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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Serum metabolomic signatures of lymph node metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
J. Proteome Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Lymph node metastasis was recently proven to be the single most important prognostic factor for esophageal cancer, an important malignant tumor with poor prognosis. A global metabolomics approach was applied to study lymph node metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Metabolomics analyses were performed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry together with univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. There were clear metabolic distinctions between ESCC patients and healthy subjects. ESCC patients could be well-classified according to lymph node metastasis. We further identified a series of differential serum metabolites for ESCC and lymph node metastatic ESCC patients, suggesting metabolic dysfunction in proliferation (aerobic glycolysis, glutaminolysis, fatty acid metabolism, and branched-chain amino acid consumption), apoptosis, migration, immune escape, and oxidative stress of cancer cells in metastatic ESCC patients. In total, three serum metabolites (valine, ?-aminobutyric acid, and pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid) were selected by binary logistic regression analysis, and their combined use resulted in high diagnostic capacity for ESCC metastasis by receiver operating characteristic analysis. The present metabolomics study staged ESCC patients by lymph node metastasis, and the results suggest promising applications of this approach in prognostic prediction, tailored therapeutics, and understanding the pathological mechanisms of poor prognosis of ESCC patients.
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[Quantitative determination of 5 active ingredients in different harvest periods of Ligusticum chuanxiong by HPLC].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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A simple and quick method is described for the determination of ferulic acid, senkyunolide I, senkyunolide H, senkyunolide A and ligustilide in rhizomes of Ligusticum chuanxiong. The 5 active ingredients in the sample was extracted using 40% ethanol and analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Chromatography separation was performed using Agilent 1100 series HPLC system with a Symmetry C18 column and gradient elution with a mixture of three solvents : solvent A, acetonitrile, solvent B, methanol and solvent C, 1% aqueous acetic acid, 0 min to 5 min A: B: C 20: 40: 40, 5 min to 30 min A: B: C 60 to 100 : 0 : 40 to 0. The effluent was monitored using a VWD detector set at 321 nm (0-4.3 min) and 275 nm (4.31-30 min). The flow rate was set at 1 mL x min(-1) and the injection volume was 10 microL. The column temperature was maintained at 35 degrees C. The calibration curve was linear (r > or = 0.99) over the tested ranges. The average recovery was 94.44%-103.1% (n = 6). The method has been successfully applied to the analysis in different harvest periods of L. chuanxiong samples. In this paper, single-factor randomized block design to study the 5 components content of L. chuanxiong on ten collecting stages. For the L. chuanxiong collected from April 15th to May 30rd, the content of 5 ingredients increased primarily, and then decreased. Determine the appropriate harvest time has important significance to the promotion of the quality of L. chuanxiong.
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CMPK1 and RBP3 are associated with corneal curvature in Asian populations.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2014
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Corneal curvature (CC) measures the steepness of the cornea and is an important parameter for clinically diseases such as astigmatism and myopia. Despite the high heritability of CC, only two associated genes have been discovered to date. We performed a three-stage genome-wide association study meta-analysis in 12 660 Asian individuals. Our Stage 1 was done in multiethnic cohorts comprising 7440 individuals, followed by a Stage 2 replication in 2473 Chinese and Stage 3 in 2747 Japanese. The SNP array genotype data were imputed up to the 1000 Genomes Project Phase 1 cosmopolitan panel. The SNP association with the radii of CC was investigated in the linear regression model with the adjustment of age, gender and principal components. In addition to the known genes, MTOR (also known as FRAP1) and PDGFRA, we discovered two novel genes associated with CC: CMPK1 (rs17103186, P = 3.3 × 10(-12)) and RBP3 (rs11204213 [Val884Met], P = 1.1 × 10(-13)). The missense RBP3 SNP, rs11204213, was also associated with axial length (AL) (P = 4.2 × 10(-6)) and had larger effects on both CC and AL compared with other SNPs. The index SNPs at the four indicated loci explained 1.9% of CC variance across the Stages 1 and 2 cohorts, while 33.8% of CC variance was explained by the genome-wide imputation data. We identified two novel genes influencing CC, which are related to either corneal shape or eye size. This study provides additional insights into genetic architecture of corneal shape.
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Genome-wide association study for refractive astigmatism reveals genetic co-determination with spherical equivalent refractive error: the CREAM consortium.
Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2014
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To identify genetic variants associated with refractive astigmatism in the general population, meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies were performed for: White Europeans aged at least 25 years (20 cohorts, N = 31,968); Asian subjects aged at least 25 years (7 cohorts, N = 9,295); White Europeans aged <25 years (4 cohorts, N = 5,640); and all independent individuals from the above three samples combined with a sample of Chinese subjects aged <25 years (N = 45,931). Participants were classified as cases with refractive astigmatism if the average cylinder power in their two eyes was at least 1.00 diopter and as controls otherwise. Genome-wide association analysis was carried out for each cohort separately using logistic regression. Meta-analysis was conducted using a fixed effects model. In the older European group the most strongly associated marker was downstream of the neurexin-1 (NRXN1) gene (rs1401327, P = 3.92E-8). No other region reached genome-wide significance, and association signals were lower for the younger European group and Asian group. In the meta-analysis of all cohorts, no marker reached genome-wide significance: The most strongly associated regions were, NRXN1 (rs1401327, P = 2.93E-07), TOX (rs7823467, P = 3.47E-07) and LINC00340 (rs12212674, P = 1.49E-06). For 34 markers identified in prior GWAS for spherical equivalent refractive error, the beta coefficients for genotype versus spherical equivalent, and genotype versus refractive astigmatism, were highly correlated (r = -0.59, P = 2.10E-04). This work revealed no consistent or strong genetic signals for refractive astigmatism; however, the TOX gene region previously identified in GWAS for spherical equivalent refractive error was the second most strongly associated region. Analysis of additional markers provided evidence supporting widespread genetic co-susceptibility for spherical and astigmatic refractive errors.
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Activin A induces growth arrest through a SMAD- dependent pathway in hepatic progenitor cells.
Cell Commun. Signal
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2014
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Activin A, an important member of transforming growth factor-? superfamily, is reported to inhibit proliferation of mature hepatocyte. However, the effect of activin A on growth of hepatic progenitor cells is not fully understood. To that end, we attempted to evaluate the potential role of activin A in the regulation of hepatic progenitor cell proliferation.
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Simple and catalyst-free synthesis of meso-O-, -S-, and -C-substituted porphyrins.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2014
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A simple and efficient method for the meso-functionalization of porphyrin has been developed. Kinetic studies of meso-fluoro-, -chloro-, -bromo-, -iodo-, and -nitro-substituted porphyrins (Ni) with phenol reveal that the reaction undergoes a typical aromatic nucleophilic substitution (SNAr) process. This catalyst-free method can be performed with meso-brominated porphyrins and oxygen-, sulfur-, and carbon-based nucleophiles to achieve a wide variety of meso-substituted porphyrins.
