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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Desipramine and citalopram attenuate pretest swim-induced increases in prodynorphin immunoreactivity in the dorsal bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the lateral division of the central nucleus of the amygdala in the forced swimming test.
Neuropeptides
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Dynorphin in the nucleus accumbens shell plays an important role in antidepressant-like effect in the forced swimming test (FST), but it is unclear whether desipramine and citalopram treatments alter prodynorphin levels in other brain areas. To explore this possibility, we injected mice with desipramine and citalopram 0.5, 19, and 23 h after a 15-min pretest swim and observed changes in prodynorphin expression before the test swim, which was conducted 24 h after the pretest swim. The pretest swim increased prodynorphin immunoreactivity in the dorsal bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (dBNST) and lateral division of the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeL). This increase in prodynorphin immunoreactivity in the dBNST and CeL was blocked by desipramine and citalopram treatments. Similar changes in prodynorphin mRNA levels were observed in the dBNST and CeL, but these changes did not reach significance. To understand the underlying mechanism, we assessed changes in phosphorylated CREB at Ser(133) (pCREB) immunoreactivity in the dBNST and central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). Treatment with citalopram but not desipramine after the pretest swim significantly increased pCREB immunoreactivity only in the dBNST. These results suggest that regulation of prodynorphin in the dBNST and CeL before the test swim may be involved in the antidepressant-like effect of desipramine and citalopram in the FST and suggest that changes in pCREB immunoreactivity in these areas may not play an important role in the regulation of prodynorphin in the dBNST and CeA.
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Tradeoffs between Trust and Survivability for Mission Effectiveness in Tactical Networks.
IEEE Trans Cybern
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2014
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In a military tactical network, maintaining trust among members in a mission group is critical to successful mission completion. However, maintaining high trust among group members in a resource-restricted tactical environment detrimentally reduces system lifetime, which may lead to mission failure or low mission effectiveness. In this paper, we aim to investigate the relationships between group trust and system lifetime [i.e., survivability measuring mean time to mission failure (MTTMF)] and to capture mission effectiveness achieved by the mission group based on the tradeoff between these two goals. We employ a composite trust capturing various angles of trust concept derived from communication, information, and social networks. We take a game theoretic approach using the so called Aoyagi's game theory, enforcing nodes to exhibit desirable behavior based on reward or penalty given by the system. In designing reward/penalty mechanisms, we adopt the concept of aspiration level, defining success or failure based on a goal set by the system, and prove there exists an optimal trust threshold maximizing both MTTMF (i.e., system lifetime/survivability) and group trust. We devised a mission effectiveness metric based on both the metrics having conflicting goals. We developed an analytical model using Stochastic Petri Nets, and validated the analytical results with simulation results. We conducted comparative performance analysis of the variations of the proposed scheme with respect to a node's decision nature (i.e., rational versus altruistic) and trust threshold policy (static versus dynamic) in resource-constrained tactical environments.
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Endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach for craniopharyngioma: report of 6 cases.
Ear Nose Throat J
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate outcomes in patients with a craniopharyngioma who were managed via a transnasal transsphenoidal approach. Craniopharyngiomas exhibit histologically benign but "clinically malignant" features. Our study group was made up of 5 patients who underwent a total of 6 operations. The study population included 1 female and 5 males, aged 14 to 50 years (mean: 29.2). The overall rate of near-total tumor removal was 67%, but all patients eventually experienced a recurrence. Revision surgery to correct any severe postoperative complications was not required in any case. We found that the endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach could be a safe and less invasive surgical option for the removal of craniopharyngiomas, although we were unable to remove all tumor or prevent recurrences.
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Correlation of salivary alpha amylase level and adenotonsillar hypertrophy with sleep disordered breathing in pediatric subjects.
J Clin Sleep Med
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2014
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Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) can affect the sympathetic adrenomedullary system (SAM). As a biomarker of SAM activity, salivary ?-amylase (sAA) in pediatric subjects was evaluated whether it has any correlation with polysomnographic (PSG) parameters related to SDB.
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Tpl2 induces castration resistant prostate cancer progression and metastasis.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2014
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Progression to metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is the major lethal pathway of prostate cancer (PC). Herein, we demonstrated that tumor progression locus 2 (Tpl2) kinase is the fundamental molecule provoking progression and metastasis of CRPC. Tpl2 upregulates CXCR4 and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) to activate CXCL12/CXCR4 and FAK/Akt signalling pathway. Consequently, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stemness of androgen depletion independent (ADI) PC cells are induced, which is dependent on the kinase activity of Tpl2. In vitro, proliferation, clonogenicity, migration, invasion and chemoresistance of ADI PC cells were enhanced by Tpl2. In vivo, Tpl2 overexpression and downregulation showed significant stimulatory and inhibitory effects on tumorigenic and metastatic potential of ADI PC cells, respectively. Moreover, the prognostic effects of Tpl2 and expressional correlation between Tpl2 and EMT-related molecules/CXCR4 were validated in clinical PC databases. Since Tpl2 exerts metastatic progression promoting activities in CRPC, Tpl2 could serve as a novel therapeutic target for metastatic CRPC.
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Induction of a hardening phenomenon and quantitative changes of ceramides in stratum corneum.
Ann Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2014
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Hardening phenomenon of human skin after repeated exposure to the irritants is well-known, but the precise mechanism remains elusive.
