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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Political priority of oral health in Italy: an analysis of reasons for national neglect.
Int Dent J
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2014
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Oral health remains a neglected area and its political priority on most national agendas is low. This analysis aimed to identify the political priority of oral health in Italy.
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Vertical brushing versus horizontal brushing: a randomized split-mouth clinical trial.
Quintessence Int
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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The aim of this randomized, single-blind, splitmouth design, clinical trial was to evaluate the effectiveness in plaque removal of two brushing methods, the vertical and the horizontal, in a sample of healthy young adults.
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Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Prevalence and Background Factors: A Review.
Oral Health Prev Dent
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Purpose: To describe the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) by reviewing published reports and to assess the role of background factors in ECC prevalence. Materials and Methods: The studies included here consisted of reviews, meta-analyses and randomised clinical trials (RCT) which assessed the prevalence of ECC and included more than 100 subjects and subjects without any stated medical condition. These were in vivo studies published between January 1, 2000 to May 31, 2011. The patients' age range for inclusion was zero (0) to five (5) years of age. Results: Database searching showed 411 findings as potentially eligible. After abstract review, eight (8) papers were retrieved as full text and assessed for eligibility: three using ECC as mesh word, four using the term early childhood caries and one using severe-ECC (S-ECC) as mesh word. Conclusion: The main risk factor for ECC is the low socioeconomic status of the parents. ECC is a public health problem and it requires the involvement of all health professionals that provide care to children together with efforts from family members.
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Feeding and smoking habits as cumulative risk factors for early childhood caries in toddlers, after adjustment for several behavioral determinants: a retrospective study.
BMC Pediatr
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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Several maternal health determinants during the first period of life of the child, as feeding practice, smoking habit and socio-economic level, are involved in early childhood health problems, as caries development. The potential associations among early childhood caries, feeding practices, maternal and environmental smoking exposure, Socio-Economic Status (SES) and several behavioral determinants were investigated.
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Validation of the Italian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (IOHIP-14).
Ann Stomatol (Roma)
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2014
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The original english version of Oral Health Impact Profile (IOHIP) was translated in Italian language, and then validated among a consecutive sample of patients attending in the dental ward at the Dental Institute of the "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.
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Italian Deprivation Index and Dental Caries in 12-Year-Old Children: A Multilevel Bayesian Analysis.
Caries Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Evidence from the literature has shown that people with a lower socioeconomic status enjoy less good health than people with a higher socioeconomic status. The Italian deprivation index (DI) was used with the aim to evaluate the association between the DMFT index and risk factors for dental caries, including city population and DI. The study included 4,305 12-year-old children living in 38 cities classified by demographic size as small, midsize and large. Zero-inflated negative binomial multilevel regression models were used to assess risk factors for DMFT and to address excess of zero DMFT and overdispersion through a Bayesian approach. The difference in the average level of DMFT among children living in cities with different DI quintile was not statistically significant (p = 0.578). The DI and ln(population), included as city-level fixed effects in the two-level variance components model, were not statistically significant. Consuming sweet drinks on average increased the mean DMFT of a susceptible child, while having a highly educated mother reduced it. Unobserved heterogeneity among cities was detected for the probability to be non-susceptible to caries (city-level variance = 0.26 with 95% credibility interval 0.09-0.57), while no territorial effect was found for the mean DMFT of the susceptible children. Our results suggest that the DI and city population did not play a role in explaining between-city variability. Interventions against social deprivation can be influential on the perception of oral health in Italian 12-year-old children to the extent that they can also affect individual level factors. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Caries-risk profile variations after short-term use of 5000 ppm fluoride toothpaste.
Acta Odontol. Scand.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2013
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Abstract Objective. To assess the caries risk following 6 weeks use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste using Cariogram software. Materials and methods. A total of 34 participants, 17 mothers and their teenage children, were enrolled in a 6-week clinical trial in which they were given 5000 ppm F toothpaste. They were followed consecutively for 6 weeks with visits that were 2 weeks apart (four in total). A clinical examination was done at baseline and salivary chair-side tests to record the buffer capacity and mutans streptococci (MS) and lactobacilli (LB) counts were performed at each visit. Based on these data, seven caries-related variables were collected and inserted into the Cariogram software to calculate the actual chance of avoiding caries. Results. The use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste resulted in a statistically significant modification of the caries-risk profile, increasing the actual chance of avoiding caries in the future among the mothers and teenagers at each visit following baseline (p < 0.01). The changes essentially related to the salivary parameters (buffer capacity, MS and LB counts). A statistically significant linear trend was observed for MS counts (p < 0.01) and the number of subjects with a salivary concentration of MS < 10(3) increased at each visit. The same trend was also observed for LB and buffer capacity scores (p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively). Conclusions. The short-term use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste is able to reduce the caries risk, which can be clearly demonstrated using Cariogram software.
