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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Profile of ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 09-05-2014
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The objective of this study was to characterize the causes of ocular trauma and determine the risk factors for infection and vision loss following ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands.
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Developing the impact of Vision Impairment-Very Low Vision (IVI-VLV) questionnaire as part of the LoVADA protocol.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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To design and evaluate an instrument appropriate for assessing vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in persons with severe vision loss.
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Field-testing of the rapid assessment of disability questionnaire.
BMC Public Health
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2014
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The Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD) questionnaire measures the magnitude and impact of disability and aims to inform the design of disability inclusive development programs. This paper reports the psychometric evaluation of the RAD.
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Depression screening among older adults attending low-vision rehabilitation and eye-care services: Characteristics of those who screen positive and client acceptability of screening.
Australas J Ageing
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2014
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To investigate characteristics associated with screening positive for depressive symptoms among older adults accessing low-vision rehabilitation and eye-care services and to determine client acceptability of depression screening using the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) in these settings.
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Efficient capture of high-quality data on outcomes of treatment for macular diseases: the fight retinal blindness! Project.
Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2014
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To describe the development of a web-based high-quality data collection tool to track the outcomes of treatment of macular disease in routine practice.
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Population-based assessment of sensitivity and specificity of a pinhole for detection of significant refractive errors in the community.
Clin Exp Optom
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2014
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Measurements of refractive errors through subjective or automated refraction are not always possible in rapid assessment studies and community vision screening programs; however, measurements of vision with habitual correction and with a pinhole can easily be made. Although improvements in vision with a pinhole are assumed to mean that a refractive error is present, no studies have investigated the magnitude of improvement in vision with pinhole that is predictive of refractive error. The aim was to measure the sensitivity and specificity of 'vision improvement with pinhole' in predicting the presence of refractive error in a community setting.
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Prevalence and causes of vision loss in high-income countries and in Eastern and Central Europe: 1990-2010.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2014
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To assess prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment in high-income regions and in Central/Eastern Europe in 1990 and 2010.
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Prevalence and causes of vision loss in North Africa and the Middle East: 1990-2010.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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To describe the prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in North Africa and the Middle East (NAME) in 1990 and 2010.
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Prevalence and causes of vision loss in sub-Saharan Africa: 1990-2010.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
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To estimate the magnitude, temporal trends and subregional variation in the prevalence of blindness, and moderate/severe vision impairment (MSVI) in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Visual impairment and blindness due to macular diseases globally: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am. J. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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To estimate the number of people visually impaired or blind due to macular diseases except those caused by diabetic maculopathy.
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Prevalence and causes of vision loss in Latin America and the Caribbean: 1990-2010.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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To present regional estimates of the magnitude and temporal trends in the prevalence and causes of blindness and moderate/severe visual impairment (MSVI) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).
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The impact of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment on quality of life in neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
Ophthalmology
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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To assess the impact of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment in routine medical practice on vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
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Prevalence and causes of vision loss in Central and South Asia: 1990-2010.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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To examine the prevalence, patterns and trends of vision impairment and its causes from 1990 to 2010 in Central and South Asia.
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Prevalence and causes of vision loss in East Asia: 1990-2010.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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To describe the prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in East Asia in 1990 and 2010.
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Changing trends in the prevalence of visual impairment, uncorrected refractive errors and use of spectacles in Mahbubnagar district in South India.
Indian J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2013
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Background/Aim: The Andhra Pradesh Eye disease Study (APEDS) was a conventional cross-sectional study conducted in four locations during 1996-2000. Ten years later, a Rapid Assessment of Refractive Errors (RARE) survey was conducted in one of the geographical regions. The prevalence of visual impairment (VI), uncorrected refractive error (URE), spectacles use obtained from both the surveys was compared. Settings and Design: Rural settings; cross-sectional studies. Materials and Methods: In both the surveys, distance visual acuity (VA) was assessed using a logMAR chart. Pinhole VA was assessed if presenting VA was <20/20 in APEDS and <20/40 in RARE. VI was defined as presenting VA <20/40 in the better eye. URE was defined as presenting VA <20/40 and improving to ?20/40 with a pinhole. Statistical Analysis Used: Performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Chi square tests and t-test were used. Results and Conclusions: The results from a RARE survey with 3,095 subjects were compared with an APEDS dataset that had 1,232 subjects in the same age group of 15-49 years. The prevalence of VI has decreased from 9.5% (95% CI, 7.7-11.1) in APEDS to 2.7% (95% CI, 2.1-3.3) in RARE. Similarly, the prevalence of URE in the better eye decreased from 5.8% (95% CI, 4.5-7.1) to 2.3% (95% CI, 1.8-2.8). The usage of spectacles increased from 6.6% (95% CI, 5.2-8.0) to 9.7% (95% CI, 8.7-10.7). There is a decreasing trend in the prevalence of VI and URE in Mahbubnagar district in Andhra Pradesh over a decade.
