JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Flexible Single Crystal Silicon Nanomembrane Photonic Crystal Cavity.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Flexible inorganic electronic devices promise numerous applications, especially in fields that could not be covered satisfactorily by conventional rigid devices. Benefits on a similar scale are also foreseeable for silicon photonic components. However, the difficulty in transferring intricate silicon photonic devices has deterred widespread development. In this paper, we demonstrate a flexible single crystal silicon nanomembrane photonic crystal microcavity through a bonding and substrate removal approach. The transferred cavity shows a quality factor of 2.2×10^4, and could be bended to a curvature of 5 mm radius without deteriorating the performance compared to its counterparts on rigid substrates. A thorough characterization of the device reveals that the resonant wavelength is a linear function of the bending-induced strain. The device also shows a curvature-independent sensitivity to the ambient index variation.
Related JoVE Video
Highly efficient mode converter for coupling light into wide slot photonic crystal waveguide.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We design, fabricate and experimentally demonstrate a highly efficient adiabatic mode converter for coupling light into a silicon slot waveguide with a slot width as large as 320nm. This strip-to-slot mode converter is optimized to provide a measured insertion loss as low as 0.08dB. Our mode converter provides 0.1dB lower loss compared to a conventional V-shape mode converter. This mode converter is used to couple light into and out of a 320nm slot photonic crystal waveguide, and it is experimentally shown to improve the coupling efficiency up to 3.5dB compared to the V-shape mode converter, over the slow-light wavelength region.
Related JoVE Video
Grating-coupled silicon-on-sapphire integrated slot waveguides operating at mid-infrared wavelengths.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We demonstrate subwavelength bidirectional grating (SWG) coupled slot waveguide fabricated in silicon-on-sapphire for transverse electric polarized wave operation at 3.4 ?m wavelength. Coupling efficiency of 29% for SWG coupler is experimentally achieved. Propagation loss of 11??dB/cm has been experimentally obtained for slot waveguides. Two-step taper mode converters with an insertion loss of 0.13 dB are used to gradually convert the strip waveguide mode into slot waveguide mode.
Related JoVE Video
On-chip silicon optical phased array for two-dimensional beam steering.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A 16-element optical phased array integrated on chip is presented for achieving two-dimensional (2D) optical beam steering. The device is fabricated on the silicon-on-insulator platform with a 250 nm silicon device layer. Steering is achieved via a combination of wavelength tuning and thermo-optic phase shifting with a switching power of P(?)=20??mW per channel. Using a silicon waveguide grating with a polycrystalline silicon overlay enables narrow far field beam widths while mitigating the precise etching needed for conventional shallow etch gratings. Using this system, 2D steering across a 20°×15° field of view is achieved with a sidelobe level better than 10 dB and with beam widths of 1.2°×0.5°.
Related JoVE Video
Colorless grating couplers realized by interleaving dispersion engineered subwavelength structures.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We investigate the waveguide dispersion of subwavelength structures, and propose that the waveguide dispersion can be reduced by reducing the period of subwavelength structures. A 3 dB bandwidth increment of 20% has been observed by introducing this concept into previously demonstrated grating couplers. To fully exploit the bandwidth merits of the structures, gratings with interleaved subwavelength structures were designed and fabricated. Two typical types of interleaving geometries have been investigated. Both demonstrated a 1 dB bandwidth ?70??nm, a 3 dB bandwidth ?117??nm, and a peak efficiency ?-5.1??dB at 1570 nm for transverse-electric polarized light. The simulation confirms that the dispersion engineering adds an extra 12 nm to the 1 dB bandwidth.
Related JoVE Video
Ultraviolet imprinting and aligned ink-jet printing for multilayer patterning of electro-optic polymer modulators.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The present work demonstrates an electro-optic polymer-based Mach-Zehnder (MZ) modulator fabricated utilizing advanced ultraviolet (UV) imprinting and aligned ink-jet printing technologies for patterning and layer deposition. The bottom electrode layer is designed and directly ink-jet printed on the substrate to form the patterned layer. The waveguide structure is formed into a bottom cladding polymer using a transparent flexible mold-based UV imprinting method. All other layers can be ink-jet printed. The top electrode is aligned and printed over the MZ arm. The modulator demonstrates a V-pi of 8 V at 3 kHz. This technology shows great potential in minimizing the fabrication complexity and roll-to-roll compatibility for manufacturing low cost, lightweight, and conformal modulators at high throughput.
Related JoVE Video
Printable thermo-optic polymer switches utilizing imprinting and ink-jet printing.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We demonstrate a printable Thermo-Optic (TO) switch utilizing imprinting and ink-jet printing techniques. The material system, optical and thermal designs are discussed. Imprinting technique is used to transfer a 2 × 2 switch pattern from a flexible mold into a UV15LV polymer bottom cladding. Ink-jet printing is further used to deposit a SU-8 polymer core layer on top. Operation of the switch is experimentally demonstrated up to a frequency of 1 kHz, with switching time less than 0.5 ms. The printing technique demonstrates great potential for high throughput, roll-to-roll fabrication of low cost photonic devices.