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Early childhood caries and associated determinants: a cross-sectional study on Italian preschool children.
J Public Health Dent
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2013
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This study evaluates the influence of several determinants on the presence of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschool children living in northern Sardinia, Italy. These determinants include the educational level and occupational status of the parents as a proxy for the socioeconomical level (SES) and behavioral factors (dietary and oral hygiene).
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The use of probiotic strains in caries prevention: a systematic review.
Nutrients
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2013
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This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the caries-prevention effect of probiotics in human. The hypothesis was that the administration of probiotic strains might play a role in caries lesion prevention and in the control of caries-related risk factors. The main relevant databases (Medline, Embase) were searched. Quality of the Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) was classified using the "Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials" (CONSORT) checklist and the Impact Factor (IF) value of each journal was recorded. Sixty-six papers were identified, and 23 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Only three studies had caries lesion development as outcome, all the others reported caries risk factors as interim evaluation. Using the CONSORT Score, the papers were coded as 4 excellent, 9 good and 10 poor. The mean IF value recorded was 1.438. Probiotics may play a role as antagonistic agent on mutans streptococci (MS), acidogenic/aciduric bacteria that contributes to the caries process. In two-thirds of the selected papers, probiotics have demonstrated the capacity to reduce MS counts in saliva and/or plaque in short-term. The effect of probiotics on the development of caries lesion seems encouraging, but to date, RCTs on this topic are insufficient to provide scientific clinical evidence.
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Topical retinoids in oral lichen planus treatment: an overview.
Dermatology (Basel)
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2013
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Treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP) is a major challenge for clinicians and patients. There is limited scientific evidence about topical treatment with retinoids. We conducted a literature review of data on the effectiveness and safety of topical retinoids in OLP patients.
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Implant Restoration of Edentulous Jaws with 3D Software Planning, Guided Surgery, Immediate Loading, and CAD-CAM Full Arch Frameworks.
Int J Dent
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2013
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Purpose. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 23 edentulous jaws treated with 3D software planning, guided surgery, and immediate loading and restored with CAD-CAM full arch frameworks. Materials and Methods. This work was designed as a prospective case series clinical study. Twenty patients have been consecutively rehabilitated with an immediately loaded implant supported fixed full prosthesis. A total of 120 fixtures supporting 23 bridges were placed. 117 out of 120 implants were immediately loaded. Outcome measures were implants survival, radiographic marginal bone levels and remodeling, soft tissue parameters, and complications. Results. 114 of 117 implants reached a 30 months follow-up, and no patients dropped out from the study. The cumulative survival rate was 97.7%; after 30 months, mean marginal bone level was 1.25 ± 0.31?mm, mean marginal bone remodeling value was 1.08 ± 0.34, mean PPD value was 2.84 ± 0.55?mm, and mean BOP value was 4%?±?2.8%. Only minor prosthetic complications were recorded. Conclusion. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that computer-guided surgery and immediate loading seem to represent a viable option for the immediate rehabilitations of completely edentulous jaws with fixed implant supported restorations. This trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01866696.
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Effect of a daily dose of Lactobacillus brevis CD2 lozenges in high caries risk schoolchildren.
Clin Oral Investig
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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OBJECTIVES: A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to validate the hypothesis that the use of lozenges containing Lactobacillus brevis CD2 (Inersan®, CD Investments srl) may reduce plaque pH, salivary mutans streptococci (ms) and bleeding on probing, during a 6-week period, in a sample of high caries risk schoolchildren. METHODS: A total of 191 children (aged 6-8 years), presenting two to three carious lesions and a salivary ms concentration of ?10(5) CFU/ml, were enrolled and divided into two groups, an L. brevis CD2 lozenge group and a no L. brevis lozenge group, and examined at baseline (t0), after 3 weeks (t1), after 6 weeks of lozenge use (t2) and 2 weeks after the cessation of lozenge use (t3). Plaque pH was assessed using the microtouch technique following a sucrose challenge. The area under the curve (AUC5.7 and AUC6.2) was recorded. Salivary ms were counted, and bleeding on probing was assessed. RESULTS: At t0, the plaque-pH and ms concentration values were similar in both groups. Mean areas (AUC5.7 and AUC6.2) were significantly greater in the control group at t1, t2 and t3. L. brevis CD2 lozenges significantly reduced salivary ms concentrations and bleeding. The subjects from the test group showed a statistically significant decrease (p?=?0.01) in salivary ms concentration. At t2, a statistically significantly lower bleeding value was recorded in the test group compared with the control group (p?=?0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Six weeks use of lozenges containing L. brevis CD2 had a beneficial effect on some important variables related to oral health, including a reduction in plaque acidogenicity, salivary ms and bleeding on probing. (Trial Registration Number NCT01601145 08/21/2012).