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Identifying distinct risk factors for vision-specific distress and depressive symptoms in people with vision impairment.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2013
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To determine the relative importance and associated risk factors of vision-specific distress and depressive symptoms in people with visual impairments.
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Integrated depression management: a proposed trial of a new model of care in a low vision rehabilitation setting.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2013
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Depression is a common problem among people with visual impairment and contributes to functional decline. This article presents a study protocol to evaluate a new model of care for those patients with depressive symptoms in which psychological treatment is integrated into low vision rehabilitation services. Low vision staff will be trained to deliver "problem solving therapy for primary care" (PST-PC), an effective psychological treatment developed specifically for delivery by non-mental health care staff. PST-PC is delivered in 8 weekly telephone sessions of 30-45 minutes duration and 4 monthly maintenance sessions. We predict this new integrated model of care will significantly reduce depressive symptoms and improve the quality of life for people with visual impairment.
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A comparative review of measurement instruments to inform and evaluate effectiveness of disability inclusive development.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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Abstract Purpose: A review of existing measurement instruments was conducted to examine their suitability to measure disability prevalence and assess quality of life, protection of disability rights and community participation by people with disabilities, specifically within the context of development programs in low and middle-income countries. Methods: From a search of PubMed and the grey literature, potentially relevant measurement instruments were identified and examined for their content and psychometric properties, where possible. Criteria for inclusion were: based on the WHOs International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF), used quantitative methods, suitable for population-based studies of disability inclusive development in English and published after 1990. Characteristics of existing instruments were analysed according to components of the ICF and quality of life domains. Results: Ten instruments were identified and reviewed according to the criteria listed above. Each version of instruments was analysed separately. Only three instruments included a component on quality of life. Domains from the ICF that were addressed by some but not all instruments included the environment, technology and communication. Conclusion: The measurement instruments reviewed covered the range of elements required to measure disability-inclusion within development contexts. However no single measurement instrument has the capacity to measure both disability prevalence and changes in quality of life according to contemporary disability paradigms. The review of measurement instruments supports the need for developing an instrument specifically intended to measure disability inclusive practice within development programs. Implications for Rehabilitation Surveys and tools are needed to plan disability inclusive development. Existing measurement tools to determine prevalence of disability, wellbeing, rights and access to the community were reviewed. No single validated tool exists for population-based studies, uses quantitative methods and the components of the ICF to measure prevalence of disability, well-being of people with disability and their access to their communities. A measurement tool that reflects the UNCRPD and addresses all components of the ICF is needed to assist in disability inclusive development, especially in low and mid resource countries.
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Poor stereoacuity among children with poor literacy: prevalence and associated factors.
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2013
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Population-based studies on abnormal binocular vision and low literacy are rare. The aim is to determine the prevalence of poor stereoacuity among children with low literacy; to identify the characteristics associated with poor stereoacuity among children with low literacy; and to determine the agreement between poor stereoacuity as measured by graded stereocircles with a computerized assessment.
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New systematic review methodology for visual impairment and blindness for the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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To describe a systematic review of population-based prevalence studies of visual impairment (VI) and blindness worldwide over the past 32 years that informs the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study.
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Evaluation of a vision-related utility instrument: the German vision and quality of life index.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2013
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Multi-attribute utility instruments (MAUIs), which contain a descriptive system, including several health dimensions with associated levels of increasing severity, are used commonly to measure utilities. However, the validity of the descriptive systems rarely is examined using modern psychometric theory. Therefore, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the German version of the Vision and Quality of Life Index (VisQol), a six-item vision-related MAUI.