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A Randomized, Multi-Center, Single Blind, Active-Controlled, Matched Pairs Clinical Study to Evaluate Prevention of Adhesion Formation and Safety of HyFence in Patients After Endoscopic Sinus Surgery.
Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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Recurrent mucosal disease and anatomic obstruction are commonly cited causes of failed endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been reported to reduce scarring and to promote wound healing in sinonasal surgery. HyFence is HA stabilized by 1, 4-butandiol diglycidyl ether, which makes it less-water-soluble and highly viscoelastic. The purpose of this study is to examine the anti-adhesion effect of HyFence after ESS compared to that of HA-CMC (Guardix-Sol).
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The Serine Protease Inhibitor, 4-(2-aminoethyl) Benzene Sulfonyl Fluoride Hydrochloride, Reduces Allergic Inflammation in a House Dust Mite Allergic Rhinitis Mouse Model.
Allergy Asthma Immunol Res
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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Serine protease inhibitors are involved in immune development, anti-inflammatory mechanisms, and tissue repair. In the present study, the serine protease inhibitor 4-(2-aminoethyl) benzene sulfonyl fluoride hydrochloride (AEBSF) was evaluated for its prophylactic and therapeutic applications in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis (AR).
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Topical anesthetic preparations for rigid and flexible endoscopy: a meta-analysis.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Transnasal endoscopy can cause pain or discomfort for the patient. Topical anesthetic has been used in an attempt to reduce this. However, there is no consensus on whether topical anesthetic is effective in optimizing patient experience during the procedure. The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy of topical anesthetic on pain and comfort outcomes during endoscopy. Two authors independently searched the databases from inception to September 2013. Studies comparing topical anesthetic with placebo where the outcomes of interest were pain, comfort, or side effect outcomes were included. Sufficient data for meta-analysis were retrieved for ten trials with a total of 837 patients. The evidence suggests that local anesthetic alone or in combination with a vasoconstrictor is beneficial to patients' pain [standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.21; p = 0.045] and comfort (SMD = -0.51; p < 0.001) outcomes when performing transnasal endoscopy. However, the topical anesthetic caused unpleasant sensation with respect to an unpleasant taste (SMD = 0.77; p < 0.001). In addition, there was no significant difference between a topical anesthetic spray and cotton type in pain and discomfort values. Applying topical anesthetic during transnasal endoscopy could reduce pain and discomfort. The spray and cotton type methods of topical anesthetic preparation showed no significant difference in terms of pain and discomfort during the procedure. However, further trials with good research methodology should be conducted to confirm our results.
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Translational validation of personalized treatment strategy based on genetic characteristics of glioblastoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Glioblastoma (GBM) heterogeneity in the genomic and phenotypic properties has potentiated personalized approach against specific therapeutic targets of each GBM patient. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network has been established the comprehensive genomic abnormalities of GBM, which sub-classified GBMs into 4 different molecular subtypes. The molecular subtypes could be utilized to develop personalized treatment strategy for each subtype. We applied a classifying method, NTP (Nearest Template Prediction) method to determine molecular subtype of each GBM patient and corresponding orthotopic xenograft animal model. The models were derived from GBM cells dissociated from patient's surgical sample. Specific drug candidates for each subtype were selected using an integrated pharmacological network database (PharmDB), which link drugs with subtype specific genes. Treatment effects of the drug candidates were determined by in vitro limiting dilution assay using patient-derived GBM cells primarily cultured from orthotopic xenograft tumors. The consistent identification of molecular subtype by the NTP method was validated using TCGA database. When subtypes were determined by the NTP method, orthotopic xenograft animal models faithfully maintained the molecular subtypes of parental tumors. Subtype specific drugs not only showed significant inhibition effects on the in vitro clonogenicity of patient-derived GBM cells but also synergistically reversed temozolomide resistance of MGMT-unmethylated patient-derived GBM cells. However, inhibitory effects on the clonogenicity were not totally subtype-specific. Personalized treatment approach based on genetic characteristics of each GBM could make better treatment outcomes of GBMs, although more sophisticated classifying techniques and subtype specific drugs need to be further elucidated.
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NTRK1 fusion in glioblastoma multiforme.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive form of brain tumor, yet with no targeted therapy with substantial survival benefit. Recent studies on solid tumors showed that fusion genes often play driver roles and are promising targets for pharmaceutical intervention. To survey potential fusion genes in GBMs, we analysed RNA-Seq data from 162 GBM patients available through The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and found that 3' exons of neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 1 (NTRK1, encoding TrkA) are fused to 5' exons of the genes that are highly expressed in neuronal tissues, neurofascin (NFASC) and brevican (BCAN). The fusions preserved both the transmembrane and kinase domains of NTRK1 in frame. NTRK1 is a mediator of the pro-survival signaling of nerve growth factor (NGF) and is a known oncogene, found commonly altered in human cancer. While GBMs largely lacked NTRK1 expression, the fusion-positive GBMs expressed fusion transcripts in high abundance, and showed elevated NTRK1-pathway activity. Lentiviral transduction of the NFASC-NTRK1 fusion gene in NIH 3T3 cells increased proliferation in vitro, colony formation in soft agar, and tumor formation in mice, suggesting the possibility that the fusion contributed to the initiation or maintenance of the fusion-positive GBMs, and therefore may be a rational drug target.