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[Effect and mechanisms of TET on human gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901 and SGC7901/ADR].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2014
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To investigate the effect of tetrandrine (TET) on zinc finger protein 139 (ZNF139) and multidrug resistance (MDR) of human gastric carcinoma cell lines and possible mechanisms.
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Regulatory mechanism of ZNF139 in multi-drug resistance of gastric cancer cells.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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Our previous study found increased zinc finger protein 139 (ZNF139) expression in gastric cancer (GC) cells. Purpose of the study is to further clarify the role and mechanism of ZNF139 in multi-drug resistance (MDR) of GC cells. MTT assay, RT-PCR, Western blotting were employed to detect susceptibility of GC cells to chemotherapeutic agents (5-FU, L-OHP) in vitro, and expressions of ZNF139 and MDR associated genes MDR1/P-gp, MRP1, Bcl-2, Bax were also detected. siRNA specific to ZNF139 was transfected into MKN28 cells, then chemosensitivity of GC cells as well as changes of ZNF139 and MDR associated genes were detected. It's found the inhibition rate of 5-FU, L-OHP to well-differentiated GC tissues and cell line was lower than that in the poorly differentiated tissues and cell line; expressions of ZNF139 and MDR1/P-gp, MRP1 and Bcl-2 in well-differentiated GC tissues and cell line MKN28 were higher, while Bax expression was lower. After ZNF139-siRNA was transfected into MKN28, ZNF139 expression in GC cells was inhibited by 90%; inhibition rate of 5-FU, L-OHP to tumor cells increased, and expressions of MDR1/P-gp, MRP1 and Bcl-2 were down-regulated, while Bax was up-regulated. ZNF139 was involved in GC MDR by promoting expressions of MDR1/P-gp, MRP1 and Bcl-2 and inhibiting Bax simultaneously.
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Optimization of high-pressure ultrasonic-assisted simultaneous extraction of six major constituents from Ligusticum chuanxiong rhizome using response surface methodology.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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High-pressure ultrasound-assisted extraction technology was applied to extract ferulic acid, senkyunolide I, senkyunolide H, senkyunolide A, ligustilide and levistolide A from Ligusticum chuanxiong rhizomes. Seven independent variables, including solvent type, pressure, particle size, liquid-to-solid ratio, extraction temperature, ultrasound power, and extraction time were examined. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) using a Central Composite Design (CCD) was employed to optimize the experimental conditions (extraction temperature, ultrasonic power, and extraction time) on the basis of the results of single factor tests for the extraction of these six major components in L. chuanxiong rhizomes. The experimental data were fitted to a second-order polynomial equation using multiple regression analysis and were also examined using appropriate statistical methods. The best extraction conditions were as follows: extraction solvent: 40% ethanol; pressure: 10 MPa; particle size: 80 mesh; liquid-to-solid ratio: 100:1; extraction temperature: 70 °C; ultrasonic power, 180 W; and extraction time, 74 min.
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Expression of annexin A7 and its clinical significance in differentiation and metastasis of gastric carcinoma.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To investigate the expression and clinical significance of annexin A7 in the differentiation and lymphatic metastasis of gastric cancer (GC).
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Acute and subacute toxicity study of 1,8-cineole in mice.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The effects of acute and subacute toxicity of 1,8-cineole in Kunming mice were studied. After acute oral administration, the LD50 value (95% CL) was 3849 mg/kg (3488.8~4247.1 mg/kg). In the subacute toxicity study, there were no significant differences in body weight and relative organ weight between the control group and 1,8-cineole treatment groups. The histopathological examinations showed that granular degeneration and vacuolar degeneration appeared in liver and kidney tissue after administration of high dose of 1,8-cineole. Under electron microscopy, a series of ultrastructural changes were observed: The electron microscopy assays indicated that the influence of 1,8-cineole on the target organ at the subcellular level were mainly on the mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and other membrane type structure of liver and kidney.
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Education influences the association between genetic variants and refractive error: a meta-analysis of five Singapore studies.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 09-06-2013
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Refractive error is a complex ocular trait governed by both genetic and environmental factors and possibly their interplay. Thus far, data on the interaction between genetic variants and environmental risk factors for refractive errors are largely lacking. By using findings from recent genome-wide association studies, we investigated whether the main environmental factor, education, modifies the effect of 40 single nucleotide polymorphisms on refractive error among 8461 adults from five studies including ethnic Chinese, Malay and Indian residents of Singapore. Three genetic loci SHISA6-DNAH9, GJD2 and ZMAT4-SFRP1 exhibited a strong association with myopic refractive error in individuals with higher secondary or university education (SHISA6-DNAH9: rs2969180 A allele, ? = -0.33 D, P = 3.6 × 10(-6); GJD2: rs524952 A allele, ? = -0.31 D, P = 1.68 × 10(-5); ZMAT4-SFRP1: rs2137277 A allele, ? = -0.47 D, P = 1.68 × 10(-4)), whereas the association at these loci was non-significant or of borderline significance in those with lower secondary education or below (P for interaction: 3.82 × 10(-3)-4.78 × 10(-4)). The evidence for interaction was strengthened when combining the genetic effects of these three loci (P for interaction = 4.40 × 10(-8)), and significant interactions with education were also observed for axial length and myopia. Our study shows that low level of education may attenuate the effect of risk alleles on myopia. These findings further underline the role of gene-environment interactions in the pathophysiology of myopia.
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Genome-wide association study identifies ZFHX1B as a susceptibility locus for severe myopia.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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Severe myopia (defined as spherical equivalent < -6.0 D) is a predominant problem in Asian countries, resulting in substantial morbidity. We performed a meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies (GWAS), all of East Asian descent totaling 1603 cases and 3427 controls. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs13382811 from ZFHX1B [encoding for ZEB2] and rs6469937 from SNTB1) showed highly suggestive evidence of association with disease (P < 1 × 10(-7)) and were brought forward for replication analysis in a further 1241 severe myopia cases and 3559 controls from a further three independent sample collections. Significant evidence of replication was observed, and both SNP markers surpassed the formal threshold for genome-wide significance upon meta-analysis of both discovery and replication stages (P = 5.79 × 10(-10), per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 1.26 for rs13382811 and P = 2.01 × 10(-9), per-allele OR = 0.79 for rs6469937). The observation at SNTB1 is confirmatory of a very recent GWAS on severe myopia. Both genes were expressed in the human retina, sclera, as well as the retinal pigmented epithelium. In an experimental mouse model for myopia, we observed significant alterations to gene and protein expression in the retina and sclera of the unilateral induced myopic eyes for Zfhx1b and Sntb1. These new data advance our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of severe myopia.