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Global prevalence of vision impairment and blindness: magnitude and temporal trends, 1990-2010.
Ophthalmology
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2013
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Vision impairment is a leading and largely preventable cause of disability worldwide. However, no study of global and regional trends in the prevalence of vision impairment has been carried out. We estimated the prevalence of vision impairment and its changes worldwide for the past 20 years.
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Visual impairment as a function of visual acuity in both eyes and its impact on patient reported preferences.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To assess the impact of VA loss on patient reported utilities taking both eyes into account compared to taking only the better or the worse eye into account.
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Impact of a low-vision self-management program on informal caregivers.
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2011
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To evaluate caregivers experiences and outcomes following attendance at a patient-centered group-based self-management program called "Living with Low Vision."
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Population-based cross-sectional study of barriers to utilisation of refraction services in South India: Rapid Assessment of Refractive Errors (RARE) Study.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2011
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To assess the barriers to the uptake of refraction services in the age group of 15-49 years in rural Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Diabetic retinopathy management by Australian optometrists.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2011
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To survey the current diabetic retinopathy screening and management practices of Australian optometrists following the release of the 1997 National Health Medical Research Council Diabetic Retinopathy Management Guidelines.
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Economic impact of primary open-angle glaucoma in Australia.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2011
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Glaucoma is the Worlds leading cause of irreversible blindness, and poses serious public health and economic concerns.
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A global survey of low vision service provision.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2011
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To conduct a global survey of low vision services to describe the needs, priorities, and barriers in provision and coverage.
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Screening for uncorrected refractive error in secondary school-age students in Fiji.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2011
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To estimate the rate of uncorrected refractive error and the associations with gender, age, ethnicity and place of residence.
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What is the appropriate age range of individuals to be included in a survey to estimate the prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis?
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 04-21-2011
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A survey to determine the prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) requires a large sample size and the recommended participant age is ?15 years. This study sought to establish the appropriate age range of individuals to be included in TT surveys.
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Establishing the service potential of secondary level low vision clinics.
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2011
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To determine the proportion of people with low vision who can be adequately managed at a secondary level low vision clinic where only low to moderate magnification low vision devices (LVDs) and basic rehabilitation services are provided.
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Resources for the management of ocular emergencies in Australia.
Emerg Med Australas
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2011
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The aim of the present paper is to assess the practical utility of the most common print resources used by practitioners in the management of ocular emergencies. Ten print resources were identified for review (three specialty eye texts, six general emergency medicine texts and one general practice text). The main outcome measures used were the extent a text matched crucial skills criteria in clinical assessment and treatment, and usability. No single print resource addressed all criteria. Red flag systems for clinical assessment and ease of navigation were the best match areas. Only one text inadequately stressed red flag conditions and one text was not ranked as easy to navigate. All texts made assumptions regarding the knowledge/skill level of practitioners, particularly in relation to eye examination procedures and treatment. Photographs ranged in number from 8 to 1500; 3/10 texts provided no photographs. Five texts included detailed instructions on the indications and urgency of referral and follow up for all conditions covered. The remainder lacked details. Only one text used the Australasian Triage Scale. Three texts included photographs/diagrams and instructions for the slit lamp and ophthalmoscope. None covered all procedures specified in the criteria. Only two reflected drug current practice in Australia and provided adequate details on usage. A single comprehensive reference (print and/or web-based) for dealing with ocular emergencies in Australia is clearly needed. Additionally, training and confidence levels of eye care providers must be addressed so that the risk of misdiagnosis and mismanagement of eye emergencies is reduced.
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Prevalence of self-reported diabetes and diabetic retinopathy in indigenous Australians: the National Indigenous Eye Health Survey.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2011
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To assess the prevalence of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy in indigenous Australians aged ?40 years.
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The Impact of Vision Impairment for Children (IVI_C): validation of a vision-specific pediatric quality-of-life questionnaire using Rasch analysis.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2011
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To validate the Impact of Vision Impairment for Children (the IVI_C), a new vision-specific pediatric instrument designed to assess the affect of impaired vision on quality of life (QoL) in children.
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Identifying the critical success factors in the coverage of low vision services using the classification analysis and regression tree methodology.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2011
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To identify the critical success factors (CSF) associated with coverage of low vision services.
