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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Facile fabrication of porous CL-20 for low sensitivity high explosives.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2014
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A facile solvent/non-solvent co-crystallization technology is applied to fabricate porous CL-20, which exhibits interesting morphologies and low sensitivity with ?-cyclodextrin as a crystal modifier.
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Needle-like Co3O4 anchored on the graphene with enhanced electrochemical performance for aqueous supercapacitors.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 04-21-2014
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We synthesized the needle-like cobalt oxide/graphene composites with different mass ratios, which are composed of cobalt oxide (Co3O4 or CoO) needle homogeneously anchored on graphene nanosheets as the template, by a facile hydrothermal method. Without the graphene as the template, the cobalt precursor tends to group into urchin-like spheres formed by many fine needles. When used as electrode materials of aqueous supercapacitor, the composites of the needle-like Co3O4/graphene (the mass ratio of graphene oxide(GO) and Co(NO3)2·6H2O is 1:5) exhibit a high specific capacitance of 157.7 F g(-1) at a current density of 0.1 A g(-1) in 2 mol L(-1) KOH aqueous solution as well as good rate capability. Meanwhile, the capacitance retention keeps about 70% of the initial value after 4000 cycles at a current density of 0.2 A g(-1). The enhancement of excellent electrochemical performances may be attributed to the synergistic effect of graphene and cobalt oxide components in the unique multiscale structure of the composites.
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Ultrasonic approach to the synthesis of HMX@TATB core-shell microparticles with improved mechanical sensitivity.
Ultrason Sonochem
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2014
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To improve the safety of sensitive explosive HMX while maintaining explosion performance, a moderately powerful but insensitive explosive TATB was used to coat HMX microparticles via a facile ultrasonic method. By using Estane as surface modifier and nano-sized TATB as the shell layer, the HMX@TATB core-shell microparticles with a monodisperse size and compact shell structure were successfully constructed. Both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results confirmed the formation of perfect core-shell structured composites. Based on a systematic and comparative study of the effect of experimental conditions, a possible formation mechanism of core-shell structure was proposed in detail. Moreover, the perfect core-shell HMX@TATB microparticles exhibited a unique thermal behavior and significantly improved mechanical sensitivity compared with that of the physical mixture.
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Mesoporous CNT@TiO2-C nanocable with extremely durable high rate capability for lithium-ion battery anodes.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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A well-designed nanostructure CNT@TiO2-C with fine anatase TiO2 particle (< 8?nm), good electronic conducting network (inner CNT core and outer carbon layer), and mesoporous structure was prepared by a simple and green one-pot hydrothermal reaction. The utilization of glucose in the hydrothermal process not only solves the interfacial incompatibility between CNTs and titanate sol and controls the nucleation and growth of TiO2 particles, but also introduces a uniform, glucose-derived, carbon-layer on the TiO2 particles. The nanosized TiO2 particle, high conducting network, and interconnected nanopores of the CNT@TiO2-C nanocable greatly improve its electrochemical performances, especially rate capability. The CNT@TiO2-C nanocables show remarkable rate capability with reversible charge capacity of 297, 240, 210,178 and 127?mAh g(-1) at 1C, 5C, 10C, 20C and 50C, respectively, as well as excellent high rate cycling stability with capacity retention of 87% after 2000 cycles at 50C.
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CNT@Fe3O4@C coaxial nanocables: one-pot, additive-free synthesis and remarkable lithium storage behavior.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2013
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By using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a shape template and glucose as a carbon precursor and structure-directing agent, CNT@Fe3O4@C porous core/sheath coaxial nanocables have been synthesized by a simple one-pot hydrothermal process. Neither a surfactant/ligand nor a CNT pretreatment is needed in the synthetic process. A possible growth mechanism governing the formation of this nanostructure is discussed. When used as an anode material of lithium-ion batteries, the CNT@Fe3O4@C nanocables show significantly enhanced cycling performance, high rate capability, and high Coulombic efficiency compared with pure Fe2O3 particles and Fe3O4/CNT composites. The CNT@Fe3O4@C nanocables deliver a reversible capacity of 1290?mA?h?g(-1) after 80?cycles at a current density of 200?mA?g(-1), and maintain a reversible capacity of 690?mA?h?g(-1) after 200?cycles at a current density of 2000?mA?g(-1). The improved lithium storage behavior can be attributed to the synergistic effect of the high electronic conductivity support and the inner CNT/outer carbon buffering matrix.
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A novel preparation method for drug nanocrystals and characterization by ultrasonic spray-assisted electrostatic adsorption.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The purpose of this study was to develop a novel and continuous method for preparing a nanosized particle of drug crystals and to characterize its properties.
