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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The molecular fingerprint of human papillomavirus infection and its effect on the Langerhans cell population in squamous cell carcinomas of the genital skin.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2014
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Information is scarce about the presence of molecular alterations related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in squamous cell carcinomas of the genital skin and about the effect of this infection in the number of Langerhans cells present in these tumors.
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Glucose and glutamine metabolism control by APC and SCF during the G1-to-S phase transition of the cell cycle.
J. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2014
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Recent studies have given us a clue as to how modulations of both metabolic pathways and cyclins by the ubiquitin system influence cell cycle progression. Among these metabolic modulations, an aerobic glycolysis and glutaminolysis represent an initial step for metabolic machinery adaptation. The enzymes 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) and glutaminase-1 (GLS1) maintain a high abundance in glycolytic intermediates (for synthesis of non-essential amino acids, the use of ribose for the synthesis of nucleotides and hexosamine biosynthesis), as well as tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates (replenishing the loss of mitochondrial citrate), respectively. On the one hand, regulation of these key metabolic enzymes by ubiquitin ligases anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) and Skp1/cullin/F-box (SCF) has revealed the importance of anaplerosis by both glycolysis and glutaminolysis to overcome the restriction point of the G1 phase by maintaining high levels of glycolytic and glutaminolytic intermediates. On the other hand, only glutaminolytic intermediates are necessary to drive cell growth through the S and G2 phases of the cell cycle. It is interesting to appreciate how this reorganization of the metabolic machinery, which has been observed beyond cellular proliferation, is a crucial determinant of a cell's decision to proliferate. Here, we explore a unifying view of interactions between the ubiquitin system, metabolic activity, and cyclin-dependent kinase complexes activity during the cell cycle.
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Effect of botulinum toxin A on proliferation and apoptosis in the T47D breast cancer cell line.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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The present study was performed to assess the activity of the botulinum toxin A on breast cancer cells. The T47D cell line was exposed to diverse concentrations of the botulinum toxin A and cell viability and apoptosis were estimated using MTT and propidium iodine/annexin V methods, respectively. Botulinum toxin A exerted greater cytotoxic activity in T47D cells in comparison with MCF10A normal cells; this appeared to be via apoptotic processes caspase-3 and -7. In conclusion, botulinum toxin A induces caspase-3 and -7 dependent apoptotic processes in the T47D breast cancer cell line.
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The consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids differentially modulates gene expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha and gamma and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha in subcutaneous adipose tissue of obese adolescents.
Endocrine
PUBLISHED: 03-22-2013
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation on metabolic state and gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissues of obese adolescents. Obese adolescents (n = 26, 10 girls and 16 boys) aged 12.4 ± 2.1 years were assigned to a 12-week regimen of n-3 PUFA intake. Five times per day, subjects received a food supplement consisting of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (3 g per day, 944 mg EPA, and 2,088 mg DHA). Blood parameters were measured, and subcutaneous adipose tissue biopsies were analyzed to determine gene expression at baseline and after 12 weeks. Students t test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to estimate differences in arithmetic means of pre- and post-dietary supplementation for various anthropometric, biochemical, clinical, and gene expression parameters. After 12 weeks, n-3 PUFA consumption was associated with decreased body mass index (29.7 ± 4.6 vs. 27.8 ± 4.4 kg/m(2); P < 0.001), waist circumference (93.2 ± 9.9 vs. 90.5 ± 10.0 cm; P < 0.003), hip circumference (102.9 ± 10.9 vs. 101.1 ± 10.9 cm; P < 0.014), and blood triglyceride levels (220.8 ± 27.4 vs. 99.7 ± 32.7 mg/dL; P < 0.001). Fatty acid supplementation/n3 PUFA supplementation was associated with a downregulated expression of the genes encoding PPAR? and PGC-1? (P < 0.001), and an upregulated expression of the genes encoding PPAR? (P < 0.007) and SREBP1 (P < 0.021). The expressions of SOD2 (P < 0.04), CAT (P < 0.001), GPX3 (P < 0.032) and HIF-1? protein also decreased. Our study demonstrated that n-3 PUFA consumption and dietary restriction improved the anthropometric parameters and decreased the triglycerides levels of the adolescents, suggesting a reduction in hypoxia in subcutaneous adipose tissue.
