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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Coastal acidification induced by tidal-driven submarine groundwater discharge in a coastal coral reef system.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2014
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We identified a barely noticed contributor, submarine groundwater discharge (SGD), to acidification of a coastal fringing reef system in Sanya Bay in the South China Sea based on time-series observations of Ra isotopes and carbonate system parameters. This coastal system was characterized by strong diel changes throughout the spring to neap tidal cycle of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), total alkalinity, partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and pH, in the ranges of 1851-2131 ?mol kg(-1), 2182-2271 ?mol kg(-1), 290-888 ?atm and 7.72-8.15, respectively. Interestingly, the diurnal amplitudes of these parameters decreased from spring to neap tides, governed by both tidal pumping and biological activities. In ebb stages during the spring tide, we observed the lowest salinities along with the highest DIC, pCO2 and Ra isotopes, and the lowest pH and aragonite saturation state. These observations were consistent with a concurrent SGD rate up to 25 and 44 cm d(-1), quantified using Darcy's law and (226)Ra, during the spring tide ebb, but negligible at flood tides. Such tidal-driven SGD of low pH waters is another significant contributor to coastal acidification, posing additional stress on coastal coral systems, which would be even more susceptible in future scenarios under higher atmospheric CO2.
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Impact of microRNA-134 on neural cell survival against ischemic injury in primary cultured neuronal cells and mouse brain with ischemic stroke by targeting HSPA12B.
Brain Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2014
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As a newly discovered member of the HSP70 family, heat shock protein A12B (HSPA12B) is involved in brain ischemic injury. According to our previous study, microRNA-134 (miR-134) could target HSPA12B by binding to its 3'-untranslated region (UTR). However, the regulation of miR-134 on HSPA12B and their role in protecting neuronal cells from ischemic injury are unclear. In this study, the miR-134 expression level was manipulated, and the HSPA12B protein levels were also determined in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-treated primary cultured neuronal cells in vitro and mouse brain after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced ischemic stroke in vivo. The results showed that miR-134 expression levels increased in primary cultured neuronal cells and mouse brain from 12h to 7 day reoxygenation/reperfusion after 1h OGD or 1h MCAO treatment. miR-134 overexpression promoted neuronal cell death and apoptosis by decreasing HSPA12B protein levels. Conversely, downregulating miR-134 reduced neuronal cell death and apoptosis by enhancing HSPA12B protein levels. Also, HSPA12B siRNA could block miR-134 inhibitor-mediated neuroprotection against OGD-induced neuronal cell injury in vitro. Taken together, miR-134 might influence neuronal cell survival against ischemic injury in primary cultured neuronal cells and mouse brain with ischemic stroke by negatively modulating HSPA12B protein expression in a posttranscriptional manner.
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[Imaging analysis of burst injury of the lungs in coal miners workers].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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To investigate the imaging features of burst injury of the lung in coal miners and to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.
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Inhibition of acid-sensing ion channel currents by propofol in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons.
Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), part of the epithelial sodium channel/degenerin family, are activated by extracellular protons. The ASICs play a significant role in the acidosis-mediated perception of pain. The anaesthetic agent propofol also exerts antinociceptive effects, but the underlying mechanisms for this effect are not clear. We used whole-cell patch clamping to investigate the effect of propofol on proton-gated currents in: (i) rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons; and (ii) HEK293 cells transfected with either ASIC1a or ASIC3. Propofol inhibited the amplitude of proton-gated currents in DRG neurons, but did not change the sensitivity of ASICs to H(+). Notably, propofol altered acid-evoked excitability of rat DRG neurons and decreased the number of action potentials induced by acid stimuli. In addition, we demonstrated that propofol inhibited ASICs by directly binding with these channels in HEK293 cells. These results suggest that propofol inhibits proton-gated currents in DRG neurons and that inhibition of proton-gated currents explains, in part, the antinociceptive effects of propofol in primary afferent neurons.
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Analysis of differential gene expression and novel transcript units of ovine muscle transcriptomes.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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In this study, we characterized differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the muscle transcriptomes of Small-tailed Han sheep and Dorper sheep and predicted novel transcript units using high-throughput RNA sequencing technology. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses showed that 1,300 DEGs were involved in cellular processes, metabolic pathways, and the actin cytoskeleton pathway. Importantly, we identified 34 DEGs related to muscle cell development and differentiation. Additionally, we were able to optimize the gene structure and predict the untranslated regions (UTRs) for some of the DEGs. Among the 123,678 novel predicted transcript units (TUs), 15,015 units were predicted protein sequences. The reliability of the sequencing data was verified through qRT-PCR analysis of 12 genes. These results will provide useful information for functional genetic research in the future.
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An ancient role for Gata-1/2/3 and Scl transcription factor homologs in the development of immunocytes.