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Host-guest energetic nanocomposites based on self-assembly of multi-nitro organic molecules in nanochannels of mesoporous materials.
Nanotechnology
PUBLISHED: 06-23-2011
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Host-guest energetic nanocomposites have been synthesized by self-assembly of the high energy density compound HNIW in nanometer-scale channels of an ordered mesoporous material SBA-15. The complete impregnation of HNIW can be achieved in acetone solvent at ambient temperature, and the maximum amount was around 70 wt%. Structural characterizations were systematically provided by XRD, TEM, N(2) adsorption, TG, (13)C solid-state NMR and FT-IR. The tendency of multi-nitro organic molecules to self-assemble when the solvent evaporated has been described. Hydrogen bond interactions were considered as the main driving force, so the choices of matched host matrix and guest organic compounds were pivotal for implementing this process. The thermal properties of nanocomposites were measured by DSC analysis. Compared with pure HNIW and a physical mixture, the decomposition peak temperature of the confined crystals decreased about 11?°C, while the total amount of heat released slightly increased. This strategy can also be expanded to other similar host-guest systems.
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Fabrication of FOX-7 quasi-three-dimensional grids of one-dimensional nanostructures via a spray freeze-drying technique and size-dependence of thermal properties.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2010
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1,1-Diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene (C(2)H(4)N(4)O(4), FOX-7) quasi-three-dimensional (3D) grids, a promising high-energy-density material with superior sensitivity properties, were synthesized by a spray freeze-drying technique. The FOX-7 3D grids were constructed from one-dimensional nanostructures. The sizes and structures of the FOX-7 3D grids strongly depend on the concentration of the aqueous solution of FOX-7. A possible formation mechanism of this structure was proposed in detail. Thermal analysis reveals that decrease in average particle sizes of FOX-7 grids results in a lower decomposition temperature and a much higher decomposition rate, which is in agreement with those reported about inorganic nanomaterials.
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Decorating graphene oxide with CuO nanoparticles in a water-isopropanol system.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2010
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A facile chemical procedure capable of aligning CuO nanoparticles on graphene oxide (GO) in a water-isopropanol system has been described. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations indicate that the exfoliated GO sheets are decorated randomly by spindly or spherical CuO nanoparticle aggregates, forming well-ordered CuO:GO nanocomposites. A formation mechanism of these interesting nanocomposites is proposed as intercalation and adsorption of Cu2+ ions onto the GO sheets, followed by the nucleation and growth of the CuO crystallites, which in return resulted in the exfoliation of GO sheets. Moreover, the obtained nanocomposites exhibit a high catalytic activity for the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP), due to the concerted effect of CuO and GO.
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Synthesis of one-molecule-thick single-crystalline nanosheets of energetic material for high-sensitive force sensor.
Sci Rep
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Energetic material is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy, which is extremely sensitive to external stimuli like force. In this work, one-molecule-thick single-crystalline nanosheets of energetic material were synthesized. Very small force applied on the nanosheet proves to lead to the rotation of the tilted nitro groups, and subsequently change of current of the nanosheet. We apply this principle to design high-sensitive force sensor. A theoretical model of force-current dependence was established based on the nanosheets molecular packing structure model that was well supported with the high resolution XPS, AFM analysis results. An ultra-low-force with range of several picoNewton to several nanoNewton can be measured by determination of corresponding current value.
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Insight into shock-induced chemical reaction from the perspective of ring strain and rotation of chemical bonds.
J Mol Model
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Density functional theory BLYP/DNP and hyperhomodesmotic equations were employed to calculate ring strain energy, the bond dissociation energy of X-NO(2) (X=C, N) and the charges on the nitro groups of several four-membered and six-membered heterocycle compounds. BLYP/DNP and LST/QST + CG method were also applied to calculate bond rotational energy of X-NO(2) (X=C, N) of above mentioned compounds. It indicated that ring strain energy of four-membered heterocycle nitro compounds is apparently higher than that of six-membered heterocycle nitro compounds. Predictably, ring-opening reactions may preferentially occur for those compounds containing higher ring strain energy under shock. In addition, C-NO(2) bonds in these compounds may rotate easier than N-NO(2) bonds in response to the external shock. As for N-NO(2) bonds in these compounds, they also respond to the external shock by the rotation of N-NO(2) bonds, once to the saddle point of the rotational energy barrier, the whole molecule will become relaxed, N-NO(2) bond becomes weaker and eventually leads to the breakage. When one -C=O, -C=NH or -NH(2) group is introduced to the six-membered heterocycle, the charges on the nitro groups of the new compound decrease drastically, and ring strains increase remarkably. It can be predicted that the new compounds will be more sensitive to shock, and the viewpoint is confirmed by the experimental results of shock sensitivity (small scale gap test) of several explosives.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.