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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mammography and the risk of thyroid and hematological cancers: a nationwide population-based study.
Breast J
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2014
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To investigate the association between thyroid cancer as well as the most radiosensitive hematological cancers and radiation exposure from mammography. This study used information from a random sample of two million persons enrolled in the nationally representative Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Research Database. The exposed group was composed of women aged 18-65 who had undergone diagnostic mammography between 2000 and 2007. The nonexposed control group was composed of women in the NHI database who had never undergone diagnostic mammography. There were 25,362 women in the exposed group and 203,317 women in the nonexposed group. After adjusting for age and comorbidities, the patients who had been exposed to radiation from mammography did not have a significantly higher risk of developing thyroid cancer and hematological cancers (adjusted HR, 1.201; 95% CI, 0.813-1.774 for thyroid cancer and adjusted HR, 1.228; 95% CI, 0.838-1.800 for hematological cancers). The scattered radiation dose delivered by mammography should be cautiously handled, but no additional concerns about the risk of thyroid cancer developing malignancy should be emphasized.
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The association of asthma and atrial fibrillation--a nationwide population-based nested case-control study.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Asthma and atrial fibrillation (AF) have been reported to be related to an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, the relationship between asthma and AF has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between asthma and AF risk.
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Effects of pitavastatin versus atorvastatin on the peripheral endothelial progenitor cells and vascular endothelial growth factor in high-risk patients: a pilot prospective, double-blind, randomized study.
Cardiovasc Diabetol
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2014
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Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) reflect endothelial repair capacity and may be a significant marker for the clinical outcomes of cardiovascular disease. While some high-dose statin treatments may improve endothelial function, it is not known whether different statins may have similar effects on EPCs.This study aimed to investigate the potential class effects of different statin treatment including pitavastatin and atorvastatin on circulating EPCs in clinical setting.
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Risk of central serous chorioretinopathy in adults prescribed oral corticosteroids: a population-based study in Taiwan.
Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2014
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To investigate the incidence and risk factors for central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) in adults who use oral corticosteroids in Taiwan.
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Protein kinase B (PKB/AKT1) formed signaling complexes with mitochondrial proteins and prevented glycolytic energy dysfunction in cultured cardiomyocytes during ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Endocrinology
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2014
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Our previous studies showed that insulin stimulated AKT1 translocation into mitochondria and modulated oxidative phosphorylation complex V in cardiac muscle. This raised the possibility that mitochondrial AKT1 may regulate glycolytic oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial function in cardiac muscle cells. The aims of this project were to study the effects of mitochondrial AKT1 signaling on cell survival in stressed cardiomyocytes, to define the effect of mitochondrial AKT1 signaling on glycolytic bioenergetics, and to identify mitochondrial targets of AKT1 signaling in cardiomyocytes. Mitochondrial AKT1 signaling played a protective role against apoptosis and necrosis during ischemia-reperfusion stress, suppressed mitochondrial calcium overload, and alleviated mitochondrial membrane depolarization. Activation of AKT1 signaling in mitochondria increased glucose uptake, enhanced respiration efficiency, reduced superoxide generation, and increased ATP production in the cardiomyocytes. Inhibition of mitochondrial AKT attenuated insulin response, indicating that insulin regulation of ATP production required mitochondrial AKT1 signaling. A proteomic approach was used to reveal 15 novel targets of AKT1 signaling in mitochondria, including pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). We have confirmed and characterized the association of AKT1 and PDC subunits and verified a stimulatory effect of mitochondrial AKT1 on the enzymatic activity of PDC. These findings suggested that AKT1 formed protein complexes with multiple mitochondrial proteins and improved mitochondrial function in stressed cardiomyocytes. The novel AKT1 signaling targets in mitochondria may become a resource for future metabolism research.
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Primary Sjögren's syndrome and risk of ischemic stroke: a nationwide study.
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2014
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Few studies are available on the risk of ischemic stroke after a diagnosis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS). This study investigated whether PSS increased the risk of ischemic stroke in a large, nationwide cohort. Data for 4,276 patients who were newly diagnosed with PSS from 2000 to 2006 and who did not have a stroke prior to diagnosis of PSS were obtained from the Registry of Catastrophic Illness in Taiwan. For each PSS patient, data for ten controls (matched by age, gender, comorbidities, and enrollment date) without systemic autoimmune disease or previous stroke were obtained from the Longitudinal Health Insurance 2000 database. All study subjects were followed up from the date of enrollment until they developed ischemic stroke, died, or until the end of 2006, whichever was earliest. To investigate if PSS was an independent factor in determining the risk of developing ischemic stroke, a Cox regression model was used with adjustment for age, gender, and comorbid disorders. Among 4,276 PSS patients and 42,760 controls, 669 subjects (51 PSS patients and 618 controls) developed ischemic stroke during the mean 3.7-year follow-up period (interquartile range 2.2-5.2 years). Patients with PSS and controls had a similar incidence of ischemic stroke occurrence (3.17/1,000 vs. 3.90/1,000 person years). Multivariate analysis adjusted for baseline covariates indicated that PSS did not increase the risk of ischemic stroke (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.84, 95 % confidence interval: 0.63-1.12, P?=?0.244). PSS is not associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke subsequent to diagnosis.
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Genetic predictors of thiazide-induced serum potassium changes in nondiabetic hypertensive patients.
