations in house dust at the e-waste site ranged from 12.4 to 87 765 ng x g(-1), with an average of 10 167 ng x g(-1). There was no significant difference in the PCB concentrations between indoor and outdoor dust. The PCB homologue pattern was dominated by tri-, penta-, hexa-, and tetra-CBs, which was not similar to that in Chinese technical PCB product. There was also no significant difference in the PCB compositions between indoor and outdoor dust. PCB sources in house dust at the e-waste site were apportioned by chemical mass balance (CMB) model. The results showed that the PCBs were derived primarily from Aroclor 1262 (36.7% ), Aroclor 1254 (26.7%), Aroclor 1242 (21.4%), and Aroclor 1248 (18.5%). The daily exposure doses were 42, 17, and 2.9 ng x (kg x d)(-1) for toddlers, children/adolescents, and adults in the e-waste area, respectively. Risk assessment indicated that the hazard quotients were higher than 1 for toddlers and children/adolescents indicating adverse effects for them. The lifetime average excess carcinogenic risk for population in the e-waste area was 4.5 x 10(-5), within the acceptable range of U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. The mean concentrations of PCBs in house dust in Guangzhou was 48.7 ng x g(-1). The low PCB level is consistent with the fact that technical PCBs were not widely used in China in the past. The risks of exposure to PCBs via house dust in Guangzhou are very low.
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[Exploration on sensation positioning method of heat-sensitive moxibustion: the inheritance and development of ashi method].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2014
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From original concept and literature of acupoint, the concept and clinical significance of ashi method is discussed, which clarifies that the essence of ashi method is to locate the acupoints by patients' sensitivity on force. The clinical application of heat-sensitive moxibustion has illustrated that positioning method of this therapy is based on the appearance of heat-sensitive moxibustion sensation. Although both types are based on patients' feeling, positioning method of heat-sensitive moxibustion stands on a new angle and uses a new method to locate acupoint. Therefore, it is believed that the positioning method of heat-sensitive moxibustion is the inheritance and development of ashi method.
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A generalizable, tunable microfluidic platform for delivering fast temporally varying chemical signals to probe single-cell response dynamics.
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2014
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Understanding how biological systems transduce dynamic, soluble chemical cues into physiological processes requires robust experimental tools for generating diverse temporal chemical patterns. The advent of microfluidics has seen the development of platforms for rapid fluid exchange allowing ease of changes in the cellular microenvironment and precise cell handling. Rapid exchange is important for exposing systems to temporally varying signals. However, direct coupling of macroscale fluid flow with microstructures is potentially problematic due to the high shear stresses that inevitably add confounding mechanical perturbation effects to the biological system of interest. Here, we have devised a method of translating fast and precise macroscale flows to microscale flows using a monolithically integrated perforated membrane. We integrated a high-density cell trap array for nonadherent cells that are challenging to handle under flow conditions with a soluble chemical signal generator module. The platform enables fast and repeatable switching of stimulus and buffer at low shear stresses for quantitative live, single-cell fluorescent studies. This modular design allows facile integration of any cell-handling chip design with any chemical delivery module. We demonstrate the utility of this device by characterizing heterogeneity of oscillatory response for cells exposed to alternating Ca(2+) waveforms at various periodicities. This platform enables the analysis of cell responses to chemical perturbations at a single-cell resolution that is necessary in understanding signal transduction pathways.
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An association study on the CHRNA5/A3/B4 gene cluster, smoking and psoriasis vulgaris.
Arch. Dermatol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2014
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Genome-wide association and large cohort studies have consistently linked several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the CHRNA5/A3/B4 gene cluster to smoking behaviors and nicotine dependence. Smoking is one of the well-established environmental risk factors for psoriasis and also associated with severity of the disease. Then we conduct the study to examine whether the genetic variations related to smoking behavior located in the CHRNA5/A3/B4 gene cluster also predict the risk of psoriasis vulgaris (PV). The investigations may help explain the mechanisms of the smoking-PV relationship. This is a hospital base case-control study including 634 subjects (329 PV patients and 305 controls), all Chinese Han population. 8 SNPs were selected based on findings from recent studies on smoking and nicotine dependence, all located in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits CHRNA5/A3/B4 gene cluster. The variants were typed by SNaPshot Multiplex Kit (Applied Biosystems Co., USA). We confirmed that smoking, alcohol consumption and higher body mass index (BMI ?25) were risk factors for PV. However, none of the selected SNPs was associated with PV risk in the overall analysis and stratification analysis. And we found no association between the selected SNPs in CHRNA5/A3/B4 gene cluster and the clinical features of PV in case-only analysis. This exploratory study does not provide a relationship between these smoking-related SNPs in the CHRNA5/A3/B4 gene cluster and PV in Chinese Han population.
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Iron(II)-catalyzed intermolecular amino-oxygenation of olefins through the N-O bond cleavage of functionalized hydroxylamines.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2014
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An iron-catalyzed diastereoselective intermolecular olefin amino-oxygenation reaction is reported, which proceeds via an iron-nitrenoid generated by the N-O bond cleavage of a functionalized hydroxylamine. In this reaction, a bench-stable hydroxylamine derivative is used as the amination reagent and oxidant. This method tolerates a range of synthetically valuable substrates that have been all incompatible with existing amino-oxygenation methods. It can also provide amino alcohol derivatives with regio- and stereochemical arrays complementary to known amino-oxygenation methods.
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Plasma Big Endothelin-1 Level and the Severity of New-onset Stable Coronary Artery Disease.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2014
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Aim: To investigate the usefulness of the plasma big endothelin-1 (big ET-1) level in predicting the severity of new-onset stable angiography-proven coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: A total of 963 consecutive stable CAD patients with more than 50% stenosis in at least one main vessel were enrolled. The patients were classified into the three groups according to the tertile of the Gensini score (GS, low GS ?20, n=300; intermediate GS 20-40, n=356 and high GS ?40, n=307), and the relationship between the big ET-1 level and GS was evaluated. Results: The plasma levels of big ET-1 increased significantly in association with increases in the GS tertile (p=0.007). A multivariate analysis suggested that the plasma big ET-1 level was an independent predictor for a high GS (OR=2.26, 95%CI: 1.23-4.15, p=0.009), and there was a positive correlation between the big ET-1 level and the GS (r=0.20, p=0.000). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the big ET-1 level in predicting a high GS was 0.64 (95% CI 0.60-0.68, p=0.000), and the optimal cutoff value for the plasma big ET-1 level for predicting a high GS was 0.34 fmol/mL, with a sensitivity of 62.6% and specificity of 60.3%. In the high-big ET-1 level group (?0.34 fmol/mL), there were significantly increased rates of three-vessel disease (43.6% vs. 35.4%, p=0.017) and a high GS [31 (17-54) vs. 24 (16-44), p=0.001] compared with that observed in the low-big ET-1 level group. Conclusions: The present findings indicate that the plasma big ET-1 level is a useful predictor of the severity of new-onset stable CAD associated with significant stenosis.
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Ghrelin and obestatin levels in hypertensive obese patients.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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To investigate plasma total ghrelin and obestatin levels and the ghrelin/obestatin ratio prospectively, in hypertensive obese patients.
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The Relationship between the Plasma PCSK9 Levels and Platelet Indices in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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Aim: Recent studies have shown that platelet indices are linked to metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, in addition to being markers of hemostasis. These studies suggested that they could be modified by various biomolecules, including lipids. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a newly-identified member, plays a key role in lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between the plasma PCSK9 level and platelet indices. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 330 consecutive, stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients were enrolled at our center between October 2012 and April 2014. The baseline clinical characteristics were collected, and the plasma PCSK9 levels were determined using an ELISA. The associations between PCSK9 and the platelet indices were investigated. Results: The plasma PCSK9 levels were positively correlated with the platelet (PLT) count and plateletcrit (PCT) (r=0.218, p?0.001; r=0.250, p?0.001; respectively), while no correlation of PCSK9 with either the mean platelet volume (MPV) or platelet distribution width (PDW) was found. The association of PCSK9 with the PLT and PCT remained after adjusting for cardiometabolic risk factors (?=0.300, p?0.001; ?=0.269, p?0.01; respectively), but the latter disappeared when further adjusted for inflammatory markers (?=0.212, p?0.05; ?=0.151, p=NS). Additionally, a correlation analysis performed according to the number of diseased vessels showed that PCSK9 was related to the PLT and PCT in patients with single-, two- or multi-vessel disease, with a particularly strong correlation with two-vessel disease. Conclusions: The plasma PCSK9 levels are positively associated with the PLT count in CAD patients, suggesting a potential link between PCSK9 and platelets that may be involved in atherosclerosis and metabolic disorders.
