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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Optimization of radiological scoliosis assessment].
Med Clin (Barc)
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2014
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Most scoliosis are idiopathic (80%) and occur more frequently in adolescent girls. Plain radiography is the imaging method of choice, both for the initial study and follow-up studies but has the disadvantage of using ionizing radiation. The breasts are exposed to x-ray along these repeated examinations. The authors present a range of recommendations in order to optimize radiographic exam technique for both conventional and digital x-ray settings to prevent unnecessary patients' radiation exposure and to reduce the risk of breast cancer in patients with scoliosis. With analogue systems, leaded breast protectors should always be used, and with any radiographic equipment, analog or digital radiography, the examination should be performed in postero-anterior projection and optimized low-dose techniques. The ALARA (as low as reasonable achievable) rule should always be followed to achieve diagnostic quality images with the lowest feasible dose.
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Congenital lung malformations: radiological findings and clues for differential diagnosis.
Acta Radiol
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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Congenital lung malformations encompass a wide spectrum of conditions with a broadly varying clinical presentation. They are often a source of morbidity in infants and children. Their management depends on the type of malformation and its clinical presentation. Usually, the diagnosis requires an imaging evaluation. Classifications of bronchopulmonary malformations have undergone significant revision in recent years and several theories have attempted to explain their confusing pathogenesis. There are considerable degrees of overlapping and hybrid conditions are common, with interrelated malformations showing various radiologic and pathologic features. Attending to the pathophysiological mechanisms and structures involved, lung malformations can be divided into three categories: bronchopulmonary anomalies, combined lung and vascular abnormalities, and vascular anomalies. The purpose of this article is to review the current imaging techniques for evaluating lung malformations in pediatric patients and their characteristic imaging findings. Moreover, this review discusses a useful classification and offers some clues to facilitate the differential diagnosis.
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Side effects of oncologic therapies in the pediatric central nervous system: update on neuroimaging findings.
Radiographics
PUBLISHED: 07-20-2011
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The need for early, accurate diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) complications occurring during and after pediatric cancer treatment is growing because of the improvement in overall survival rates related to innovative and aggressive oncologic therapies. An elevated degree of suspicion is needed to recognize the radiologic features of these CNS complications. Radiologists need familiarity with the early and late side effects of cancer therapy in the pediatric CNS (eg, toxic effects, infection, endocrine or sensory dysfunction, neuropsychologic impairment, second malignancies), in order to accelerate the imaging diagnosis and minimize as much as possible the associated morbidity. Acquisition of knowledge about these complications will enable the development of more appropriate therapeutic trials and more effective patient surveillance and will lead to an improved quality of life by decreasing the long-term sequelae in survivors.
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White hemithorax in children.
Pediatr Radiol
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2011
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The aim of this pictorial review is to introduce the radiologist to the differential diagnosis of a white hemithorax in children, to provide significant information on the diagnostic work-up, and to promote radiation-free techniques whenever possible. There are many causes of white hemithorax in children and it can be due to a variety of chest disorders. In most cases, plain chest radiographs and ultrasound will suffice. However, additional information provided by, e.g., CT or MRI is sometimes required.
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Thoracic findings of systemic diseases at high-resolution CT in children.
Radiographics
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2011
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Pulmonary involvement in systemic diseases is common, but the radiographic appearance of early-stage pulmonary changes is often subtle. Computed tomography (CT) has higher sensitivity and specificity than radiography, and high-resolution CT is the method of choice for accurate assessment of diffuse parenchymal lung disease. Even with reductions in the peak voltage and tube charge to minimize the exposure of pediatric patients to radiation, CT performed with a meticulous acquisition technique can provide detailed information. In some cases, high-resolution CT may depict clinically silent lung lesions. The information provided by CT is invaluable for planning therapy in pediatric patients with pulmonary involvement in connective tissue disease (eg, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis, systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or mixed connective tissue disease), vasculitis, a primary or acquired immune deficiency disorder, immotile cilia syndrome, cystic fibrosis, or Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
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Low-dose pioglitazone, flutamide, metformin plus an estro-progestagen for non-obese young women with polycystic ovary syndrome: increasing efficacy and persistent safety over 30 months.