Hypertens. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2014
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Thiazide diuretics are associated with an increased risk of hypokalemia. However, pharmacogenetic markers of thiazide-induced changes in serum potassium are not well studied. The aim of this study was to investigate possible predictors of serum potassium changes after thiazide treatment. Nondiabetic hypertensive patients with a systolic blood pressure of ?140 or a diastolic blood pressure of ?90?mm?Hg were enrolled in our study. After 2 weeks of lifestyle modification and diet instruction, patients with persistently elevated blood pressure were given 50?mg of hydrochlorothiazide every morning for 2 weeks. Twenty single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were selected from two candidate genes, SLC12A3 and WNK1. Serum potassium levels were checked before and after hydrochlorothiazide treatment. A total of 75 patients eventually qualified for enrollment in our study. They received 50?mg of hydrochlorothiazide every morning for 2 weeks. Six SNPs in WNK1 (rs11064524, rs4980973, rs12581940, rs880054, rs953361, and rs10849582) were correlated with decreases in serum potassium. None of the SLC12A3 polymorphisms were correlated with decreases in serum potassium. After Bonferroni's correction, only rs4980973 was correlated with decreases in serum potassium (corrected P=0.014). Multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that the changes in serum potassium levels were independently associated with the baseline potassium level (?=-0.587, 95% confidence interval=-0.875--0.299, P=0.0001) and WNK1 rs4980973 (A/A and A/G vs. G/G, ?=-0.418, 95% confidence interval=-0.598--0.237, P=0.00002). In conclusion, the baseline potassium level and the WNK1 rs4980973 polymorphism were independent predictors of decreases in serum potassium after short-term hydrochlorothiazide treatment in nondiabetic hypertensive patients.
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A three-stage genome-wide association study combining multilocus test and gene expression analysis for young-onset hypertension in taiwan han chinese.
Am. J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2014
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Although many large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been performed, only a few studies have successfully identified replicable, large-impact hypertension loci; even fewer studies have been done on Chinese subjects. Young-onset hypertension (YOH) is considered to be a more promising target disorder to investigate than late-onset hypertension because of its stronger genetic component.
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The impact of endothelial progenitor cells on restenosis after percutaneous angioplasty of hemodialysis vascular access.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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We prospectively investigate the relation between baseline circulating endothelial progenitor cells and the subsequent development of restenosis after angioplasty of hemodialysis vascular access.
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Increased risk of ischemic stroke in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a 9-year follow-up nationwide population study in taiwan.
Front Aging Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common form of vertigo and is characterized by episodic dizziness related to changes in head position relative to gravity. BPPV symptoms can be similar to those of central nervous system vascular diseases. The association between BPPV and ischemic stroke has not yet been investigated. The study cohort consisted of patients who were diagnosed with BPPV at least twice in the previous year as an outpatient or for whom BPPV was the primary diagnosis as an inpatient (n?=?4104). An age- and gender-matched sample that excluded patients with a diagnosis of any form of vertigo was selected as the comparison cohort (n?=?8397). All cases were followed up from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2008. The demographic characteristics, medical comorbidities, and use of medications in both groups were investigated using chi-square tests. A stratified analysis of stroke risk factors was performed to determine the hazard ratios of BPPV. During the 9-year follow-up period, 185 of the 4104 (4.5%) subjects with BPPV and 240 of the 8379 (2.9%) subjects without BPPV developed ischemic strokes. The crude hazard ratio of BPPV for developing ischemic strokes was 1.708. After adjusting for stroke risk factors, the risk of developing ischemic strokes in BPPV subjects was 1.415-fold higher than the risk among those without BPPV (confidence interval: 1.162-1.732, p?=?0.001). After a subgroup analysis stratified according to stroke risk factors, BPPV remained independently associated with a higher risk of developing future ischemic stroke. We conclude that BPPV is independently associated with a risk of subsequent ischemic stroke. More aggressive control of modifiable risk factors for ischemic strokes should be conducted in patients with BPPV.
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A novel SNP associated with nighttime pulse pressure in young-onset hypertension patients could be a genetic prognostic factor for cardiovascular events in a general cohort in Taiwan.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Pulse pressure (PP) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It has been reported that ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and nighttime BP parameters are heritable traits. However, the genetic association of pulse pressure and its clinical impact remain undetermined.
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Reduction of circulating endothelial progenitor cell level is associated with contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary and peripheral interventions.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Reduced number and impaired function of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in patients with chronic kidney disease have been reported. However, there is little data about the association between circulating EPC levels and risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between circulating EPCs and CIN in patients after angiography.
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Diabetes mellitus and the risk of Alzheimer's disease: a nationwide population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Possible association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been controversial. This study used a nationwide population-based dataset to investigate the relationship between DM and subsequent AD incidence.
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Zoledronate attenuates angiotensin II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm through inactivation of Rho/ROCK-dependent JNK and NF-?B pathway.
Cardiovasc. Res.
PUBLISHED: 11-15-2013
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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening disease affecting almost 10% of the population over the age of 65. Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) have been shown to exert anti-atherogenic and anti-angiogenic effects, but the potential effects of N-BPs on AAA remain unclear. Here, we tested whether a potent N-BP, zoledronate, can attenuate the formation of Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced AAA in hyperlipidaemic mice.
