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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Race and ethnicity influences collection of G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood progenitor cells from unrelated donors, a CIBMTR analysis.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Little information exists on the effect of race and ethnicity on collection of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) for allogeneic transplantation. We studied 10776 donors from the National Marrow Donor Program who underwent PBSC collection from 2006-2012. Self-reported donor race/ethnic information included Caucasian, Hispanic, Black/African American (AA), Asian/Pacific Islander (API), and Native American (NA). All donors were mobilized with subcutaneous filgrastim (G-CSF) at an approximate dose of 10 ?g/kg/d for 5 days. Overall, AA donors had the highest median yields of mononuclear cells (MNC)/L and CD34(+) cells/L blood processed (3.1 x 10(9) and 44 x 10(6) respectively) while Caucasians had the lowest median yields at 2.8 x 10(9) and 33.7 x 10(6) respectively. Multivariate analysis of CD34(+)/L mobilization yields using Caucasians as the comparator and controlling for age, gender, body mass index, and year of apheresis revealed increased yields in overweight and obese AA and API donors. In Hispanic donors, only male obese donors had higher CD34(+)/L mobilization yields compared to Caucasian donors. No differences in CD34(+)/L yields were seen between Caucasian and NA donors. Characterization of these differences may allow optimization of mobilization regimens to allow enhancement of mobilization yields without compromising donor safety.
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A single-institution analysis of the utility of pre-induction ejection fraction measurement in patients newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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Anthracyclines, a standard component of induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are known to be cardiotoxic. Existing evidence supporting routine baseline pre-induction cardiac function testing is limited. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 119 consecutive patients diagnosed with AML at our center from 2009 to 2012. In the 76 patients for whom induction chemotherapy was planned, baseline ejection fraction measurements were rarely abnormal (four cases), and in none of these abnormal cases did the result change management decisions. Awaiting LVEF evaluation results led to a delay in chemotherapy administration by a mean of approximately 2 days at significant additional costs to the healthcare system. Routine baseline ejection fraction measurement should be abandoned as it does not change management, results in treatment delay and unnecessary healthcare expenditures. More selective baseline testing, preferentially in patients in whom there is a clinical reason of cardiac disease, should be pursued.
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Effectiveness and safety of thiotepa as conditioning treatment prior to stem cell transplant in patients with central nervous system lymphoma.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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Background. Thiothepa is a cytostatic agent used in managing solid malignancies, and also as conditioning treatment before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation [HSCT]. This systematic review summarizes evidence on its effectiveness and safety, in patients with central nervous system [CNS] lymphoma. Methods. We searched 3 databases for clinical studies. When feasible, we performed meta-analyses. Results. We identified 13 eligible studies, none of which with a priori controls. So data synthesis focused on the 226 patients who received thiotepa. Based on pooled estimates, 75.9% of thiotepa-treated patients achieved a complete remission (95% confidence interval [CI] = 67.5-82.8), and 61.7% had a progression-free survival for up to 125 months post-treatment (95% CI = 49.4-72.7). However, 25.5% relapsed, 24.6% experienced infection, and 13.2% experienced neurotoxicity. Discussion. Thiotepa-based conditioning followed by HSCT may be effective in most CNS lymphoma patients, with a manageable toxicity profile. But adequately powered randomized trials are needed to better evaluate and isolate the effects of thiotepa.
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Effect of age on outcome of reduced-intensity hematopoietic cell transplantation for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission or with myelodysplastic syndrome.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2010
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PURPOSE Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) primarily afflict older individuals. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is generally not offered because of concerns of excess morbidity and mortality. Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens allow increased use of allogeneic HCT for older patients. To define prognostic factors impacting long-term outcomes of RIC regimens in patients older than age 40 years with AML in first complete remission or MDS and to determine the impact of age, we analyzed data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR). PATIENTS AND METHODS We reviewed data reported to the CIBMTR (1995 to 2005) on 1,080 patients undergoing RIC HCT. Outcomes analyzed included neutrophil recovery, incidence of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS Univariate analyses demonstrated no age group differences in NRM, grade 2 to 4 acute GVHD, chronic GVHD, or relapse. Patients age 40 to 54, 55 to 59, 60 to 64, and > or = 65 years had 2-year survival rates as follows: 44% (95% CI, 37% to 52%), 50% (95% CI, 41% to 59%), 34% (95% CI, 25% to 43%), and 36% (95% CI, 24% to 49%), respectively, for patients with AML (P = .06); and 42% (95% CI, 35% to 49%), 35% (95% CI, 27% to 43%), 45% (95% CI, 36% to 54%), and 38% (95% CI, 25% to 51%), respectively, for patients with MDS (P = .37). Multivariate analysis revealed no significant impact of age on NRM, relapse, DFS, or OS (all P > .3). Greater HLA disparity adversely affected 2-year NRM, DFS, and OS. Unfavorable cytogenetics adversely impacted relapse, DFS, and OS. Better pre-HCT performance status predicted improved 2-year OS. CONCLUSION With these similar outcomes observed in older patients, we conclude that older age alone should not be considered a contraindication to HCT.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.