Dev. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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Although vertebrate hematopoiesis is the focus of intense study, immunocyte development is well-characterized in only a few invertebrate groups. The sea urchin embryo provides a morphologically simple model for immune cell development in an organism that is phylogenetically allied to vertebrates. Larval immunocytes, including pigment cells and several blastocoelar cell subtypes, emerge from a population of non-skeletal mesodermal (NSM) precursors that is specified at the blastula stage. This ring of cells is first partitioned into oral and aboral fields with distinct blastocoelar and pigment cell gene regulatory programs. The oral field is subsequently specified into several distinct immune and non-immune cell types during gastrulation. Here we characterize the oral NSM expression and downstream function of two homologs of key vertebrate hematopoietic transcription factors: SpGatac, an ortholog of vertebrate Gata-1/2/3 and SpScl, an ortholog of Scl/Tal-2/Lyl-1. Perturbation of SpGatac affects blastocoelar cell migration at gastrulation and later expression of immune effector genes, whereas interference with SpScl function disrupts segregation of pigment and blastocoelar cell precursors. Homologs of several transcription regulators that interact with Gata-1/2/3 and Scl factors in vertebrate hematopoiesis are also co-expressed in the oral NSM, including SpE-protein, the sea urchin homolog of vertebrate E2A/HEB/E2-2 and SpLmo2, an ortholog of a dedicated cofactor of the Scl-GATA transcription complex. Regulatory analysis of SpGatac indicates that oral NSM identity is directly suppressed in presumptive pigment cells by the transcription factor SpGcm. These findings provide part of a comparative basis to understand the evolutionary origins and regulatory biology of deuterostome immune cell differentiation in the context of a tractable gene regulatory network model.
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Characterization and comparative analyses of muscle transcriptomes in Dorper and small-tailed Han sheep using RNA-Seq technique.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The sheep is an important domestic animal and model for many types of medically relevant research. An investigation of gene expression in ovine muscle would significantly advance our understanding of muscle growth. RNA-seq is a recently developed analytical approach for transcriptome profiling via high-throughput sequencing. Although RNA-seq has been recently applied to a wide variety of organisms, few RNA-seq studies have been conducted in livestock, particularly in sheep. In this study, two cDNA libraries were constructed from the biceps brachii of one Small-tailed Han sheep (SH) and one Dorper sheep (DP). The Illumina high-throughput sequencing technique and bioinformatics were used to determine transcript abundances and characteristics. For the SH and DP libraries, we obtained a total of 50,264,608 and 52,794,216 high quality reads, respectively. Approximately two-thirds of the reads could be mapped to the sheep genome. In addition, 40,481 and 38,851 potential coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (cSNPs) were observed, respectively, of which a total of 59,139 cSNP coordinates were different between the two samples. Up to 5,116 and 5,265 respective reference genes had undergone 13,827 and 15,684 alternative splicing events. A total of 6,989 reference genes were extended at the 5, 3 or both ends, and 123,678 novel transcript units were found. A total of 1,300 significantly differentially expressed genes were identified between the two libraries. These results suggest that there are many differences in the muscle transcriptomes between these two animals. This study addresses a preliminary analysis and offers a foundation for future genomic research in the sheep.
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[Ligans from branch of Hypericum petiolulatum].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2009
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To investigate the chemical constituents of Hypericum petiolulatum.
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Identification of novel and differentially expressed MicroRNAs of dairy goat mammary gland tissues using solexa sequencing and bioinformatics.
PLoS ONE
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MicroRNAs are small, noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play an important role in various biological processes. Although most microRNAs expression profiles studies have been performed in humans or rodents, relatively limited knowledge also exists in other mammalian species. The identification of the full repertoire of microRNAs expressed in the lactating mammary gland of Capra hircus would significantly increase our understanding of the physiology of lactating mammary glands. In this study, two libraries were constructed using the lactating mammary gland tissues of Laoshan dairy goats (Capra hircus) during peak and late lactation. Solexa high-throughput sequencing technique and bioinformatics were used to determine the abundance and differential expression of the microRNAs between peak and late lactation. As a result, 19,044,002 and 7,385,833 clean reads were obtained, respectively, and 1,113 conserved known microRNAs and 31 potential novel microRNA candidates were identified. A total of 697 conserved microRNAs were significantly differentially expressed with a P-value<0.01, 272 microRNAs were up-regulated and 425 microRNAs were down-regulated during peak lactation. The results were validated using real-time quantitative RT-PCR. 762,557 annotated mRNA transcripts were predicted as putative target gene candidates. The GO annotation and KEGG pathway analysis suggested that differentially expressed microRNAs were involved in mammary gland physiology, including signal transduction, and cell-cell and cell-extracellular communications. This study provided the first global of the microRNA in Capra hircus and expanded the repertoire of microRNAs. Our results have great significance and value for the elucidation of complex regulatory networks between microRNAs and mRNAs and for the study of mammary gland physiology and lactation.
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Identification and characterization of microRNA in the dairy goat (Capra hircus) mammary gland by Solexa deep-sequencing technology.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
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microRNAs (miRNAs) perform critical roles in various biological and metabolic processes by regulating gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. To investigate the functional roles of miRNAs in the lactating mammary gland of Capra hircus, a library was constructed from the lactating mammary glands of Laoshan dairy goats (C. hircus) during early lactation. The miRNA expression profiles were systematically screened, and miRNAs were identified and characterized using Solexa deep-sequencing technology and bioinformatics. As a result, a total of 18,031,615 clean reads were obtained representing 305,711 unique sRNAs. A total of 12,086,616 sRNAs representing 3,701 unique sRNAs matched the known Bos taurus miRNA precursors in miRBase 17.0, and 300 known miRNAs and 15 miRNA were discovered. In addition, 131 novel miRNAs sequences were also obtained, and 147,703 putative targets were predicted. GO and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the majority of targets were involved in cellular processes and metabolic pathways. The 290 known miRNAs, 14 miRNA and 38 novel miRNAs were validated by sequencing a second library that was constructed from the same tissues as the first library. Our study provided the first large-scale identification and characterization of miRNAs in the mammary gland tissue of the dairy goat. The results indicate that the regulation of miRNA-mediated gene expression occurs during early lactation in dairy goats. This study significantly enriches the C. hircus miRNA repertoire and provides a reference for the elucidation of complex miRNA-mediated regulatory networks for gene expression in the physiology and developmental progression of the lactating mammary gland.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.