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Association of tamoxifen use and reduced cardiovascular events among asian females with breast cancer.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2013
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Background:?Tamoxifen is used for breast cancer treatment and has been reported to be beneficial for the cardiovascular system, but it is unclear whether tamoxifen exhibits a favorable cardiovascular effect in Asian patients. Methods and Results:?From January, 1998 to December, 2006, a breast cancer cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance database. Patients were divided according to whether tamoxifen was used. Study endpoints were occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and total cardiovascular events. A total of 3,690 female subjects were enrolled (mean age 50.1±11.3), 2,056 of whom received tamoxifen and 1,634 did not. During a mean follow-up of 6.9 years, the tamoxifen group had a significantly lower incidence of AMI (0.15% vs. 0.67%, P=0.008), ischemic stroke (1.99% vs. 3.30%, P=0.008), hemorrhagic stroke (0.15% vs. 0.55%, P=0.029), and total cardiovascular events (2.24% vs. 4.16%, P<0.001) than the non-exposed group. After adjusting for comorbidities, tamoxifen was independently associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (hazard ratio [HR] 0.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.07-0.70, ischemic stroke (HR 0.52; 95% CI 0.35-0.78), hemorrhagic stroke (HR 0.25; 95% CI 0.07-0.92), and total cardiovascular events (HR 0.54; 95% CI 0.37-0.78). Conclusions:?In Asian female breast cancer patients, tamoxifen use was associated with reduced risks of AMI, ischemic, hemorrhagic stroke and total cardiovascular events.??(Circ J?2014; 78: 135-140).
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Aspirin attenuates Vinorelbine-induced endothelial inflammation via modulating SIRT1/AMPK axis.
Biochem. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2013
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Vinorelbine (VNR), a semisynthetic vinca alkaloid acquired from vinblastine, is frequently used as the candidate for intervention of solid tumors. Nevertheless, VNR-caused endothelial injuries may lead a mitigative effect of clinical treatment efficiency. A growing body of evidence reveals that aspirin is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammation drug. We investigated whether aspirin attenuate VNR-induced endothelial dysfunction. Human endothelial cells (EA.hy926) were treated with VNR to cause endothelial inflammation. Western blotting, ROS assay, ELISA were used to confirm the anti-inflammatory effect of aspirin. We confirmed that VNR supresses SIRT1 expression, reduced LKB1 and AMPK phosphorylation as well as enriched PKC activation in treated endothelial cells. Furthermore, the membrane translocation assay displayed that the levels of NADPH oxidase subunits p47phox and Rac-1 in membrane fractions of endothelial cells were higher in cells that had been treated with VNR for than in untreated cells. We corroborated that treatment of Aspirin significantly diminishes VNR-repressed SIRT1, LKB1 and AMPK phosphorylation and VNR-promoted NADPH oxidase activation, however, those findings were vanished by SIRT1 and AMPK siRNAs. Our data also shown that Aspirin represses VNR-activated TGF-beta-activated kinase-1 (TAK1) activation, inhibited the interaction of TAK1/TAK-binding protein1 (TAB1), suppressed NF-kappa B activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion. We demonstrated a novel connection between VNR-caused oxidative damages and endothelial dysfunction, and provide further insight into the protective effects of aspirin in VNR-caused endothelial dysfunction.
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The risk of cataract associated with repeated head and neck CT studies: a nationwide population-based study.
AJR Am J Roentgenol
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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Medical radiation-induced cataracts, especially those resulting from head and neck CT studies, are an issue of concern. The current study aimed to determine the risk of cataract associated with repeated radiation exposure from head and neck CT.
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Different Peptic Ulcer Bleeding Risk in Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease Patients Receiving Different Dialysis.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2013
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End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) have a higher risk of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB).
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Metformin-Inclusive Therapy Reduces the Risk of Stroke in Patients with Diabetes: A 4-Year Follow-up Study.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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Metformin is a kind of oral hypoglycemic agents commonly prescribed to patients with diabetes mellitus. Although past studies had proven its protective effect on cardiovascular risk and related mortality, the evidence of metformin on stroke prevention was still insufficient and conflicting. Our study randomly selected 14,856 patients with diabetes from the database provided by the Taiwan National Health Research Institute, and 2 cohorts were formulated according to whether metformin was in the prescription record. All cases were followed up for 4 years to track their stroke incidence. As a result, 701 (17.5%) of 3999 diabetic patients had stroke without metformin use, whereas 994 (9.2%) of 10,857 patients had stroke with metformin use. Cox proportional hazard regressions showed that the stroke hazard ratio (HR) of metformin was .383. After adjustment for the patients age, gender, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, and medications including antiplatelets, coumadin, statin, and estrogen use, the HR was still .468. Further stratified analysis revealed that metformin had more protective effect in the patients with higher risk of stroke. Therefore, metformin should be placed in priority when prescribing oral hypoglycemic agents for diabetic patients when considering stroke prevention according to our study.
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Association of central pulse pressure with contrast-induced nephropathy and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary intervention.
J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2013
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The increase in pulse pressure (PP) may be transmitted to the glomerulus and thus impair renal blood flow autoregulation. This subtle change could predispose patients to the detrimental effect of contrast media. We sought to determine whether elevated central PP is associated with increased contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and future cardiovascular events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
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Hip fracture and risk of acute myocardial infarction: a nationwide study.
J. Bone Miner. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2013
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Osteoporotic fractures are associated with increased mortality risk. However, little data are available on the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after hip fracture. Therefore, we investigated whether hip fracture increased the risk of AMI in a large, nationwide cohort study. We obtained data from 8758 patients diagnosed with hip fracture from 2000 to 2009 and from 4 matched controls for each patient from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID 2000), Taiwan. Controls were matched for age, sex, comorbid disorders, and enrollment date. All subjects were followed up from the date of enrollment until AMI, death, or the end of data collection (2009). Coxs regression model adjusted for age, sex, comorbid disorders, and medication was used to assess independent factors determining the risk of development of AMI. As expected, despite the matching, the hip fracture patients had more risk factors for AMI at baseline. A total of 8758 subjects with hip fractures and 35,032 controls were identified. Among these patients, 1183 (257 hip fracture patients and 926 controls) developed AMI during the median 3.2-year (interquartile range 1.4 to 5.8 years) follow-up period. Patients with hip fractures had a higher incidence of AMI occurrence when compared with controls (8.7/1000 person-years versus 6.82/1000 person-years). Multivariate analysis adjusted for baseline covariates indicated that hip fracture was associated with a greater risk for AMI development (hazard ratio [HR]?=?1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-1.48; p?
