Computer-assisted navigational surgery improves outcomes in orbital reconstructive surgery.
Orbital reconstruction is a difficult procedure, success of which is dependent on the surgeons experience. The lack of objective methods requires a fair amount of estimation is its execution. This study evaluates the efficacy of Kolibri (BrainLab, Munich, Germany), an intraoperative navigation device, in improving outcomes. From 2004 to 2009, 58 patients with orbital trauma who underwent surgery at the National University Hospital, Singapore, were included in this prospective matched control trial. Twenty-nine consecutive patients underwent surgery with Kolibri. The control group underwent surgery without the device. Both groups were matched for age, sex, orbital wall fracture, preoperative ophthalmologic features, etiology and severity of trauma, surgical approach, and types of implant used. The postoperative follow-up was at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. For subjective assessment, the postoperative ophthalmologic features, including diplopia, infraorbital hypoesthesia, ophthalmoplegia, and enophthalmos, were compared. At 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively, there were fewer patients with postoperative ophthalmologic complications in the study group (italicized; n = 29) compared with the control group (n = 29; P < 0.05): 12/29 (41%) versus 21/29 (72%), 8/29 (28%) versus 19/29 (66%), 5/29 (17%) versus 15/29 (52%), and 2/29 (7%) versus 12/29 (41%). For objective assessment, using the Kolibri workstation, operative plans were created and fused with postoperative computed tomographic scans. Vertical distances between the actual reconstructed and planned orbital floors were measured. On average, the vertical distance measured from the boundaries of floor defects for patients in the study group was 3.24 mm (95% confidence interval, 1.56-4.91) lower than the control group (P = 0.001). In conclusion, navigation minimizes postoperative complications, reduces the need for repeat procedures, and helps surgeons with planning, execution, and postoperative assessment.