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Analysis of sphenoid sinus in the operative plane of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery using computed tomography.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2013
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Recently, the endoscopic transsphenoidal approach for sphenoid sinus or intracranial lesion has gained more popularity and the study of the surgical anatomy and relationships of the sphenoid sinus has gained increased significance. The aim of this study was to clarify the anatomical features of the sphenoid sinus including surrounding structures as seen in the operative view of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. The various distances in the sphenoid sinus as well as the relationships between the sphenoid sinus ostium (SO) and important structures such as the optic canal (OC) and carotid artery (CA) according to the presence of Onodi cell (sphenoethmoidal cell; Onodi group vs. non-Onodi group) were assessed using multiplanar and three-dimensional model of CT scans in 100 patients. The SO was more inferior in Onodi group and located superior to the lowest point of the sella. The horizontal distance from the SO to sella was approximately 13 or 14 mm depending on the existence of Onodi cells. Regardless of Onodi cell, the whole course of the OC in the sinus ran superolaterally to inferomedially in the endoscopic view. However, Onodi cell made the angles from the SO to OC larger. In Onodi group, the CA was located from the SO in a superolateral direction, but in non-Onodi group, the CA was located from the SO in the inferolateral direction. This study provides anatomical information about the sphenoid sinus, with important surgical distances between the SO and surrounding structures measured, which is essential to avoid complications during transsphenoidal surgery.
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Bilateral nasoseptal flaps for endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach.
J Craniofac Surg
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2013
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A nasoseptal flap is used to reconstruct defects in the skull base when cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks after the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA). We evaluated the usefulness of elevating bilateral nasoseptal flaps with the EETSA. Sixty-seven patients (71 procedures, including 4 revisions) underwent the EETSA with bilateral nasoseptal flap elevation. We retrospectively reviewed patients medical records, including demographic data, surgical procedures, outcomes, and complications. The entire sellar floor was exposed after elevating bilateral nasoseptal flaps. We reconstructed the defect using a right nasoseptal flap in 14 cases with intraoperative CSF leakage. The denuded sphenoidal sinus was covered with a left nasoseptal flap in 13 cases with excessive loss of sphenoidal sinus mucosa. Unused flaps (57 right flaps and 58 left flaps) were repositioned in the original sites. No postoperative CSF leak occurred. All sphenoidal sinuses covered with the left nasoseptal flap healed well without excessive crust. Two patients experienced immediate postoperative bleeding. Septal perforation occurred in 1 patient who underwent a revision operation. Bilateral nasoseptal flap elevation provided good exposure of the sellar floor with the EETSA. The nasoseptal flap could be used to reconstruct the defect after the EETSA and to cover the denuded sphenoidal sinus. The unused flaps could be repositioned in their original sites to minimize the septal defect and could be reused in revision surgery. We suggest that elevating bilateral nasoseptal flaps is a useful surgical technique in a variety of settings with the EETSA.
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Tpl2 kinase impacts tumor growth and metastasis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Mol. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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Due to the innate high metastatic ability of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), many patients with RCC experience local or systemic relapses after surgical resection. A deeper understanding of the molecular pathogenesis underlying advanced RCC is essential for novel innovative therapeutics. Tumor progression locus 2 (Tpl2), upregulated in various tumor types, has been reported to be associated with oncogenesis and metastatic progression via activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. Herein, the relevance of Tpl2 in tumor growth and metastasis of RCC is explored. Inspection of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) indicated that Tpl2 overexpression was significantly related to the presence of metastases and poor outcome in clear cell RCC (ccRCC), which is the most aggressive subtype of RCC. Moreover, expression of Tpl2 and CXCR4 showed a positive correlation in ccRCC patients. Depletion of Tpl2 by RNAi or activity by a Tpl2 kinase inhibitor in human ccRCC cells remarkably suppressed MAPK pathways and impaired in vitro cell proliferation, clonogenicity, anoikis resistance, migration, and invasion capabilities. Similarly, orthotopic xenograft growth and lung metastasis were significantly inhibited by Tpl2 silencing. Furthermore, Tpl2 knockdown reduced CXCL12-directed chemotaxis and chemoinvasion accompanied with impaired downstream signaling, indicating potential involvement of Tpl2 in CXCR4-mediated metastasis. Taken together, these data indicate that Tpl2 kinase is associated with and contributes to disease progression of ccRCC. Implications: Tpl2 kinase activity has prognostic and therapeutic targeting potential in aggressive clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
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Food hypersensitivity in patients with childhood atopic dermatitis in Korea.
Ann Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2013
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It is well known that atopic dermatitis (AD) is related to food hypersensitivity, although its prevalence varies among several studies according to age group, severity, country, survey time, and test method.
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Lack of association of plasma histamine with diamine oxidase in chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Ann Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2013
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Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is considered a complex and multifactorial disease. Excessive histamine intake may induce an attack of urticaria. The main enzyme for histamine metabolism is diamine oxidase (DAO).
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Changes in c-Fos Expression in the Forced Swimming Test: Common and Distinct Modulation in Rat Brain by Desipramine and Citalopram.