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The beneficial effects of statins in patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2013
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The beneficial effects of statins in patients undergoing hemodialysis are controversial. Our study aimed to investigate the use of statins and the subsequent risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis.
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Usefulness of plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 level in predicting future coronary revascularization in patients after acute myocardial infarction.
Coron. Artery Dis.
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2013
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This study aims to determine whether plasma levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inflammatory markers can predict the long-term prognosis of coronary revascularization in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
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Decreased circulating endothelial progenitor cell levels in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
Cardiology
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2013
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The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) levels, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).
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Systemic sclerosis and risk of ischaemic stroke: a nationwide cohort study.
Rheumatology (Oxford)
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2013
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To investigate whether SSc increases the risk of ischaemic stroke in a large, nationwide cohort study.
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Diabetes is an independent risk factor for peptic ulcer bleeding: a nationwide population-based cohort study.
J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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Diabetic patients reportedly have a higher incidence of peptic ulcer disease. The aim of this study was to investigate if type II diabetic patients have higher risk of developing peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) and to identify possible risk factors of PUB in diabetic patients.
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Nonpeptic ulcer, nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding in hemodialysis patients.
Am. J. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2013
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Hemodialysis patients carry a higher risk of peptic ulcer bleeding. Whether hemodialysis patients also have a higher occurrence of nonpeptic ulcer, nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding needs further evaluation.
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Deletion of FHL2 gene impaired ischemia-induced blood flow recovery by modulating circulating proangiogenic cells.
Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2013
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The four and a half Lin11, Isl-1 and Mec-3 (LIM) domain protein 2 (FHL2) is a member of the four and a half LIM domain-only (FHL) gene family, and has been shown to play an important role in inhibiting inflammatory angiogenesis. Here, we tested the hypothesis that impaired ischemia-induced neovascularization in mice lacking FHL2 is related to a defect in proangiogenic cell mobilization and functions in vasculogenesis.
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Genetic variation in C-reactive protein in ethnic Chinese population in Taiwan.
Eur. J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2013
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High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a sensitive inflammatory marker suggested for cardiovascular risk stratification. This study aimed to assess the potential genetic determinants for serum hs-CRP levels in a cohort with well-controlled nondiabetic hypertension.
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Association between CHADS2 score and the preventive effect of statin therapy on new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly occurs in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Data regarding the value of the CHADS2 score in patients hospitalized for AMI is limited. This study aimed to determine whether the CHADS2 score is associated with new-onset AF and if it can help identify the patients who will benefit most from statin use for the prevention of arrhythmia after AMI.
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Increased circulating endothelial apoptotic microparticle to endothelial progenitor cell ratio is associated with subsequent decline in glomerular filtration rate in hypertensive patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Recent research indicates hypertensive patients with microalbuminuria have decreased endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and increased levels of endothelial apoptotic microparticles (EMP). However, whether these changes are related to a subsequent decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) remains unclear.
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Epidemiology of idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy in Taiwan, 2001-2006: a population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The epidemiology of idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is not well understood in an Asian population. The present study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors for corticosteroid-unrelated CSCR using Taiwans National Health Insurance Research Database.
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Mitochondrial Akt-regulated mitochondrial apoptosis signaling in cardiac muscle cells.
Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2011
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We recently reported translocation and activation of Akt in cardiac mitochondria. This study was to determine whether activation of Akt in mitochondria could inhibit apoptosis of cardiac muscle cells. Insulin stimulation induced translocation of phosphorylated Akt to the mitochondria in primary cardiomyocytes. A mitochondria-targeted constitutively active Akt was overexpressed via adenoviral vector and inhibited efflux of cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor from mitochondria to cytosol and partially prevented loss of mitochondria cross-membrane electrochemical gradient. Activation of caspase 3 was suppressed in the cardiomyocytes transduced with mitochondria-targeted active Akt, whereas a mitochondria-targeted dominant negative Akt enhanced activation of caspase 3. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP-mediated nick-end labeling assay showed that mitochondrial activation of Akt significantly reduced the number of apoptotic cells. When the endogenous Akt was abolished by LY294002, the antiapoptotic actions of mitochondrial Akt remained effective. These experiments suggested that mitochondrial Akt suppressed apoptosis signaling independent of cytosolic Akt in cardiac muscle cells.
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Monascus purpureus-fermented rice inhibits tumor necrosis factor-?-induced upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells.
J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2011
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Inflammation is associated with atherosclerosis. Cholestin (Monascus purpureus-fermented rice) contains a naturally occurring statin, which has lipid-modulating, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Cholestin extract on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?-treated human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs).
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Statin use and hospitalization in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan.
Clin Ther
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2011
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Statins have been widely prescribed to treat hyperlipidemia, and can be used for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Several studies have shown that statins have antiinflammatory effects in addition to cholesterol-lowering properties. There is new evidence suggesting that statins have beneficial effects on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is characterized by a persistent inflammatory response.
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Exposure to sennoside-digoxin interaction and risk of digoxin toxicity: a population-based nested case-control study.
Eur. J. Heart Fail.
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2011
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Digoxin is an important medication for heart failure (HF) patients and sennosides are widely used to treat constipation. Recently, safety concerns have been raised about a possible interaction between sennosides and digoxin, an issue that has not been studied empirically. This study therefore aimed to evaluate whether exposure to sennoside-digoxin interaction is associated with an increased risk of digoxin toxicity.