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Sampling and recruitment methodology for a national eye health survey of Indigenous Australians.
Aust N Z J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2010
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To review the process of sample selection and highlight the methodological difficulties encountered during a nationwide survey of Indigenous Australians, to determine the prevalence and causes of vision impairment and evaluate access to and utilisation of eye care services.
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Glaucoma prevalence in Indigenous Australians.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 11-27-2010
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Define the prevalence of glaucoma within the Indigenous Australian population.
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Barriers to the implementation of the SAFE strategy to combat hyperendemic trachoma in Australia.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2010
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Australia is the only developed country in the world that still has endemic levels of blinding trachoma. The SAFE (Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness, Environmental improvement) strategy is an effective public health intervention that has been successfully used to eliminate blinding trachoma in some of the poorest countries of the world. Yet the SAFE strategy has not been systematically implemented in Australia. We undertook semi-structured interviews to identify some of barriers to the implementation of the SAFE strategy within remote indigenous communities of Australia.
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Validation of a quality of life questionnaire in the Pacific Island.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2010
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To adapt an existing validated quality of life instrument, the Impact of Vision Impairment (IVI) questionnaire for Pacific Island countries.
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Managing depression in patients with vision impairment: a descriptive study of practitioners beliefs and confidence.
Australas J Ageing
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2010
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Depression is common in older adults with vision impairment yet it often remains unidentified and untreated. Eye health professionals (EHPs) and rehabilitation workers (RWs) may be able to assist in detecting depression. This study identified EHPs and RWs beliefs about depression and confidence in working with patients with vision impairment and depression.
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A randomized controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of strategies delivering low vision rehabilitation: design and baseline characteristics of study participants.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2010
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To design a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the effectiveness of four different strategies to deliver low vision rehabilitation services.
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Cataract in indigenous Australians: the National Indigenous Eye Health Survey.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2010
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To determine the prevalence of vision loss due to cataract in indigenous Australians.
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Depression training program for eye health and rehabilitation professionals.
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 05-18-2010
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Depression often remains undetected in people with vision impairment. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a depression training program on practitioners confidence, perceived barriers, and their likelihood of responding to depression in patients with vision impairment.
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Childhood visual impairment in Fiji.
Arch. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2010
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To establish the prevalence and causes of low vision and blindness in children aged 0 to 15 years in Fiji using existing data and new surveys. Method Childhood visual impairment data on both low visual acuity (<20/60-20/400) and blindness (<20/400) were obtained from existing records at hospital clinics, the school, an outreach service for visually impaired children, primary school screening records, and surveys in high schools and schools for children with multiple disabilities. Crude prevalence was derived and, using 5-year age range and age at onset of vision loss, the probable prevalence per 1000 children was calculated.
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Self-reported vision and health of indigenous Australians.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2010
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To describe the self-reported vision, history of eye disease and general health of indigenous Australian participants in the National Indigenous Eye Health Survey.
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Further survey of Australian ophthalmologists diabetic retinopathy management: did practice adhere to National Health and Medical Research Council guidelines?
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2010
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To compare the self-reported management of diabetic retinopathy by Australian ophthalmologists with the 1997 National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) guidelines.
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A self-management program for low vision: program overview and pilot evaluation.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2010
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This article describes a new low vision-specific self-management (SM) program for older adults with vision impairment, and provides preliminary data on program evaluation from two small pilot groups.
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The prevalence and causes of vision loss in Indigenous Australians: the National Indigenous Eye Health Survey.
Med. J. Aust.
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2010
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To determine the prevalence and causes of vision loss in Indigenous Australians.
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Trachoma control in two Central Australian Aboriginal communities: a case study.
Int Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2010
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This prospective case study assessed the additional impact of environmental changes (E) within the SAFE strategy in controlling trachoma in two Aboriginal communities (populations 315 and 385) in Central Australia. Baseline levels for trachoma, facial cleanliness, and nasal discharge were measured in children <15 years old. Health and facial cleanliness promotion were initiated in each community and housing and environmental improvements were made in one community. Azithromycin was distributed to all members of each community (coverage 55-73%). Assessments of trachoma and facial cleanliness were made at 3, 6, and 12 months post-intervention. Baseline trachoma rates were similar for the two communities (48 and 50%). Rates were significantly lower at 3, 6, and 12 months compared to baseline, but there was no significant difference between the two communities. The A/F components of the SAFE strategy significantly reduced the prevalence of trachoma; however, while the E intervention did not bring any apparent benefits, several factors might have masked them.