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[Efficacy of liver transplantation for acute hepatic failure caused by reactivation of hepatitis B virus infection after chemotherapy and radiotherapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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This study was aimed to investigate the morphological, biological ,clinical and therapy features in a special case of primary gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PG-NHL) through analysis of PG-NHL patient who developed fulminating hepatitis following chemotherapy and radiotherapy and thus received liver transplantation (LT). The morphological changes of cells were analyzed by bone marrow smear, the expression and mutation of abnormal genes were detected by nested multiplex PCR, and HBV-DNA copies were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR). The results showed that at onset of disease, patient was diagnosed as primary gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PG-NHL) with HBsAg(+) and HBVDNA(-). LUGANO stage was Ia. aaIPI score was 0.The patient was treated with R-CHOP regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristin and prednisolone), rituximab maintenance treatment and radiotherapy. During the treatment, the patient has taken entecavir, 1 week later after the radiotherapy (2 months later after the chemotherapy), then the entecavir was discontinued. Six months later HBV DNA(+), the progressive acute hepatic failure (AHF) happened to the patient, who thus received phylogenetic right liver transplantation (LT). He has survived for 3 years after LT so far. The liver function of patient was normal more than 3 years after LT. The patient was checked regularly by PET-CT, and his PG-NHL continue complete remission(CR). It is concluded that the patients receiving chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy should be screened for HBV DNA, liver function and HBV reactivation signs. HbsAg positive patients should receive preventive antiviral therapy. After chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy, the patients should be given antiviral maintenance therapy, and the liver damage should receive the hepatoprotective and effective support treatment, LT is necessary and feasible to obtain long-term survival.
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[Analysis of efficacy and prognosis of induction chemotherapy in 76 elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (non-APL)].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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This study was purposed to investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (non-APL). The clinical data of 76 elderly ( ? 60 old years) AML (non-APL) patients from January 2000 to January 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. According to treatment methods,the 76 patients were divided into 2 groups: induction chemotherapy group (51 cases) and best supportive treatment group (25 cases). The patients in induction chemotherapy group received the cytarabine-based induction chemotherapy regimens, including DA, MA, HA, IA and CAG; the patients in best supportive treatment group received supportive treatment including hydroxyurea, blood transfusion and so on. The clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis between 2 groups were compared. The results showed that the median survival times of patients in induction chemotherapy and best supportive treatment groups were 5 (0.2-89) and 3 (0.1-17) months respectively, there was significantly statistical difference in mediam survival time between 2 groups(P < 0.01) suggesting that the induction chemotherapy obviously prolonged the survival time of elderly CML patients. The 5 patients in induction chemotherapy group survived more than 60 months, one of them survived more than nine years. After the first cycle of chemotherapy, the complete remission (CR) rate of patients was 19.6% (10/51), partial remission (PR) rate was 19.6% (10/51), the overall response rate (ORR) was 39.2%, the mortality of patients in induction remission stage was 13.7% (7/51) in mduction chemotherapy group; no 1 case in best supportive treatment group reached to CR. The CR rate of patients by using MA regimen was 44.4% and its ORR was 55.5%, which was higher than that by using DA, HA, IA and CAG regimens. The median chemotherapy cycles were 3 (1-14). The follow-up found that the 3 months-survival rate of patients was 65% and 42%, the 6 month-survival rate of patients was 43% and 21%, the 1 year-survival rate of patients was 29% and 13%, the 5 year-survival rate of patients was 13% and 0% in induction chemotherapy and best supportive treatment groups respectively, showing that the survival of patients in induction chemotherapy group was better than those in best supportive treatment group. A total of 31 of out 51 cases (60.8%) in induction chemotherapy group not response to the first cycle of chemotherapy, the survival time of these patients was not statistically significantly different from that of patients in best supportive treatment group. It is concluded that the induction chemotherapy can significantly improve the prognosis of elderly patients with AML, and prolong their median survival time. The induction remission rate in elderly patients with AML is lower than that of younger patients. The MA regimen is better than DA, HA, IA and CAG, there is individual difference in the elderly patients with AML, If the first cycle of chemotherapy has not reached to CR or PR, the best supportive treatment may be considered. The low toxicity, efficient and well-tolerated chemotherapy regimens may be chosen to prolong the survival time of the elderly patients with AML (non-APL).
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[Clinical analysis of acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21) (q22;q22) and loss of Y chromosome].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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This study was aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t (8;21) (q22;q22) and loss of Y chromosomes. Clinical data of 267 cases of AML were collected from January 2010 to June 2013. Among 267 AML, there were 13 cases with t (8;21) (q22;q22) and loss of Y chromosomes. The clinical data including clinical indicators, treatment protocols, curative effect and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. The results showed that after normalized chemotherapy, there were 4 patients with complete remission at the first cycle of treatment, 4 patients with complete remission at the second cycle, 4 patients with complete remission at the third cycle, but one patient without complete remission after 4 cycles. There were 6 patients who did not relapse during consolidation and intensive therapy. Among these 6 patients, 4 cases accepted chemotherapy combined with transplantation, other 2 cases accepted chemotherapy. In the remainder 6 patients, 4 cases relapsed once, one cases relapsed twice, 1 cases relapsed for three times. Moreover, 2 cases who accepted the chemotherapy and auto-hematopoietic stem cell trans-plantation, were diagnosed as relapse, after accepted allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, currently are in disease-free status. In follow-up period, the relapse-free survival (RFS) time was 4.67 ± 3.45 months in chemotherapy group, the RFS time is 34.17 ± 21.37 months in chemotherapy and transplantation group. The chemotherapy combined with transplantation extended the RFS time (P < 0.05). It is concluded that the NCCN guide indicates that AML with t (8;21) ( q22;q22) showed a good prognosis. but the clinical course of treatment confirmed that the prognosis of AML patients with t (8;21) (q22;q22) and loss Y chromosomes is poor, including uneasy remisson and easy relapse, for improving the prognosis of these patients, the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be recommended.
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The ratio of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol to apolipoprotein A-I predicts myocardial injury following elective percutaneous coronary intervention.
Clin Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2014
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High-density lipoprotein (HDL) has cardioprotective properties. Each HDL particle has a few molecules of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and carries various amounts of cholesterol. The ratio of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) to apoA-I may reflect mean HDL particle size.
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In vitro and in vivo anti-biofilm effects of silver nanoparticles immobilized on titanium.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Prevention of periprosthetic infection (PPI) by inhibiting biofilm formation on prostheses is crucial to orthopedic surgery. In this work, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are fabricated in situ and immobilized on titanium by silver plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII). The anti-biofilm activity rendered by the immobilized Ag NPs is assessed using Staphylococcus epidermidis, a biofilm producing strain, in vitro and in vivo. The immobilized Ag NPs show no apparent cytotoxicity but reduce biofilm formation in vitro by inhibiting bacteria adhesion and icaAD transcription. The immobilized Ag NPs offer a good defense against multiple cycles of bacteria attack in vitro, and the mechanism is independent of silver release. Radiographic assessment, microbiological cultures, and histopathological results demonstrate the ability of the functionalized surface against bacterial infection to reduce the risk of implant-associated PPI.
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Sources of halogenated brominated retardants in house dust in an industrial city in southern China and associated human exposure.
Environ. Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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Halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) are a class of ubiquitous pollutants in the environment and attract increasing attention. In the present study, HFR concentrations were measured in indoor and outdoor dust in an important industrial city (Dongguan) in southern China, in which their presence and associated human exposure are unknown. The HFRs were dominated by polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), with mean concentrations of 2365 and 2441ng/g in the indoor dust, respectively, which were 2-3 order of magnitude higher the concentrations of other HFRs. However elevated tri- to hepta-BDE concentrations (869ng/g) were found in Houjie Town, a furniture manufacturing center. The mean indoor/outdoor (I/O) ratios of HFR concentrations in the dust were all larger than one (1.55-16.4), suggesting the importance of indoors sources for HFRs in indoor dust in this industrial city. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the correlations among the HFRs in the indoor dust probably revealed differences in their commercial applications, while most HFRs in the outdoor dust have similar sources except for phased-out BDE47 and 99. The compositions of lower brominated PBDEs varied among the towns, probably due to their different sources or influence of photo-degradation. Nevertheless, the similar composition of highly brominated congeners indicated little photo-degradation encountered in the ambient environment. The non-cancer risk associated with indoor dust ingestion is low for the general population in Dongguan, but some children in the furniture manufacturing center have significantly high risk of exposure to banned PBDEs.