Korean J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2013
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Rodents exposed to a 15-min pretest swim in the forced swimming test (FST) exhibit prolonged immobility in a subsequent 5-min test swim, and antidepressant treatment before the test swim reduces immobility. At present, neuronal circuits recruited by antidepressant before the test swim remain unclear, and also less is known about whether antidepressants with different mechanisms of action could influence neural circuits differentially. To reveal the neural circuits associated with antidepressant effect in the FST, we injected desipramine or citalopram 0.5 h, 19 h, and 23 h after the pretest swim and observed changes in c-Fos expression in rats before the test swim, namely 24 h after the pretest swim. Desipramine treatment alone in the absence of pretest swim was without effect, whereas citalopram treatment alone significantly increased the number of c-Fos-like immunoreactive cells in the central nucleus of the amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, where this pattern of increase appears to be maintained after the pretest swim. Both desipramine and citalopram treatment after the pretest swim significantly increased the number of c-Fos-like immunoreactive cells in the ventral lateral septum and ventrolateral periaqueductal gray before the test swim. These results suggest that citalopram may affect c-Fos expression in the central nucleus of the amygdala and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis distinctively and raise the possibility that upregulation of c-Fos in the ventral lateral septum and ventrolateral periaqueductal gray before the test swim may be one of the probable common mechanisms underlying antidepressant effect in the FST.
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Nasal pH in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis before and after endoscopic sinus surgery.
Am J Otolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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Physiologically acidic nasal pH depends on intact nasal mucosal function. The aim of this study was to determine nasal pH in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and to investigate the changes in pH related to mucosal healing after endoscopic sinus surgery.
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Correlation between skin prick test and MAST-immunoblot results in patients with chronic rhinitis.
Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2013
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The most reliable method for confirming the causative allergens of allergic rhinitis is the skin prick test, followed by the multiple allergen simultaneous test (MAST), which reportedly has acceptable sensitivity and specificity. This study was designed to confirm whether a novel MAST-immunoblot assay can reliably diagnose allergic rhinitis.
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Anatomical analysis of intraorbital structures regarding sinus surgery using multiplanar reconstruction of computed tomography scans.
Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2013
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This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the intraorbital structures regarding to endoscopic sinus surgery and external frontal sinus surgery analyzing computer tomography (CT) scans.
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Nasalance change after sinonasal surgery: analysis of voice after septoturbinoplasty and endoscopic sinus surgery.
Am J Rhinol Allergy
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2013
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Changes in nasalance caused by resonance change after endonasal surgeries have been reported in prior studies. In clinical practice, although patients often complain of a nasal voice just after surgery, their voices recover over time. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term nasalance changes before and after endonasal surgery.
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Anatomical analysis of nasal obstruction: nasal cavity of patients complaining of stuffy nose.
Laryngoscope
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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To evaluate the relationship between subjective symptoms of nasal obstruction and the corresponding nasal anatomical parameters using paranasal computed tomography (PNS CT).
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Bilateral modified nasoseptal "rescue" flaps in the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach.
Laryngoscope
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2013
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For a wide exposure of skull base and preservation of septal mucosa, we have raised bilateral modified nasoseptal rescue flaps in the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA) and evaluated the usefulness of these flaps elevation.
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An acquired tufted angioma of the nasal cavity.
Auris Nasus Larynx
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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Tufted angiomas are benign vascular tumors that occur mainly in children younger than 5 years, involving the skin with subcutaneous plaques or in a nodular form. We experienced a rare tufted angioma in the nasal cavity. A 35-year-old woman visited our clinic because of frequent epistaxis. A mass was found in the left posterior nasal cavity, adjacent to the middle turbinate, and attached to the nasal septum. The mass was excised using endoscopy, under local anesthesia. The histopathological examination showed a cannon-ball distribution of the vasculature, compatible with a tufted angioma. This is the first tufted angioma in the English literature found in the nasal mucosa, so we report this case with a literature review.
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Morphometric analysis of the infraorbital groove, canal, and foramen on three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography scans.
Surg Radiol Anat
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2013
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This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the infraorbital foramen (IOF), infraorbital canal (IOC), and infraorbital groove (IOG) with regard to surgical and invasive procedures using three-dimensional reconstruction of CT scans.
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New landmark for the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach of pituitary surgery.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2013
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To clarify the anatomical correlations of the sphenoid sinus with surrounding structures in the normal Korean population, and to identify surgical landmarks for safe sellar floor dissection in the anterior skull base by endoscopy and microscopy.
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Three-dimensional computed tomography analysis to help define an endoscopic endonasal approach of the pterygopalatine fossa.
Am J Rhinol Allergy
PUBLISHED: 12-22-2011
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The pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) can be entered endoscopically, but the endoscopic landmarks to localize the bony structures in the PPF are not well described. This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the sphenopalatine foramen (SPF), vidian canal (VC), and foramen rotundum (FR) with regard to an endoscopic endonasal approach to the PPF using three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography (CT) scans.
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An immunohistochemical study of the origin of the solid strand in syringoma, using carcinoembryonic antigen, epithelial membrane antigen, and cytokeratin 5.
Int. J. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2011
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Although much research has been conducted into the origin of syringoma, the histogenesis and differentiation of it remains controversial. The published studies examined various antibodies, and our study is an additional immunohistochemical work-up.
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Quantitative study of stratum corneum ceramides contents in patients with sensitive skin.
J. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2011
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People with sensitive skin (SS) are those who state their skin is more sensitive than that of average persons. The stratum corneum is responsible for maintaining skin barrier function. Ceramides, major constituents of stratum corneum lipids, have been shown to predominantly contribute to the role. It has been suggested that barrier function in SS is decreased. However, we could find very few reports about stratum corneum ceramides in SS. This study was done to find out differences in stratum corneum ceramides between SS and non-SS groups. Fifty individuals (20 with SS and 30 with non-SS) were recruited. Lactic acid sting test (LAST) was performed on the left cheek. On six sites including the right cheek, arm, thigh, leg, back and palm, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and erythema index (EI) were measured. On the above six sites, stratum corneum sheets were obtained by stripping with cyanoacrylate resin and stratum corneum lipids were extracted, then, analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. LAST scores were higher in the SS group, but not statistically significant. There were no differences in TEWL and EI values between the two groups. The mean value of the quantity of stratum corneum ceramides on the face was significantly lower in the SS group. On other sites, mean values were also lower in the SS group, but not statistically significant. The quantity of ceramides was significantly decreased in the face of the SS group compared to that of the non-SS group. These results suggest that the decrease in stratum corneum ceramides on facial skin could be related to SS development.
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Role of the sphenoidal process of the septal cartilage in the development of septal deviation.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2011
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The sphenoidal process of the septal cartilage (SP) is a small strip of cartilage between the perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone and vomer. The present study was performed to evaluate the clinical significance of the SP in the development of nasal septal deviation.
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A huge midline premaxillary cyst as a late complication of maxillary surgery.
J Craniofac Surg
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2011
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A median palatal cyst is an uncommon nonodontogenic cyst, and patients usually present with a painless swelling or the sensation of a mass. The mass is typically a well-defined fixed swelling along the midline. The mass can cause slight elevation of the nasal floor or swelling and drainage from the hard palate. Surgical resection is usually recommended as a definite treatment.We treated a 30-year-old man with a premaxillary mass with nasal obstruction. He had undergone surgery on both the maxilla and the mandible to correct malocclusion 10 years earlier. A physical examination revealed elevated mucosa of the nasal floor, resulting in near-total obstruction of the nasal cavity, and the gingival mucosa over the upper incisors was also swollen. Preoperative computed tomographic scan demonstrated a midline nonenhancing round cystic lesion in the premaxillary area. Surgical excision was performed via a sublabial approach under general anesthesia, and his recovery after surgery was uneventful.
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A case of benign cephalic histiocytosis.
Ann Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2011
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Benign cephalic histiocytosis (BCH) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis of unknown etiology. Clinically, lesions are characterized by small, red-to-yellow papules distributed mainly on the head, face, neck, and shoulders of infants and children. Histopathological specimens show massive histiocytic infiltration of the superficial dermis. Immunohistochemically, they are positive for CD68, but negative for CD1a and S-100. Two cases have been reported so far in the relevant work published in Korean literature. Herein, we report on an additional case of BCH.
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Nodular colloid degeneration.
Am J Dermatopathol
PUBLISHED: 09-21-2011
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This report presents a case of nodular colloid degeneration in a 76-year-old man with a solitary facial lesion. The skin lesion was a yellowish indurated plaque on the left mandibular area. Histopathologic examination revealed the amorphous colloid material in the upper dermis. The Congo red stain was negative, no birefringence was observed under polarized light, and elastic stain showed positivity in both the colloid and the surrounding fibers. To the best of our knowledge, nodular colloid degeneration is a rare entity and has only been reported in published literature a few times in the last 8 decades.
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The Onodi cell: an obstacle to sellar lesions with a transsphenoidal approach.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2011
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The Onodi cell is the posterior-most ethmoid air cell and an important anatomical variant because of the intimate spatial relationship with the optic nerve, internal carotid artery, and sellar floor during sphenoid sinus surgery. The authors evaluated the incidence of Onodi cells, their clinical importance, and the association between preoperative radiological findings and surgical findings.
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Pre- and post-transfusion testing for hepatitis B virus surface antigen and antibody in blood recipients: a single-institution experience in an area of high endemicity.
Ann Lab Med
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2011
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Hepatitis B remains the most common transfusion-transmitted viral infection. We explored the current status of pre-transfusion screening and post-transfusion follow-up testing for hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies (anti-HBs) in blood recipients from an area of high HBV endemicity.
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Toll-like receptor 2 gene polymorphisms in a Korean population: association with chronic rhinosinusitis.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2011
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To investigate the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene encoding Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 in Korean patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and controls.
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Therapy-related acute leukemia with mixed phenotype and t(9;22)(q32;q11.2): a case report and review of the literature.
Hum. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2011
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Therapy-related acute leukemia showing mixed phenotype is extremely rare. We report a 49-year-old woman who presented with palpable masses in her neck and back. She had received systemic chemotherapy (adriamycin and cisplatin) and radiotherapy for endometrial adenocarcinoma 7 years before. Her peripheral blood and bone marrow showed increased blasts, which coexpressed myeloid (CD13, CD33, and myeloperoxidase) and B-lymphoid antigens (CD19 and CD79a). Cytogenetic analysis showed a karyotype of 46,XX,dup(1)(q21q32),add(5)(q33),t(9;22)(q34;q11.2)[12]/47,idem,+der(22)t(9;22)[8], and BCR/ABL1 rearrangement was detected. Leukemic infiltration was also confirmed in her back mass. After induction chemotherapy with idarubicin, cytarabine, and imatinib, she achieved complete remission. Only 2 cases of therapy-related acute leukemia with mixed phenotype have been reported so far: one with hyperploidy and the other with t(1;21)(p36;q22). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of therapy-related acute leukemia with mixed phenotype and t(9;22) as well as extramedullary leukemic infiltrations.
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An anatomic study using three-dimensional reconstruction for pterygopalatine fossa infiltration via the greater palatine canal.