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Ethics review of multisite studies: the difficult case of community-based indigenous health research.
Med. J. Aust.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2010
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Researchers have longstanding concerns about the logistical and administrative burdens posed by ethics review of multisite studies involving human participants. Centralised ethics review, in which approval by one committee has authority across multiple sites, is widely touted as a strategy for streamlining the process. The Harmonisation of Multi-centre Ethical Review (HoMER) project is currently developing such a system for Australia. It is unclear how centralised review will work for multisite Indigenous health research, where the views of local stakeholders are important and community consultation is mandatory. Our recent experience in conducting the National Indigenous Eye Health Survey (NIEHS) shows how elaborate the current ethics approval and community consultation processes can be, and points to several lessons and ideas to guide pending reforms.
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The prevalence of trachoma in Australia: the National Indigenous Eye Health Survey.
Med. J. Aust.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2010
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To determine the prevalence of trachoma among Indigenous Australians.
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The psychometric validity of the NEI VFQ-25 for use in a low-vision population.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2010
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To determine the psychometric validity of the National Eye Institute-Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) and its subscale structure for use in people with low vision.
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Trachoma surveillance annual report, 2008. A report by the National Trachoma Surveillance and Reporting Unit.
Commun Dis Intell Q Rep
PUBLISHED: 12-31-2009
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The National Trachoma Surveillance and Reporting Unit has reported data for trachoma endemic regions and communities in the Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia for 2006 to 2008. Aboriginal children aged 1-9 years were examined using the World Health Organization grading criteria. Screening in the Northern Territory was conducted by the primary health care staff from the Healthy School Age Kids program, the Australian Government Emergency Intervention and Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services. Forty-three of 92 communities in 6 regions were screened and reported data (2,462 children). In South Australia, the Eye Health and Chronic Disease Specialist Support Program and a team of eye specialists visited 11 of 72 communities in regions serviced by 6 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (365 children). In Western Australia, population health unit and primary health care staff screened and reported data for 67 of 123 communities in 4 regions (1,823 children). Prevalence rates of active trachoma varied between the regions with reported prevalence ranging from 4%-67% in the Northern Territory, 0%-13% in South Australia and 8%-25% in Western Australia. Statistical comparisons must be viewed with caution due to the year-to-year variation in the coverage of children examined and the small numbers. Comparisons of 2006, 2007 and 2008 regional prevalence of active trachoma showed that many communities had no change in prevalence, though there were a few statistically significant increases and decreases (P<0.05). The number of communities screened and the number of children examined has improved but still remains low for some regions. The implementation of the World Health Organization Surgery (for trichiasis), Antibiotics (with azithromycin), Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement (SAFE) strategy has been variable. Few data continue to be reported for the surgery and environmental improvement components. In general, the availability of the community programs for surgery, antibiotic treatment, and facial cleanliness has improved. Reporting of antibiotic treatment has improved from 2006 to 2008. No significant changes were noted in bacterial resistance reported by pathology services from 2007 to 2008; these rates are comparable to national data collected by the Advisory Group on Antibiotic Resistance in 2005.
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Children with low literacy and poor stereoacuity: an evaluation of complex interventions in a community-based randomized trial.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2009
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To assess, among children with low literacy and poor stereoacuity, the efficacy of two intervention programs on child vision and education compared to a control program.
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Uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage: results from a rapid assessment of refractive error survey.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2009
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To investigate the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in subjects aged 15-50 years using rapid assessment methodology in the Mahabubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Detection of depression in patients with low vision.
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2009
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Depression is common in people with vision impairment and further reduces levels of functioning independent of vision loss. However, depression most often remains undetected and untreated this group. Eye health professionals (EHPs) (ophthalmic nurses, ophthalmologists, optometrists, and orthoptists) and rehabilitation workers (RWs) may be able to play a role in detecting depression. This study aimed to identify current practice and investigate factors associated with depression management strategies.
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The cost of care for people with impaired vision in Australia.