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Tumor chemosensitivity is correlated with expression of multidrug resistance associated factors in variously differentiated gastric carcinoma tissues.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2013
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To evaluate the relationship between chemosensitivities in vitro and expressions of multidrug resistance (MDR) associated factors in differentiated gastric carcinomas.
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Familial correlation of retinal vascular caliber in Singapore Chinese.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2013
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Our study aimed to explore the heritability of retinal vascular caliber among Singapore Chinese families.
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Performance of EuroSCORE II in patients who have undergone heart valve surgery: a multicentre study in a Chinese population.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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OBJECTIVES: The EuroSCORE II is an updated version of the EuroSCORE. This multicentre study validated the EuroSCORE II and logistic EuroSCORE in Chinese patients who underwent heart valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 11 170 adult patients underwent heart valve surgery from January 2008 to December 2011. Model discrimination and calibration were assessed for both EuroSCORE II and logistic EuroSCORE. The patients were divided into three subgroups according to the weight of the procedures, and the performance of EuroSCORE II for each group was assessed. A correlation analysis was performed for operative complications and EuroSCORE II. RESULTS: The in-hospital mortality of this series was 2.02% (226 of 11 170), and the predicted mortality rate was 2.62 ± 5.75% by EuroSCORE II and 2.55 ± 6.51% by logistic EuroSCORE (LES). The C-statistics of EuroSCORE II and LES were 0.72 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.69-0.75] and 0.67 (95% CI 0.63-0.70), respectively. Both models failed the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, with a P < 0.05. According to the weight of the procedure, the isolated non-CABG subgroup had the best discrimination (C-statistics: 0.76 in the non-CABG group, 0.67 in the 2 procedures group and 0.73 in the 3+ procedures group). The complication ratio was strongly related to the EuroSCORE II-predicted mortality (Pearson correlation coefficient: 0.90 for ARDS, 0.97 for acute renal failure, 0.97 for prolonged ventilation and 0.94 for a prolonged ICU stay). CONCLUSIONS: EuroSCORE II was an improvement upon its original logistic model for Chinese patients who underwent heart valve surgery, particularly for a single-valve procedure. The EuroSCORE II-predicted mortality correlated with the operative complications.
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Technique appraisement of comparative proteomics and screening of differentiation-related protein in gastric carcinoma.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2013
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Different differentiations of cancer have resulted in its unique biological characteristics. We screen and appraise differentially expressed proteins in different differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma with comparative proteomics technology in order to find regulatory factors of tumor differentiation related and finally reach the purpose of tumor differentiation reversal.
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A new bisphosphonate derivative, CP, induces gastric cancer cell apoptosis via activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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Aim:To investigate the effects of a new derivative of bisphosphonates, [2-(6-aminopurine-9-yl)-1-hydroxy-phosphine acyl ethyl] phosphonic acid (CP), on human gastric cancer.Methods:Human gastric cancer cell lines (SGC-7901, BGC-823, MKN-45, and MKN-28) and human colon carcinoma cell lines (LoVo and HT-29) were tested. Cell growth was determined using the MTT assay. Flow cytometry, Western blot, caspase activity assay and siRNA transfection were used to examine the mechanisms of anticancer action. Female BALB/c nude mice were implanted with SGC-7901 cells. From d6 after inoculation, the animals were injected with CP (200 ?g/kg, ip) or vehicle daily for 24 d.Results:CP suppressed the growth of the 6 human cancer cell lines with similar IC50 values (3239 ?mol/L). In SGC-7901 cells, CP arrested cell cycle progression at the G2/M phase. The compound activated caspase-9, increased the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax and Bad, decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Furthermore, the compound selectively activated ERK1/2 without affecting JNK and p38 in SGC-7901 cells. Treatment of SGC-7901 cells with the specific ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 or ERK1/2 siRNA hampered CP-mediated apoptosis. In the human gastric cancer xenograft nude mouse model, chronic administration of CP significantly retarded the tumor growth.Conclusion:CP is a broad-spectrum inhibitor of human carcinoma cells in vitro, and it also exerts significant inhibition on gastric cancer cell growth in vivo. CP induces human gastric cancer apoptosis via activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.
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Nine loci for ocular axial length identified through genome-wide association studies, including shared loci with refractive error.
Ching-Yu Cheng, Maria Schache, M Kamran Ikram, Terri L Young, Jeremy A Guggenheim, Veronique Vitart, Stuart MacGregor, Virginie J M Verhoeven, Veluchamy A Barathi, Jiemin Liao, Pirro G Hysi, Joan E Bailey-Wilson, Beate St Pourcain, John P Kemp, George McMahon, Nicholas J Timpson, David M Evans, Grant W Montgomery, Aniket Mishra, Ya Xing Wang, Jie Jin Wang, Elena Rochtchina, Ozren Polašek, Alan F Wright, Najaf Amin, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, James F Wilson, Craig E Pennell, Cornelia M van Duijn, Paulus T V M de Jong, Johannes R Vingerling, Xin Zhou, Peng Chen, Ruoying Li, Wan-Ting Tay, Yingfeng Zheng, Merwyn Chew, , Kathryn P Burdon, Jamie E Craig, Sudha K Iyengar, Robert P Igo, Jonathan H Lass, Emily Y Chew, Toomas Haller, Evelin Mihailov, Andres Metspalu, Juho Wedenoja, Claire L Simpson, Robert Wojciechowski, René Höhn, Alireza Mirshahi, Tanja Zeller, Norbert Pfeiffer, Karl J Lackner, Thomas Bettecken, Thomas Meitinger, Konrad Oexle, Mario Pirastu, Laura Portas, Abhishek Nag, Katie M Williams, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Ronald Klein, Barbara E Klein, S Mohsen Hosseini, Andrew D Paterson, Kari-Matti Mäkelä, Terho Lehtimäki, Mika Kähönen, Olli Raitakari, Nagahisa Yoshimura, Fumihiko Matsuda, Li Jia Chen, Chi Pui Pang, Shea Ping Yip, Maurice K H Yap, Akira Meguro, Nobuhisa Mizuki, Hidetoshi Inoko, Paul J Foster, Jing Hua Zhao, Eranga Vithana, E-Shyong Tai, Qiao Fan, Liang Xu, Harry Campbell, Brian Fleck, Igor Rudan, Tin Aung, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Goran Bencic, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Hannah Forward, Olavi Pärssinen, Paul Mitchell, Fernando Rivadeneira, Alex W Hewitt, Cathy Williams, Ben A Oostra, Yik-Ying Teo, Christopher J Hammond, Dwight Stambolian, David A Mackey, Caroline C W Klaver, Tien-Yin Wong, Seang-Mei Saw, Paul N Baird.