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Supragingival plaque microbial analysis in reflection to caries experience.
BMC Oral Health
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2013
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Dental caries develops as a result of the metabolism of carbohydrates by cariogenic bacteria present in a complex biofilm. The present study aimed to examine if bacteria in pooled supragingival plaque samples quantified using a "checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization" based panel of caries-related bacteria, could reflect the caries experience in a manner similar to saliva samples analysed using a chair-side method in a previous investigation.
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Oral characteristics of trisomy 8 and monosomy 18: a case report.
Open Dent J
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2011
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Several reports described various mosaic chromosomal syndromes characterized by alterations originated by either an excess or deficit in the number of chromosomes. A case of mosaic trisomy 8 and monosomy 18 with significant involvement of the oral cavity is described, both in terms of general medicine and from a dental-oral perspective, and the treatment plan was planned and discussed.Regular follow-up visits enabled to verify significant improvement in all parameters of the patients oral health, which urged us to press on with our quest to protect the right to health of patients affected by disabilities.
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Association between interdental plaque acidogenicity and caries risk at surface level: a cross sectional study in primary dentition.
Int J Paediatr Dent
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2010
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In schoolchildren the most commonly decayed primary teeth are molars affecting proximal adjacent surfaces especially.
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Oral mucosal lesions in children from 0 to 12 years old: ten years experience.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2010
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The exact prevalence of oral lesions in childhood is not well known. We sought to define the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in a large group of children.
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Oral health status of children living in gorom-gorom, oudalan district, burkina faso.
Int J Dent
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2010
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Aim. In order to set up the needs for intervention and to plan oral health prevention and care programmes, this paper aims to describe the oral health status and behaviour in children living in the municipality of Gorom-Gorom, Burkina Faso. Design. The sample size was 692 children, 334 females (48.3%) and 358 males (51.7%). Clinical and oral health related behaviours were collected. Results. 83.4% of the children were caries-free. Fluorosis was recorded in 41.3% of the sample, while only 37.9% of children showed healthy gingival condition. Toothbrushing was reported by 35.7% of children. A statistically significant association was found between caries experience and cleanliness of hands. Community Periodontal Index was statistically associated to toothbrushing and chewingstick use. Conclusion. As suggested by WHOs global strategies, integrated primary oral health care and services meeting the dental needs of the local population are necessary for children living in this area of Africa.
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Differences in oral health among Italian adolescents related to the type of secondary school attended.
Oral Health Prev Dent
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2009
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible interaction between the type of secondary school attended, oral clinical data and self-perceived oral health (SPOH) behaviour among Italian adolescents.
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What statistical method should be used to evaluate risk factors associated with dmfs index? Evidence from the National Pathfinder Survey of 4-year-old Italian children.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2009
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Traditional approaches to the analysis of dmfs/DMFS count data pose analytical challenges, considering the increasing proportion of zeroes in the distribution. The aim of this paper was to predict the probability of caries-free subjects and the dependence of dmfs index on the influence of childhood sociodemographic factors, through the application of regression models.
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Caries risk profiles in Sardinian schoolchildren using Cariogram.
Acta Odontol. Scand.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2009
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The aim of our study was to assess the caries risk profile in a group of Sardinian schoolchildren and to compare the outcome with their history of caries.
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Dental fragment embedded in the lower lip after facial trauma: Brief review literature and report of a case.
Dent Res J (Isfahan)
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Upper incisors are the most frequently involved teeth in traumatic dental injuries. Soft tissues (lips and/or oral mucosa) adjacent to incisal edge can receive direct and/or indirect traumas. Laceration of the lower lip is a not rare eventuality and teeth fragments could be embedded in labial soft tissue. The reattachment of these fragments, if possible, is the elective treatment choice, thanks to the modern adhesive and restorative techniques. The authors present a case of a white Caucasian 10-year-old child, who attended the dental clinic for the treatment of both upper central incisors crown fractures. The fragment of the left incisor was retrieved embedded in the lower lip. It was successfully surgically removed and reattached using a composite adhesive technique. A careful clinical and radiographic examination with the surgical removal of tooth fragments could prevent undesirable foreign body reaction, infection and scarring. The authors also reviewed the most relevant literature concerning tooth fragment reattachment after removal from oral soft tissues.