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[Transpedicular dynamics stabilization in the treatment of lumbar stenosis. Fourth years follow-up].
Cir Cir
PUBLISHED: 03-07-2013
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We need to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of dynamic fixation in patients with narrow lumbar through comparing the assessment of two years with 4 years of follow-up.
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Caloric restriction modifies both innate and adaptive immunity in the mouse small intestine.
J. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2011
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Although caloric restriction (CR) apparently has beneficial effects on the immune system, its effects on the immunological function of the intestinal mucosa are little known. The present study explored the effect of CR on the innate and adaptive intestinal immunity of mice. Balb/c mice were either fed ad libitum (control) or on alternate days fed ad libitum and fasted (caloric restriction). After 4 months, an evaluation was made of IgA levels in the ileum, the gene expression for IgA and its receptor (pIgR), as well as the expression of two antimicrobial enzymes (lysozyme and phospholipase A2) and several cytokines of the intestinal mucosa. CR increased the gene expression of lysozyme and phospholipase A2. The levels of IgA were diminished in the ileum, which apparently was a consequence of the reduced transport of IgA by pIgR. In ileum, CR increased the gene expression for most cytokines, both pro- and anti-inflammatory. Hence, CR differentially modified the expression of innate and adaptive immunity mediators in the intestine.
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Caloric restriction increases free radicals and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in mice infected with Salmonella Typhimurium.
Biosci. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2011
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It is well known that CR (caloric restriction) reduces oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and DNA, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. However, information concerning the effect of CR on the host response to infection is sparse. In this study, 6-month-old mice that were fed AL (ad libitum) or with a CR diet were infected with Salmonella serovar Typhimurium. EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance; also known as ESR (electron spin resonance)) was used to identify FRs (free radicals). These results were subsequently correlated with SOD (superoxide dismutase) catalytic activity, iNOS [inducible NOS (nitric oxide synthase) or NOSII] expression and NO (nitric oxide) content. EPR analysis of liver samples demonstrated that there was a higher quantity of FRs and iron-nitrosyl complex in infected mice provided with a CR diet as compared with those on an AL diet, indicating that CR was beneficial by increasing the host response to Salmonella Typhimurium. Furthermore, in infected mice on the CR diet, NOSII expression was higher, NO content was greater and spleen colonization was lower, compared with mice on the AL diet. No changes in SOD activity were detected, indicating that the NO produced participated more in the formation of iron-nitrosyl complexes than peroxynitrite. These results suggest that CR exerts a protective effect against Salmonella Typhimurium infection by increasing NO production.
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Effect of moderate exercise on IgA levels and lymphocyte count in mouse intestine.
Immunol. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2011
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The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of moderate exercise on the production and secretion of IgA in mouse duodenum, on lymphocyte levels in the lamina propria, and on gene expression encoding for cytokines that regulate the synthesis of ?-chain of IgA and the expression of pIgR in the lamina propria. Two groups of young Balb/c mice were fed ad libitum, one sedentary and the other with an exercise program (swimming) for 16 weeks. IgA levels in the duodenum were quantified by ELISA; the number of IgA containing cells as well as B cells, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in the duodenal mucosa was determined by immunohistochemistry; gene expression was analyzed by real-time PCR, and the expression of proteins by Western blotting. Because of physical training, in the duodenum there was a decrease in the number of IgA producing cells, but an increase in the levels of IgA. Additionally, exercise increased the expression of the genes encoding for IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-? and TGF ?, cytokines that regulate the synthesis of IgA and pIgR, the inflammatory response, and the immune response in the intestine. Thus, the increased IgA found in the duodenal lumen is probably due to the increased production of IgA in the LP and the increased transport of the pIgA-pIgR complex across epithelial cells. Possibly the increased S-IgA levels in the bile also contribute to the change in IgA levels.
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[Analgesics in orthopedics].