Am. J. Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2013
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Refractive errors are common eye disorders of public health importance worldwide. Ocular axial length (AL) is the major determinant of refraction and thus of myopia and hyperopia. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for AL, combining 12,531 Europeans and 8,216 Asians. We identified eight genome-wide significant loci for AL (RSPO1, C3orf26, LAMA2, GJD2, ZNRF3, CD55, MIP, and ALPPL2) and confirmed one previously reported AL locus (ZC3H11B). Of the nine loci, five (LAMA2, GJD2, CD55, ALPPL2, and ZC3H11B) were associated with refraction in 18 independent cohorts (n = 23,591). Differential gene expression was observed for these loci in minus-lens-induced myopia mouse experiments and human ocular tissues. Two of the AL genes, RSPO1 and ZNRF3, are involved in Wnt signaling, a pathway playing a major role in the regulation of eyeball size. This study provides evidence of shared genes between AL and refraction, but importantly also suggests that these traits may have unique pathways.
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Coordinated genetic scaling of the human eye: shared determination of axial eye length and corneal curvature.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2013
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To examine the extent to which the two major determinants of refractive error, corneal curvature and axial length, are scaled relative to one another by shared genetic variants, along with their relationship to the genetic scaling of height.
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Analysis of lymph node dissection range-related factors for early gastric cancer operation.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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The purpose of comprehensive treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC) is curing tumor, prevention of recurrence or metastasis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinical pathological characteristics of EGC, and to find out factors which influence lymph node metastasis.
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Genome-wide meta-analyses of multiancestry cohorts identify multiple new susceptibility loci for refractive error and myopia.
Virginie J M Verhoeven, Pirro G Hysi, Robert Wojciechowski, Qiao Fan, Jeremy A Guggenheim, René Höhn, Stuart MacGregor, Alex W Hewitt, Abhishek Nag, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Xin Zhou, M Kamran Ikram, Gabriëlle H S Buitendijk, George McMahon, John P Kemp, Beate St Pourcain, Claire L Simpson, Kari-Matti Mäkelä, Terho Lehtimäki, Mika Kähönen, Andrew D Paterson, S Mohsen Hosseini, Hoi Suen Wong, Liang Xu, Jost B Jonas, Olavi Pärssinen, Juho Wedenoja, Shea Ping Yip, Daniel W H Ho, Chi Pui Pang, Li Jia Chen, Kathryn P Burdon, Jamie E Craig, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Toomas Haller, Andres Metspalu, Chiea-Chuen Khor, E-Shyong Tai, Tin Aung, Eranga Vithana, Wan-Ting Tay, Veluchamy A Barathi, , Peng Chen, Ruoying Li, Jiemin Liao, Yingfeng Zheng, Rick T Ong, Angela Döring, David M Evans, Nicholas J Timpson, Annemieke J M H Verkerk, Thomas Meitinger, Olli Raitakari, Felicia Hawthorne, Tim D Spector, Lennart C Karssen, Mario Pirastu, Federico Murgia, Wei Ang, Aniket Mishra, Grant W Montgomery, Craig E Pennell, Phillippa M Cumberland, Ioana Cotlarciuc, Paul Mitchell, Jie Jin Wang, Maria Schache, Sarayut Janmahasatian, Sarayut Janmahasathian, Robert P Igo, Jonathan H Lass, Emily Chew, Sudha K Iyengar, Theo G M F Gorgels, Igor Rudan, Caroline Hayward, Alan F Wright, Ozren Polašek, Zoran Vatavuk, James F Wilson, Brian Fleck, Tanja Zeller, Alireza Mirshahi, Christian Müller, André G Uitterlinden, Fernando Rivadeneira, Johannes R Vingerling, Albert Hofman, Ben A Oostra, Najaf Amin, Arthur A B Bergen, Yik-Ying Teo, Jugnoo S Rahi, Veronique Vitart, Cathy Williams, Paul N Baird, Tien-Yin Wong, Konrad Oexle, Norbert Pfeiffer, David A Mackey, Terri L Young, Cornelia M van Duijn, Seang-Mei Saw, Joan E Bailey-Wilson, Dwight Stambolian, Caroline C Klaver, Christopher J Hammond.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2013
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Refractive error is the most common eye disorder worldwide and is a prominent cause of blindness. Myopia affects over 30% of Western populations and up to 80% of Asians. The CREAM consortium conducted genome-wide meta-analyses, including 37,382 individuals from 27 studies of European ancestry and 8,376 from 5 Asian cohorts. We identified 16 new loci for refractive error in individuals of European ancestry, of which 8 were shared with Asians. Combined analysis identified 8 additional associated loci. The new loci include candidate genes with functions in neurotransmission (GRIA4), ion transport (KCNQ5), retinoic acid metabolism (RDH5), extracellular matrix remodeling (LAMA2 and BMP2) and eye development (SIX6 and PRSS56). We also confirmed previously reported associations with GJD2 and RASGRF1. Risk score analysis using associated SNPs showed a tenfold increased risk of myopia for individuals carrying the highest genetic load. Our results, based on a large meta-analysis across independent multiancestry studies, considerably advance understanding of the mechanisms involved in refractive error and myopia.
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Detection of clinically important ?-lactamases in commensal Escherichia coli of human and swine origin in western China.
J. Med. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 09-22-2011
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Data correlating ?-lactamases found in commensal Escherichia coli of human and animal origin are limited. In this study, 447 commensal E. coli isolates from the faeces of humans and swine (280 human isolates from four hospitals and 167 swine isolates from seven farms) were collected between September 2006 and January 2009 in western China. For extended-spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL)-producing and other cephalosporin-resistant isolates, the relevant ?-lactamase genes (bla(TEM), bla(SHV), bla(CTX-M-1/2/9) group, bla(CMY-2) and bla(KPC)) were detected by PCR analysis. Of the 447 isolates tested, 120 (26.8 %) were confirmed as producing ESBL. Among these, 70 and 40 human isolates carried a member of the bla(CTX-M-1 )group (13 bla(CTX-M-3), 21 bla(CTX-M-15), four bla(CTX-M-22), eight bla(CTX-M-28), four bla(CTX-M-36), 15 bla(CTX-M-55) and five bla(CTX-M-69)) or bla(SHV) (14 bla(SHV-2), seven bla(SHV-5), ten bla(SHV-12), five bla(SHV-57) and four bla(SHV-97)),respectively, whilst six and four swine isolates carried a member of the bla(CTX-M-1 )group (one bla(CTX-M-15) and five bla(CTX-M-22)) or bla(SHV) (three bla(SHV-2) and one bla(SHV-12)), respectively. Furthermore, 59 human and swine isolates and seven human isolates carried bla(CMY-2) and bla(KPC), respectively. These findings indicate that the bla(CTX-M-1) group, including the novel variant bla(CTX-M-69), and bla(SHV) are the predominant ESBL genes in both humans and swine in western China, and bla(CMY-2) is also common in both groups. The carriage rates of broad-spectrum ?-lactamases among commensal E. coli was much lower in swine than in humans, suggesting that ?-lactamase genes have not established themselves in animal ecosystems in western China.