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Usefulness of the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Predicting the Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: A Gensini Score Assessment.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2014
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Aim: The usefulness of the white blood cell (WBC) count and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting the severity of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been sufficiently evaluated, particularly based on strict coronary assessments. The aim of the present study was to investigate the WBC count and NLR in predicting the severity of angiographically proven CAD. Methods: A total of 2,976 CAD patients and 571 non-CAD patients were consecutively enrolled, and the CAD patients were classified into the three groups according to the tertile of the Gensini score (GS, low GS?18, n=989; intermediate GS 18-41, n=995 and high GS?41, n=992). The efficacy of the WBC count and NLR in predicting the risk and severity of CAD as well as the correlations between these markers and the GS were analyzed. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was also performed. Results: The NLR was found to be an independent predictor of both the presence of CAD (OR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.09-1.27, p=0.009) and a high GS (OR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.01-1.16, p=0.032). In addition, there were mild positive correlations between the GS and the NLR, WBC and proportions of neutrophils and monocytes. In the ROC curves analysis, the NLR was found to have the largest area under the curve (AUC=0.63, 95%CI: 0.59-0.67, p=0.000), with an optimal cut-off value of 2.04 (sensitivity: 62.1%, specificity: 54.8%) for predicting a high GS. Conclusions: The NLR is a valuable independent predictor of the severity of CAD assessed according to the GS. In particular, an NLR of ?2.04 indicates a higher risk of CAD and greater severity of CAD lesions.
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DNA-based digital tension probes reveal integrin forces during early cell adhesion.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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Mechanical stimuli profoundly alter cell fate, yet the mechanisms underlying mechanotransduction remain obscure because of a lack of methods for molecular force imaging. Here to address this need, we develop a new class of molecular tension probes that function as a switch to generate a 20- to 30-fold increase in fluorescence upon experiencing a threshold piconewton force. The probes employ immobilized DNA hairpins with tunable force response thresholds, ligands and fluorescence reporters. Quantitative imaging reveals that integrin tension is highly dynamic and increases with an increasing integrin density during adhesion formation. Mixtures of fluorophore-encoded probes show integrin mechanical preference for cyclized RGD over linear RGD peptides. Multiplexed probes with variable guanine-cytosine content within their hairpins reveal integrin preference for the more stable probes at the leading tip of growing adhesions near the cell edge. DNA-based tension probes are among the most sensitive optical force reporters to date, overcoming the force and spatial resolution limitations of traction force microscopy.
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Mutational analysis of ABCC8, KCNJ11, GLUD1, HNF4A and GCK genes in 30 Chinese patients with congenital hyperinsulinism.
Endocr. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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We conducted a cohort study to elucidate the molecular spectrum of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) in Chinese pediatric patients. Thirty Chinese children with CHI were chosen as research subjects, 16 of whom were responsive to diazoxide and 13 of whom were not (1 patient was not given the drug for medical reasons). All exons of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel (KATP channel) genes KCNJ11 and ABCC8, the hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 ? (HNF4A) gene, and the Glucokinase (GCK) gene as well as exons 6 and 7 and 10-12 of the glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GLUD1) gene were amplified from genomic DNA and directly sequenced. Mutations were identified in 14 of 30 patients (47%): 3 in GLUD1 (10%) and 11 in the KATP channel genes (37%). Six patients had paternally derived monoallelic KATP channel mutations predictive of the focal CHI form. We found a novel de novo ABCC8 mutation, p. C1000*, a novel paternally inherited ABCC8 mutation, D1505H, and a dominantly inherited ABCC8 mutation, R1217K. The GLUD1 activating mutation R269H was found in 2 patients: 1 de novo and the other paternally inherited. A de novo S445L mutation was found in 1 patient. No significant HNF4A or GCK mutations were found. CHI has complex genetic onset mechanisms. Paternally inherited monoallelic mutations of ABCC8 and KCNJ11 are likely the main causes of KATP-CHI in Chinese patients. Glutamate dehydrogenase-CHI is the second most common cause of CHI, while HNF4A and GCK are rare types of CHI in Chinese patients.
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Combined effects of the BDNF rs6265 (Val66Met) polymorphism and environment risk factors on psoriasis vulgaris.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2014
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Smoking, alcohol consumption and higher body mass index (BMI) are well established risk factors for psoriasis and also associated with the clinical traits of the disease. And the genetic influences on these three risk factors indeed exist. Previously studies have demonstrated these risk factors related genetic variants may also play a role in the development of risk factors-related diseases. Then we performed a hospital-based study in order to evaluate the combined effect of the risk factors and their related polymorphism rs6265 in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene on psoriasis vulgaris (PV) risk and clinic traits. The case-control study involved 660 subjects including 345 cases and 315 controls in Chinese Han population. The variant of rs6265 was typed by SNaPshot Multiplex Kit (Applied Biosystems Co., USA). We confirmed that higher BMI (?25), smoking and alcohol consumption were risk factors for PV, and the estimated ORs were 1.63(95 % confidence interval (CI); 1.12-2.37), 2.09(95 % CI; 1.44-3.03) and 1.65(95 % CI; 1.15-2.37) respectively. Genotype and allele distributions did not differ significantly between case and control. However, we found combined effect of rs6265 genotype (GG) and higher BMI (?25) increased risk of PV (OR = 2.09; 95 % CI, 1.02-4.28; P < 0.05; adjusted OR = 3.19; 95 % CI, 1.37-7.45; P < 0.05) and clinically severity of PV (OR = 2.71; 95 % CI, 1.09-6.72; P < 0.05; adjusted OR = 1.25; 95 % CI, 1.10-1.40; P < 0.05). But none such significant combined effect was observed between others genotype (AA and AG) and other risk factors. In conclusions, the combined effect of BDNF rs6265 genotype (GG) and higher BMI may increases the risk and clinical severity of PV in Chinese Han population.
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[Analysis of (18)F-FDG PET/CT features and clinical manifestations in one case of subcutaneous lymphomatoid granulomatosis].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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This study was aimed to investigate the pathology, MICM classification, PET/CT characteristics and therapeutical experience of subcutaneous soft tissue muscle gap lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) through analysis of a cases of LYG. The pathologic changes of LYG were assayed by using immunohistochemistry method;the immuno-phenotypes were detected by flow cytometry. The nested multiplex PCR was used to detect the expression and mutation of abnormal genes; the real-time fluorescence guantitative PCR was used to detect the EBV-DNA copies. The clinical staging was performed by means of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT). The results showed that at onset of disearse the clinical manifestations of patient presented only a mass in right thigh and swelling of right submandibular lymph nodes. However, PET/CT revealed that the abnormal image in multiple soft tissue accompanied by increasing metabolic activity (SUVmax = 12.8), these pathologic changes were involved in lung, thyroid, lymphonodes and stomach. The right thigh mass biospy comfirmed the histological diagnosis of grade II LYG. The bone marrow smear showed no abnormal tumor cell infiltration, the immunophenotyping detection revealed that the proportion of NK cells increated with phenotypic abnormality, the karyotype was 46, XY[24], the expression and mutation of abnormal gene not could be detected, and the EBV-DNA level was <10(2) copies/ml. After 2 cycles of treatment with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristin and prednisolone(R-CHOP), the images of increasing metabolic activity in subcustaneous soft tissue gap dissappeared, but the partial increating metabolism focus could be observed in soft tissue of left knee hollow. The patient achieved partial remission. It is concluded that LYG is an extremely rare hematopoietic malignancy, the incidence rate is very low. Subcutaneous soft tissue muscle gap LYG literature was not reported in domestic and foreign literatures.Its pathogenetics remains unclear. A standard treatment protocol for LYG has not yet been established. PET/CT can find more lesions that not could be found in the clinical examination. The (18)F-FDG PET/CT is an efficient tool for the LYG in diagnosis, staging and treatment. Therefore, increased SUV(max) in FDG-PET may be useful for diagnosis of LYG.