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Oral stigmatic lesions of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Rev Med Chil
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Patients with gastroesophageal reflux may have extra-esophageal manifestations. We report a 46 years old ex-smoker woman presenting with a sensation of burning mouth, xerostomia and glossitis. The patient had a history of heartburn, dysphonia and cough. Mouth examination showed a bad hygiene and abundant accumulation of plaque. Esophageal pH measurement was abnormal. Laryngoscopy showed a posterior laryngeal inflammation and mucous secretion. With these data, a diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux was reached.
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An Innovative Approach to Treat Incisors Hypomineralization (MIH): A Combined Use of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate and Hydrogen Peroxide-A Case Report.
Case Rep Dent
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Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) is characterized by a developmentally derived deficiency in mineral enamel. Affected teeth present demarcated enamel opacities, ranging from white to brown; also hypoplasia can be associated. Patient frequently claims aesthetic discomfort if anterior teeth are involved. This problem leads patients to request a bleaching treatment to improve aestheticconditions.Nevertheless, hydrogen peroxide can produce serious side-effects, resulting from further mineral loss. Microabrasion and/or a composite restoration are the treatments of choice in teeth with mild/moderate MIH, but they also need enamel loss. Recently, a new remineralizing agent based on Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) has been proposed to be effective in hypomineralized enamel, improving also aesthetic conditions. The present paper presents a case report of a young man with white opacities on incisors treated with a combined use of CPP-ACP mousse and hydrogen peroxide gel to correct the aesthetic defect. The patient was instructed to use CPP-ACP for two hours per day for three months in order to obtain enamel remineralization followed by a combined use of CPP-ACP and bleaching agent for further two months. At the end of this five-month treatment, a noticeable aesthetic improvement of the opacities was observed.
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Tobacco and dental caries: a systematic review.
Acta Odontol. Scand.
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Despite the abundance of evidence linking tobacco consumption to many oral conditions, no systematic review of the relationship with dental caries is available. The main aim of this systematic review was, therefore, to evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on dental caries in adult smokers.
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Lack of association between maternal periodontal status and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a multicentric epidemiologic study.
J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.
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The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between periodontal health and pregnancy outcomes in a large cohort of Italian postpartum women.
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A systematic review on fluoridated food in caries prevention.
Acta Odontol. Scand.
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This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the caries-prevention effect of fluoridated food, excluding water. The main aim of this review was to evaluate the presence of scientific evidence relating to the effects of fluoride intake via food on the occurrence of carious lesions. The outcome was defined as a clinical outcome, so only papers evaluating a decrease in caries indices were included.
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Six months of high-dose xylitol in high-risk caries subjects--a 2-year randomised, clinical trial.
Clin Oral Investig
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The hypothesis was that the daily use of a high dose of a xylitol chewing gum for 6 months would reduce the increment of decayed permanent first molar surfaces (?D6S) in high-risk schoolchildren after 2 years.
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Topical fluoride for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents.
Curr. Pharm. Des.
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The use of topically applied fluoride has been widely researched as a means to reduce the risk of dental caries in conjunction with other treatment modalities (mechanical oral hygiene, dietary control, antimicrobial intervention, pit and fissure sealants). There is overwhelming evidence that reports not only the significance and importance of the use of fluoride as a caries-preventive agent, but also how safe fluoride application is when used appropriately, particularly in higher risk individuals and populations. This paper reviews the caries-protective benefits of topical fluoride application in children and adolescents, with an emphasis on the clinical efficacy and safety of the vehicles by which fluoride is topically delivered. Fluoride toothpaste represents today the most cost-effective fluoride-delivery system in the oral cavity and its use should be the centerpiece in all caries-preventive strategies. On the other hand, mouthrinses, gels and varnishes currently represent adjuncts to toothpaste use and should be targeted towards individuals and groups at high risk of caries.
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Laboratory enamel fluoride uptake from fluoride products.
Am J Dent
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To evaluate the fluoride concentration in enamel after the use of different fluoride products and 48 hours after the cessation of fluoride use.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.