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Preparation and application of attapulgite/iron oxide magnetic composites for the removal of U(VI) from aqueous solution.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2011
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Recently, magnetic sorbents have received considerable attention because of their excellent segregative features and sorption capacities. Herein, attapulgite/iron oxide magnetic (ATP/IOM) composites were prepared and characterized. The sorption results indicated that ATP/IOM composites were superior to ATP and iron oxides individually for the removal of U(VI) from aqueous solution. Based on X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis and surface complexation model, the main sorption species of U(VI) on ATP were==X(2)UO(2)(0) below pH 4.0 and==S(s)OUO(2)(+), ==S(w)OUO(2)CO(3)(-), and==S(w)OUO(2)(CO(3))(2)(3-) above pH 5.0. However the prevalent species on ATP/IOM composites were==S(s)OUO(2)(+) and==S(w)OUO(2)(CO(3))(2)(3-) over the observed pH range. ATP/IOM composites are a promising candidate for pre-concentration and immobilization of radionuclides from large volumes of aqueous solutions, as required for remediation purposes.
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Association of variants in FRAP1 and PDGFRA with corneal curvature in Asian populations from Singapore.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2011
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Corneal curvature (CC) is a key determinant of major eye diseases, such as keratoconus, myopia and corneal astigmatism. No prior studies have discovered the genes for CC. Here we report the findings from four genome-wide association studies of CC in 10 008 samples from three population groups in Singapore. Our discovery phase surveyed 2867 Chinese and 3072 Malays, allowing us to identify two loci that were associated with CC variation: FRAP1 on chromosome 1p36.2 and PDGFRA on chromosome 4q12. These findings were subsequently replicated in a validation study involving an additional 2953 Asian Indians and a further collection of 1116 Chinese children. The effect sizes of the identified variants were consistent across all four cohorts, with seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FRAP1 (lead SNP: rs17036350, meta P-value = 4.06 × 10(-13)) and six SNPs in PDGFRA (lead SNP: rs2114039, meta P-value = 1.33 × 10(-9)) attaining genome-wide significance in the SNP-based meta-analysis of the four studies. This is the first genome-wide survey of CC variation and we have identified two implicated loci in three genetically diverse Asian populations, suggesting the presence of common genetic etiology across multiple populations.
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Genome-wide meta-analysis of five Asian cohorts identifies PDGFRA as a susceptibility locus for corneal astigmatism.
PLoS Genet.
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2011
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Corneal astigmatism refers to refractive abnormalities and irregularities in the curvature of the cornea, and this interferes with light being accurately focused at a single point in the eye. This ametropic condition is highly prevalent, influences visual acuity, and is a highly heritable trait. There is currently a paucity of research in the genetic etiology of corneal astigmatism. Here we report the results from five genome-wide association studies of corneal astigmatism across three Asian populations, with an initial discovery set of 4,254 Chinese and Malay individuals consisting of 2,249 cases and 2,005 controls. Replication was obtained from three surveys comprising of 2,139 Indians, an additional 929 Chinese children, and an independent 397 Chinese family trios. Variants in PDGFRA on chromosome 4q12 (lead SNP: rs7677751, allelic odds ratio?=?1.26 (95% CI: 1.16-1.36), P(meta)?=?7.87×10(-9)) were identified to be significantly associated with corneal astigmatism, exhibiting consistent effect sizes across all five cohorts. This highlights the potential role of variants in PDGFRA in the genetic etiology of corneal astigmatism across diverse Asian populations.
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[Effect of antisurvivin oligodeoxynucleotides on proliferation and apoptosis in gastric cancer cell line BGC-823 and the molecular mechanism].
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-18-2011
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To explore the effects of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ASODN) on proliferation and apoptosis in gastric cancer cell line BGC-823 cells and the molecular mechanisms induced by ASODN.
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Application of advanced statistics in ophthalmology.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2011
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Statistics is an integral part of research in ophthalmology. The application of appropriate statistical strategies allows clinicians to realize the full potential in analyzing data from paired ocular measurements, longitudinal design, and genome-wide association study (GWAS). The increasing popularity of longitudinal follow-up in either clinical or epidemiologic study demands advanced statistical methodologies. This article describes robust statistical models that can cope with correlated components for both paired-eye data and repeated measurements over time. Also highlight are the statistical challenges and corresponding strategies available for testing multiple hypotheses with paired-eye data in GWAS, which has been the subject of intense interest for the past 5 years within the ophthalmology community in investigating the genetic etiology of eye disorders.
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[The effect of caspase-3 inhibitor on the concentrations of serum inflammatory cytokines in sepsis related acute kidney injury induced by peritoneal cavity infection in mice].
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-31-2010
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To observe the effects of caspase-3 inhibitor Ac-DEVD-CHO on the concentrations of serum inflammatory cytokines in sepsis related acute kidney injury induced by peritoneal cavity infection in mice.
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[Impact of land use change and cultivation measures on soil organic carbon (SOC) and its 13C values].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2010
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In Quzhou County, Hebei Province where now intensive farming system is operated, original grassland and farming land under different tillage, crop straw return and fertilization measures were studied using isotope carbon for the analysis of the impact on soil organic carbon (SOC) properties. The research indicated that after change into farmland (34 years), SOC is significantly reduced and for 1 m of soil layer, the scope of reduction is from 13.3%-35% and this decrease happens in 0-40 cm of soil layer. After 8 years of fertilization, SOC can be increased at 0.83 g x kg(-1). No-tillage can significantly increase the SOC especially in 0-10 cm but plough will increase the SOC at 10-15 cm and 15-20 cm. Change of delta13 C of SOC due to land use change mainly happens in 0-20 cm, where input of organic materials from maize stored. In soil layer of 0-5 cm, only maximum 18% of SOC is from crop residues and in 15-20 cm, this percentage is about 5%.
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Expression of COX-2, survivin in regional lymph node metastases of gastric carcinoma and the correlation with prognosis.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2010
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Little is known about the expression and significance of the proteins in regional lymph node metastases (LNMs) of gastric carcinoma (GC). In present study we intend to evaluate the expression of COX-2 and Survivin in primary tumors (PT) and LNMs of GC, keeping track of the correlation between the clinicopathologic factors, the tumor angiogenesis, patients survival and prognosis.
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Complete genome sequence and recombination analysis of infectious bronchitis virus attenuated vaccine strain H120.