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[A rare case of acute promyelocytic leukemia accompanied by benign craniopharyngioma].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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The purpose of study was to analysis the clinical manifestation and treatment protocol of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) accompanied by craniopharyngioma so as to promote the understanding of this disease. The APL was diagnosed by morphologic examination of bone marrow cells, the leukemia bone marrow cells were analyzed by immunophenotyping technique, the qualitative and quantitative changes of PML-PAR? fusion gene before and after treatment were monitored by using molecular biological test; the cytogenetic features were analyzed by using conventional karyotype and FISH analysis. The results indicated that the clinical manifestation of this disease was diverse and disease status was complex. The good therapeutic efficacy could be achieved, the misdiagnosis and delayed treatment could be avoided through early detection, timely treatment and multidisciplinary cooperation. It is concluded that when other clinical symptoms reappear after APL achieves remission, the possibility of second tumor must be considered, the clinical presentation should be carefully monitored, the early detection and timely treatment should be performed to improve the survival of patients.
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Role of placenta-specific protein 1 in trophoblast invasion and migration.
Reproduction
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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Placenta-specific protein 1 (PLAC1), a placenta-specific gene, is known to be involved in the development of placenta in both humans and mice. However, the precise role of PLAC1 in placental trophoblast function remains unclear. In this study, the localization of PLAC1 in human placental tissues and its physiological significance in trophoblast invasion and migration are investigated by technical studies including real-time RT-PCR, in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and functional studies by utilizing cell invasion and migration assays in the trophoblast cell line HTR8/SVneo as well as the primary inducing extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs). The results show that PLAC1 is mainly detected in the trophoblast columns and syncytiotrophoblast of the first-trimester human placental villi, as well as in the EVTs that invade into the maternal decidua. Knockdown of PLAC1 by RNA interference significantly suppresses the invasion and migration of HTR8/SVneo cells and shortens the distance of the outgrowth of the induced EVTs from the cytotrophoblast column of the explants. All the above data suggests that PLAC1 plays an important role in human placental trophoblast invasion and migration.
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Dynamic catch of a Thy-1-?5?1+syndecan-4 trimolecular complex.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2014
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Cancer cell adhesion to the vascular endothelium is a critical step of tumour metastasis. Endothelial surface molecule Thy-1 (CD90) is implicated in the metastatic process through its interactions with integrins and syndecans. However, how Thy-1 supports cell-cell adhesion in a dynamic mechanical environment is not known. Here we show that Thy-1 supports ?1 integrin- and syndecan-4 (Syn4)-mediated contractility-dependent mechanosignalling of melanoma cells. At the single-molecule level, Thy-1 is capable of independently binding ?5?1 integrin and syndecan-4 (Syn4) receptors. However, in the presence of both ?5?1 and Syn4, the two receptors bind cooperatively to Thy-1, to form a trimolecular complex. This trimolecular complex displays a unique phenomenon we coin 'dynamic catch', characterized by abrupt bond stiffening followed by the formation of catch bonds, where force prolongs the bond lifetime. Thus, we reveal a new class of trimolecular interactions where force strengthens the synergistic binding of two co-receptors and modulates downstream mechanosignalling.
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Accumulation of serial forces on TCR and CD8 frequently applied by agonist antigenic peptides embedded in MHC molecules triggers calcium in T cells.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2014
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T cell activation by Ag is one of the key events in adaptive immunity. It is triggered by interactions of the TCR and coreceptor (CD8 or CD4) with antigenic peptides embedded in MHC (pMHC) molecules expressed on APCs. The mechanism of how signal is initiated remains unclear. In this article, we complement our two-dimensional kinetic analysis of TCR-pMHC-CD8 interaction with concurrent calcium imaging to examine how ligand engagement of TCR with and without the coengagement of CD8 initiates signaling. We found that accumulation of frequently applied forces on the TCR via agonist pMHC triggered calcium, which was further enhanced by CD8 cooperative binding. Prolonging the intermission between sequential force applications impaired calcium signals. Our data support a model where rapid accumulation of serial forces on TCR-pMHC-CD8 bonds triggers calcium in T cells.
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Relation of circulating PCSK9 concentration to fibrinogen in patients with stable coronary artery disease.
J Clin Lipidol
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2014
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Both proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and fibrinogen have been established as novel markers for atherosclerotic diseases. However, no data are available regarding the relationship between circulating PCSK9 and fibrinogen concentration up to now.
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Iron(II)-catalyzed intramolecular olefin aminofluorination.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2014
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An iron(II)-catalyzed diastereoselective olefin aminofluorination is reported (dr up to >20:1). This new transformation applies a functionalized hydroxylamine and Et3N·3HF as the nitrogen and fluorine source, which facilitates the efficient synthesis of ?-fluoro primary amines and amino acids from allylic alcohol derivatives. Preliminary mechanistic studies reveal that an iron-nitrenoid is a possible intermediate and that its reactivity and enantioselectivity can be efficiently modulated by ligands.
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Integrative literature and data mining to rank disease candidate genes.
Methods Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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While the genomics-derived discoveries promise benefits to basic research and health care, the speed and affordability of sequencing following recent technological advances has further aggravated the data deluge. Seamless integration of the ever-increasing clinical, genomic, and experimental data and efficient mining for knowledge extraction, delivering actionable insight and generating testable hypotheses are therefore critical for the needs of biomedical research. For instance, high-throughput techniques are frequently applied to detect disease candidate genes. Experimental validation of these candidates however is both time-consuming and expensive. Hence, several computational approaches based on literature and data mining have been developed to identify the most promising candidates for follow-up studies. Based on "guilt by association" principle, most of these methods use prior knowledge about a disease of interest to discover and rank novel candidate genes. In this chapter, we provide a brief overview of recent advances made in literature- and data-mining-based approaches for candidate gene prioritization. As a case study, we focus on a Web-based computational approach that uses integrated heterogeneous data sources including gene-literature associations for ranking disease candidate genes and explain how to run typical queries using this system.
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Single-mode chirally-coupled-core fibers with larger than 50 µm diameter cores.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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In this paper, we report an advance in increasing core size of effective single-mode chirally-coupled-core (CCC) Ge-doped and Yb-doped double-clad fibers into 55 µm to 60 µm range, and experimentally demonstrate their robust single-mode performance. Theoretical and numerical description of CCC fibers structures with multiple side cores and polygon-shaped central core is consistent with experimental results. Detailed experimental characterization of 55 µm-core CCC fibers based on spatially and spectrally resolved broadband measurements (S(2) technique) shows that modal performance of these large core fibers well exceeds that of standard 20 ?m core step-index large mode area fibers.
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[Clinical analysis of 15 patients with primary granulocytic sarcoma].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2014
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This study was purposed to analyze the clinical feature,diagnosis and treatment efficacy of primary granulocytic sarcoma (PGS). A total of 15 patients with PGS from January 2008 to March 2013 was evaluated retrospectively, among 15 patients 8 patients were treated with chemotherapy (chemotherapy alone,chemotherapy combined with local irradiation,chemotherapy combined with surgical resection or bone marrow transplantation), 7 patients were treated without chemotherapy, but were treated with surgical resection or surgical resection plus local irradiation.The chemotherapy method for PGS patients was similar as treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. The results indicated that the proportion of disease progression into bone marrow abnormality in patients treated with chemotherapy and in patients treated without chemotherapy was 25% and 85.7% respectively, suggesting that the chemotherapy can reduce the incidence of progression into bone marrow abnormality (P < 0.05). The average survival time of PGS patients treated with chemotherapy or without chemotherapy was 26.063 ± 14.97 and 12.214 ± 6.83 months (P < 0.05),suggesting prolonging of survival time of patients treated with chemotherapy, moreover 2 patients who were treated using chemotherapy combined with bone marrow transplantation still alive now,and their living times were 39 months and 45 months respectively. It is concluded that intensive chemotherapy similar as treatment of AML can decrease the probability of disease progressing into bone marrow abnormality, and if chemotherapy combines with bone marrow transplantation, the survival time of PGS patients can be longer. In this aspect, the efficacy of treatment and survival time at home and abroad are similar.