Acta Ortop Mex
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2010
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Pain is a symptom associated with alterations of the musculoskeletal system and frequently needs to be treated by the orthopedist. The purpose of this review is to analyze the mechanisms involved in the pain sensation and the various treatments that have been applied in orthopedics to control pain. Since it is known that the analgesic response is not the same in all patients, aspects that affect the pain sensation were assessed, such as the placebo effect, patients sex and genomic factors. The treatment varieties analyzed included drug therapy, considering the drugs, their pharmaceutical presentations and the route of administration most frequently used in orthopedics; and acupuncture, which has proven to be effective in special cases.
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Inside the outbreak of the 2009 influenza A (H1N1)v virus in Mexico.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2010
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Influenza viruses pose a threat to human health because of their potential to cause global disease. Between mid March and mid April a pandemic influenza A virus emerged in Mexico. This report details 202 cases of infection of humans with the 2009 influenza A virus (H1N1)v which occurred in Mexico City as well as the spread of the virus throughout the entire country.
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Caloric restriction reduces IgA levels and modifies cytokine mRNA expression in mouse small intestine.
J. Nutr. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2010
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The aim of this study was to determine the effect of caloric restriction (CR) in mouse small intestine on the production and secretion of immunoglobulin (Ig) A, the population of lymphocytes in the lamina propria, and the expression of cytokines that mediate and regulate innate and adaptive immunity. One group of young Balb/c mice was fed ad libitum, while the CR group was fed ad libitum and fasted on alternate days. When mice were six months old, IgA levels in the proximal small intestine were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, while the number of IgA containing cells, CD4(+) T cells and CD8(+) T cells in the duodenal mucosa was determined by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, the expression of several intestinal cytokines, the genes for ?-chain IgA, and the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR) were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. CR decreased the levels of IgA in the intestine, apparently a consequence of a reduced number of IgA(+) cells in the lamina propria that decrease the production and secretion of this Ig, and a reduced secretion of S-IgA into the bile, which in turn discharges into the proximal intestine. Contrarily, CR increased the expression of genes for ?-chain IgA, and the pIgR, indicating that transport of IgA was not a key factor in the decrease of this Ig. Additionally, CR modified the expression of genes for tumor necrosis factor-?, interferon-?, tumor growth factor-?, interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-10, all of which regulate the synthesis of IgA and pIgR, the inflammatory response, and the immune response in the intestine.
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Identification of influenza A pandemic (H1N1) 2009 variants during the first 2009 influenza outbreak in Mexico City.
J. Clin. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2010
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In March 2009, public health surveillance detected increased numbers of influenza-like illness presenting to hospitals in Mexico City. The aetiological agent was subsequently determined to be a novel influenza A (H1N1) triple reassortant, which has spread worldwide. As a consequence the World Health Organisation has declared the first Influenza pandemic of the 21st century.
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Low expression of stem cell antigen-1 on mouse haematopoietic precursors is associated with erythroid differentiation.
Cell. Immunol.
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Sca1 is a surface marker of haematopoietic stem cell but its role in erythropoiesis is still largely unknown. In this work we evaluated the ability of Sca1? cells to differentiate into cells of the erythrocytic lineage. We performed FACS analysis of complete and purified Sca1? bone marrow cells from C3H/HeNHsd mice and measured the expression of CD71 and Terr119 to evaluate the stages in erythroid development. Definitive erythropoiesis was evident within the complete bone marrow, while only proerythroblasts were found in Sca1? cells, suggesting that Sca1 is a negative regulator of erythropoiesis. We also used FDCP-mix cells and their PU.1 and SCL transfectants. The PU.1 transfectant showed significantly increased expression of Sca1 and was not induced to differentiate into red blood cells, while the SCL transfectant showed significantly lower expression of Sca1 and produced red blood cells. The results of this study suggest that increased Sca1 expression on erythropoietic precursors inhibits erythroid differentiation.
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Effects on secretory IgA levels in small intestine of mice that underwent moderate exercise training followed by a bout of strenuous swimming exercise.
Brain Behav. Immun.
