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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Improved separation and characterization of lipopolysaccharide related compounds by reverse phase ion pairing-HPLC/electrospray ionization-quadrupole-mass spectrometry (RPIP-HPLC/ESI-Q-MS).
J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2010
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A new approach for the separation and inline characterization of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) related compounds has been developed. The separation was based on the difference in the number of charged phosphate and ethanolamine groups, as non-stoichiometric substituents, on the polysaccharide backbone, and was achieved with reverse phase ion-pairing chromatography (RPIP-HPLC). Tributylamine was used as an ion-pair reagent. In the conditions used in this study, tributylammonium then binds to the LPS related compounds through the negatively charged phosphate groups. This changes the hydrophobicity of the analytes at different positions and allows for separation based on both the number and position of the substituents on the analyte. The RPIP-HPLC was found to be effective for the separation of the O,N-deacylated derivative (deON) and polysaccharide portion (PS) from the LPS of Escherichia coli C strain. Post-column fluorescence derivatization (FLD), using sodium periodate and taurine, was used to detect the separated LPS related species. On the other hand, the separated species were also detected by direct infusion into the ESI-Q-MS using a volatile ammonium acetate buffer rather than the more traditional potassium phosphate buffer. The signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio) was low for the total ion chromatogram, however, high S/N ratios as well as good resolution were attained by selected ion monitoring (SIM) using m/z numbers corresponding to species with different numbers of non-stoichiometric substituents. Five species for deON and ten species for PS were clearly identified on the SIM chromatogram on the RPIP-HPLC/ESI-Q-MS. Accordingly, the present method allows for the effective separation and inline identification of the species corresponding to the diverse non-stoichiometric substitutions in LPS related compounds.
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Separation and characterization of lipopolysaccharide related compounds by HPLC/post-column fluorescence derivatization (HPLC/FLD) and capillary zone electrophoresis/mass spectrometry (CZE/MS).
J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2009
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The O,N-deacylated derivative (deON) and polysaccharide part (PS) from the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Escherichia coli C strain were separated by strongly basic anion-exchange chromatography (SAX) based on the differences in the number of charged phosphate and ethanolamine substituents. They were also successfully separated and characterized by capillary zone electrophoresis and subsequent ESI-ion trap-MS (CZE/ESI-IT-MS). The O-deacylated LPS (deO) presented as a broad peak in CZE/ESI-IT-MS. However, more than twelve species could be discriminated by an extracted ion electropherogram (EIE) and monitoring the species which have different numbers of phosphate and ethanolamine substituents on polysaccharide backbone.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.