Arch. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2009
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To prospectively collect data on the providers, types, and costs of care for people with impaired vision in Australia.
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Cataract surgery in high-risk age-related macular degeneration: a randomized controlled trial.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2009
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To investigate if cataract surgery causes progression, from high-risk early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) to choroidal neovascularization (CNV), in the postoperative period.
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Trachoma, cataracts and uncorrected refractive error are still important contributors to visual morbidity in two remote indigenous communities of the Northern Territory, Australia.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2009
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To assess the contribution of trachoma, cataract and refractive error to visual morbidity among Indigenous adults living in two remote communities of the Northern Territory.
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Detection and management of depression in patients with vision impairment.
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2009
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Depression is common in people with vision impairment and has a number of debilitating effects. However, it is often not identified and therefore is left untreated. This study aimed to explore eye healthcare professionals views of depression in patients with vision impairment and identify current management practices and barriers to effective care.
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Can clinicians use the PHQ-9 to assess depression in people with vision loss?
Optom Vis Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2009
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To investigate whether the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) possesses the essential psychometric characteristics to measure depressive symptoms in people with visual impairment.
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Critical issues in implementing low vision care in the Asia-Pacific region.
Indian J Ophthalmol
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Two-thirds of the worlds population with low vision resides in the Asia-Pacific region. Provision of comprehensive low vision services is important to improve vision-related quality of life (QoL) for people with this condition. This review outlines the critical issues and challenges facing the provision of low vision services in the Asia-Pacific region. The review offers possible strategies to tackle these issues and challenges facing service providers and policy makers in lieu of Vision 2020 strategies in this area. Pertinent findings from the global survey of low vision services and extensive ground work conducted in the region are used; in addition, a discussion on the availability of services, human resources and training, and funding and the future sustainability of low vision care will be covered. In summary, current issues and challenges facing the region are the lack of specific evidence-based data, access, appropriate equipment and facilities, human resources, funding, and sustainability. These issues are inextricably interlinked and thus cannot be addressed in isolation. The solutions proposed cover all areas of the VISION 2020 strategy that include service delivery, human resources, infrastructure and equipment, advocacy and partnership; and include provision of comprehensive care via vertical and horizontal integration; strengthening primary level care in the community; providing formal and informal training to enable task shifting and capacity building; and promoting strong government and private sector partnership to achieve long-term service financial sustainability.
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Rapid assessment methods in eye care: an overview.
Indian J Ophthalmol
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Reliable information is required for the planning and management of eye care services. While classical research methods provide reliable estimates, they are prohibitively expensive and resource intensive. Rapid assessment (RA) methods are indispensable tools in situations where data are needed quickly and where time- or cost-related factors prohibit the use of classical epidemiological surveys. These methods have been developed and field tested, and can be applied across almost the entire gamut of health care. The 1990s witnessed the emergence of RA methods in eye care for cataract, onchocerciasis, and trachoma and, more recently, the main causes of avoidable blindness and visual impairment. The important features of RA methods include the use of local resources, simplified sampling methodology, and a simple examination protocol/data collection method that can be performed by locally available personnel. The analysis is quick and easy to interpret. The entire process is inexpensive, so the survey may be repeated once every 5-10 years to assess the changing trends in disease burden. RA survey methods are typically linked with an intervention. This article provides an overview of the RA methods commonly used in eye care, and emphasizes the selection of appropriate methods based on the local need and context.
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Near-vision impairment and unresolved vision problems in Indigenous Australian adults.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
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? To describe near-vision impairment, self-reported unresolved vision problems and barriers to having near-vision correction in Indigenous Australians.
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Shared care for chronic eye diseases: perspectives of ophthalmologists, optometrists and patients.
Med. J. Aust.
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To report the perspectives of optometrists, ophthalmologists and patients on a model of shared care for patients with chronic eye diseases.
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Utility weights for the vision-related Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL)-7D instrument.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol
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To obtain utility weights consistent with the needs of economic evaluation for the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL)-7D, a generic instrument created to increase the sensitivity of the measurement of quality of life amongst people with impaired vision.
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Screening for depression: integrating training into the professional development programme for low vision rehabilitation staff.
Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
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To describe the integration of depression screening training into the professional development programme for low vision rehabilitation staff and report on staff evaluation of this training.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.