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Association between Mycoplasma pneumonia and increased risk of ischemic stroke: a nationwide study.
Stroke
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2011
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Infections have been hypothesized to play a role in vascular disease. The association between Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection and ischemic stroke remained undetermined.
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Thiazolidinediones can prevent new onset atrial fibrillation in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2011
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Accumulative evidence suggested that oxidative stress and inflammation were involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-?), have been proven to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects in addition to their anti-diabetic activity. The goal of this nationwide, population based cohort study was to evaluate whether the use of TZDs will protect diabetic patients from AF.
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A genome-wide association study reveals a quantitative trait locus of adiponectin on CDH13 that predicts cardiometabolic outcomes.
Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2011
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The plasma adiponectin level, a potential upstream and internal facet of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, has a reasonably high heritability. Whether other novel genes influence the variation in adiponectin level and the roles of these genetic variants on subsequent clinical outcomes has not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we aimed not only to identify genetic variants modulating plasma adiponectin levels but also to investigate whether these variants are associated with adiponectin-related metabolic traits and cardiovascular diseases.
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Decreased circulating endothelial progenitor cell levels and function in essential hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy.
Hypertens. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2011
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The aim of this study was to explore the role of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and endothelial apoptotic microparticles in hypertensive patients with and without electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Flow cytometry was used to assess endothelial cell apoptosis and circulating EPC level by quantification of circulating EPC markers (defined as CD34(+)CD133(+), CD34(+)KDR(+)) and endothelial apoptotic microparticles (defined as CD31(+)/annexin V(+)) in peripheral blood samples. The LVH was defined by ECG with the Cornell voltage criteria. In total, 128 hypertensive patients (83 men and 45 women, aged 59±14 years) were enrolled in this study, in which 107 patients (84%) showed no electrocardiographic evidence of LVH, and 21 patients (16%) fulfilled the LVH criteria by ECG. There were no significant differences in basic characteristics between the two groups, but hypertensive patients with LVH had a higher urine albumin excretion rate than those without LVH (P=0.027). Furthermore, hypertensive patients with LVH were shown to have decreased circulating EPC numbers (all P<0.05) and adhesive function compared with those without LVH (LVH vs. no LVH: 14±6 vs. 30±6 cells per high-power field, P<0.001). Increased numbers of endothelial apoptotic microparticles were noted in hypertensive patients with LVH (4.2±4.9 vs. 2.4±3.4%, P=0.115), although the difference was not significant. This study showed that essential hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LVH evidence have decreased circulating EPC numbers and adhesive function compared with those without LVH. These findings may explain the pathogenetic processes that link hypertensive LVH and endothelial injury in cardiovascular disease.
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Herpes simplex virus infection and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2011
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Currently, precise mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) are uncertain but proved to be associated with inflammation. There has been no specific study to evaluate the risk of AF after diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection.
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Adiponectin gene polymorphism is selectively associated with the concomitant presence of metabolic syndrome and essential hypertension.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2011
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Cardiovascular risk increases with the presence of both metabolic syndrome (MetS) and hypertension (HTN). Although the adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene has been reported to be involved in MetS, its association with HTN remained undetermined. This study aimed to investigate the association of ADIPOQ gene with the phenotypes of HTN and MetS.
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Asthma and risk of erectile dysfunction--a nationwide population-based study.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 03-22-2011
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The increased prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) has been reported in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and sustained systemic inflammation seems to play a central role in this linkage. Asthma is also a chronic inflammatory airway disorder, eliciting a low-grade systemic inflammation; however, the influence of asthma on ED has not been investigated.
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Recurrence of esophageal cancer presents as transient ischemic attack.
J Chin Med Assoc
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2011
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A 43-year-old man presented with recurrent transient syncope was admitted under impression of transient ischemia attack. Six months earlier, he had been diagnosed with esophageal cancer. He underwent esophagogastrectomy and recovered uneventfully. Echocardiogram showed an ill-defined infiltrative mass over the lateral wall of the left ventricle and multiple intraventricular mural thrombi. Subsequent computed tomography scan of the chest demonstrated hypo-dense myocardium infiltration with local thickening. The appearance of the myocardium was highly characteristic of transmural cardiac metastasis. The patient received palliative therapy and died 1 month after this admission.
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Globular adiponectin improves high glucose-suppressed endothelial progenitor cell function through endothelial nitric oxide synthase dependent mechanisms.
J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2011
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Plasma levels of adiponectin, an adipose-specific protein with putative anti-atherogenic properties, could be down-regulated in obese and diabetic subjects. Recent insights suggest that the injured endothelial monolayer is regenerated by circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), but high glucose reduces number and functions of EPCs. Here, we tested the hypothesis that globular adiponectin can improve high glucose-suppressed EPC functions by restoration of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. Late EPCs isolated from healthy subjects appeared with cobblestone shape at 2-4 weeks. EPCs were incubated with high glucose (25 mM) and treatment with globular adiponectin for functional study. Migration and tube formation assays were used to evaluate the vasculogenetic capacity of EPCs. The activities of eNOS, Akt and concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) were also determined. Administration of globular adiponectin at physiological concentrations promoted EPC migration and tube formation, and dose-dependently upregulated phosphorylation of eNOS, Akt and augmented NO production. Chronic incubation of EPCs in high-glucose medium significantly impaired EPC function and induced cellular senescence, but these suppression effects were reversed by treatment with globular adiponectin. Globular adiponectin reversed high glucose-impaired EPC functions through NO- and p38 MAPK-related mechanisms. In addition, nude mice that received EPCs treated with adiponectin in high glucose medium showed a significant improvement in blood flow than those received normal saline and EPCs incubated in high glucose conditions. The administration of globular adiponectin improved high glucose-impaired EPC functions in vasculogenesis by restoration of eNOS activity. These beneficial effects may provide some novel rational to the vascular protective properties of adiponectin.