Virus Genes
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2010
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The strain H120 of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is one of the earliest and representative attenuated live Infectious Bronchitis vaccine strains. To investigate the genomic feature of H120 and further understand its role in the epidemiology of IBV, complete genome of H120 was sequenced and compared with sequences of other IBV strains by phylogenetic and recombination analysis. The complete genome of H120 is 27631 nucleotides in length and has a similar structure with that of Beaudette strain. We found that strain ZJ971 is probably a virulence revertant of H120. Nine amino acids changes and a three-nucleotide deletion were identified in ZJ971. Besides, potential recombination events associated with H120 were found in five IBV strains including H52, KQ6, SAIBK, Ark DPI 11, and Ark DPI 101. This study suggested that H120 might have contributed to the emergence of new IBV variants through both virulence reversion and recombination.
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[Proteomic identification and comparison of differentiation-related proteins in gastric carcinoma cell lines].
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2010
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To investigate the differentiation-related proteins in human gastric carcinoma cell lines by comparative proteomics.
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[Throat infection, neck spinal disease, chest pain and cardiac response: a new clinical syndrome?].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2010
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To analyze the characteristics of a new clinical syndrome, including throat infection, neck spinal disease, chest pain and cardiac response.
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[Relationship of cyclooxygenase-2 and multidrug resistance associated factors to chemosensitivities in gastrointestinal carcinomas].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2010
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To investigate the relationship of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), p-glycoprotein(P-gp), glutathione S-transferase-pi (GST-pi), and topoisomerase II alpha (Topo II alpha) to chemosensitivities in gastrointestinal tract carcinomas.
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Hepatocyte growth factor and retinal arteriolar diameter in Singapore Chinese.
Ophthalmology
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2010
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To assess if natural genetic variation in hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is associated with altered retinal vessel diameter.
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Effect of lower-molecular weight heparin in the prevention of pancreatic encephalopathy in the patient with severe acute pancreatitis.
Pancreas
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2010
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To study the effect of lower-molecular weight heparin in the prevention of pancreatic encephalopathy (PE) in the patient with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).
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The preparation of neem oil microemulsion (Azadirachta indica) and the comparison of acaricidal time between neem oil microemulsion and other formulations in vitro.
Vet. Parasitol.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2010
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The preparation of neem oil microemulsion and its acaricidal activity in vitro was developed in this study. In these systems, the mixture of Tween-80 and the sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) (4:1, by weight) was used as compound surfactant; the mixture of compound surfactant and hexyl alcohol (4:1, by weight) was used as emulsifier system; the mixture of neem oil, emulsifier system and water (1:3.5:5.5, by weight) was used as neem oil microemulsion. All the mixtures were stired in 800 rpm for 15 min at 40 degrees C. The acaricidal activity was measured by the speed of kill. The whole lethal time value of 10% neem oil microemulsion was 192.50 min against Sarcoptes scabiei var. cuniculi larvae in vitro. The median lethal time value was 81.7463 min with the toxicity regression equations of Y=-6.0269+3.1514X. These results demonstrated that neem oil microemulsion was effective against Sarcoptes scabie var. cuniculi larvae in vitro.
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Morphological differences between the aneurysmal and normal artery in patients with internal carotid-posterior communicating artery aneurysm.
J Clin Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2010
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The aim of this study was to identify image-based morphological parameters that correlated with the formation of internal carotid artery-posterior communicating artery (ICA-PcomA) aneurysms. Morphological parameters obtained from 3-dimensional digital subtraction angiography (3D-DSA) were evaluated from nine patients with ICA-PcomA aneurysms, including the diameter of the ICA (Dica) and PcomA (Dpcom), the angle between the ICA and the origin of the PcomA (Apcom), and the angle between the ophthalmic and communicating segments of the ICA (Aica). Measurements were performed on both sides of each patient. Parameters were analyzed with a paired-samples t-test for significance. In additional, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed on the significant parameter. Statistically significant differences were found between the aneurysmal (45.28±29.07°) and control sides (79.22±17.83°) for Apcom (p=0.020). In the ROC analysis, the area under the curve value of Apcom was 0.852, and the threshold for optimal sensitivity and specificity was 52.25°. Therefore, the Apcom parameter was correlated with the formation of an ICA-PcomA aneurysm, and seems to be a promising morphological parameter for risk assessment of aneurysm formation.
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Economic evaluation of sevelamer versus calcium-based phosphate binders in hemodialysis patients: a secondary analysis using centers for Medicare & Medicaid services data.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2009
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A secondary analysis of the Dialysis Clinical Outcomes Revisited (DCOR) trial suggested that sevelamer reduced hospitalizations relative to calcium-based phosphate binders. However, whether changed medical costs associated with reduced hospitalizations or other medical services offset the higher cost of sevelamer is unclear. This DCOR secondary analysis aimed to (1) evaluate Medicare total, inpatient, outpatient, skilled nursing facility, and other costs in sevelamer-treated versus calcium-treated patients; (2) examine Medicare costs in specific categories to determine cost drivers; and (3) estimate and incorporate sevelamer and calcium binder costs.
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[Major molecular response to imatinib in a patient with acute mixed lineage leukemia expressing a novel BCR/ABL transcript].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2009
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To identify the novel BCR/ABL transcript in a patient with acute mixed lineage leukemia (AMLL), and to evaluate the imatinib treatment response by quantitatively monitoring the aberrant BCR/ABL.
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Low molecular weight heparin in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis: a multiple centre prospective clinical study.
Asian J Surg
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2009
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To study the effect of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).
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Effects of cadmium on absorption, excretion, and distribution of nickel in rats.
Biol Trace Elem Res
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2009
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The effects of cadmium (Cd (II)) on absorption, excretion, and distribution of nickel (Ni (II)) were studied in rats using (63)Ni-NiCl(2) as radiotracer in the presence and absence of CdCl(2), through intraperitoneal injection (i.p.). The time-concentration curves in the blood were fitted with a two-compartment model. The peak time (t ((peak))) is 0.31 h in the absence of Cd (II), and it is 5.5 h in the presence of Cd (II). The levels of nickels were higher at 3 h and lower (close to zero) at 24 h in all organs of interest, except kidneys, in the absence of Cd (II). There still residue Ni (II) at 72 h post-injection in the presence of Cd (II). The Cd (II) did effect the total Ni (II) excretion 24 h post-injection. Our study showed that cadmium has a competitive effect on the absorption of nickel and an inhibitory effect on the elimination of it, so cadmium may induce the bioaccumulation of nickel in the body.
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Small dense low-density lipoproteins and associated risk factors in patients with stroke.
Cerebrovasc. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2009
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Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are a heterogeneous group of particles, with small, dense particles being more atherogenic. It remains controversial whether elevated plasma levels of small dense LDL (sd-LDL) are risk factors for stroke. The aim of the present study was to examine the plasma levels of sd-LDL in patients with stroke and to investigate the associations in a large Chinese case-control study.
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Throat infection, neck and chest pain and cardiac response: a persistent infection-related clinical syndrome.