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[Analysis of empirical treatment for newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia combined with disseminated intravascular coagulation].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2014
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This study was aimed to explore the clinical characteristics and optimal therapeutic methods for newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) combined with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) so as to guide the clinical therapy. The clinical date and therapeutic outcome of 25 cases of APL combined with DIC treated from January 2008 to March 2013 in our department were analysed retrospectively. The 25 patients were given ATRA 20 mg orally twice a day and arsenic trioxide (ATO) 10 mg intravenously once a day to induce differentiation therapy, the chemotherapy was added after degranulation of promyelocytes. At the same time the platelets, fresh frozen plasma, fibrinogen, cryoprecipitate,prothrombin complex and amino methylbenzoic acid, low molecular weight heparin were given to treat DIC. According to the laboratorial examination of coagulation and fibrinolysis, the medication was adjusted.The white blood cell count, platelet level, prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time of plasma (APTT), fibrinogen level were detected, and the relation of those factors and age with bleeding severity was analyzed by multivariate manner. The results showed that among 25 patients with APL (low-risk 5 cases, intermediate risk 13 cases and high risk 7 cases), 22 cases combined with DIC, incidence of DIC was 88%. Out of 22 patients with DIC 21 patients (95.5%) were corrected, except 1 case death. After the first course of treatment, 23 cases (92%) gained complete remission (CR) with average CR time 31.8 ± 7.2 days. During the induction of CR, the average platelet transfusion level was 75.68 ± 55.88 U, the RBC level was 8.90 ± 5.69 U, the average level of fresh frozen plasma transfusion of APL patients with DIC was 21.92 ± 19.32 U. The recovery time of platelet level to normal was 29.3 ± 9.3 days, the recovery time of PT, APTT, FDP and fibrinogen to normal were 12.7 ± 9.5 days, 11.6 ± 8.6 days, 16.0 ± 9.3 days and 125.3 ± 85.3 days respectively. The multivariate analysis showed that WBC count at onset was >10 × 10(9)/L and APTT was prolonged. These two factors were main reasons resulting in severe bleeding. It is concluded that the newly diagnosed APL always combined with DIC, therefore in the early phase of disease active transfusion of blood products, application of anti-coagulation and anti-fibrinolytic drugs as well as heparin should be performed; the coagulation function should be as soon as recovered to normal so as to early correct DIC. These measures can significantly decrease the mortality of APL patients resulting from DIC. The hyperleukocytosis and prolonged APTT are the main factors for severe bleeding.
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Cryptotanshinone induces inhibition of breast tumor growth by cytotoxic CD4+ T cells through the JAK2/STAT4/ perforin pathway.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2014
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Cryptotanshinone (CPT), is a quinoid diterpene isolated from the root of the Asian medicinal plant, Salvia miotiorrhiza bunge. Numerous researchers have found that it could work as a potent antitumor agent to inhibit tumor growth in vitro, buith there has been much less emphasis on its in vivo role against breast tumors. Using a mouse tumor model of MCF7 cells, we showed that CPT strongly inhibited MCF7 cell growth in vivo with polarization of immune reactions toward Th1-type responses, stimulation of naive CD4+ T cell proliferation, and also increased IFN-? and perforin production of CD4+ T cells in response to tumor-activated splenocytes. Furthermore, data revealed that the cytotoxic activity of CD4+ T cells induced by CPT was markedly abrogated by concanamycin A(CMA), a perforin inhibitor, but not IFN-? Ab. On the other hand, after depletion of CD4+ T cells or blocked perforin with CMA in a tumor-bearing model, CPT could not effectively suppress tumor growth, but this phenomenon could be reversed by injecting naive CD4+ T cells. Thus, our results suggested that CPT mainly inhibited breast tumor growth through inducing cytotoxic CD4+ T cells to secrete perforin. We further found that CPT enhanced perforin production of CD4+ T cells by up-regulating JAK2 and STAT4 phosphorylation. These findings suggest a novel potential therapeutic role for CPT in tumor therapy, and demonstrate that CPT performs its antitumor functions through cytotoxic CD4+ T cells.
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Combined effect between CHRNB3-CHRNA6 region gene variant (rs6474412) and smoking in psoriasis vulgaris severity.
Gene
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2014
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Many factors associated with causing psoriasis have been reported, such as the genetic and environmental factors. Smoking is one of the well-established environmental risk factors for psoriasis and also associated with the disease severity. In addition, several studies of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis have documented gene-environment interactions involving smoking behavior. Although gene polymorphisms on nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits CHRNB3-CHRNA6 region gene have been found to correlate with smoking behavior and lung cancer susceptibility in Chinese Han population, the combined effect between the smoking-related genetic variants and smoking behavior on psoriasis vulgaris (PV) has been unreported.
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Computational approaches for human disease gene prediction and ranking.
Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2014
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While candidate gene association studies continue to be the most practical and frequently employed approach in disease gene investigation for complex disorders, selecting suitable genes to test is a challenge. There are several computational approaches available for selecting and prioritizing disease candidate genes. A majority of these tools are based on guilt-by-association principle where novel disease candidate genes are identified and prioritized based on either functional or topological similarity to known disease genes. In this chapter we review the prioritization criteria and the algorithms along with some use cases that demonstrate how these tools can be used for identifying and ranking human disease candidate genes.
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Live cell imaging of in vitro human trophoblast syncytialization.
Biol. Reprod.
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
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Human trophoblast syncytialization, a process of cell-cell fusion, is one of the most important yet least understood events during placental development. Investigating the fusion process in a placenta in vivo is very challenging given the complexity of this process. Application of primary cultured cytotrophoblast cells isolated from term placentas and BeWo cells derived from human choriocarcinoma formulates a biphasic strategy to achieve the mechanism of trophoblast cell fusion, as the former can spontaneously fuse to form the multinucleated syncytium and the latter is capable of fusing under the treatment of forskolin (FSK). Live-cell imaging is a powerful tool that is widely used to investigate many physiological or pathological processes in various animal models or humans; however, to our knowledge, the mechanism of trophoblast cell fusion has not been reported using a live- cell imaging manner. In this study, a live-cell imaging system was used to delineate the fusion process of primary term cytotrophoblast cells and BeWo cells. By using live staining with Hoechst 33342 or cytoplasmic dyes or by stably transfecting enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and DsRed2-Nuc reporter plasmids, we observed finger-like protrusions on the cell membranes of fusion partners before fusion and the exchange of cytoplasmic contents during fusion. In summary, this study provides the first video recording of the process of trophoblast syncytialization. Furthermore, the various live-cell imaging systems used in this study will help to yield molecular insights into the syncytialization process during placental development.
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Association of preprocedural low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels with myocardial injury after elective percutaneous coronary intervention.
J Clin Lipidol
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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Lower levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) are associated with less cardiovascular risk in patients with coronary artery disease.
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Association of plasma PCSK9 levels with white blood cell count and its subsets in patients with stable coronary artery disease.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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Recent studies have suggested that proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is associated with atherosclerosis and plays a potential role in inflammation. However, the correlation between PCSK9 and white blood cell count (WBCC) has not yet been assessed. The objective of the present study was to examine the association of the WBCC and its subset counts with plasma PCSK9 levels in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).
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Blockage of RelB expression by gene silencing enhances the radiosensitivity of androgen?independent prostate cancer cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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Levels of the nuclear factor?kappa B (NF??B) alternative pathway member RelB have been shown to correlate with the effect of radiation therapy in prostate cancer. RelB expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in normal prostate, benign prostate hyperplasia and prostate cancer specimens. RM?1 cells were pretreated with RelB siRNA prior to radiation therapy, and RelB expression in cytoplasmic and nuclear extracts was detected by real?time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The apoptotic rates of experimental RM?1 cell groups were assessed by flow cytometry. A clonogenic growth array was used to evaluate the radiosensitivity of RM?1 cell groups. The NF??B family member RelB was expressed at a high level in prostate cancer specimens. Compared with irradiated control cells, RM?1 cells transfected with RelB siRNA and treated with radiation therapy demonstrated a significant downregulation of RelB expression in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Notably, flow cytometry revealed that pretreatment of RM?1 cells with RelB siRNA enhanced the apoptotic rate in response to radiation therapy compared with controls. Clonogenic growth assay results revealed enhanced radiosensitivity of RelB siRNA cells at various dosage points compared with control groups. Blockage of the alternative NF??B pathway via RelB silencing is a promising approach to enhance the radiosensitivity of prostate cancer.