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Genetic variation in renin predicts the effects of thiazide diuretics.
Eur. J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2011
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While genetic variants of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) may modify the blood pressure (BP) response to thiazide diuretics, there was no evidence of genetic variations in renin (REN) playing a role. This study aimed to address the potential effects of genetic variations of RAAS on the response to initial treatment of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ).
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Angiotensin II receptor blockers and risk of cancer in patients with systemic hypertension.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2011
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Recently, concerns have been raised that angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) may be associated with an increased risk for cancer development. However, the relation between ARBs and cancer is still unclear. Therefore, a nationwide population-based study was conducted to investigate the possible influence of ARBs on the occurrence of new cancers in patients with hypertension by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance database. A total of 109,002 patients with newly diagnosed hypertension were identified from a cohort database of 1 million individuals from January 1, 1998, to December 31, 2006. Among them, 40,124 (36.8%) had received ARBs for hypertension. The end point was the development of any type of cancer before the end of 2007. During an average of 5.7 ± 2.6 years of follow-up, a total of 9,067 cases of new cancer occurrence were observed. The log-rank test showed that the occurrence rate of newly diagnosed cancers in the subjects receiving ARBs was significantly lower than those receiving treatment without ARBs (ARBs vs controls 3,082 vs 5,985, p <0.001). After adjusting for age, gender, co-morbidities, and medications for hypertension control, ARB use was found to be independently associated with a decreased risk for cancer occurrence (hazard ratio 0.66, 95% confidence interval 0.63 to 0.68, p <0.001). In conclusion, long-term use of ARBs is associated with a lower incidence of cancer occurrence, thereby suggesting that ARBs may prevent cancer development.
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Statin use in patients with asthma: a nationwide population-based study.
Eur. J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2010
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Statins have pleiotropic effects, with potential clinical applications beyond their lipid-lowering effect. We hypothesized that statins could inhibit airway inflammation. The aim of our study was to determine whether statin use may reduce hospitalization in patients with asthma.
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Risk of digoxin intoxication in heart failure patients exposed to digoxin-diuretic interactions: a population-based study.
Br J Clin Pharmacol
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2010
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WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Increased frequency of electrolyte abnormalities and cardiac arrhythmias among patients exposed to digoxin-diuretic interactions has been well-documented in numerous descriptive studies. * Nonetheless, a clear causal relationship has not been established in these studies. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS * The risks of digoxin intoxication associated with use of digoxin in combination with any diuretic use, types of diuretics, combinations of diuretics, and individual diuretics were quantified using a population-based nested case-control study design. * The combined therapy of digoxin with any diuretic is associated with a 3.08-fold increase in the risk of digoxin intoxication. * Regarding diuretic class, the risk carried by loop diuretics is greater than that of thiazides or potassium-sparing diuretics, and the risk varies with different combinations of diuretic classes and individual diuretics. AIMS To quantify the digoxin intoxication risk associated with exposure to digoxin-diuretic interactions, and evaluate whether the risk varies by diuretic type, individually or in combination. METHODS This was a population-based nested case-control study in which data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan were analysed. RESULTS The study cohort comprised 154 058 heart failure (HF) patients taking digoxin between 2001 and 2004, in whom digoxin intoxication requiring a hospitalization (ICD-9 code 972.1) occurred in 595 cases. A total of 28 243 matched controls were also selected for analysis. Cases were 3.08 times (adjusted OR 3.08, 95% CI 2.50, 3.79) more likely to have been prescribed diuretic medication in the previous month than controls. Regarding the class of diuretics, loop diuretics carried the greatest risk (adjusted OR 2.97, 95% CI 2.35, 3.75), followed by thiazides (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.70, 3.29) and potassium-sparing diuretics (OR 1.72, 95% CI 0.83, 3.56). The risk was also observed to vary with different combinations of diuretics, and the loops/thiazides/potassium-sparing diuretics combination carried the greatest risk (adjusted OR 6.85, 95% CI 4.93, 9.53). Among the individual diuretics examined, hydrochlorothiazide carried the greatest risk (adjusted OR 4.63, 95% CI 2.50, 8.57). CONCLUSIONS This study provided empirical evidence that digoxin-diuretic interactions increased the risk of hospitalization for digoxin intoxication in HF patients. The risk was particularly high for concomitant use of digoxin with a combination of loop diuretics, thiazide and potassium-sparing diuretics. The combined use of digoxin and diuretics should be avoided if possible.
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Serum bilirubin predicts long-term clinical outcomes in patients with cardiac syndrome X.
Heart
PUBLISHED: 07-20-2010
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Increased oxidative stress and vascular inflammation have been demonstrated in patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX). Bilirubin, once considered simply the metabolic end product of haem degradation, has emerged as a potential endogenous inhibitor of atherosclerosis. This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic role of serum bilirubin in disease progression and clinical outcome in patients with CSX.
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The severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease correlates with high sensitivity C-reactive protein value and is independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk in healthy population.
Clin. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2010
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We aimed to investigate the correlation between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
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Genetic variants of connexin37 are associated with carotid intima-medial thickness and future onset of ischemic stroke.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2010
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Carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT) is a surrogate marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of genetic variants on IMT and future development of ischemic stroke in a cohort, followed by an independent replication study.