Gynecol. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2010
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Therapy of androgen excess should not only confer cosmetic benefit, but also improve long-term markers of endocrine-metabolic and cardiovascular health. Here we report on our pilot experience with a low-dose polytherapy for 30 months. DESIGN, PATIENTS, INTERVENTION: Unblinded extension (24-30 months) of a double-placebo study exploring low-dose polytherapy over 24 months. Between 24 and 30 months, women with hyperinsulinemic androgen excess (N?=?36; mean age: 19.4 year; BMI: 23.7 kg/m(2)) received metformin (850 mg/day), flutamide (62.5 mg/day), pioglitazone (7.5 mg/day), ethinylestradiol (20??g/day) plus drospirenone (3 mg/day) for 24/28 days.
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Long-term skeletal findings in Menkes disease.
Pediatr Radiol
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2010
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Skeletal findings in infants with Menkes disease, the most characteristic of which are metaphyseal spurs, long-bone fractures and wormian bones, have been widely reported. However, the changes in skeletal features over time are not well known. The long-term findings differ completely from those initially observed and consist of undertubulation and metaphyseal flaring, similar to the findings seen in some types of bone dysplasia. The initial and long-term radiological features in an 8-year-old boy with Menkes disease are illustrated.
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Solitary osteochondroma: spontaneous regression.
Pediatr Radiol
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2010
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Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumours. Nevertheless, their origin and biological behaviour are poorly understood. Rarely, spontaneous regression of osteochondromas may occur. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with a solitary osteochondroma of the femur that regressed almost completely within 4 years, a fact that should be taken into account when deciding the management of these lesions, especially in young children.
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Low-dose pioglitazone and low-dose flutamide added to metformin and oestro-progestagens for hyperinsulinaemic women with androgen excess: add-on benefits disclosed by a randomized double-placebo study over 24 months.
Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)
PUBLISHED: 10-20-2009
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CONTEXT AND AIM: Metformin plus oestro-progestagen is a combination treatment for non-obese women with hyperinsulinaemic androgen excess. We explored whether low-dose pioglitazone (Pio) and flutamide (Flu) has readily detectable add-on effects.
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Congenital tumours involving the head, neck and central nervous system.
Pediatr Radiol
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2009
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Congenital intracranial tumours are uncommon and differ from those occurring in older children in clinical presentation, imaging characteristics and prognosis. These tumours are often detected incidentally on routine prenatal US and/or fetal MRI. Hence, the paediatric radiologist should be familiar with the features of those lesions that should be included in the differential diagnosis. In general, the prognosis of these conditions is poor owing to large tumour size and the limitations of adjuvant therapy at such a young age. Congenital lesions involving the head and neck region require a meticulous imaging approach using both US and MRI techniques to better guide prenatal planning and fetal or neonatal surgical procedures.
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Quantitative tissue echogenicity of the neonatal brain assessed by ultrasound imaging.
Ultrasound Med Biol
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2009
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The aim of this study was to propose a method for measuring the echogenicity of several neonatal brain structures for quantitative interpretation of ultrasound images. To do this, 40 preterm neonates (24-34 weeks gestation) with adequate birth weight for gestational age were studied. On the third day after delivery, anterior fontanelle ultrasound imaging of the brain was performed in standard coronal and sagittal views. Four regions-of-interest (ROIs) were identified: periventricular, choroid plexus, cerebellar vermis and basal ganglia. Two consecutive images from each ROI were digitally stored. For off-line analysis, the ROI corresponding to each structure was delineated and the mean pixel brightness (PB) calculated. In addition, the brightness of bone tissue obtained at the same depth of the studied ROI was calculated. This value was considered as the maximum possible echogenicity for that individual image. The relative echogenicity (RE) was then calculated as: PB ROI/PB BONE( *)100. Differences in RE between the ROIs and RE variations according to gestational age and reliability reproducibility were determined. We found that among the studied structures, RE values (mean/SD) were significantly higher in the choroid plexus (mean [SD] 56.38 [6.0] and in the cerebellar vermis 51.20 [6.0] than in the basal ganglia 37.29 [5.7] and the periventricular area 37.04 [5.6]) (p<0.05). These values showed no variation in relation to gestational age at birth. Interobserver reproducibility was 0.91 in the choroid plexus, 0.89 in the cerebellar vermis, 0.82 in basal ganglia and 0.77 in the anterior periventricular area. In conclusion, semiquantitative estimation of RE offers a reproducible method for evaluating at-risk areas of the neonatal brain.
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Tracheobronchomegaly following intrauterine tracheal occlusion for congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Pediatr Radiol
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Fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and pulmonary hypoplasia may benefit from fetal endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO). Enlargement of the main bronchi and trachea appears to be a common complication of FETO.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.