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Intestinal homeostasis effectors, secretory IgA (SIgA) and polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), have been evaluated in proximal and distal small intestine with moderate-exercise training but not with strenuous exercise or a combination of these two protocols. Therefore, two groups of mice (n=6-8) were submitted to strenuous exercise, one with and one without previous training. The control group had no exercise protocol. Assessment was made of intestinal SIgA and plasma adrenal hormones (by immunoenzymatic assay), alpha-chain and pIgR proteins in intestinal mucosa (by Western blot), lamina propria IgA plasma-cells (by cytofluorometry), mRNA expression (by real-time PCR) for pIgR, alpha- and J-chains in liver and intestinal mucosa, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in mucosa samples. Compared to other exercise protocols, training plus strenuous exercise elicited: (1) higher levels of SIgA and pIgR in the proximal intestine (probably by hepatobiliary contribution); (2) higher levels of SIgA in the distal segment; (3) lower mRNA expression of some SIgA- and most pro-inflammatory pIgR-producing cytokines. SIgA and pIgR in both segments were derived from an existing pool of their corresponding producing cells. The apparent decreased translation of mRNA transcripts underlies lower levels of SIgA and pIgR in distal than proximal small intestine. There was no significant difference in the relatively high adrenal hormone levels found in both exercised groups. Further study is required about the effects of training plus strenuous exercise on pool-derived SIgA levels and mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory pIgR-producing cytokines. These results could have important implications for intestinal disorders involving inflammation and infection.
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Effects of exercise on oxidative stress in rats induced by ozone.
ScientificWorldJournal
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Oxidative stress (OS) induced by acute exercise is reduced by chronic exercise. Ozone (O(3)) exposure produces OS. The aim of this study was to determine if aerobic exercise (AE) reduced OS produced by O(3). A pilot experiment was performed with male Wistar rats submitted to AE (trained to swim 90?min/day). Adaptation to exercise was demonstrated three weeks after training by means of changes in reduced nitrates (NO(x)) in plasma. Therefore, two-week training was chosen for the following experiments. Six of twelve trained rats were exposed to O(3) (0.5?ppm, 4?h/day, one hour before exercise). Two groups of sedentary animals (n = 6 each) were used as controls, one of which was exposed to O(3). At the end of the experiments NO(x), 8-isoprostane (8-IP), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and carbonyls (CBs) were measured in plasma. CBs did not change in any group. O(3)-induced OS was manifested by reduced NO(x) and SOD activity, as well as increased 8-IP and MDA. Exercise significantly blocked O(3) effects although SOD was also decreased by exercise (a greater drop occurring in the O(3) group). It is concluded that AE protects against OS produced by O(3) and the effect is independent of SOD.
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Caveolae and non-caveolae lipid raft microdomains of human umbilical vein endothelial cells contain utrophin-associated protein complexes.
Biochimie
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Several studies have shown the importance of dystrophin-associated protein complex in the development of muscular dystrophies and dilated cardiomyopathy associated to vascular dysfunction. In vascular endothelium, dystrophin is substituted for utrophin (autosomal homolog of dystrophin); however, its role in this tissue is unknown. Therefore, it is important to obtain a more extensive knowledge of utrophin and its associated proteins in endothelial cells. In a previous study, we demonstrated the presence of utrophin-associated protein complex (UAPC) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells HUVEC, which interacts with caveolin-1 (Cav-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Also, some of our observations suggested the presence of this complex in distinct membrane domains. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the presence of the UAPC in caveolae and non-caveolae lipid rafts domains of HUVEC at baseline and with a mechanical stimulus. It was demonstrated, by subcellular fractionation and co-immunoprecipitation assays, the association of UAPC with Cav-1 and eNOS in caveolae domains, as well as its interaction with eNOS in non-caveolae lipid raft domains. Additionally, it was also observed that mechanical stress on endothelial cells induced activation and release of eNOS from both caveolae and non-caveolae lipid raft associated to UAPC. Together these results suggest that UAPC located in caveolae and non-caveolae lipid raft domains of HUVECs may have a mechanosensory function that could participate in the control of eNOS activity.
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Hypocaloric diet and regular moderate aerobic exercise is an effective strategy to reduce anthropometric parameters and oxidative stress in obese patients.
Obes Facts
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Studies show that diet and exercise are important in the treatment of obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether additional regular moderate aerobic exercise during a treatment with hypocaloric diet has a beneficial effect on oxidative stress and molecular damage in the obese patient.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.