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Risk of adverse outcomes in Taiwan associated with concomitant use of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors in patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2010
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Recent studies have suggested that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) might reduce the inhibitory effect of clopidogrel on platelet aggregation, possibly through inhibition of the hepatic cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) isoenzyme. The prevalence of CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles is much greater among East Asians than among other populations. Thus, potential drug interactions might be more apparent. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide, population-based study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance database. We identified 3,278 patients (mean age 65.9 +/- 11.9 years, 71.9% men) with coronary artery disease who had taken clopidogrel after percutaneous coronary intervention from the 1 million sampling cohort data set since January 1, 2002. Of the 3,278 patients, 572 had received concomitant PPIs for underlying gastrointestinal disease and 2,706 had not used PPIs. To the end of 2007, 1,410 patients had been rehospitalized, 970 patients had undergone revascularization, and 499 patients had died. According to the Kaplan-Meier analysis, the incidence of rehospitalization (p = 0.001) and mortality (p <0.001) was significantly greater for the patients with concomitant PPI use than for those without concomitant PPI use. However, the incidence of revascularization was similar in the 2 groups. Multivariate analyses showed that concomitant PPI use was associated with an increased risk of rehospitalization (hazard ratio 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.41, p = 0.003) and mortality (hazard ratio 1.65, 95% confidence interval 1.35 to 2.01, p <0.001). In conclusion, the concomitant use of clopidogrel and PPIs should be done with care to avoid adverse outcome in East Asians patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention.
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Glucose and non-glucose predictors of future onset of type 2 diabetes in newly diagnosed essential hypertensives.
J Chin Med Assoc
PUBLISHED: 12-02-2009
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Baseline fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level predicts the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Other predictors have been less investigated. This study aimed to investigate non-glucose predictors together with FPG for future onset of type 2 DM in fresh essential hypertensives.
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Genome-wide association study of young-onset hypertension in the Han Chinese population of Taiwan.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2009
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Young-onset hypertension has a stronger genetic component than late-onset counterpart; thus, the identification of genes related to its susceptibility is a critical issue for the prevention and management of this disease. We carried out a two-stage association scan to map young-onset hypertension susceptibility genes. The first-stage analysis, a genome-wide association study, analyzed 175 matched case-control pairs; the second-stage analysis, a confirmatory association study, verified the results at the first stage based on a total of 1,008 patients and 1,008 controls. Single-locus association tests, multilocus association tests and pair-wise gene-gene interaction tests were performed to identify young-onset hypertension susceptibility genes. After considering stringent adjustments of multiple testing, gene annotation and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) quality, four SNPs from two SNP triplets with strong association signals (-log(10)(p)>7) and 13 SNPs from 8 interactive SNP pairs with strong interactive signals (-log(10)(p)>8) were carefully re-examined. The confirmatory study verified the association for a SNP quartet 219 kb and 495 kb downstream of LOC344371 (a hypothetical gene) and RASGRP3 on chromosome 2p22.3, respectively. The latter has been implicated in the abnormal vascular responsiveness to endothelin-1 and angiotensin II in diabetic-hypertensive rats. Intrinsic synergy involving IMPG1 on chromosome 6q14.2-q15 was also verified. IMPG1 encodes interphotoreceptor matrix proteoglycan 1 which has cation binding capacity. The genes are novel hypertension targets identified in this first genome-wide hypertension association study of the Han Chinese population.
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Anti-inflammatory strategies for homocysteine-related cardiovascular disease.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed)
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2009
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Homocysteine may induce vascular damage for atherosclerosis. Vitamin/folate supplementation has been proposed to reduce the cardiovascular disease risk. Nevertheless, there is no randomized clinical trial clearly proving the efficacy of reducing the homocysteine as a means of lowering the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Homocysteine induces oxidative stress leading to endothelial dysfunction. In addition, homocysteine-induced oxidative stress favors lipid peroxidation and induces production of inflammatory factors, thus accelerating atherosclerosis. In this paper, we reviewed the available evidence concerning the association between homocysteine and cardiovascular disease, with the objective of discussing the pertinence of screening, treatment, and prevention of hyperhomocysteinemia-related cardiovascular disease. Our previous findings also indicated the significant role of mononuclear cells activation in homocysteine-induced endothelial dysfunction; treatment with statins attenuated homocysteine-induced endothelial adhesiveness, indicating the novel endothelial protection effects of statins in the presence of homocysteine. Since inflammation and oxidative stress are critical to homocysteine-induced vascular damage, the improvement of endothelial dysfunction and the inhibition of mononuclear cell activation by anti-inflammatory and/or antioxidative drugs/agents may serve as the potential therapeutic strategy for hyperhomocysteinemia-related cardiovascular disease.
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Predictors of inexplicable coronary artery spasm during coronary angiography in patients with stable angina--the role of intravascular oxidative stress.
Clin. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2009
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This study was conducted to investigate the potential role of intravascular oxidative stress in inexplicable episodes of coronary artery spasm (CAS) during coronary angiography (CAG).
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Increased risk of gastrointestinal malignancy in patients with diabetes mellitus and correlations with anti-diabetes drugs: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan.
Intern. Med.
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Although the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is cardiovascular disease, DM is also associated with certain site-specific cancers. However, whether DM is associated with an increased risk of cancer of the digestive tract remains undetermined. A nationwide, population-based database in Taiwan was analyzed to explore the relationship between DM and cancer of the digestive organs.
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Risk factors for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in coronary artery disease patients receiving both aspirin and clopidogrel.
J Chin Med Assoc
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Dual therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) increases the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), a critical ill condition, may increase the risk of UGIB due to stress-related mucosal disease and the impact of receiving dual antiplatelet agents. We identified risk factors of UGIB in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) receiving dual therapy.