J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2009
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Dizziness, chest discomfort, chest depression and dyspnea are a group of symptoms that are common complaints in clinical practice. Patients with these symptoms are usually informed that while neurosis consequent to coronary heart disease is excluded nonetheless they remain unhealthy with no rational explanation or treatment. 165 cases of these symptoms and 85 control subjects were reviewed and underwent further medical history inquiry, routine EKG test and cardiac ultrasound examination. Thirty-five patients received coronary artery angiography to exclude coronary heart disease. Serum myocardial autoantibodies against beta(1)-adrenoceptor, alpha-myosin heavy chain, M(2)-muscarinic receptor and adenine-nucleotide translocator were tested, and inflammatory cytokines and high sensitivity C-reaction protein were measured and lymphocyte subclass was assayed by flow cytometry. All patients had a complex of four symptoms or tetralogy: (1) persistent throat or upper respiratory tract infection, (2) neck pain, (3) chest pain and (4) chest depression or dyspnea, some of them with anxiety. Anti-myocardial autoantibodies (AMCAs) were present in all patients vs. 8% in controls. TNF-alpha, IL-1 and IL-6 were significantly higher in patients than in controls (P<0.01). CD3(+) and CD4-CD8(+) lymphocytes were significantly higher and CD56(+) lymphocytes lower in patients than those in controls (P<0.01). The ratio of serum pathogen antibodies positive against Coxsackie virus-B, cytomegalovirus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae were all markedly higher in patients. These data led to identification of a persistent respiratory infection-related clinical syndrome, including persistent throat infection, neck spinal lesion, rib cartilage inflammation, symptoms of cardiac depression and dyspnea with or without anxiety.
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Common determinants of body size and eye size in chickens from an advanced intercross line.
Exp. Eye Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2009
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Myopia development is characterised by an increased axial eye length. Therefore, identifying factors that influence eye size may provide new insights into the aetiology of myopia. In humans, axial length is positively correlated to height and weight, and in mice, eye weight is positively correlated with body weight. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between eye size and body size in chickens from a genetic cross in which alleles with major effects on eye and body size were segregating. Chickens from a cross between a layer line (small body size and eye size) and a broiler line (large body and eye size) were interbred for 10 generations so that alleles for eye and body size would have the chance to segregate independently. At 3 weeks of age, 510 chicks were assessed using in vivo high resolution A-scan ultrasonography and keratometry. Equatorial eye diameter and eye weight were measured after enucleation. The variations in eye size parameters that could be explained by body weight (BW), body length (BL), head width (HW) and sex were examined using multiple linear regression. It was found that BW, BL and HW and sex together predicted 51-56% of the variation in eye weight, axial length, corneal radius, and equatorial eye diameter. By contrast, the same variables predicted only 22% of the variation in lens thickness. After adjusting for sex, the three body size parameters predicted 45-49% of the variation in eye weight, axial length, corneal radius, and eye diameter, but only 0.4% of the variation in lens thickness. In conclusion, about half of the variation in eye size in the chickens of this broiler-layer advanced intercross line is likely to be determined by pleiotropic genes that also influence body size. Thus, mapping the quantitative trait loci (QTL) that determine body size may be useful in understanding the genetic determination of eye size (a logical inference of this result is that the 20 or more genetic variants that have recently been shown to influence human height may also be found to influence axial eye length). Furthermore, adjusting for body size will be essential in mapping pure eye size QTL in this chicken population, and may also have value in mapping eye size QTL in humans.
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Collagen matrix duraplasty for posterior fossa surgery: evaluation of surgical technique in 52 adult patients. Clinical article.
J. Neurosurg.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2009
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Complete dural closure is not always possible following posterior fossa surgery, often requiring a graft to secure complete closure. The authors report their experience of using a collagen matrix as an onlay dural graft for repair of a posterior fossa dural defect.
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Comparative dynamic distribution of avian infectious bronchitis virus M41, H120, and SAIBK strains by quantitative real-time RT-PCR in SPF chickens.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
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Avian infectious bronchitis is an acute, highly contagious disease of chickens. To study the differences of dynamic distribution between nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains such as SAIBK and other strains (the M41 and H120 strains), relative quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was developed by housekeeping gene selection. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and Ubiquitin were chosen for normalization in this experimental set. Then nine tissues, the trachea, thymus, liver, spleen, lungs, kidney, pancreas, proventriculus, and bursa of Fabricius, were analyzed and compared to determine the tropism of IBV infection. In this research, the kidney and the lung were established of the most sensitive organs in IBV infection. The pancreas and the liver are candidates for antigen detection. The trachea and the spleen can be used as references for histological diagnosis, but they are not suitable for antigen detection; proventriculus might be an important target in IBV infection; the thymus and the bursa of Fabricius were not sensitive organs in IBV infection.
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Xiang-Qi-Tang and its active components exhibit anti-inflammatory and anticoagulant properties by inhibiting MAPK and NF-?B signaling pathways in LPS-treated rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol
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Xiang-Qi-Tang (XQT) is a Chinese herbal formula containing Cyperus rotundus, Astragalus membranaceus and Andrographis paniculata. Alpha-Cyperone (CYP), astragaloside IV (AS-IV) and andrographolide (AND) are the three major active components in this formula. XQT may modulate the inflammatory or coagulant responses. We therefore assessed the effects of XQT on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory model of rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (RCMECs). XQT, CYP, AS-IV and AND inhibited the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and up-regulated the mRNA expression of Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2). XQT and CYP inhibited the secretion of tissue factor (TF). To further explore the mechanism, we found that XQT, or its active components CYP, AS-IV and AND significantly inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 phosphorylation protein expression as well as decreased the phosphorylation levels of nuclear factor ?B (NF-?B) p65 proteins in LPS-stimulated RCMECs. These results suggested that XQT and its active components inhibited the expression of inflammatory and coagulant mediators via mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs) and NF-?B signaling pathways. These findings may contribute to future research on the action mechanisms of this formula, as well as therapy for inflammation- or coagulation-related diseases.
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Heterogeneity of COX-2 and multidrug resistance between primary tumors and regional lymph node metastases of gastric cancer.
Tumori
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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in the progression of gastric cancer; however, the role of COX-2 in multidrug resistance (MDR) is still unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between COX-2 and MDR so as to show the heterogeneity of gastric primary tumors and regional lymph node metastases.
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Establishment of reverse genetics system for infectious bronchitis virus attenuated vaccine strain H120.
Vet. Microbiol.