Clin Anat
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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The pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) is accessed via the greater palatine canal (GPC) in an attempt to reduce bleeding during paranasal sinus surgery. This study aims to investigate the anatomy of the greater palatine foramen (GPF), GPC, and the PPF, with reference to PPF infiltration using three-dimensional reconstruction of computer tomographic (CT) scan measurements. The CT scans of 50 patients were retrospectively evaluated. The morphology of the GPF, GPC, and the PPF was assessed in a three-dimensional model. The thickness of the mucosa over the GPF was evaluated in the parasagittal plane. The mean length of the GPC was 13.8 ± 2.0 mm, and the mean height of the PPF was 21.0 ± 3.4 mm. The mean angles of the GPC in relation to the hard palate and the PPF were 67.4° ± 6.9° and 159.8° ± 7.1°, respectively. The GPF was 16.2 ± 1.3 mm lateral to the sagittal plane of the posterior nasal spine (PNS) and 6.1 ± 1.7 mm anterior to the coronal plane of the PNS. The mean volume of the PPF was 1039.9 ± 280.0 mm(3) . The mean thickness of the mucosa overlying the GPF was 10.7 ± 1.8 mm. We recommend that the PNS may be used as the bony landmark to locate the position of the GPF during PPF infiltration. The needle delivering the anesthetic should be bent 25 mm from the tip at a 45° angle, and a 1-ml injection of anesthetic should be administered in adults.
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Levocetrizine has anti-inflammatory effects against Toll-like receptor (TLR)3 through the inhibition of Toll-IL-1 receptor (TIR)-domain-containing adapter inducing IFN-beta (TRIF) and receptor-interacting protein (RIP).
Auris Nasus Larynx
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2011
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To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of levocetrizine (LCEZ) on the intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in human nasal epithelial cells stimulated by TLR3 and further analyze the anti-inflammatory mechanism of LCEZ in the MyD88-independent pathway before NF-?B is activated.
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Immunomodulatory role of histamine H2 receptor in allergen-specific immunotherapy: a mouse model of allergic rhinitis.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2011
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The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of HR2 on allergen-specific immunotherapy in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis.
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Biomechanical study of SonicWeld Rx pin in cortical bone graft layering technique.
J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2011
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The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the biomechanical values of the SonicWeld Rx pin system in comparison with titanium screws for use in onlay cortical bone grafting.
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Cutaneous metaplastic synovial cyst of the first metatarsal head area.
Ann Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2011
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A cutaneous metaplastic synovial cyst (CMSC) is a cyst lined with metaplastic synovial tissue, which includes the formation of an intracystic villous structure resembling hyperplastic synovial villi. Clinically, the lesion is a tender, subcutaneous nodule that usually occurs at the site of previous surgical trauma and is frequently misdiagnosed as a suture granuloma. The actual cause remains unclear; however, trauma is presumed to be a precipitating factor, as most reported cases have demonstrated a history of antecedent cutaneous injury. Here, we present a case of CMSC in a 51-year-old woman who presented with a cystic mass localized in the left sole. She had no history of previous trauma or surgical procedures performed in the area. Although the case explained in this report is a spontaneous case of CMSC that occurred without a history of trauma, it is believed to have been caused by constant and chronic pressure since CMSC occurred in the first metatarsal head area, a part of the sole where heavy pressure is consistently applied.
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Plasma levels of MCP-1 and adiponectin in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
PUBLISHED: 09-22-2010
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To evaluate the correlation between concentrations of the proinflammatory cytokines monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), adiponectin, interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Repeated apnea attacks in patients with OSAS constitute a hypoxic condition, which induces tissue inflammation by mediation of these proinflammatory cytokines.
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Anatomical variation of the nasal septum: Correlation among septal components.
Clin Anat
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2010
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The nasal septum consists of multiple components with various developmental origins and is considered a mosaic structure. Few studies have focused on anatomical relationships among the components of the nasal septum, even though they are essential for clinical assessments of morphological abnormalities in the nasal septum. This study was performed to evaluate anatomical correlations among components of the nasal septum using computed tomography (CT) of the paranasal sinus. We studied images from CT scans of 168 paranasal sinuses collected at a secondary referral hospital between July 2008 and February 2009. The area of each component of the nasal septum was measured using median sagittal images of CT scans after three-dimensional reconstruction using computer software. The area of the cartilaginous septum decreased with age, whereas the area of the total nasal septum remained constant. The area of the perpendicular plate of ethmoid increased with age at the expense of the area of the septal cartilage.
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[Construction and validation of hospital-based cancer registry using various health records to detect patients with newly diagnosed cancer: experience at Asan Medical Center].
J Prev Med Public Health
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2010
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An accurate estimation of cancer patients is the basis of epidemiological studies and health services. However in Korea, cancer patients visiting out-patient clinics are usually ruled out of such studies and so these studies are suspected of underestimating the cancer patient population. The purpose of this study is to construct a more complete, hospital-based cancer patient registry using multiple sources of medical information.
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Laboratory characteristics of recent hepatitis A in Korea: ongoing epidemiological shift.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2010
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To evaluate seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibody and investigate demographic, clinical, and laboratory features of recent cases in Korea.
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Clinical significance of the sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous nasal septum: A preliminary morphological evaluation.