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Permanent pacemaker implantation for late atrioventricular block in patients receiving catheter ablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia.
Am. J. Cardiol.
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The present study investigated the incidence and predictors of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation for late atrioventricular block (AVB) in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) who received ablation. The data from 3,442 patients with AVNRT who received ablation were analyzed. Those who developed late AVB (>1 month after ablation) and received a PPM were identified. The incidence of PPM implantation in 1,148 matched patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and in the whole population of Taiwan were compared. Of the patients with AVNRT receiving ablation (mean follow-up duration 128.3 ± 62.5 months), 15 (0.4%) received PPM implantation for late AVB (mean interval after catheter ablation 95.4 ± 55.0 months). Only age (odds ratio 1.05, p = 0.02) and transient AVB (odds ratio 8.55, p = 0.01) during the procedure were independently associated with PPM implantation for late AVB. The patients with AVNRT had a greater incidence of PPM implantation due to late AVB compared to the matched patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The annual incidence of PPM implantation for AVB was also greater in the patients with AVNRT than in the general population. In conclusion, the incidence of PPM implantation for late AVB in patients with AVNRT who received catheter ablation was low but still greater than that in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and the general population in Taiwan.
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Angiotensin-receptor blockers and risk of Alzheimers disease in hypertension population--a nationwide cohort study.
Circ. J.
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Although emerging evidence shows angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) may have a beneficial effect against Alzheimers disease (AD), the association is not consistent. We investigated the association between ARB use and the risk of development of AD using a nationwide, population-based cohort database in Taiwan.
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Association between panic disorder and risk of atrial fibrillation:a nationwide study.
Psychosom Med
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between panic disorder (PD) and atrial fibrillation (AF).
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease and atrial fibrillation: a nationwide population-based study.
PLoS ONE
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Precise mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) are uncertain, but their association with esophageal disorders has been recently proposed. The association between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the most common gastroesophageal disorder, and AF remains undetermined. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between GERD and later development of AF.
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Increased risk of erectile dysfunction among males with central serous chorioretinopathy -- a retrospective cohort study.
Acta Ophthalmol
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Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) mostly affects middle-aged men and has been associated with stress and hypercortisolism. We hypothesized that some factors prone to inducing CSCR could also have a harmful effect on erectile function. This study aimed to investigate the risk of subsequent erectile dysfunction after CSCR using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database.
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Central serous chorioretinopathy and risk of ischaemic stroke: a population-based cohort study.
Br J Ophthalmol
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Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a common maculopathy that features choroidal circulatory disturbance. This population-based cohort study aimed to explore the relationship between CSCR and the future development of ischaemic stroke.
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Far infra-red therapy promotes ischemia-induced angiogenesis in diabetic mice and restores high glucose-suppressed endothelial progenitor cell functions.
Cardiovasc Diabetol
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Far infra-red (IFR) therapy was shown to exert beneficial effects in cardiovascular system, but effects of IFR on endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) and EPC-related vasculogenesis remain unclear. We hypothesized that IFR radiation can restore blood flow recovery in ischemic hindlimb in diabetic mice by enhancement of EPCs functions and homing process.
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Zoledronate inhibits ischemia-induced neovascularization by impairing the mobilization and function of endothelial progenitor cells.
PLoS ONE
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Bisphosphonates are a class of pharmacologic compounds that are commonly used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis and malignant osteolytic processes. Studies have shown that bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a significant role in postnatal neovascularization. Whether the nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate zoledronate inhibits ischemia-induced neovascularization by modulating EPC functions remains unclear.
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A two-stage matched case-control study on multiple hypertensive candidate genes in Han Chinese.
Am. J. Hypertens.
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Hypertension affects about 1/3 of adults worldwide, ~3.8 million in Taiwan, 160 million in China, and 1 billion worldwide. It is a major risk factor leading to stroke, cardiovascular disease, and end-stage renal disease. In each year, more than 13.5 million deaths are due to hypertension-related diseases worldwide.
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Oral alendronate use and risk of cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: A nationwide study.
J. Bone Miner. Res.
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The association between use of oral bisphosphonates and cancer development in elderly women is still uncertain, and previous studies have shown controversial results. We used a nationwide, population-based database to explore the relationship between the use of alendronate, an oral bisphosphonate agent used for the treatment of osteoporosis, and the risk of all malignancies in women with osteoporosis and age over 55 years. In the study group, we included 6906 women with osteoporosis (age, mean?±?SD, 73.4?±?8.4 years) taking oral alendronate, who were selected from a 1,000,000 sample cohort dataset collected between January 1998 and December 2009. Another 20,697 age- and comorbidity-matched women (73.5?±?8.4 years) without bisphosphonates treatment were included in the control group. No subjects had any history of being diagnosed with cancer before inclusion. We used a log-rank test to analyze the differences in accumulated cancer-free survival rates between these two groups. A Cox proportional-hazard model, adjusted for confounding factors, was used to evaluate the association between alendronate use and the development of all cancer events in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. During the mean follow-up period of 4.8 years, 821 patients from the study group and 2646 patients from the control group had new cancers. There was no significant difference in cancer incidence between alendronate users and controls (11.9% versus 12.8%, p?=?0.054). The person-year incidence of newly-developed cancer in alendronate users and controls was 28.0 and 29.4 per 1000 person-years, respectively. Alendronate use was not associated with increased risk of cancer development in women with osteoporosis (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97-1.13; p?=?0.237). However, due to the limited study size and underpowered results, further larger prospective studies or meta-analysis are suggested to further confirm our findings.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.