Related JoVE Video
Low-cost board-to-board optical interconnects using molded polymer waveguide with 45 degree mirrors and inkjet-printed micro-lenses as proximity vertical coupler.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We demonstrate intra- and inter-board level optical interconnects using polymer waveguides and waveguide couplers consisting of both 45 degree total internal reflection (TIR) mirrors and inkjet-printed micro-lenses. Surface normal couplers consisting of 50 µm × 50 µm waveguides with embedded 45 degree mirrors are fabricated using a nickel mold imprint. Micro-lenses, 70 µm in diameter, are inkjet-printed on top of the mirrors. We characterize the optical transmission between waveguides located on different boards in terms of insertion loss, mirror coupling loss, and free space propagation loss as a function of interconnection distance in free space. Each mirror contributes 1.88 dB loss to the system, corresponding to 65% efficiency. The printed micro-lenses improve the transmission by 2-4 dB (per coupler). Data transmission at 10 Gbps reveals that inter-board interconnects has a bit error rate (BER) of 1.1 × 10(-10) and 6.2 × 10(-13) without and with the micro-lenses, respectively.
Related JoVE Video
Group-index independent coupling to band engineered SOI photonic crystal waveguide with large slow-down factor.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-24-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Group-index independent coupling to a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) based band-engineered photonic crystal (PCW) waveguide is presented. A single hole size is used for designing both the PCW coupler and the band-engineered PCW to improve fabrication yield. Efficiency of several types of PCW couplers is numerically investigated. An on-chip integrated Fourier transform spectral interferometry device is used to experimentally determine the group-index while excluding the effect of the couplers. A low-loss, low-dispersion slow light transmission over 18 nm bandwidth under the silica light line with a group index of 26.5 is demonstrated, that corresponds to the largest slow-down factor of 0.31 ever demonstrated for a PCW with oxide bottom cladding.
Related JoVE Video
One stage pulse compression at 1554 nm through highly anomalous dispersive photonic crystal fiber.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-24-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We demonstrate the pulse compression at 1554 nm using one stage of highly anomalous dispersive photonic crystal fibers with a dispersion value of 600 ps/nm?km. A 1.64 ps pulse is compressed down to 0.357 ps with a compression factor of 4.6, which agrees reasonably well with the simulation value of 6.1. The compressor is better suited for high energy ultra-short pulse compression than conventional low dispersive single mode fibers.
Related JoVE Video
Transfer of micro and nano-photonic silicon nanomembrane waveguide devices on flexible substrates.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This paper demonstrates transfer of optical devices without extra un-patterned silicon onto low-cost, flexible plastic substrates using single-crystal silicon nanomembranes. Employing this transfer technique, stacking two layers of silicon nanomembranes with photonic crystal waveguide in the first layer and multi mode interference couplers in the second layer is shown, respectively. This technique is promising to realize high density integration of multilayer hybrid structures on flexible substrates.
Related JoVE Video
Optimum access waveguide width for 1 x N multimode interference couplers on silicon nanomembrane.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We derived an analytical formula for the optimum width of the access waveguides of 1 x N multimode interference (MMI) couplers. Eigenmode-decomposition-based simulations show that the optimum width relation corresponds to the points of diminishing returns in both insertion loss and output uniformity versus access waveguide width. We fabricate and characterize 1 x 12 MMI couplers on a nanomembrane of silicon-on-insulator substrate. The experimental investigations demonstrate that the analytical results can be reliably used as a design rule for MMI couplers with large number of outputs.
Related JoVE Video
Efficient light coupling into in-plane semiconductor nanomembrane photonic devices utilizing a sub-wavelength grating coupler.
Opt Express
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We report a subwavelength grating (SWG) coupler for coupling light efficiently into in-plane semiconductor nanomembrane photonic devices for the first time. The SWG coupler consists of a periodic array of rectangular trenches fabricated on a silicon nanomembrane (SiNM) transferred onto a glass substrate. At a wavelength of 1555.56 nm, the coupling efficiency of the fabricated 10 µm wide, 17.1 µm long SWG is 39.17% (-4.07 dB), with 1 dB and 3 dB bandwidths of 29 nm and 57 nm, respectively. Peak efficiency varies by 0.26 dB when measuring 5 fabricated grating pairs. Coupling efficiency can further be improved with an improved SiNM transfer process. Such high efficiency couplers allow for the successful realization of a plethora of hybrid photonic devices utilizing nanomembrane technology.
Related JoVE Video
Large optical spectral range dispersion engineered silicon-based photonic crystal waveguide modulator.
Opt Express
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We present a dispersion engineered slow light silicon-based photonic crystal waveguide PIN modulator. Low-dispersion slow light transmission over 18 nm bandwidth under the silica light line with a group index of 26.5 is experimentally confirmed. We investigate the variations of the modulator figure of merit, V(?) × L, as a function of the optical carrier wavelength over the bandwidth of the fundamental photonic crystal waveguide defect mode. A large signal operation with a record low maximum V(? )× L of 0.0464 V · mm over the low-dispersion optical spectral range is demonstrated. We also report the device operation at 2 GHz.
Related JoVE Video
Stamp printing of silicon-nanomembrane-based photonic devices onto flexible substrates with a suspended configuration.
Opt Lett
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In this Letter, we demonstrate for the first time (to our best knowledge) stamp printing of silicon nanomembrane (SiNM)-based in-plane photonic devices onto a flexible substrate using a modified transfer printing method that utilizes a suspended configuration, which can adjust the adhesion between the released SiNM and the "handle" silicon wafer. With this method, 230 nm thick, 30 ?m wide, and up to 5.7 cm long SiNM-based waveguides are transferred to flexible Kapton films with >90% transfer yield. The propagation loss of the transferred waveguides is measured to be ~1.1 dB/cm. Scalability of this approach to transfer intricate structures, such as photonic crystal waveguides and multimode interference couplers with a minimum feature size of 200 nm and 2 ?m, respectively, is also demonstrated.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.