Clin Anat
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2010
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The bony septum ossifies from cranial to caudal and from ventral to dorsal, thereby forming the perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone and vomer. A small strip of cartilage from the cartilaginous septum remains between these parts, the so-called sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous septum. This sphenoidal process is usually seen at the top of a deviated nasal septum during septoplasty. This study evaluated the clinical significance of the sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous septum as a cause of nasal septal deviation. We studied 37 patients with septal deviation who underwent septoplasty. The complex consisting of the sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous septum, perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone (PPE), and vomer was removed at surgery. The sphenoidal process was measured and the surgical specimen were evaluated histologically and compared to controls. The mean length of the sphenoidal process in patients with a deviated nasal septum was 26.05 +/- 5.32 mm versus 11.95 +/- 2.38 mm in controls. The sphenoidal process was significantly longer in the patients with a deviated nasal septum (P < 0.05). The sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous septum was connected to the PPE and vomer in the patients with a deviated nasal septum and differed histologically from that of the controls. The sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous septum was long and prominent in the patients with septal deviation, implying that delayed nasal septal ossification may be one cause of nasal septal deviation.
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A comparative analysis of intranasal volume and olfactory function using a three-dimensional reconstruction of paranasal sinus computed tomography, with a focus on the airway around the turbinates.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2010
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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the intranasal airway around the turbinates and olfactory function. In total, 32 nostrils of 16 patients who were awaiting septal surgery were involved in this study. For measurements of the volume of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinus computed tomography scans were performed and reconstructed into three-dimensional images. The Butanol Threshold Test and Cross-Cultural Smell Identification Test were used to evaluate olfactory function. The results were analyzed with Pearsons test. The volume around the turbinates was significantly correlated with the olfactory threshold. However, olfactory identification had no significant correlation with each volume. The airway around the turbinates is very important for nasal airflow and its volume influences olfactory function. Understanding such relationships may help in preserving or improving olfactory function in septal, turbinate or sinus surgery. Further studies are needed regarding the relationships between not only the volume of the nasal cavity and nasal airflow, but also between nasal volume changes and olfactory function.
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Effect of oral tolerance in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2010
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Induction of oral tolerance (OT) is known to prevent allergic inflammation in models of asthma. This study investigated the preventive effect of OT and airway remodeling in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis (AR).
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Comparative study of the pneumatization of the mastoid air cells and paranasal sinuses using three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography scans.
Surg Radiol Anat
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2010
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the pneumatization of mastoid air cells and PNS using three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of computed tomography (CT) scans of the PNS.
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The effect of Ginkgo biloba on the expression of intermediate-early antigen (c-fos) in the experimentally induced anosmic mouse.
Auris Nasus Larynx
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2009
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Treatment of olfactory dysfunction is very difficult and has limited modality. Treatment with steroids has been used in patients with olfactory dysfunction but the side effects of steroid need to be weighed against its potential benefits. In the present study, the effect of systemic administration of dexamethasone and EGb 761 on damage to olfactory mucosa produced by zinc sulfate was examined. Expression of the immediate-early antigen (IEG), c-fos, in the olfactory bulb and piriform cortex was used to determine the effects of treatment.
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Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis: consideration of prognostic factors and treatment modality.
Auris Nasus Larynx
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2009
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Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is rare, rapidly progressive, potentially life-threatening disease, and it usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. We present our clinical experience with 12 cases and we attempt to identify the prognostic features and proper treatment protocols.
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Is turbinate surgery necessary when performing a septoplasty?
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2009
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Many otolaryngologists perform septoplasty with or without turbinate surgery and the surgical method relies largely on the surgeons clinical judgment. This study used computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses of 20 patients to examine the correlation between a unilateral deviated nasal septum and compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral inferior turbinate to suggest guidelines for septal and turbinate surgery. The thickness of the mucosa and conchal bone, the projection angle of the conchal bone, and the distances between the conchal bone, and lateral nasal line and median line were measured. The volume of the inferior turbinate was measured from the three-dimensional reconstruction. Each measurement was compared with those of the nasal cavity on the contralateral and of normal control subjects. The inferior turbinate on the concave side had a significantly greater volume, including the thickness of medial mucosa and the thickness and projection angle of conchal bone. Septoplasty and concomitant inferior turbinate surgery to manipulate conchal bone and soft tissues are necessary for treatment of those patients with unilateral nasal septal deviation and compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral inferior turbinate.
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What is the Relationship between the Localization of Maxillary Fungal Balls and Intranasal Anatomic Variations?
Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol
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Although the mechanisms underlying the initiation and maintenance of inflammation in unilateral maxillary fungal balls (FBs) are poorly understood, the relationship between intranasal anatomy and maxillary FB is thought to play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anatomic variations and FB.
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Association between apolipoprotein E genotype, chronic liver disease, and hepatitis B virus.
Clin Mol Hepatol
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Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) plays an important role in regulating lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, and ApoE genotypes are known to affect plasma lipoprotein concentrations. We investigated whether ApoE genotype determines the disease outcome in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected individuals, and verified the association between ApoE genotype and the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic liver diseases of various etiologies.