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Elevated levels of polychlorinated biphenyls in plants, air, and soils at an E-waste site in Southern China and enantioselective biotransformation of chiral PCBs in plants.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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E-waste that contains polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is moved across national boundaries, often from industrialized countries in the northern hemisphere, where the items were formerly used, to subtropical and tropical regions in southeastern Asia and Africa. As a result, there is a high likelihood that PCBs will be released into the environment from a primary source due to the elevated temperatures encountered in these low-latitude regions. In the present study, PCBs and enantiomer fractions (EFs) of chiral PCBs (PCB 84, 95, 132, 136, 149, and 183) were analyzed in air, eucalyptus leaves, pine needles, and soil at an e-waste site and a rural site in southern China. The concentrations of PCBs at the e-waste site ranged from 7825 to 76330 pg/m(3), 27.5 to 1993 ng/g, and 24.2 to 12045 ng/g in the air (gas plus particle), plant leaves, and soils, respectively. The atmospheric PCB composition profiles in the present study indicated relatively high abundances of penta- and hexa-PCBs, which were different from those previously observed in the air across China. The Clausius-Clapeyron regression analysis indicated that evaporation from local contaminated surfaces constitutes a primary emission source of PCBs in the air at the e-waste site. The chiral signatures of PCBs in the air at the e-waste site were essentially racemic (mean EFs = (0.484 ± 0.022)-(0.499 ± 0.004) in the gaseous phase) except for PCB 84 (0.420 ± 0.050), indicating that racemic sources dominate the PCB emission in the air. PCB chiral signatures in the soils ((0.422 ± 0.038)-(0.515 ± 0.016)) were similar to those in the air except for PCB 95. However, the chiral PCBs in the plants (especially the eucalyptus leaves) had significantly nonracemic residues ((0.368 ± 0.075)-(0.561 ± 0.045)) compared to those in the air and soil. This finding suggests that enantioselective biotransformation of these atropisomeric PCBs was very likely to occur in the plant leaves, possibly due to metabolism by cytochrome P-450 enzymes in leaves. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the enantioselective metabolism of chiral PCBs in plants under field conditions.
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Ozone oxidative preconditioning inhibits renal fibrosis induced by ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2014
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Ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) is a crucial contributor to the development of renal fibrosis. Ozone has been proposed as a novel medical therapy for various conditions, including organ IRI. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ozone oxidative preconditioning (OzoneOP) has a beneficial effect in preventing the development of renal fibrosis following IRI. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to 45 min of ischemia followed by 8 weeks of reperfusion. Prior to surgery, rats in the OzoneOP group were treated with ozone and those in the IRI and Sham groups were untreated. Blood samples were collected for the detection of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) levels. To assess tissue fibrosis, Masson's trichrome staining was performed. Immunohistochemistry was also performed to determine the localization of ?-smooth muscle actin (?-SMA). Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were conducted to analyze the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-?1, ?-SMA and Smad7. The levels of BUN and Cr did not significantly differ between groups. Rats pretreated with ozone showed markedly less interstitial fibrosis than untreated rats following IRI. In addition, immunohistochemistry revealed that ?-SMA expression was attenuated in the OzoneOP group compared with the IRI group. RT-qPCR and western blot analysis showed that OzoneOP inhibited the IRI-induced increases in ?-SMA and TGF-?1 expression levels, and that the IRI-induced reduction in the expression of Smad7 was inhibited in the OzoneOP group. The results indicate that OzoneOP has beneficial effects on ischemic renal fibrosis. OzoneOP may exert its protective effects by a mechanism involving modulation of the TGF-?1/Smad7 pathway.
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Clinical analysis on 33 patients with hypothalamic syndrome in Chinese children.
J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2014
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To investigate the etiology and clinical characteristics of hypothalamic syndrome in Chinese children.
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Significance of red cell distribution width measurement for the patients with isolated coronary artery ectasia.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been recognized as a novel marker for several cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between RDW levels and the presence of isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE).
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Association of alkaline phosphatase with isolated coronary artery ectasia.
Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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It has been shown that alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a reliable marker for cardiovascular events and mortality. However, there is no data available regarding the association of ALP with isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE). The aim of the present study was to assess the serum ALP activity in isolated CAE.
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Accumulation of dynamic catch bonds between TCR and agonist peptide-MHC triggers T cell signaling.
Cell
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2014
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TCR-pMHC interactions initiate adaptive immune responses, but the mechanism of how such interactions under force induce T cell signaling is unclear. We show that force prolongs lifetimes of single TCR-pMHC bonds for agonists (catch bonds) but shortens those for antagonists (slip bonds). Both magnitude and duration of force are important, as the highest Ca(2+) responses were induced by 10 pN via both pMHC catch bonds whose lifetime peaks at this force and anti-TCR slip bonds whose maximum lifetime occurs at 0 pN. High Ca(2+) levels require early and rapid accumulation of bond lifetimes, whereas short-lived bonds that slow early accumulation of lifetimes correspond to low Ca(2+) responses. Our data support a model in which force on the TCR induces signaling events depending on its magnitude, duration, frequency, and timing, such that agonists form catch bonds that trigger the T cell digitally, whereas antagonists form slip bonds that fail to activate.
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Single nucleotide polymorphisms of toll-like receptor 7 and toll-like receptor 9 in hepatitis C virus infection patients from central China.
Yonsei Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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To analyze the correlation of polymorphisms of toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) (rs179009) and toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) (rs187084) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in the Han population.
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Interleukin-7 enhances the in vivo anti-tumor activity of tumor-reactive CD8+ T cells with induction of IFN-gamma in a murine breast cancer model.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a potent anti-apoptotic cytokine that enhances immune effector cell functions and is essential for lymphocyte survival. While it known to induce differentiation and proliferation in some haematological malignancies, including certain types of leukaemias and lymphomas, little is known about its role in solid tumours, including breast cancer. In the current study, we investigated whether IL-7 could enhance the in vivo antitumor activity of tumor-reactive CD8+ T cells with induction of IFN-? in a murine breast cancer model. Human IL-7 cDNA was constructed into the eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA3.1, and then the recombinational pcDNA3.1-IL-7 was intratumorally injected in the TM40D BALB/C mouse graft model. Serum and intracellular IFN-? levels were measured by ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. CD8+ T cell-mediated cytotoxicity was analyzed using the MTT method. Our results showed that IL-7 administration significantly inhibited tumor growth from day 15 after direct intratumoral injection of pcDNA3.1-IL-7. The anti-tumor effect correlated with a marked increase in the level of IFN-? and breast cancer cells-specific CTL cytotoxicity. In vitro cytotoxicity assays showed that IL-7-treatment could augment cytolytic activity of CD8+ T cells from tumor bearing mice, while anti-IFN-? blocked the function of CD8+ T cells, suggesting that IFN-? mediated the cytolytic activity of CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, in vivo neutralization of CD8+ T lymphocytes by CD8 antibodies reversed the antitumor benefit of IL-7. Thus, we demonstrated that IL-7 exerts anti-tumor activity mainly through activating CD8+ T cells and stimulating them to secrete IFN-? in a murine breast tumor model. Based on these results, our study points to a potential novel way to treat breast cancer and may have important implications for clinical immunotherapy.
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Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c as a marker predicting the severity of coronary artery disease and early outcome in patients with stable angina.
Lipids Health Dis
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2014
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Glycosylated hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) has been widely recognized as a marker for predicting the severity of diabetes mellitus (DM) and several cardiovascular diseases. However, whether HbA1c could predict the severity and clinical outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) remains largely unknown. We determine relationship of HbA1c with severity and outcome in patients with stable CAD.
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Impact of admission triglyceride for early outcome in diabetic patients with stable coronary artery disease.
Lipids Health Dis
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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The role of triglyceride (TG) in predicting the outcomes in diabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been well investigated.
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The role of cold shock domain proteins in inflammatory diseases.
J. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Cold shock domain proteins are characterized by the presence of one or more evolutionarily conserved cold shock domains, which each possess two nucleic acid-binding motifs. These proteins exert pleiotropic functions in cells via their ability to bind single-stranded RNA and/or DNA, thus allowing them to serve as transcriptional as well as translational regulators. Not only can they regulate their own expression, but they also regulate the expression of a number of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, as well as cytokine receptors, making them key players in the orchestration of inflammatory processes and immune cell phenotypes. To add to their complexity, the expression of cold shock domain proteins is induced by cellular stress. At least one cold shock domain protein is actively secreted and binds to specific cell surface receptors, thereby influencing the proliferative and migratory capacity of the cell. The presence of cold shock domain proteins in the blood and/or urine of patients with cancer or inflammatory disease, as well as the identification of autoantibodies directed against these proteins make them potential targets of therapeutic interest.
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Altered gene regulation and potential association with metabolic resistance development to imidacloprid in the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris.
Pest Manag. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Chemical spray on cotton is almost an exclusive method for controlling tarnished plant bug (TPB), Lygus lineolaris. Frequent use of imidacloprid is a concern for neonicotinoid resistance in this key pest. Information of how and why TPB becomes less susceptible to imidacloprid is essential for effective monitoring and managing resistance.
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Clinical features of coronary artery ectasia in the elderly.
J Geriatr Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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To investigate the incidence, imaging and clinical characteristics in elderly patients with coronary artery ectasia (CAE).
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Occurrence of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in agricultural soils in a BFR-manufacturing region of North China.
Sci. Total Environ.
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2014
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We investigated the occurrence of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the surface soils from the largest BFR-manufacturing and vegetable farming center (Shouguang) of North China. The total concentrations of BFRs ranged from 39.9 to 8,145 ng/g dry weight with a mean of 1,947 ng/g. The BFRs were dominated by decabromodiphenylethane (deca-BDEs) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), with means of 1127 and 672 ng/g, respectively, followed by decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) (111 ng/g) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCD) (37.5 ng/g). This profile was generally consistent with the BFR production and use in China, except for TBBPA. Although the lower brominated BDEs (tri- through hepta-BDEs) in the soil may originate from technical deca-BDE mixtures as trace impurities and/or from the degradation of deca-BDEs, deca-BDE was shown to be persistent in the soil. The concentrations of OCPs (44 ng/g) were significantly lower than those of BFRs and displayed a spatial distribution opposite to that of BFRs, which was concentrated in the industrial zone. PCBs (with the lowest levels) showed a relatively uniform spatial distribution because of regional diffusive sources. The mass inventories for the entire land soil (20-cm) were estimated to be 1042, 26, and 3.7 t for BFRs, OCPs, and PCBs, respectively.
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Association of fibrinogen with severity of stable coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus.
Dis. Markers
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2014
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Some studies have suggested a relation of plasma fibrinogen to the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether plasma fibrinogen can predict the presence and severity of CAD in patients with diabetes mellitus has not been determined.
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A new signal amplification strategy of photoelectrochemical immunoassay for highly sensitive interleukin-6 detection based on TiO2/CdS/CdSe dual co-sensitized structure.
Biosens Bioelectron
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2014
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Dual co-sensitized structure of TiO2/CdS/CdSe was designed to develop a novel photoelectrochemical immunoassay for highly sensitive detection of human interleukin-6 (IL-6). To construct a sensing electrode, TiO2/CdS hybrid was prepared by successive adsorption and reaction of Cd(2+) and S(2-) ions on the surface of TiO2 and then was employed as matrix for immobilization of anti-IL-6 antibody, whereas CdSe QDs linked to IL-6 were used for signal amplification via the specific antibody-antigen immunoreaction between anti-IL-6 and IL-6-CdSe bioconjugate. Greatly enhanced sensitivity for IL-6 detection was derived from the new co-sensitization signal amplification strategy. First, the TiO2/CdS/CdSe co-sensitized structure extended the absorption range to long wavelength of white light, which adequately utilized the light energy. Second, the TiO2/CdS/CdSe co-sensitized structure possessed stepwise band-edge levels favoring ultrafast transfer of photogenerated electrons and significantly prompted the photoelectrochemical performance. Besides, the introduction of CdSe effectively prevented the recombination of photogenerated electrons in the conduction band of CdS, further causing an enhanced photocurrent. Accordingly, upon the co-sensitization strategy, a novel immunoassay based on the competitive binding of anti-IL-6 antibody with IL-6 antigen and IL-6-CdSe bioconjugate was developed, and it exhibited a wide linear range from 1.0 pg/mL to 100 ng/mL with a low detection limit of 0.38 pg/mL for IL-6 detection. The proposed co-sensitization strategy presented high sensitivity, reproducibility, specificity and stability, and also opened up a new promising platform for detection of other biomarkers.
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum in a woman with recurrent Graves' disease.
Int. J. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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A 35-year-old woman with postoperative recurrent Graves' disease presented with a 5-day history of a red swelling on the right cheek associated with 4 days of remittent hyperpyrexia. Investigations revealed fever, a gangrenous ulcer on the right cheek, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and thyroid gland enlargement. Her white blood cell count, immunoglobulins, and lymphocyte subsets were unremarkable. Thyroid function tests showed low thyroid-stimulating hormone, high free thyroxine, and elevated radioactive iodine uptake. Repeated pus cultures grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but blood cultures were negative. An ill-demarcated erythematous plaque occurred on the right leg on hospital day 3. She was treated with intravenous antibiotics with topical gentamicin, recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor, and radioiodine therapy with anti-thyroid drugs. The ulcer healed leaving a depressed scar at 35 days after discharge. This patient may represent the first case of P. aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum and cellulitis in postoperative recurrent Graves' disease.
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Activation of autophagy in photoreceptor necroptosis after experimental retinal detachment.
Int J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To investigate whether photoreceptor necroptosis induced by z-VAD-FMK (pan caspase inhibitor) was involved the activation of autophagy and whether Necrostatin-1, a specific necroptosis inhibitor, could inhibit this induction of autophagy after experimental retinal detachment.
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Relationship of glycated hemoglobin levels with myocardial injury following elective percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) predicts clinical cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular mortality. However, the relationship between HbA1c and myocardial injury following elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has not been investigated.
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The development, fabrication, and material characterization of polypropylene composites reinforced with carbon nanofiber and hydroxyapatite nanorod hybrid fillers.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study focuses on the design, fabrication, microstructural and property characterization, and biocompatibility evaluation of polypropylene (PP) reinforced with carbon nanofiber (CNF) and hydroxyapatite nanorod (HANR) fillers. The purpose is to develop advanced PP/CNF-HANR hybrids with good mechanical behavior, thermal stability, and excellent biocompatibility for use as craniofacial implants in orthopedics. Several material-examination techniques, including X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, tensile tests, and impact measurement are used to characterize the microstructural, mechanical, and thermal properties of the hybrids. Furthermore, osteoblastic cell cultivation and colorimetric assay are also employed for assessing their viability on the composites. The CNF and HANR filler hybridization yields an improvement in Young's modulus, impact strength, thermal stability, and biocompatibility of PP. The PP/2% CNF-20% HANR hybrid composite is found to exhibit the highest elastic modulus, tensile strength, thermal stability, and biocompatibility.
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Relation of leukocytes and its subsets counts with the severity of stable coronary artery disease in patients with diabetic mellitus.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Both coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are associated with inflammation. However, whether and which leukocytes can predict the presence and extent of CAD in patients with DM has not been investigated. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of leukocyte and its subsets counts with the severity of CAD in patients with DM.
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Dynamic control of ?1 integrin adhesion by the plexinD1-sema3E axis.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2013
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Plexins and semaphorins comprise a large family of receptor-ligand pairs controlling cell guidance in nervous, immune, and vascular systems. How plexin regulation of neurite outgrowth, lymphoid trafficking, and vascular endothelial cell branching is linked to integrin function, central to most directed movement, remains unclear. Here we show that on developing thymocytes, plexinD1 controls surface topology of nanometer-scaled ?1 integrin adhesion domains in cis, whereas its ligation by sema3E in trans regulates individual ?1 integrin catch bonds. Loss of plexinD1 expression reduces ?1 integrin clustering, thereby diminishing avidity, whereas sema3E ligation shortens individual integrin bond lifetimes under force to reduce stability. Consequently, both decreased expression of plexinD1 during developmental progression and a thymic medulla-emanating sema3E gradient enhance thymocyte movement toward the medulla, thus enforcing the orchestrated lymphoid trafficking required for effective immune repertoire selection. Our results demonstrate plexin-tunable molecular features of integrin adhesion with broad implications for many cellular processes.
