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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Impaired Adiponectin Signaling Contributes to Disturbed Catabolism of Branched-Chain Amino Acids in Diabetic Mouse.
Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2014
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The branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) accumulated in type 2 diabetes mellitus are independent contributors to insulin resistance. The activity of branched-chain ?-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKD) complex, rate-limiting enzyme in BCAA catabolism, is reduced in diabetic states, which contributes to elevated BCAA concentrations. However, the mechanisms underlying decreased BCKD activity remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that mitochondrial phosphatase 2C (PP2Cm), a newly identified BCKD phosphatase which increases BCKD activity, was significantly down-regulated in ob/ob and type 2 diabetic mice. Interestingly, in adiponectin knockout (APN(-/-)) mice fed with high-fat-diet (HD), PP2Cm expression and BCKD activity were significantly decreased, whereas BCKD kinase (BDK) which inhibits BCKD activity was markedly increased. Concurrently, plasma BCAA and branched-chain ?-keto acids (BCKA) were significantly elevated. APN treatment markedly reverted PP2Cm, BDK, BCKD activity, BCAA and BCKA levels in HD-fed APN(-/-) and diabetic animals. Additionally, increased BCKD activity caused by APN administration was partially but significantly inhibited in PP2Cm knockout mice. Finally, APN-mediated up-regulation of PP2Cm expression and BCKD activity were abolished when adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) was inhibited. Collectively, we have provided the first direct evidence that APN is a novel regulator of PP2Cm and systematic BCAA levels, suggesting that targeting APN may be a pharmacological approach to ameliorating BCAA catabolism in the diabetic state.
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[Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of soft plate: one case report].
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-25-2013
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Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare low-grade malignant tumor. At present, only twenty ca ses was discovered all over the world. This paper reports a case treated in our hospital, explores the clinical manifestations, pathological diagnosis and treatment to provide certain help to clinical doctor in diagnosis and treatment to reduce the misdiagnosis of the disease.
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Involvement of activated astrocyte and microglia of locus coeruleus in cardiac pain processing after acute cardiac injury.
Neurol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2009
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It is still not known whether the glial cell activation of locus coeruleus (LC) is involved in the neurophysiologic mechanism of the acute phase of heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the glial cell activation of LC responds to acute cardiac injury (ACI).
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.