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Postoperative nasal symptoms associated with an endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
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Recent studies have indicated the usefulness of endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA). A few studies have reported on the postoperative nasal symptoms of patients who have undergone EETSA. Therefore, we adopted a rhinologic perspective to compare preoperative and postoperative nasal symptoms after performing a binostril, four-hand EETSA. Patients who were scheduled to undergo binostril, four-hand EETSA underwent preoperative nasal evaluation using the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE), Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20), and a visual analogue scale (VAS) to assess several nasal symptoms. Repeat testing was performed 6 months postoperatively. Paired Students t tests were used to compare preoperative and postoperative scores. A total of 142 patients who underwent a binostril, four-hand EETSA were included in this study. We found no statistically significant differences between preoperative and postoperative NOSE, total SNOT-20 scores, or scores on the VAS for nasal obstruction, sneezing, rhinorrhea, snoring, or facial pain. However, VAS of olfactory change increased significantly after EETSA (p < 0.05). The binostril, four-hand EETSA would be a useful method because it permits operative manipulability and a wide visual field for skull base lesions. However, rhinologists must consider postoperative nasal symptoms and perform a proper preoperative examination, especially with regard to the olfactory function, and inform patients scheduled for EETSA of potential postoperative changes.
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Down-regulation of gelsolin may play a role in the progression of inverted papilloma through an antiapoptotic mechanism.
Am J Rhinol Allergy
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Gelsolin is an actin-binding protein with multiple cellular functions including apoptosis and is reported to be down-regulated in various cancers and premalignant lesions. The objective of this study was to identify gelsolin and caspase-3 expression in inverted papilloma (IP) and investigate the role of gelsolin in the progression of IP related to apoptosis.
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Body image distortion in fifth and sixth grade students may lead to stress, depression, and undesirable dieting behavior.
Nutr Res Pract
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The widespread pursuit of a thin physique may have a detrimental impact on the wellbeing of preadolescents. The influence of body image distortions on the lifestyles, dieting behaviors, and psychological factors was investigated in 631 fifth and sixth grade children in Kyeonggi-do, Korea. Children were classified into three weight groups (underweight, normal, and overweight) and three perception groups (underestimation, normal, and overestimation). Necessary information was obtained by questionnaire, and each subjects weight status was determined by the Röhrer index calculated from the annual measurement records, which were obtained from the school. According to their current weights, 57.4% of children were normal and 32.2% were overweight or obese, 16.6% of the children overestimated their body weight, and 55.2% had an undistorted body image. Overweight children had desirable lifestyles and dietary habits and presented reasonable weight control behaviors. Compared to those without distortion, the overestimated group had greater interest in weight control (P = 0.003) and dissatisfaction with their body weights (P = 0.011), presented unhealthy reasons to lose weight (P = 0.026), and had higher scores for "feeling sad when comparing own body with others" (P = 0.000) and for "easily getting annoyed and tired" (P = 0.037), even though they had similar obesity indices. More subjects from the overestimation group (P = 0.006) chose drama/movies as their favorite TV programs, suggesting a possible role for the media in body image distortion. These findings suggest that body image distortion can lead preadolescents to develop stress about obesity and unhealthy dieting practices, despite similar obesity indices to those without distorted body images. These results emphasize the importance of having an undistorted body image.
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A case of pituitary metastasis from breast cancer that presented as left visual disturbance.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc
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Tumors that metastasize to the pituitary gland are unusual, and are typically seen in elderly patients with diffuse malignant disease. The most common metastases to the pituitary are from primary breast and lung cancers. We report a 65-year-old woman with pituitary metastasis from breast cancer who presented with recent-onset left progressive deterioration of visual acuity and visual field. The clinical diagnosis was made after brain and sellar magnetic resonance imaging showed a large sellar mass compressing the optic chiasm and invading the pituitary stalk. An otorhinolaryngology and neurosurgery team removed the tumor via a transsphenoidal approach, and this procedure obtained symptomatic relief. Postoperatively, metastasis from breast invasive ductal adenocarcinoma was confirmed histologically. We report this unusual case with a review of the relevant literature.
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Comparison of two leukocyte reduction filters for whole blood derived platelets.
Transfus. Apher. Sci.
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Leukocyte reduction filters are widely used for platelet transfusion therapy, and effective leukocyte removal is mandatory for transfusion safety. We evaluated both the performance of leukocyte reduction filters for platelets and the effect of filtration on platelet function.
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Evaluation of the clinical efficacy of fractional radiofrequency microneedle treatment in acne scars and large facial pores.
Dermatol Surg
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Fractional technology overcomes the problems of ablative lasers, such as inaccurate depth control and damage to the epidermis. Minimally invasive fractional radiofrequency microneedle devices allow for more-selective heating of the dermis.
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The effect of topical FK506 (tacrolimus) in a mouse model of allergic rhinitis.
Am J Rhinol Allergy
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The management of allergic rhinitis (AR) encompasses education, pharmacotherapy, immunotherapy, and surgery. FK506 (tacrolimus) is an immunosuppressant that inhibits allergic reactions. The purpose of this study was to reveal whether FK506 treatment reduces allergic inflammation in an AR mouse model and to elucidate the mechanisms.
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Maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma with concurrent prolonged foreign body impaction.
J Craniofac Surg
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Several elements in the maxillary sinus are reported to be carcinogenic. Also, foreign body reaction can cause cancer in any part of the body. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma at the site in the maxillary sinus where a bullet splinter, analyzed as iron afterward, was inserted during the Korean War, approximately 60 years earlier.
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Comparison of four current 25-hydroxyvitamin D assays.
Clin. Biochem.
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The performance of recently developed vitamin D total assays (ADVIA Centaur and Elecsys) was compared to that of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and LIASON 25-OH Vitamin D total assays.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.