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Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strain H120 was successfully rescued as infectious clone by reverse genetics. Thirteen 1.5-2.8 kb fragments contiguously spanning the virus genome were amplified and cloned into pMD19-T. Transcription grade complete length cDNA was acquired by a modified "No Seem" ligation strategy, which employed restriction enzyme Bsa I and BsmB I and ligated more than two fragments in one T4 ligase reaction. The full-length genomic cDNA was transcribed and its transcript was transfected by electroporation into BHK-21 together with the transcript of nucleocapsid gene. At 48 h post transfection, the medium to culture the transfected BHK-21 cells was harvested and inoculated into 10-days old SPF embryonated chicken eggs (ECE) to replicate the rescued virus. After passage of the virus in ECE five times, the rescued H120 virus (R-H120) was successfully recovered. R-H120 was subsequently identified to possess the introduced silent mutation site in its genome. Some biological characteristics of R-H120 such as growth curve, EID50 and HA titers, were tested and all of them were very similar to its parent strain H120. In addition, both R-H120 and H120 induced a comparable titer of HA inhibition (HI) antibody in immunized chickens and also provided up to 85% of immune protection to the chickens that were challenged with Mass41 IBV strain. The present study demonstrated that construction of infectious clone from IBV vaccine strain H120 is possible and IBV-H120 can be use as a vaccine vector for the development of novel vaccines through molecular recombination and the modified reverse genetics approach.
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Genetic variants on chromosome 1q41 influence ocular axial length and high myopia.
PLoS Genet.
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As one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness, myopia poses a significant public health burden in Asia. The primary determinant of myopia is an elongated ocular axial length (AL). Here we report a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies on AL conducted in 1,860 Chinese adults, 929 Chinese children, and 2,155 Malay adults. We identified a genetic locus on chromosome 1q41 harboring the zinc-finger 11B pseudogene ZC3H11B showing genome-wide significant association with AL variation (rs4373767, ??=?-0.16 mm per minor allele, P(meta)?=2.69 × 10(-10)). The minor C allele of rs4373767 was also observed to significantly associate with decreased susceptibility to high myopia (per-allele odds ratio (OR)?=0.75, 95% CI: 0.68-0.84, P(meta)?=4.38 × 10(-7)) in 1,118 highly myopic cases and 5,433 controls. ZC3H11B and two neighboring genes SLC30A10 and LYPLAL1 were expressed in the human neural retina, retinal pigment epithelium, and sclera. In an experimental myopia mouse model, we observed significant alterations to gene and protein expression in the retina and sclera of the unilateral induced myopic eyes for the murine genes ZC3H11A, SLC30A10, and LYPLAL1. This supports the likely role of genetic variants at chromosome 1q41 in influencing AL variation and high myopia.
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Large scale international replication and meta-analysis study confirms association of the 15q14 locus with myopia. The CREAM consortium.
Virginie J M Verhoeven, Pirro G Hysi, Seang-Mei Saw, Veronique Vitart, Alireza Mirshahi, Jeremy A Guggenheim, Mary Frances Cotch, Kenji Yamashiro, Paul N Baird, David A Mackey, Robert Wojciechowski, M Kamran Ikram, Alex W Hewitt, Priya Duggal, Sarayut Janmahasatian, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Qiao Fan, Xin Zhou, Terri L Young, E-Shyong Tai, Liang-Kee Goh, Yi-Ju Li, Tin Aung, Eranga Vithana, Yik-Ying Teo, Wanting Tay, Xueling Sim, Igor Rudan, Caroline Hayward, Alan F Wright, Ozren Polašek, Harry Campbell, James F Wilson, Brian W Fleck, Isao Nakata, Nagahisa Yoshimura, Ryo Yamada, Fumihiko Matsuda, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, Abhishek Nag, George McMahon, Beate St Pourcain, Yi Lu, Jugnoo S Rahi, Phillippa M Cumberland, Shomi Bhattacharya, Claire L Simpson, Larry D Atwood, Xiaohui Li, Leslie J Raffel, Federico Murgia, Laura Portas, Dominiek D G Despriet, Leonieke M E van Koolwijk, Christian Wolfram, Karl J Lackner, Anke Tönjes, Reedik Mägi, Terho Lehtimäki, Mika Kähönen, Tonu Esko, Andres Metspalu, Taina Rantanen, Olavi Pärssinen, Barbara E Klein, Thomas Meitinger, Timothy D Spector, Ben A Oostra, Albert V Smith, Paulus T V M de Jong, Albert Hofman, Najaf Amin, Lennart C Karssen, Fernando Rivadeneira, Johannes R Vingerling, Guðný Eiríksdóttir, Vilmundur Gudnason, Angela Döring, Thomas Bettecken, André G Uitterlinden, Cathy Williams, Tanja Zeller, Raphaele Castagné, Konrad Oexle, Cornelia M van Duijn, Sudha K Iyengar, Paul Mitchell, Jie Jin Wang, René Höhn, Norbert Pfeiffer, Joan E Bailey-Wilson, Dwight Stambolian, Tien-Yin Wong, Christopher J Hammond, Caroline C W Klaver.
Hum. Genet.
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Myopia is a complex genetic disorder and a common cause of visual impairment among working age adults. Genome-wide association studies have identified susceptibility loci on chromosomes 15q14 and 15q25 in Caucasian populations of European ancestry. Here, we present a confirmation and meta-analysis study in which we assessed whether these two loci are also associated with myopia in other populations. The study population comprised 31 cohorts from the Consortium of Refractive Error and Myopia (CREAM) representing 4 different continents with 55,177 individuals; 42,845 Caucasians and 12,332 Asians. We performed a meta-analysis of 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on 15q14 and 5 SNPs on 15q25 using linear regression analysis with spherical equivalent as a quantitative outcome, adjusted for age and sex. We calculated the odds ratio (OR) of myopia versus hyperopia for carriers of the top-SNP alleles using a fixed effects meta-analysis. At locus 15q14, all SNPs were significantly replicated, with the lowest P value 3.87 × 10(-12) for SNP rs634990 in Caucasians, and 9.65 × 10(-4) for rs8032019 in Asians. The overall meta-analysis provided P value 9.20 × 10(-23) for the top SNP rs634990. The risk of myopia versus hyperopia was OR 1.88 (95 % CI 1.64, 2.16, P < 0.001) for homozygous carriers of the risk allele at the top SNP rs634990, and OR 1.33 (95 % CI 1.19, 1.49, P < 0.001) for heterozygous carriers. SNPs at locus 15q25 did not replicate significantly (P value 5.81 × 10(-2) for top SNP rs939661). We conclude that common variants at chromosome 15q14 influence susceptibility for myopia in Caucasian and Asian populations world-wide.
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Integrase interactor 1 regulates proliferation, apoptosis and invasion in gastric cancer cells.
Chin. Med. J.
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Integrase interactor 1 (INI1), which encodes a component of the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling hSWI-SNF complex, has been identified as a tumor suppressor in many tumors. Nonetheless, the role of INI1 in gastric tumor progression is not known exactly. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of INI1 in the carcinogenesis and progression of gastric cancer.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.