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Molecular Identification and Analysis of Cd-Responsive MicroRNAs in Rice.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2013
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Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential heavy metal with high toxicity to plants. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in plant abiotic stress responses. To investigate whether miRNAs function in Cd stress response, miRNA expression profiles in rice ( Oryza sativa ) under Cd stress were monitored using microarray assays. A total of 12 Cd-responsive novel miRNAs predicted previously were identified, of which 4 were further validated experimentally. A total of 44 target genes were predicted for the Cd-responsive miRNAs, many of which appeared to regulate gene networks mediating environmental stresses. Several target genes were validated to show a reciprocal regulation by miRNAs. A transgenic approach was also used to determine the role of miRNAs in rice response to Cd stress. Overexpression of miR192 retarded seed germination and seedling growth under Cd stress. These results implied the role of novel miRNAs in the involvement of Cd tolerance of rice.
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Acute myocardial infarction in an 8-year old male child with homozygous familiar hypercholesterolemia: laboratory findings and response to lipid-lowering drugs.
Clin. Lab.
PUBLISHED: 10-19-2013
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Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare, inherited metabolic disease, caused by low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor abnormality, consequently leading to an increase of serum levels of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). Clinically, this disease is characterized by the deposition of LDL-C in skin, tendons, and arterial wall. Children with HoFH develop significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in the first decade of life and frequently die of myocardial infarction (MI) before 20 years of age.
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Mechanical regulation of T-cell functions.
Immunol. Rev.
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2013
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T cells are key players of the mammalian adaptive immune system. They experience different mechanical microenvironments during their life cycle, from the thymus, secondary lymph organs, and peripheral tissues that are free of externally applied force, but display variable substrate rigidities to the blood and lymphatic circulation systems, where complicated hydrodynamic forces are present. Regardless of whether T cells are subject to external forces or generate their own internal forces, they respond and adapt to different biomechanical cues to modulate their adhesion, migration, trafficking, and triggering of immune functions through mechanical regulation of various molecules that bear force. These include adhesive receptors, immunoreceptors, motor proteins, cytoskeletal proteins, and their associated molecules. Here, we discuss the forces acting on various surface and cytoplasmic proteins of a T cell in different mechanical milieus. We review existing data on how force regulates protein conformational changes and interactions with counter molecules, including integrins, actin, and the T-cell receptor, and how each relates to T-cell functions.
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Short-term impact of low-dose atorvastatin on serum proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9.
Clin Drug Investig
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2013
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Several small studies have found that moderate- to high-dose statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) could increase the serum proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) level. However, little is known regarding the short-term, dose-dependent effects of low-dose atorvastatin and the rapid effects of a single dose of atorvastatin on PCSK9. The objective of this study was to investigate the short-term impact of low-dose atorvastatin on PCSK9 in humans.
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The N-terminal flanking region of the A1 domain regulates the force-dependent binding of von Willebrand factor to platelet glycoprotein Ib?.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2013
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Binding of platelet glycoprotein Ib? (GPIb?) to von Willebrand factor (VWF) initiates platelet adhesion to disrupted vascular surface under arterial blood flow. Flow exerts forces on the platelet that are transmitted to VWF-GPIb? bonds, which regulate their dissociation. Mutations in VWF and/or GPIb? may alter the mechanical regulation of platelet adhesion to cause hemostatic defects as found in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). Using a biomembrane force probe, we observed biphasic force-decelerated (catch) and force-accelerated (slip) dissociation of GPIb? from VWF. The VWF A1 domain that contains the N-terminal flanking sequence Gln(1238)-Glu(1260) (1238-A1) formed triphasic slip-catch-slip bonds with GPIb?. By comparison, using a short form of A1 that deletes this sequence (1261-A1) abolished the catch bond, destabilizing its binding to GPIb? at high forces. Importantly, shear-dependent platelet rolling velocities on these VWF ligands in a flow chamber system mirrored the force-dependent single-bond lifetimes. Adding the Gln(1238)-Glu(1260) peptide, which interacted with GPIb? and 1261-A1 but not 1238-A1, to whole blood decreased platelet attachment under shear stress. Soluble Gln(1238)-Glu(1260) reduced the lifetimes of GPIb? bonds with VWF and 1238-A1 but rescued the catch bond of GPIb? with 1261-A1. A type 2B VWD 1238-A1 mutation eliminated the catch bond by prolonging lifetimes at low forces, a type 2M VWD 1238-A1 mutation shifted the respective slip-catch and catch-slip transition points to higher forces, whereas a platelet type VWD GPIb? mutation enhanced the bond lifetime in the entire force regime. These data reveal the structural determinants of VWF activation by hemodynamic force of the circulation.
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[Liver histopathological features influencing HBeAg seroconversion in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B responding to Peg-IFN treatment].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2013
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To investigate the therapeutic efficiency of antiviral treatment with pegylated-interferon (Peg-IFN) for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and to explore whether liver histopathological features or other factors influence the HBeAg seroconversion treatment response.
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Tacolimus postconditioning alleviates apoptotic cell death in rats after spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury via up-regulating protein-serine-threonine kinases phosphorylation.
J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2013
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The effects of tacrolimus postconditioning on protein-serine-threonine kinases (Akt) phosphorylation and apoptotic cell death in rats after spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury were investigated. Ninety male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, ischemia-reperfusion group and tacrolimus postconditioning group. The model of spinal cord ischemia was established by means of catheterization through femoral artery and balloon dilatation. The spinal cord was reperfused 20 min after ischemia via removing saline out of balloon. The corresponding spinal cord segments were excised and determined for Akt activity in spinal cord tissue by using Western blotting at 5, 15, and 60 min after reperfusion respectively. Spinal cord tissue sections were stained immunohistochemically for detection of the phosphorylated Akt expression at 15 min after reperfusion. Flow cytometry was applied to assess apoptosis of neural cells, and dry-wet weights method was employed to measure water content in spinal cord tissue at 24 h after reperfusion. The results showed that the activities of Akt in tarcolimus postconditioning group were significantly higher than those in ischemia-reperfusion group at 5, 15, and 60 min after reperfusion (P<0.05, P<0.01). The Akt activities reached the peak at 15 min after reperfusion in ischemia-reperfusion group and tacrolimus postconditioning group. The percentage of apoptotic cells and water content in spinal cord tissue were significantly reduced (P<0.01) in tacrolimus postconditioning group as compared with those in ischemia-reperfusion group at 24 h after reperfusion. It is concluded that tacrolimus post-conditioning can increase Akt activity in spinal cord tissue of rats, inhibit apoptosis of neural cells as well as tissue edema, and thereby alleviate spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury.
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[ABCC8, KCNJ11 and GLUD1 gene mutation analysis in congenital hyperinsulinism pedigree].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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To explore the ABCC8, KCNJ11, and GLUD1 gene mutations of the 11 patients diagnosed as congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI).
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Loss of the F-BAR protein CIP4 reduces platelet production by impairing membrane-cytoskeleton remodeling.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2013
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Megakaryocytes generate platelets through extensive reorganization of the cytoskeleton and plasma membrane. Cdc42 interacting protein 4 (CIP4) is an F-BAR protein that localizes to membrane phospholipids through its BAR domain and interacts with Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein (WASP) via its SRC homology 3 domain. F-BAR proteins promote actin polymerization and membrane tubulation. To study its function, we generated CIP4-null mice that displayed thrombocytopenia similar to that of WAS(-) mice. The number of megakaryocytes and their progenitors was not affected. However, the number of proplatelet protrusions was reduced in CIP4-null, but not WAS(-), megakaryocytes. Electron micrographs of CIP4-null megakaryocytes showed an altered demarcation membrane system. Silencing of CIP4, not WASP, expression resulted in fewer proplatelet-like extensions. Fluorescence anisotropy studies showed that loss of CIP4 resulted in a more rigid membrane. Micropipette aspiration demonstrated decreased cortical actin tension in megakaryocytic cells with reduced CIP4 or WASP protein. These studies support a new biophysical mechanism for platelet biogenesis whereby CIP4 enhances the complex, dynamic reorganization of the plasma membrane (WASP independent) and actin cortex network (as known for WASP and cortical actin) to reduce the work required for generating proplatelets. CIP4 is a new component in the highly coordinated system of megakaryocytic membrane and cytoskeletal remodeling affecting platelet production.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.